The Culture of Punishment

Prison, Society, and Spectacle
Author: Michelle Brown
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814799994
Category: Social Science
Page: 251
View: 1652
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Analyzes social aspects of prison, covering various theories about the role and function of punishment in society in the United States, including how the culture of imprisonment carries over into everyday life through television shows, movies, prison tourism, and other avenues, and examines the negative impact of penal spectatorship.

The Spectacular Few

Prisoner Radicalization and the Evolving Terrorist Threat
Author: Mark S. Hamm
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814744370
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 8486
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The Madrid train bombers, shoe-bomber Richard Reid, al-Qaeda in Iraq, and the 9/11 attacks—all were led by men radicalized behind bars. By their very nature, prisons are intended to induce transformative experiences among inmates, but today’s prisons are hotbeds for personal transformation toward terrorist beliefs and actions due to the increasingly chaotic nature of prison life caused by mass incarceration. In The Spectacular Few, Mark Hamm demonstrates how prisoners use criminal cunning, collective resistance and nihilism to incite terrorism against Western targets. A former prison guard himself, Hamm knows the realities of day-to-day prison life and understands how prisoners socialize, especially the inner-workings and power of prison gangs—be they the Aryan Brotherhood or radical Islam. He shows that while Islam is mainly a positive influence in prison, certain forces within the prison Muslim movement are aligned with the efforts of al-Qaeda and its associates to inspire convicts in the United States and Europe to conduct terrorist attacks on their own. Drawing from a wide range of sources—including historical case studies of prisoner radicalization reaching from Gandhi and Hitler to Malcolm X, Bobby Sands and the detainees of Guantanamo; a database of cases linking prisoner radicalization with evolving terrorist threats ranging from police shootouts to suicide bombings; interviews with intelligence officers, prisoners affiliated with terrorist groups and those disciplined for conducting radicalizing campaigns in prison—The Spectacular Few imagines the texture of prisoners’ lives: their criminal thinking styles, the social networks that influenced them, and personal “turning points” that set them on the pathway to violent extremism. Hamm provides a broad understanding of how prisoners can be radicalized, arguing that in order to understand the contemporary landscape of terrorism, we must come to terms with how prisoners are treated behind bars.

Comic Book Crime

Truth, Justice, and the American Way
Author: Nickie D. Phillips,Staci Strobl
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814767877
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 6382
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“Carrying ahead the project of cultural criminology, Phillips and Strobl dare to take seriously that which amuses and entertains us—and to find in it the most significant of themes. Audiences, images, ideologies of justice and injustice—all populate the pages of Comic Book Crime. The result is an analysis as colorful as a good comic, and as sharp as the point on a superhero’s sword.”—Jeff Ferrell, author of Empire of Scrounge Superman, Batman, Daredevil, and Wonder Woman are iconic cultural figures that embody values of order, fairness, justice, and retribution. Comic Book Crime digs deep into these and other celebrated characters, providing a comprehensive understanding of crime and justice in contemporary American comic books. This is a world where justice is delivered, where heroes save ordinary citizens from certain doom, where evil is easily identified and thwarted by powers far greater than mere mortals could possess. Nickie Phillips and Staci Strobl explore these representations and show that comic books, as a historically important American cultural medium, participate in both reflecting and shaping an American ideological identity that is often focused on ideas of the apocalypse, utopia, retribution, and nationalism. Through an analysis of approximately 200 comic books sold from 2002 to 2010, as well as several years of immersion in comic book fan culture, Phillips and Strobl reveal the kinds of themes and plots popular comics feature in a post-9/11 context. They discuss heroes’ calculations of “deathworthiness,” or who should be killed in meting out justice, and how these judgments have as much to do with the hero’s character as they do with the actions of the villains. This fascinating volume also analyzes how class, race, ethnicity, gender, and sexual orientation are used to construct difference for both the heroes and the villains in ways that are both conservative and progressive. Engaging, sharp, and insightful, Comic Book Crime is a fresh take on the very meaning of truth, justice, and the American way. Nickie D. Phillips is Associate Professor in the Sociology and Criminal Justice Department at St. Francis College in Brooklyn, NY. Staci Strobl is Associate Professor in the Department of Law, Police Science and Criminal Justice Administration at John Jay College of Criminal Justice. In the Alternative Criminology series

5 Grams

Crack Cocaine, Rap Music, and the War on Drugs
Author: Dimitri A. Bogazianos
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814723063
Category: Social Science
Page: 216
View: 1460
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In 2010, President Barack Obama signed a law repealing one of the most controversial policies in American criminal justice history: the one hundred to one sentencing disparity between crack cocaine and powder whereby someone convicted of “simply” possessing five grams of crack—the equivalent of a few sugar packets—had been required by law to serve no less than five years in prison. In this highly original work, Dimitri A. Bogazianos draws on various sources to examine the profound symbolic consequences of America’s reliance on this punishment structure, tracing the rich cultural linkages between America’s War on Drugs, and the creative contributions of those directly affected by its destructive effects. Focusing primarily on lyrics that emerged in 1990s New York rap, which critiqued the music industry for being corrupt, unjust, and criminal, Bogazianos shows how many rappers began drawing parallels between the “rap game” and the “crack game." He argues that the symbolism of crack in rap’s stance towards its own commercialization represents a moral debate that is far bigger than hip hop culture, highlighting the degree to which crack cocaine—although a drug long in decline—has come to represent the entire paradoxical predicament of punishment in the U.S. today.

Courting Kids

Inside an Experimental Youth Court
Author: Carla J. Barrett
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814789463
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 220
View: 8219
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Despite being labeled as adults, the approximately 200,000 youth under the age of 18 who are now prosecuted as adults each year in criminal court are still adolescents, and the contradiction of their legal labeling creates numerous problems and challenges. In Courting Kids Carla Barrett takes us behind the scenes of a unique judicial experiment called the Manhattan Youth Part, a specialized criminal court set aside for youth prosecuted as adults in New York City. Focusing on the lives of those coming through and working in the courtroom, Barrett’s ethnography is a study of a microcosm that reflects the costs, challenges, and consequences the “tough on crime” age has had, especially for male youth of color. She demonstrates how the court, through creative use of judicial discretion and the cultivation of an innovative courtroom culture, developed a set of strategies for handling “adult-juvenile ” cases that embraced, rather than denied, defendants’ adolescence.

The British National Bibliography


Author: Arthur James Wells
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: English literature
Page: N.A
View: 7662
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Beggars and Thieves

Lives of Urban Street Criminals
Author: Mark S. Fleisher
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299147730
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 2745
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As the incidence of violent crime rises in the United States, so does the public demand for a solution. But what will work? Mark S. Fleisher has spent years among inmates in jails and prisons and on the streets with thieves, gang members, addicts, and life-long criminals in Seattle and other cities across the country. In Beggars and Thieves, he writes about how and why they become and remain offenders, and about the actual role of jails and prisons in efforts to deter crime and rehabilitate criminals. Fleisher shows, with wrenching firsthand accounts, that parents who are addicts, abusers, and criminals beget irreversibly damaged children who become addicts, abusers, and criminals. Further, Fleisher contends that many well-intentioned educational and vocational training programs are wasted because they are offered too late to help. And, he provides sobering evidence that many youthful and adult offenders find themselves better off in prison—with work to do, medical care, a clean place to sleep, regular meals, and stable social ties—than they are in America’s cities. Fleisher calls for anti-crime policies that are bold, practical, and absolutely imperative. He prescribes life terms for violent offenders, but in prisons structured as work communities, where privileges are earned through work in expanded, productive industries that reduce the financial burden of incarceration on the public. But most important, he argues that the only way to prevent street crime, cut prison growth, and reduce the waste of money and human lives is to permanently remove brutalized children from criminal, addicted, and violent parents.

Justice quarterly


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 1544
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Orange Is the New Black

Mein Jahr im Frauenknast
Author: Piper Kerman
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644526214
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 384
View: 6916
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Von der 5th Avenue in den Knast Das Buch zur US-Kultserie! Piper Kerman lebt glücklich mit ihrem Verlobten in Manhattan, als ihr eine Jugendsünde zum Verhängnis wird. Das Gericht verurteilt sie zu einer 15-monatigen Haftstrafe, und Piper tauscht Designeroutfits und Loft gegen orange Häftlingskleidung und eine Zelle in einem Frauengefängnis. Über die Zeit dort, über Schikanen, bösartige Attacken, aber auch über Freundschaften und vor allem ihre toughen und warmherzigen Mitgefangenen schreibt sie ohne Selbstmitleid, humorvoll und sehr unterhaltsam. «Ich liebe dieses Buch in einem Maße, das mich selbst überrascht hat. Eine wundervoll erzählte Geschichte darüber, wie unglaublich Frauen sein können.» Elizabeth Gilbert, Autorin von «Eat, Pray, Love» «Dies ist ein ernstes und großherziges Buch, das das Leben in einem Frauengefängnis sehr detailliert und – das ist entscheidend – mit Empathie und Respekt für Piper Kermans Mitinhaftierte schildert, von denen die wenigsten über ihre Möglichkeiten verfügten.» Dave Eggers «Dieses Buch können Sie nicht aus der Hand legen, weil Sie selbst in diese Situation hätten geraten können. Oder Ihre beste Freundin. Oder Ihre Tochter.» Los Angeles Times

Crime, Culture and the Media


Author: Eamonn Carrabine
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 300
View: 1179
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Why are newspapers and television programmes filled with stories about crime and criminals? Is their portrayal of crime accurate? How do the media transform our attitudes to crime? Is fear of crime, for example, really created by the media? The relationships between crime and the media have long been the subject of intense debate. From the earliest days of the printing press to the explosion of cyberspace chat rooms, there have been persistent concerns about the harmful criminogenic effects of the media. At the same time, the media are fascinated with crime – on the news, in films and on television there are countless stories about crime, both real and imagined. In this innovative and accessible new book, Eamonn Carrabine carefully untangles these debates, and grapples with the powerful dynamics of fear and desire that underlie our obsession with crime. Chapter-by-chapter the book introduces the different ways in which relationships between crime and the media have been understood, including classic debates about the media’s effects, news production, and moral panics, as well as more cutting-edge studies of the representation of crime in the contemporary media. Combining empirical research findings with the latest theoretical developments, the book will appeal to advanced undergraduates and graduate students across the social sciences, especially those taking courses in criminology and media studies.

Encyclopedia of Sociology


Author: Edgar F. Borgatta,Marie L. Borgatta
Publisher: MacMillan Publishing Company
ISBN: N.A
Category: Sociology
Page: 2359
View: 4677
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Arranged into 370 subject areas, these volumes present information on classic and new sociological concerns, and discuss current sociological concepts and investigations.

Carceral Spaces

Mobility and Agency in Imprisonment and Migrant Detention
Author: Dr Deirdre Conlon,Dr Dominique Moran,Dr Nick Gill
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472400038
Category: Science
Page: 262
View: 9474
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This book draws together the work of a new community of scholars with a growing interest in carceral geography: the geographical study of practices of imprisonment and detention. It combines work by geographers on 'mainstream' penal establishments where people are incarcerated by the prevailing legal system, with geographers' recent work on migrant detention centres, where irregular migrants and 'refused' asylum seekers are detained, ostensibly pending decisions on admittance or repatriation. Working in these contexts, the book's contributors investigate the geographical location and spatialities of institutions, the nature of spaces of incarceration and detention and experiences inside them, governmentality and prisoner agency, cultural geographies of penal spaces, and mobility in the carceral context. In dialogue with emergent and topical agendas in geography around mobility, space and agency, and in relation to international policy challenges such as the (dis)functionality of imprisonment and the search for alternatives to detention, this book presents a timely addition to emergent interdisciplinary scholarship that will prompt dialogue among those working in geography, criminology and prison sociology.

Social Organization of Law

Introductory Readings
Author: Austin Sarat
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 596
View: 7888
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"Austin sarat's the social organization of law: introductory readings begins with a simple premise-law seeks to work in the world, to order, change, and give meaning to society-and describes legal processes as socially organized. This connects legal studies to the study of society in two different senses."

Nach der Erleuchtung Wäsche waschen und Kartoffeln schälen

Wie spirituelle Erfahrung das Leben verändert
Author: Jack Kornfield
Publisher: Goldmann Verlag
ISBN: 3641234689
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Page: 368
View: 1483
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Jack Kornfield ist einer der ganz großen buddhistischen Lehrer neben dem Dalai Lama und Thich Nhat Hanh Erleuchtung ist kein Ruhestand! Nehmen wir diese Herausforderung an, erleben wir, wie das erwachte Herz zum verlässlichen Ratgeber wird – beispielsweise in schwierigen Familienverhältnissen, bei seelischem Schmerz, beruflichen Anforderungen, Krankheit oder Verlust. Jack Kornfield berichtet über die Erfahrungen und Einsichten von Lehrern und Schülern buddhistischer, christlicher, jüdischer und hinduistischer Herkunft sowie der Sufi-Tradition. Auf einmalige und zutiefst ehrliche Weise verknüpft er Zeugnisse moderner Spiritualität zu Lektionen, wie das achtsame Herz weise wird.

Wirtschaftssysteme

eine vergleichende Darstellung
Author: George Nikolaus Halm
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 350
View: 8644
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The Israel Annals of Psychiatry and Related Disciplines


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Psychiatry
Page: N.A
View: 9899
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Dissertation Abstracts International

The humanities and social sciences
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Humanities
Page: N.A
View: 8004
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Reflexive Responsibilisierung

Verantwortung für nachhaltige Entwicklung
Author: Anna Henkel,Nico Lüdtke,Nikolaus Buschmann,Lars Hochmann
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839440661
Category: Social Science
Page: 460
View: 7026
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Nachhaltigkeit gilt als erstrebenswertes gesellschaftliches Ziel. Doch wie der Weg in eine nachhaltige Zukunft aussehen soll, ist umstritten. Als spannungsvoll erweist sich nicht nur das Verhältnis zwischen den verschiedenen politischen Steuerungskonzepten und wissenschaftlichen Modellbildungen. Auch die Frage, wer im Zusammenspiel aus Politik, Wissenschaft, Wirtschaft und Zivilgesellschaft für eine nachhaltigkeitsorientierte Transformation der Gesellschaft zuständig ist, wirft Kontroversen auf. Der Band rückt mit dem Begriff der Responsibilisierung die Frage nach der Zuschreibung von Verantwortung in den Mittelpunkt und diskutiert die Möglichkeiten und Grenzen individueller und kollektiver Verantwortung für nachhaltige Entwicklung.

The Best Books for Academic Libraries: Social sciences


Author: N.A
Publisher: Best Books
ISBN: 9780722200162
Category: Reference
Page: 336
View: 7679
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Books recommended for undergraduate and college libraries listed by Library of Congress Classification Numbers.