The Cycle of Juvenile Justice


Author: Thomas J. Bernard,Megan C. Kurlychek
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199708253
Category: Law
Page: 256
View: 1670
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The Cycle of Juvenile Justice takes a historical look at juvenile justice policies in the United States. Tracing a pattern of policies over the past 200 years, the book reveals cycles of reforms advocating either lenient treatment or harsh punishments for juvenile delinquents. Bernard and Kurlychek see this cycle as driven by several unchanging ideas that force us to repeat, rather than learn from, our history. This timely new edition provides a substantial update from the original, incorporating the vast policy changes from the 1990s to the present, and placing these changes in their broader historical context and their place within the cycle of juvenile justice. The authors provide a provocative and honest assessment of juvenile justice in the 21st century, arguing that no policy can solve the problem of youth crime since it arises not from the juvenile justice system, but from deeper social conditions and inequalities. With this highly-anticipated new edition, The Cycle of Juvenile Justice will continue to provide a controversial, challenging, and enlightening perspective for a broad array of juvenile justice officials, scholars, and students alike.

The Cycle of Juvenile Justice


Author: Thomas J. Bernard,Megan C. Kurlychek
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190451548
Category: Law
Page: 256
View: 4646
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The Cycle of Juvenile Justice takes a historical look at juvenile justice policies in the United States. Tracing a pattern of policies over the past 200 years, the book reveals cycles of reforms advocating either lenient treatment or harsh punishments for juvenile delinquents. Bernard and Kurlychek see this cycle as driven by several unchanging ideas that force us to repeat, rather than learn from, our history. This timely new edition provides a substantial update from the original, incorporating the vast policy changes from the 1990s to the present, and placing these changes in their broader historical context and their place within the cycle of juvenile justice. The authors provide a provocative and honest assessment of juvenile justice in the 21st century, arguing that no policy can solve the problem of youth crime since it arises not from the juvenile justice system, but from deeper social conditions and inequalities. With this highly-anticipated new edition, The Cycle of Juvenile Justice will continue to provide a controversial, challenging, and enlightening perspective for a broad array of juvenile justice officials, scholars, and students alike.

The Cycle of Juvenile Justice


Author: Thomas J. Bernard,Megan C. Kurlychek
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195370368
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 243
View: 1844
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When juvenile violence and crime skyrocketed in the late 1980s and early 1990s, every state in the country responded by significantly altering the jurisdiction, purpose, process, sentencing, and services of their juvenile justice systems. Analyzing the history of juvenile justice over the last two hundred years, The Cycle of Juvenile Justice is an illuminating examination of the patterns in which changes like these play out. This much-needed and timely new edition provides an account of changes in the American juvenile justice system from 1990 to the present, and, by building on and expanding the ideas of the original edition, the authors refine their demonstration of how juvenile justice policy undergoes cycles of reform, alternating between offender-focused and offense-focused policies. All of the material from the previous edition has been revised and updated, and to incorporate recent key developments in juvenile justice, many new chapters have been added . Each of these provides historical context on each change, examining the rhetoric surrounding policies and their implementation, and assesses whether the policy and system changes resulted in a perpetuation of the cycle or represents real progress and reform. Analyzing the best and worst aspects of these policies, as well as the state of the present system, this book will continue to provide a controversial and challenging look at the issues involved in juvenile justice.

A Cycle of Outrage

America's Reaction to the Juvenile Delinquent in the 1950s
Author: James Gilbert
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195056418
Category: History
Page: 258
View: 6651
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Examining the 1950s debate over the media and juvenile delinquency, this study shows how the development of youth culture and the rise of a mass-media society became intertwined and confused.

Bad Kids

Race and the Transformation of the Juvenile Court
Author: Barry C. Feld,Centennial Professor of Law Barry C Feld
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195097874
Category: Law
Page: 374
View: 1100
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Traces the evolution of the juvenile court from its inception in the early 1900s, with an emphasis on the past three decades.

The Encyclopedia of Juvenile Delinquency and Justice


Author: Christopher J. Schreck
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118520327
Category: Social Science
Page: 1032
View: 2070
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"The Encyclopedia of Juvenile Delinquency and Justice is a compendium of more than 300 contributions written by leading scholars from the fields of criminal justice, justice sciences, social work, and sociology. It covers the latest research, policies, and practices regarding young offenders, the processing of juveniles within the court system, and various approaches to treating and eliminating juvenile crime. The origins and evolution of the juvenile justice system, the leading theories and major theorists in the field, and the empirical support for theories and policies designed to reduce delinquency are all discussed in depth. Organized thematically, the Encyclopedia is arranged by three key sections. The first section focuses on juvenile delinquents and delinquency, specifically the causes, correlates, and experiences of at-risk youth. The second section provides a comprehensive review of the system developed to address juvenile offending, including the historic origins of juvenile courts and the cases that have shaped the contemporary system. In the final section, authors explore current treatment programs and policy initiatives designed to mitigate and/or prevent juvenile delinquency. Key topics covered include: Juvenile Delinquency, Explanations of Delinquency, Correlates and Contexts of Delinquency; and all aspects of Juvenile Justice and Juvenile Justice Policy. An indispensable reference resource, The Encyclopedia of Juvenile Delinquency and Justice is essential reading for both students and professionals engaged in the fields of criminology, juvenile delinquency, justice administration, and sociology. "--

Juvenile Delinquency

A Justice Perspective
Author: Ralph A. Weisheit,Robert G. Culbertson
Publisher: Waveland PressInc
ISBN: 9781577660903
Category: Social Science
Page: 318
View: 9839
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An interdisciplinary, in-depth look at juvenile delinquency written for students. This fourth edition incorporates nine new articles--some on issues which were hardly studied in previous editions. New coverage on historical patterns of responses to juvenile crime, the influence of biology and early experiences on juvenile violence, juvenile crime and schools, gang violence, family factors in the processing of juvenile cases, restorative justice, and the effects of childhood trauma. Also includes a discussion considering the abolition of the juvenile court system. c. Book News Inc.

Dealing with delinquency

an investigation of juvenile justice
Author: Jay S. Albanese
Publisher: Univ Pr of Amer
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 130
View: 1034
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The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice


Author: Barry C. Feld,Donna M. Bishop
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0195385101
Category: Law
Page: 934
View: 8393
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State-of-the-art critical reviews of recent scholarship on the causes of juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice system responses, and public policies to prevent and reduce youth crime are brought together in a single volume authored by leading scholars and researchers in neuropsychology, developmental and social psychology, sociology, history, criminology/criminal justice, and law.

Reforming Juvenile Justice

A Developmental Approach
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Law and Justice,Committee on Assessing Juvenile Justice Reform
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309278937
Category: Law
Page: 462
View: 1311
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Adolescence is a distinct, yet transient, period of development between childhood and adulthood characterized by increased experimentation and risk-taking, a tendency to discount long-term consequences, and heightened sensitivity to peers and other social influences. A key function of adolescence is developing an integrated sense of self, including individualization, separation from parents, and personal identity. Experimentation and novelty-seeking behavior, such as alcohol and drug use, unsafe sex, and reckless driving, are thought to serve a number of adaptive functions despite their risks. Research indicates that for most youth, the period of risky experimentation does not extend beyond adolescence, ceasing as identity becomes settled with maturity. Much adolescent involvement in criminal activity is part of the normal developmental process of identity formation and most adolescents will mature out of these tendencies. Evidence of significant changes in brain structure and function during adolescence strongly suggests that these cognitive tendencies characteristic of adolescents are associated with biological immaturity of the brain and with an imbalance among developing brain systems. This imbalance model implies dual systems: one involved in cognitive and behavioral control and one involved in socio-emotional processes. Accordingly adolescents lack mature capacity for self-regulations because the brain system that influences pleasure-seeking and emotional reactivity develops more rapidly than the brain system that supports self-control. This knowledge of adolescent development has underscored important differences between adults and adolescents with direct bearing on the design and operation of the justice system, raising doubts about the core assumptions driving the criminalization of juvenile justice policy in the late decades of the 20th century. It was in this context that the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) asked the National Research Council to convene a committee to conduct a study of juvenile justice reform. The goal of Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach was to review recent advances in behavioral and neuroscience research and draw out the implications of this knowledge for juvenile justice reform, to assess the new generation of reform activities occurring in the United States, and to assess the performance of OJJDP in carrying out its statutory mission as well as its potential role in supporting scientifically based reform efforts.

Juvenile Justice In America


Author: Clemens Bartollas,Stuart J. Miller Ph.D.
Publisher: Pearson
ISBN: 0134164466
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 7127
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This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. An in-depth look at juvenile justice lets students see into the minds of delinquents, victims, and field professionals. Juvenile Justice in America provides an in-depth look at the lives of juveniles, their experiences in society, and the consequences of those experiences. The text carefully examines the structures, procedures, policies, and problems of American juvenile justice agencies. The Eighth Edition places further emphasis on delinquency prevention, and features a new chapter on juvenile offender populations to give readers a more comprehensive view of delinquents. Boxed features in every chapter highlight the practical realities of working in the juvenile justice system. The careful balance of theory, evidence-based findings, and practical applications gives readers the most up-to-date insight into the state of juvenile justice in America today. Juvenile Justice in America, 8/e is also available via REVEL™, an interactive learning environment that enables students to read, practice, and study in one continuous experience. Learn more.

Falling Back

Incarceration and Transitions to Adulthood among Urban Youth
Author: Jamie J. Fader
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813560756
Category: Social Science
Page: 278
View: 1025
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Jamie J. Fader documents the transition to adulthood for a particularly vulnerable population: young inner-city men of color who have, by the age of eighteen, already been imprisoned. How, she asks, do such precariously situated youth become adult men? What are the sources of change in their lives? Falling Back is based on over three years of ethnographic research with black and Latino males on the cusp of adulthood and incarcerated at a rural reform school designed to address “criminal thinking errors” among juvenile drug offenders. Fader observed these young men as they transitioned back to their urban Philadelphia neighborhoods, resuming their daily lives and struggling to adopt adult masculine roles. This in-depth ethnographic approach allowed her to portray the complexities of human decision-making as these men strove to “fall back,” or avoid reoffending, and become productive adults. Her work makes a unique contribution to sociological understandings of the transitions to adulthood, urban social inequality, prisoner reentry, and desistance from offending.

Juvenile Justice

Redeeming Our Children
Author: Barry Krisberg
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761925015
Category: Social Science
Page: 236
View: 4115
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Juvenile Justice: Redeeming Our Children debunks myths about juvenile justice in order to achieve an ideal system that would protect vulnerable children and help build safer communities. Author Barry Krisberg assembles broad and up-to-date research, statistical data, and theories on the U.S. juvenile justice system to encourage effective responses to youth crime. This text gives a historical context to the ongoing quest for the juvenile justice ideal and examines how the current system of laws, policies, and practices came into place.

Juvenile Justice and Delinquency


Author: Barry A. Krisberg
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 150632925X
Category: Social Science
Page: 232
View: 3407
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Juvenile Justice and Delinquency brings into focus the causes of delinquency and provides students with a broad, up-to-date review of the latest research, statistical data, theories, and court decisions in the U.S. juvenile justice system. Author Barry Krisberg writes from a research-based approach which offers students pragmatic solutions to problems within the system—focusing on the reformative power of redemptive justice. Students will take away a foundational understanding of the current policies and issues shaping the juvenile justice system and practical strategies for helping juveniles improve and move their lives in a more positive direction.

A Return to Justice

Rethinking our Approach to Juveniles in the System
Author: Ashley Nellis
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442227672
Category: Law
Page: 156
View: 4790
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Juveniles who commit crimes often find themselves in court systems that do not account for their young age, but it wasn’t always this way. The original aim of a separate juvenile justice system was to treat young offenders as the children they were, considering their unique child status and amenability for reform. Now, after years punishing young offenders as if they were adults, slowly the justice system is making changes that would allow the original vision for juvenile justice to finally materialize. In its original design, the founders focused on treating youth offenders separately from adults and with a different approach. The hallmarks of this approach appreciated the fact that youth cannot fully understand the consequences of their actions and are therefore worthy of reduced culpability. The original design for youth justice prioritized brief and confidential contact with the juvenile justice system, so as to avoid the stigma that would otherwise mar a youth’s chances for success upon release. Rehabilitation was seen as the priority, and efforts to redirect wayward youth were to be implemented when possible and appropriate. The original tenets of the juvenile justice system were slowly dismantled and replaced with a system more like the adult criminal justice system, one which takes no account of age. In recent years, the tide has turned again. The number of incarcerated youth has been cut in half nationally. In addition, juvenile justice practices are increasingly guided by scholarship in adolescent development that confirms important differences between youth and adults. And, states and localities are choosing to invest in evidence based approaches to juvenile crime prevention and intervention rather than in facilities to lock up errant youth. This book assesses the strategies and policies that have produced these important shifts in direction. Important contributing factors include the declining incidence of youth-committed crime, advances in adolescent brain science, nationwide budgetary concerns, focused advocacy with policymakers and practitioners, and successful public education campaigns that address extreme sanctions for youth such as solitary confinement and life sentences without the possibility of parole. Yet more needs to be done. The U.S. Supreme Court has recently voiced its unfaltering conclusion that children are different from adults in a series of landmark cases. The question now is how to take advantage of the opportunity for juvenile justice reform of the kind that would reorient the juvenile justice system to its original intent both in policy and practice, and would return to a system that treats children as children. Using case examples throughout, Nellis offers a compelling history and shows how we might continue on the road to reform.

Securing Our Children's Future

New Approaches to Juvenile Justice and Youth Violence
Author: Gary S. Katzmann
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780815706472
Category: Social Science
Page: 444
View: 702
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A nation of great resources, the United States is confronted all too often with headlines about shootings in schools and with the unsettling reality that homicide rates for juveniles far exceed that of other industrialized nations. The challenge of reducing youth violence has prompted a flurry of commentary, legislative activity, and scholarly studies—much of it skewed by lurid pronouncements, alarmist sentiments, and misleading categorizations. Focusing on the role of institutions in combating youth violence, this volume seeks to reflect its complex and multidimensional character. Copublished by the Governance Institute and the Brookings Institution, the book brings together a wide range of skilled professionals and academics across disciplines to focus on the coordination and implementation of youth anti-violence strategies. The work redefines the way we think institutionally about youth violence and collaborative initiatives, providing a pragmatic roadmap for constructive change. The essays constitute a new framework to guide key players in the juvenile justice system: prosecutors, the defense bar, the courts, correction and probation departments, faith-based institutions, schools, the media, nonprofit institutions, and the private sector.

Born, Not Raised

Voices from Juvenile Hall
Author: Susan Madden Lankford
Publisher: Greenleaf Book Group
ISBN: 0979236649
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: N.A
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Burning Down the House

The End of Juvenile Prison
Author: Nell Bernstein
Publisher: New Press, The
ISBN: 1595589562
Category: Law
Page: 384
View: 7465
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When teenagers scuffle during a basketball game, they are typically benched. But when Will got into it on the court, he and his rival were sprayed in the face at close range by a chemical similar to Mace, denied a shower for twenty-four hours, and then locked in solitary confinement for a month. One in three American children will be arrested by the time they are twenty-three, and many will spend time locked inside horrific detention centers that defy everything we know about how to rehabilitate young offenders. In a clear-eyed indictment of the juvenile justice system run amok, award-winning journalist Nell Bernstein shows that there is no right way to lock up a child. The very act of isolation denies delinquent children the thing that is most essential to their growth and rehabilitation: positive relationships with caring adults. Bernstein introduces us to youth across the nation who have suffered violence and psychological torture at the hands of the state. She presents these youths all as fully realized people, not victims. As they describe in their own voices their fight to maintain their humanity and protect their individuality in environments that would deny both, these young people offer a hopeful alternative to the doomed effort to reform a system that should only be dismantled. Burning Down the House is a clarion call to shut down our nation’s brutal and counterproductive juvenile prisons and bring our children home.

Significant Cases in Juvenile Justice


Author: Craig Hemmens,Benjamin Steiner,David Mueller
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199958412
Category: Social Science
Page: 175
View: 4658
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Easily accessible to undergraduates, Significant Cases in Juvenile Justice, Second Edition, offers a clear, comprehensive introduction to juvenile justice. Rather than providing complete opinions, which may overwhelm students, the authors present case briefs, along with analyses, explanations, and short excerpts. In addition to the case summaries, the book includes lists of all of the cases it covers, both in alphabetical order and grouped by topic; a short introduction to each topic; and an index. CRIMINAL JUSTICE CASE BRIEFS SERIES Significant Cases in Criminal Procedure, Second Edition Craig Hemmens, Alan Thompson, and Lisa S. Nored (978-0-19-995791-0) Significant Cases in Corrections, Second Edition Craig Hemmens, Barbara Belbot, and Katherine Bennett (978-0-19-994858-1) Significant Cases in Juvenile Justice, Second Edition Craig Hemmens, Benjamin Steiner, and David Mueller (978-0-19-995841-2)

Everyday Desistance

The Transition to Adulthood Among Formerly Incarcerated Youth
Author: Laura S. Abrams,Diane Terry
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 0813574498
Category: Law
Page: 256
View: 5209
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In Everyday Desistance, Laura Abrams and Diane J. Terry examine the lives of young people who spent considerable time in and out of correctional institutions as adolescents. These formerly incarcerated youth often struggle with the onset of adult responsibilities at a much earlier age than their more privileged counterparts. In the context of urban Los Angeles, with a large-scale gang culture and diminished employment prospects, further involvement in crime appears almost inevitable. Yet, as Abrams and Terry point out, these formerly imprisoned youth are often quite resilient and can be successful at creating lives for themselves after months or even years of living in institutions run by the juvenile justice system. This book narrates the day-to-day experiences of these young men and women, focusing on their attempts to surmount the challenges of adulthood, resisting a return to criminal activity, and formulating long-term goals for a secure adult future.