The Common Law in Colonial America

Volume III: The Chesapeake and New England, 1660-1750
Author: William E. Nelson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190465077
Category: Law
Page: 240
View: 9611
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In a projected four-volume series, The Common Law in Colonial America, William E. Nelson will show how the legal systems of Britain's thirteen North American colonies, which were initially established in response to divergent political, economic, and religious initiatives, slowly converged until it became possible by the 1770s to imagine that all thirteen participated in a common American legal order, which diverged in its details but differed far more substantially from English common law. Volume three, The Chesapeake and New England, 1660-1750, reveals how Virginia, which was founded to earn profit, and Massachusetts, which was founded for Puritan religious ends, had both adopted the common law by the mid-eighteenth century and begun to converge toward a common American legal model. The law in the other New England colonies, Nelson argues, although it was distinctive in some respects, gravitated toward the Massachusetts model, while Maryland's law gravitated toward that of Virginia.

The Common Law in Colonial America

The Chesapeake and New England, 1660-1750
Author: William E. Nelson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190465050
Category: Law
Page: 240
View: 5127
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William E. Nelson here proposes a new beginning in the study of colonial legal history. Examining all archival legal material for the period 1607-1776 and synthesizing existing scholarship in a four-volume series, The Common Law in Colonial America shows how the legal systems of Britain's thirteen North American colonies--initially established in response to divergent political, economic, and religious initiatives--slowly converged into a common American legal order that differed substantially from English common law. Drawing on groundbreaking and overwhelmingly in-depth research into local court records and statutes, the first volume explores how the law of the Chesapeake colonies--Virginia and Maryland--diverged sharply from the New England colonies--Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut, New Haven, Plymouth, and Rhode Island--and traces the roots of these dissimilarities from their initial settlement until approximately 1660. Nelson pointedly examines the disparate motives of the legal systems in the respective colonies as they dealt with religion, price and labor regulations, crimes, public morals, the status of women, and the enforcement of contractual obligations. He reveals how Virginians' zeal for profit led to a harsh legal framework that efficiently squeezed payment out of debtors and labor out of servants; whereas the laws of Massachusetts were primarily concerned with the preservation of local autonomy and the moral values of family-centered farming communities. The law in the other New England colonies, Nelson argues, gravitated towards the Massachusetts model, while Maryland's law, gravitated toward that of Virginia. Comprehensive, authoritative, and extensively researched, The Common Law in Colonial America, Volume 1: The Chesapeake and New England, 1607-1660 is the definitive resource on the beginnings of the common law and its evolution during this vibrant era in America's history.

The Common Law in Colonial America

Volume IV: Law and the Constitution on the Eve of Independence, 1735-1776
Author: William E. Nelson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190850485
Category: History
Page: 224
View: 3143
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The eminent legal historian William E. Nelson's magisterial four-volume The Common Law in Colonial America traces how the many legal orders of Britain's thirteen North American colonies gradually evolved into one American system. Initially established on divergent political, economic, and religious grounds, the various colonial systems slowly converged until it became possible by the 1770s to imagine that all thirteen participated in a common American legal order, which diverged in its details but differed far more substantially from English common law. This fourth and final volume begins where volume three ended. It focuses on the laws of the thirteen colonies in the mid-eighteenth century and on constitutional events leading up to the American Revolution. Nelson first examines procedural and substantive law and looks at important shifts in the law to show how the mid-eighteenth- century colonial legal system in large part functioned effectively in the interests both of Great Britain and of its thirteen colonies. Nelson then turns to constitutional events leading to the Revolution. Here he shows how lawyers deployed ideological arguments not for their own sake, but in order to protect colonial institutional structures and the socio-economic interests of their clients. As lawyers deployed the arguments, they developed them into a constitutional theory that gave primacy to common-law constitutional rights and local self-government. In the process, the lawyers became leaders of the revolutionary movement and a dominant political force in the new United States.

Between Two Worlds

How the English Became Americans
Author: Malcolm Gaskill
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191653837
Category: History
Page: 480
View: 7940
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Between Two Worlds is a story teeming with people on the move, making decisions, indulging or resisting their desires and dreams. In the seventeenth century a quarter of a million men, women, and children left England's shores for America. Some were explorers and merchants, others soldiers and missionaries; many were fugitives from poverty and persecution. All, in their own way, were adventurers, risking their lives and fortunes to make something of themselves overseas. They irrevocably changed the land and indigenous peoples they encountered - and their new world changed them. But that was only half the story. The plantations established from Maine to the Caribbean needed support at home, especially royal endorsement and money, which made adventurers of English monarchs and investors too. Attitudes to America were crucial, and evolved as the colonies grew in size, prosperity, and self-confidence. Meanwhile, for those who had crossed the ocean, America forced people to rethink the country in which they had been raised, and to which they remained attached after emigration. In tandem with new ideas about the New World, migrants pondered their English mother country's traditions and achievements, its problems and its uncertain future in an age of war and revolution. Using hundreds of letters, journals, reports, pamphlets and contemporary books, Between Two Worlds recreates this fascinating transatlantic history - one which has often been neglected or misunderstood on both sides of the Atlantic in the centuries since.

Portuguese Brazil

The King's Plantation
Author: James Lang
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Brazil
Page: 266
View: 3916
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America, history and life


Author: American Bibliographical Center,EBSCO Publishing (Firm)
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: United States
Page: N.A
View: 1561
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Provides historical coverage of the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present. Includes information abstracted from over 2,000 journals published worldwide.

Government and Governance of European Empires, 1415-1800


Author: A. J. R. Russell-Wood
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing
ISBN: 9780860785309
Category: Europe
Page: 850
View: 9059
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A survey of royal government in the Portuguese, Spanish, English and French seaborne empires in Africa, the Americas and Asia. Essays focus on four facets of such government: political, judicial, fiscal and military administration. Essays may be consulted for an overview of any single empire, or for a comparative dimension to any single aspect. Attention is given to the role of non-Europeans in crown government. The introduction provides an overview of metropolitan agencies for overseas government and of crown agencies in the colonies, redresses imbalances in the historiography and provides an exhaustive bibliography. The text is intended as a starting point for scholars seeking a global perspective on the first European empires and a teaching tool.

Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft


Author: Max Weber,Wolfgang J. Mommsen
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161475580
Category: Economics
Page: 506
View: 6995
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Historical Abstracts

Modern history abstracts, 1450-1914
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History, Modern
Page: N.A
View: 9738
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Institutionen, institutioneller Wandel und Wirtschaftsleistung


Author: Douglass Cecil North
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161460241
Category: Political Science
Page: 180
View: 2321
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The Dictionary of National Biography


Author: George Smith
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Great Britain
Page: N.A
View: 2986
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Die vielköpfige Hydra

die verborgene Geschichte des revolutionären Atlantiks
Author: Peter Linebaugh,Marcus Rediker
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783935936651
Category:
Page: 427
View: 5418
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Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 8937
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Der Sturm (illustriert)


Author: William Shakespeare
Publisher: FV Éditions
ISBN: 2366687915
Category: Juvenile Fiction
Page: 100
View: 1003
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Der Sturm (The Tempest) ist eine tragikomische Geschichte von William Shakespeare.

Dictionary of National Biography

Index and Epitome
Author: Sir Sidney Lee
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Great Britain
Page: 1456
View: 5875
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Die Europäer

Roman
Author: Henry James
Publisher: Manesse Verlag
ISBN: 3641166470
Category: Fiction
Page: 240
View: 7778
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Was unterscheidet Europäer von Amerikanern? In seiner leichtfüßigen Komödie bringt Henry James Frauen und Männer von beiden Seiten des Atlantiks erst miteinander ins Gespräch und dann unter die Haube. Einhundert Jahre nach James’ Tod erscheint dieses Frühwerk des geschätzten Autors nun in neuer Übersetzung. Ohne Geld, aber im Vertrauen auf eine gute Partie reisen Baronin Eugenia Münster und ihr Bruder Felix Young nach Neuengland. Mit Adelstitel und Charme umgarnen die beiden rasch ihre Verwandtschaft, den Onkel samt seinen drei erwachsenen Kindern. In wechselnden Paarungen konkurrieren Temperamente und Vorstellungen der Alten Welt mit Werten und Moral der Neuen. Wer sich am Ende an wen bindet, entscheidet sich nach einem quirligen Reigen transatlantischer Beziehungen, der einen neuen Blick auf beide Kontinente und nicht zuletzt auf den großen Autor selbst ermöglicht. Für seine eleganten, doch oft irritierend komplexen Romane berühmt, zeigt er sich in diesem Fundstück als lustvoller Matchmaker mit Tiefgang.

Lokales Leben, atlantische Welt

die Entscheidung zur Auswanderung vom Rhein nach Nordamerika im 18. Jahrhundert
Author: Georg Fertig
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: German Americans
Page: 466
View: 8233
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Enth. eine Bibliographie von Auswandererbriefen des 18. Jahrhunderts, u.a. von Auswanderern aus der Basler Landschaft (S. 411-413).

Kolumbus' Erbe

Wie Menschen, Tiere, Pflanzen die Ozeane überquerten und die Welt von heute schufen
Author: Charles C. Mann
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 364403771X
Category: History
Page: 816
View: 756
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«Das beste Sachbuch des Jahres.» TIME Die Entdeckung Amerikas war für das Leben auf unserem Planeten das folgenreichste Ereignis seit dem Aussterben der Dinosaurier. Denn: Millionen Jahre waren die Hemisphären weitgehend voneinander isoliert gewesen. Mit Kolumbus traten sie in einen Austausch. Menschen und Pflanzen, Tiere und Krankheiten gelangten per Schiff in neue Lebensräume und schufen eine Welt, in der nichts blieb, wie es einmal gewesen war. Das hatte auch gravierende politische Konsequenzen: Der «kolumbische Austausch» trug mehr als alles andere dazu bei, dass Europa zur Weltmacht aufstieg und China verdrängte. Charles C. Mann zeichnet ein spannendes Panorama dieser Vorgänge, das Kontinente und Jahrhunderte umfasst. Ein großartiges Lesevergnügen für alle Wissensdurstigen! «Herausragend.» The New York Times «Ein faszinierendes und vielschichtiges Buch, das auf vorbildliche Weise sprechende Fakten mit gutem Geschichtenerzählen vereint.» The Washington Post

Subject Guide to Books in Print

An Index to the Publishers' Trade List Annual
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: American literature
Page: N.A
View: 2164
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