The Chinese Revolution in Historical Perspective

Author: John E. Schrecker
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275974763
Category: History
Page: 316
View: 3402
This unique approach presents the story in terms of traditional Chinese historical theories, emphasizing the relationship between China's modern era and its past. The modern Western impact is examined from the Chinese point of view, rather than the more common Western perspective.

Marxism in the Chinese Revolution

Author: Arif Dirlik
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742530690
Category: History
Page: 331
View: 6101
Representing a lifetime of research and writing by noted historian Arif Dirlik, the essays collected here explore developments in Chinese socialism and the issues that have occupied historians of the Chinese revolution for the past three decades. Dirlik engages Chinese socialism critically but with sympathy for the aspirations of revolutionaries who found the hope of social, political, and cultural liberation in Communist alternatives to capitalism and the intellectual inspiration to realize their hopes in Marxist theory. The book's historical approach to Marxist theory emphasizes its global relevance while avoiding dogmatic and Eurocentric limitations. These incisive essays range from the origins of socialism in the early twentieth century, through the victory of the Communists in mid-century, to the virtual abandonment by century's end of any pretense to a socialist revolutionary project by the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party. All that remains of the revolution in historical hindsight are memories of its failures and misdeeds, but Dirlik retains a critical perspective not just toward the past but also toward the ideological hegemonies of the present. Taken together, his writings reaffirm the centrality of the revolution to modern Chinese history. They also illuminate the fundamental importance of Marxism to grasping the flaws of capitalist modernity, despite the fact that in the end the socialist response was unable to transcend the social and ideological horizons of capitalism.

The Cultural Revolution and Post-Mao Reforms

A Historical Perspective
Author: Tang Tsou
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226815145
Category: Political Science
Page: 400
View: 531
"Tsou, one of the country's senior and most widely respected China scholars, has for more than a generation been producing timely and deeply informed essays on Chinese politics as it develops. Eight of these (from a wide variety of sources) are gathered here with a substantial new introduction. Tsou considers events not simply from the point of view of a widely read political scientist (even political philosopher) and a concerned Chinese, but also in the light of history, the dynamics of Marxism-Leninism, individual personalities, and humane realism."—Charles W. Hayford, Library Journal

Mao Zedong as Poet and Revolutionary Leader

Social and Historical Perspectives
Author: Chunhou Zhang,C. Edwin Vaughan
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739104064
Category: History
Page: 140
View: 9261
Mao Zedong was not only a great strategist and politician, but also a poet, a philosopher, and calligrapher. As early as the 1940s Mao's poetry was earning critical and popular acclaim. This book makes all of Mao's extant poems available for the first time in English.

Revolution and History

Origins of Marxist Historiography in China, 1919-1937
Author: Arif Dirlik
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520067578
Category: History
Page: 312
View: 4212
"A fascinating contribution to Marxist historiography and to the history of Marxist historiography. Dirlik's story of the reemergence of the modes of production debate in the early years of the Chinese revolution has much to tell us about that debate itself, and not least about its intimate relationship to political practice and revolutionary strategy."—Fredric Jameson, Duke University

On Her Own: Journalistic Adventures from San Francisco to the Chinese Revolution, 1917-27

Journalistic Adventures from San Francisco to the Chinese Revolution, 1917-27
Author: Milly Bennett,A.Tom Grunfeld
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315492369
Category: Political Science
Page: 384
View: 5629
Born in 1897, Milly Bennett lived an extraordinary life that led from her native San Francisco, to Honolulu, to China for the revolution, to the Soviet Union on the eve of World War II, to the Spanish Civil War, and home again, a journey punctuated with many love affairs, triumphs, and disappointments. This memoir of Milly's early years through her extended stay in China, places the current political turmoil there into a broader historical perspective. Nominally an autobiography of a remarkable woman and her brief time in China, it goes beyond the narration of an individual life by contributing details of a period of great instability, as well as exploring the sensitive topic of the involvement of foreigners in the internal politics of China.


Zwischen Tradition und Herausforderung
Author: Henry Kissinger
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783570551912
Page: 605
View: 3677


Das Leben eines Mannes, das Schicksal eines Volkes
Author: Jung Chang,Jon Halliday
Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag
ISBN: 364114843X
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 976
View: 2769
Mythos und Massenmörder – die Wahrheit über Mao Tse-tung Es war nicht das Wohl seines Volkes, das Mao Tse-tung, dem Großen Vorsitzenden der Volksrepublik China, am Herzen lag. Es war auch nicht die kommunistische Ideologie, obwohl er ihren weltweiten Sieg anstrebte. Das Motiv von Maos Handeln war ausschließlich und zu jeder Zeit sein absoluter Wille zur Macht. Ob auf persönlicher, auf nationaler, auf internationaler Ebene – sein Machthunger war grenzenlos. Mao Tse-tung hat nicht alle, aber viele seiner Ziele erreicht, und China hat teuer dafür bezahlt: mit dem Leben von 70 Millionen Menschen. Kein Buch über China hat je mehr Leser und Anhänger gefunden als Jung Changs Erinnerungsbuch WILDE SCHWÄNE, das in 30 Sprachen übersetzt und zehn Millionen Mal verkauft wurde. Jetzt erscheint ihr lang erwartetes neues Werk – eine bahnbrechende Biographie über Mao Tse-tung, den Mann, dem es gelang, sich auf vielfach gewundenen Pfaden zum Alleinherrscher über Hunderte Millionen Menschen aufzuschwingen. Jung Chang hat die letzten zwölf Jahre damit verbracht, allen Spuren dieses Menschen nachzugehen, der zu den einflussreichsten politischen Gestalten des 20. Jahrhunderts gehörte, dessen Aura Staatsmänner in aller Welt beeindruckte, und dessen Gedanken und Worte in millionenfacher Verbreitung in zahllosen Ländern auf Begeisterung stießen. Doch der Mann, den sie in ihrem Buch für den Leser lebendig werden lässt, weist ganz andere Züge auf – es sind sehr viel hässlichere. Die jahrelangen Recherchen in allen relevanten Archiven und die zahllosen Gespräche mit Zeitzeugen – mit Politikern in Ost und West, die mit Mao in Berührung gekommen waren, mit unbekannten chinesischen Betroffenen, mit Führungsfiguren aus Maos engsten Zirkeln, die sich nie zuvor geäußert hatten – haben die Autorin in die Lage versetzt, endlich und zum ersten Mal ein wahrheitsgetreues, ein realistisches Bild jener Epoche aufzuzeigen, kein von kommunistischen oder persönlichen Machtinteressen gefärbtes und verbrämtes. Und so gelingt es ihr, die Wahrheit hinter zahlreichen, von den Kommunisten gehegten und gepflegten Mythen ans Licht zu bringen und viele, teils von Mao vorsätzlich und gekonnt verbreitete Falschdarstellungen zu entlarven.

Worte des Vorsitzenden Mao Tsetung

Author: Zedong Mao
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783880212374
Page: 370
View: 8462

Contemporary Chinese Politics in Historical Perspective

Author: Brantly Womack
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521422826
Category: History
Page: 334
View: 6857
In this work, eight authors provide essays that attempt to explain the dynamics of contemporary Chinese politics by analyzing the preceding patterns of development. The book conclude with an examination of the Tiananmen events

Historical Dictionary of the Chinese Cultural Revolution

Author: Guo Jian,Yongyi Song,Yuan Zhou
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
ISBN: 0810864916
Category: History
Page: 504
View: 7026
The Cultural Revolution in the People's Republic of China started in 1966 and lasted about a decade. This revolutionary upsurge of Chinese students and workers, led by Mao Zedong, wreaked havoc in the world's most populous country, often turning things upside down and undermining the party, government, and army while simultaneously weakening the economy, society, and culture. Tens of millions of people were killed, injured, or imprisoned during this period and relatively few benefited, aside from Mao Zedong and the Gang of Four, the group that would eventually receive the blame for the events of the Cultural Revolution. Given the turbulence and confusion, it is hard to know just what happened. The Historical Dictionary of the Chinese Cultural Revolution tackles this task. First, in an extensive chronology, which traces the events from year to year and month to month, then in an introduction puts these events in context and helps to explain them. But most importantly, the bulk of the information is provided in a dictionary section with numerous cross-referenced entries on important persons, places, institutions, and movements. A bibliography points to further sources of information and a glossary will help those researching in Chinese.

The Cambridge History of China: Volume 14, The People's Republic, Part 1, The Emergence of Revolutionary China, 1949-1965

Author: Roderick MacFarquhar,John K. Fairbank,Denis C. Twitchett
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521243360
Category: History
Page: 742
View: 4540
This is the first of the two final volumes of The Cambridge History of China, which describe the efforts of the People's Republic of China to grapple with the problems of adaptation to modern times. Volume 14 deals with the achievements of the economic and human disasters of the new regime's first sixteen years (1949-65). Part I chronicles the attempt to adapt the Soviet model of development to China, and Part II covers the subsequent efforts of China's leaders to find native solutions that would provide more rapid and appropriate answers to China's problems. Each of the two parts of the volume analyzes the key issues and developments in the spheres of politics, economics, culture, education, and foreign relations. The contributors, all leading scholars of the period, show the interrelation of Chinese actions in all these spheres, and the describe how, gradually, events led to the Cultural Revolution launched by Mao Tse-tung in 1966.

The Cambridge History of China

Author: Roderick MacFarquhar
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521243377
Category: China
Page: 1108
View: 1447
International scholars and sinologists discuss culture, economic growth, social change, political processes, and foreign influences in China since the earliest pre-dynastic period.

People's China

A Brief History
Author: Craig Dietrich
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195106299
Category: History
Page: 382
View: 1696
This standard book has been updated to take into account China's increasing economic liberalization along with its continuing authoritarianism in the late 1990's. Beginning with the sweeping changes which occurred when Mao Zedong and the Communists defeated Chiang Kai-shek in 1949 and took over a China which was still reeling from World War II, this book introduces us to the unique characters and events which have shaped recent Chinese history.Including new important materials as well as a thoroughly rewritten final chapter, this third edition of People's China is completely up-to-date, chronologically unpacking the essential story of modern China - the historical background, the ideologies, the grand economic achievements, and the cruel repression.

Deng Xiaoping and the Chinese Revolution

A Political Biography
Author: David S. G. Goodman
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415112536
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 209
View: 8321
David Goodman reaches beyond China's spectacular economic success of recent years to understand the sources of Deng's political power. This is a balanced evaluation of the career of one of the century's great political survivors.

Reform in Nineteenth-century China

Author: Paul A. Cohen,John E. Schrecker
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Category: History
Page: 396
View: 8894

Challenging the Mandate of Heaven

Social Protest and State Power in China
Author: Elizabeth J. Perry
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9780765604453
Category: History
Page: 343
View: 4981
Social science theories of contentious politics have been based almost exclusively on evidence drawn from the European and American experience, and classic texts in the field make no mention of either the Chinese Communist revolution or the Cultural Revolution -- surely two of the most momentous social movements of the twentieth century. Moreover, China's record of popular upheaval stretches back well beyond this century, indeed all the way back to the third century B.C. This book, by bringing together studies of protest that span the imperial, Republican, and Communist eras, introduces Chinese patterns and provides a forum to consider ways in which contentious politics in China might serve to reinforce, refine or reshape theories derived from Western cases.

Marriage, Law and Gender in Revolutionary China, 1940–1960

Author: Xiaoping Cong
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316720934
Category: History
Page: 327
View: 5288
Xiaoping Cong examines the social and cultural significance of Chinese revolutionary legal practice in the construction of marriage and gender relations. Her book is an empirically rich investigation of the ways in which a 1943 legal dispute over an arranged marriage in a Chinese village became a legal, political and cultural exemplar on the national stage. This conceptually groundbreaking study revisits the Chinese Revolution and its impact on women and society by presenting a Chinese experience that cannot and should not be theorized in the framework of Western discourse. Taking a cultural historical perspective, Cong shows how the Chinese Revolution and its legal practices produced new discourses, neologisms and cultural symbols that contained China's experience in twentieth-century social movements, and how revolutionary practice was sublimated into the concept of 'self-determination', an idea that bridged local experiences with the tendency of the twentieth-century world, and that is a revolutionary legacy for China today.

Revolution in the Highlands

China's Jinggangshan Base Area
Author: Stephen C. Averill
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780742528789
Category: History
Page: 451
View: 5749
This extensively researched and elegantly written study offers a fine-grained analysis of the origins of the Chinese Communist Revolution in the countryside. Building on decades of research in newly available sources and multiple trips to Jiangxi, Stephen Averill provides a definitive local perspective on the rise of a revolution that reshaped China and the world. A rich work of social history, it goes beyond recently popular organizational approaches to explore the ways in which the party and social networks interpenetrated and interacted in the early stages of revolutionary base-building. The Jinggangshan highlands provided the base for Mao Zedong's first efforts at rural revolution. Chinese histories and most Western accounts have focused on the heroic exploits of Mao and his Communist Party comrades, battling the natural elements, hostile military forces, and skeptical authorities in the urban-based Communist Central Committee. This long-awaited work penetrates the hagiographic haze of Mao-centered analysis to provide a close narrative and rich social history of the Jinggangshan base. The author explores the historical patterns of local strongman rule, clientelist politics, lineage conflict, and ethnic struggle within which the party competed for power. Through this multifaceted lens, the revolutionary experience in Jinggangshan is equally dramatic but considerably more sobering than the conventional story. Among Western studies of the Chinese revolution, this work stands out as the definitive account of the critical moment in the 1920s when the physical and ideological center of the Communist movement shifted from the cities to the countryside. This was a process of elite-mediated political osmosis and adaptive compromises with local traditions. The party was not simply an outside force manipulating social tensions for its own political ends. There was, instead, an intricate interweaving of local networks and social cleavages in the highlands with the political structures and policy divisions of t

Red Wings Over the Yalu

China, the Soviet Union, and the Air War in Korea
Author: Xiaoming Zhang
Publisher: Texas A&M University Press
ISBN: 9781585443406
Category: History
Page: 300
View: 6176
The Korean conflict was a pivotal event in China's modern military history. The fighting in Korea constituted an important experience for the newly formed People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF), not only as a test case for this fledgling service but also in the later development of Chinese air power. Xiaoming Zhang fills the gaps in the history of this conflict by basing his research in recently declassified Chinese and Russian archival materials. He also relies on interviews with Chinese participants in the air war over Korea. Zhang's findings challenge conventional wisdom as he compares kill ratios and performance by all sides involved in the war. Zhang also addresses the broader issues of the Korean War, such as how air power affected Beijing's decision to intervene. He touches on ground operations and truce negotiations during the conflict. Chinese leaders placed great emphasis on the supremacy of human will over modern weaponry, but they were far from oblivious to the advantages of the latter and to China's technological limitations. Developments in China's own air power were critical during this era. Zhang offers considerable materials on the training of Chinese aviators and the Soviet role in that training, on Soviet and Chinese air operations in Korea, and on diplomatic exchanges over Soviet military assistance to China. He probes the impact of the war on China's conception of the role of air power, arguing that it was not until the Gulf War of the early 1990s that Chinese leaders engaged in a broad reassessment of the strategy they adopted during the Korean War. Military historians and scholars interested in aviation and foreign affairs will find this volume of special interest. As a unique work that presents the Chinese point of view, it stands as both a complement and a corrective to previous accounts of the conflict. Xiaoming Zhang earned his Ph.D. in history at the University of Iowa in 1994. He has had works published in various journals, including the Journal of Military History, which has twice selected him to receive the Moncado Prize for excellence in the writing of military history. Zhang currently resides in Montgomery, Alabama, where he teaches at the Air War College. Zhang's study is masterful in placing the Chinese air war in Korea in the context of China's development in the twentieth century. In addition to providing important new evidence on China's role in the Korean War, Zhang offers a particularly noteworthy analysis of Sino-Soviet relations during the early 1950s. William Stueck, Distinguished Research Professor of History, University of Georgia; author of The Korean War: An International History (1995) and Rethinking the Korean War: A New Diplomatic and Strategic History (2002)