The Cycle of Juvenile Justice


Author: Thomas J. Bernard,Megan C. Kurlychek
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199708253
Category: Law
Page: 256
View: 9269
DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Cycle of Juvenile Justice takes a historical look at juvenile justice policies in the United States. Tracing a pattern of policies over the past 200 years, the book reveals cycles of reforms advocating either lenient treatment or harsh punishments for juvenile delinquents. Bernard and Kurlychek see this cycle as driven by several unchanging ideas that force us to repeat, rather than learn from, our history. This timely new edition provides a substantial update from the original, incorporating the vast policy changes from the 1990s to the present, and placing these changes in their broader historical context and their place within the cycle of juvenile justice. The authors provide a provocative and honest assessment of juvenile justice in the 21st century, arguing that no policy can solve the problem of youth crime since it arises not from the juvenile justice system, but from deeper social conditions and inequalities. With this highly-anticipated new edition, The Cycle of Juvenile Justice will continue to provide a controversial, challenging, and enlightening perspective for a broad array of juvenile justice officials, scholars, and students alike.

The Cycle of Juvenile Justice


Author: Thomas J. Bernard,Thomas J Bernard
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195071832
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 195
View: 6018
DOWNLOAD NOW »
An analysis of the history of juvenile justice over the last two hundred years, this innovative study shows how juvenile justice policy has gone through cycles of reform advocating either lenient treatments for juvenile offenders or policies supporting a "toughening up" process, both approaches resulting in little or no improvement in the treatment of delinquency. Bernard stresses the importance of breaking this repetitive cycle and makes recommendations for a stable juvenile justice policy, one that would not be continuously reformed in the never-ending search for a solution. Analyzing the "best" and "worst" aspects of various policies, as well as the state of the present system, this book will provide an controversial and challenging look at the issues involved in juvenile justice.

Juvenile Delinquency

A Justice Perspective
Author: Ralph A. Weisheit,Robert G. Culbertson
Publisher: Waveland PressInc
ISBN: 9781577660903
Category: Social Science
Page: 318
View: 6403
DOWNLOAD NOW »
An interdisciplinary, in-depth look at juvenile delinquency written for students. This fourth edition incorporates nine new articles--some on issues which were hardly studied in previous editions. New coverage on historical patterns of responses to juvenile crime, the influence of biology and early experiences on juvenile violence, juvenile crime and schools, gang violence, family factors in the processing of juvenile cases, restorative justice, and the effects of childhood trauma. Also includes a discussion considering the abolition of the juvenile court system. c. Book News Inc.

Juvenile crime

breaking the cycle of violence : hearing before the Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, One Hundred Third Congress, second session, on finding some effective solutions to violence by juveniles and against juveniles, Chicago, IL, November 29, 1994
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 9780160527760
Category: Social Science
Page: 93
View: 6632
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Serious Delinquency

An Anthology
Author: Thomas J. Bernard
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195330779
Category: Law
Page: 242
View: 7274
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Serious Delinquency features a survey approach to the major issues in delinquency and the juvenile justice system. Coverage is both broad and deep, yet presented accessibly for students. Topics include patterns of offending and victimization, predictors, theoretically driven correlates, and a wide range of issues in the operations of the juvenile justice system.

Multisystemische Therapie bei dissozialem Verhalten von Kindern und Jugendlichen


Author: Scott W Henggeler,Sonja K. Schoenwald,Charles M. Borduin,Melisa D. Rowland,Phillippe B. Cunningham
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642201474
Category: Medical
Page: 262
View: 9333
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Die multisystemische Therapie (MST) ist ein empirisch abgesichertes Verfahren, das als Alternative zu stationären Behandlungskonzepten auch ambulant angewendet werden kann. In über 30 Ländern wird MST inzwischen erfolgreich mit Kindern und Jugendlichen in über 400 Programmen praktiziert. In diesem Buch werden die Prinzipien der multisystemischen Therapie erläutert. Außerdem bekommen Leser klare Leitlinien an die Hand: für die Indikation und um individuelle Interventionen bei delinquenten Jugendlichen und Kindern zu planen und durchzuführen.

Preventing and Reducing Juvenile Delinquency

A Comprehensive Framework
Author: James C. Howell
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761925095
Category: Social Science
Page: 393
View: 5322
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Preventing and Reducing Juvenile Delinquency: A Comprehensive Framework presents the latest research and most effective programs for understanding, preventing, and controlling juvenile delinquency. Renowned specialist in the field James C. Howell examines key myths about juvenile violence and the ability of the juvenile justice system to handle modern-day juvenile delinquents. Reviewing the history of current juvenile justice system policies and practices, Howell provides a comprehensive framework for analyzing and responding to juvenile crime. Intended as a supplementary text for undergraduate and graduate courses in juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice, and violent offender intervention courses, Preventing and Reducing Juvenile Delinquency is also essential reading for juvenile justice and social services research and development specialists.

Corrections

A Critical Approach
Author: Michael Welch
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136842748
Category: Law
Page: 768
View: 7032
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Review questions; Recommended readings; 3. America's Penal Past; Introduction; Colonial America; Methods of punishment; William Penn and the Great Law; Analyzing punishment in colonial America; Prisons in the nation's early years; Newgate Prison, Connecticut: subterranean incarceration and political imprisonment; The Walnut Street Jail: penal reform and the quest for state power; Newgate Prison, New York City; The Jacksonian era; Reconceptualizing crime as a social problem; The Pennsylvania and Auburn systems of prison discipline; Elam Lynds: warden of Auburn and Sing Sing.

Young Offenders and Youth Justice

A Century After the Fact
Author: Sandra Jean Bell
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0176501746
Category: Juvenile delinquency
Page: 432
View: 4942
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Young Offenders and Juvenile Justice: A Century After the Fact, Fourth Edition, takes the unique approach of examining social ideas of youth and youth "crime." It is about what society thinks about youth and their behaviour, and about how these views are reflected in public discourse, scholarly theorizing, public policy, and institutional responses to "troublesome" youth behaviour. Bell examines and compares the youth legislations which have been passed by the Canadian government over the last 100 years. In particular, Young Offenders and Juvenile Justice compares and contrasts the Juvenile Delinquency Act, The Young Offenders Act, and the current Youth Criminal Justice Act.

Reforming Juvenile Justice

A Developmental Approach
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Law and Justice,Committee on Assessing Juvenile Justice Reform
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309278902
Category: Law
Page: 462
View: 841
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Adolescence is a distinct, yet transient, period of development between childhood and adulthood characterized by increased experimentation and risk-taking, a tendency to discount long-term consequences, and heightened sensitivity to peers and other social influences. A key function of adolescence is developing an integrated sense of self, including individualization, separation from parents, and personal identity. Experimentation and novelty-seeking behavior, such as alcohol and drug use, unsafe sex, and reckless driving, are thought to serve a number of adaptive functions despite their risks. Research indicates that for most youth, the period of risky experimentation does not extend beyond adolescence, ceasing as identity becomes settled with maturity. Much adolescent involvement in criminal activity is part of the normal developmental process of identity formation and most adolescents will mature out of these tendencies. Evidence of significant changes in brain structure and function during adolescence strongly suggests that these cognitive tendencies characteristic of adolescents are associated with biological immaturity of the brain and with an imbalance among developing brain systems. This imbalance model implies dual systems: one involved in cognitive and behavioral control and one involved in socio-emotional processes. Accordingly adolescents lack mature capacity for self-regulations because the brain system that influences pleasure-seeking and emotional reactivity develops more rapidly than the brain system that supports self-control. This knowledge of adolescent development has underscored important differences between adults and adolescents with direct bearing on the design and operation of the justice system, raising doubts about the core assumptions driving the criminalization of juvenile justice policy in the late decades of the 20th century. It was in this context that the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) asked the National Research Council to convene a committee to conduct a study of juvenile justice reform. The goal of Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach was to review recent advances in behavioral and neuroscience research and draw out the implications of this knowledge for juvenile justice reform, to assess the new generation of reform activities occurring in the United States, and to assess the performance of OJJDP in carrying out its statutory mission as well as its potential role in supporting scientifically based reform efforts.

The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice


Author: Barry C. Feld,Donna M. Bishop
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019020883X
Category: Social Science
Page: 960
View: 1876
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Over the last two decades, researchers have made significant discoveries about the causes and origins of delinquency. Specifically, we have learned a great deal about adolescent development and its relationship to decision-making, about multiple factors that contribute to delinquency, and about the processes and contexts associated with the course of delinquent careers. Over the same period, public officials have made sweeping jurisprudential, jurisdictional, and procedural changes in our juvenile justice systems. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice presents a timely compilation of state-of-the-art critical reviews of knowledge about causes of delinquency and their significance for justice policy, and about developments in the juvenile justice system to prevent and control youth crime. The first half of the handbook focuses on juvenile crime and examines trends and patterns in delinquency and victimization, explores causes of delinquency-at the individual, micro-social, and macro-social levels, and from natural and social science perspectives-and their implications for structuring a youth justice system. The second half of the handbook concentrates on juvenile justice and examines a range of issues-including the historical origins and re-invention of the juvenile court; juvenile offenders' mental health status and considerations of trial competence and culpability; intake, diversion, detention, and juvenile courts; and transfer/waiver strategies-and considers how the juvenile justice system itself influences delinquency. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice provides a comprehensive overview of juvenile crime and juvenile justice administration by authors who are all leading scholars involved in cutting-edge research, and is an essential resource for scholars, students, and justice officials.

Cops and Kids

Policing Juvenile Delinquency in Urban America, 1890-1940
Author: David B. Wolcott
Publisher: Ohio State University Press
ISBN: 0814210023
Category: Political Science
Page: 264
View: 1422
DOWNLOAD NOW »


Youth, Crime and Justice


Author: Cyndi Banks
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136661255
Category: Social Science
Page: 334
View: 7236
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Youth, Crime and Justice takes a critical issues approach to analyzing the current debates and issues in juvenile delinquency. It encourages readers to adopt an analytical understanding encompassing not only juvenile crime, but also the broader context within which the conditions of juvenile criminality occur. Students are invited to explore the connections between social, political, economic and cultural conditions and juvenile crime. This book engages with the key topics in the debate about juvenile justice and delinquency: juvenile institutions delinquency theories gender and race youth and moral panic restorative justice youth culture and delinquency. It clearly examines all the important comparative and transnational research studies for each topic. Throughout, appropriate qualitative studies are used to provide context and explain the theories in practice, conveying a powerful sense of the experience of juvenile justice. This accessible and innovative textbook will be an indispensable resource for senior undergraduates and postgraduates in criminology, criminal justice and sociology.

Cycle of sexual abuse : research inconclusive about whether child victims become adult abusers : report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Crime, Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives


Author: N.A
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1428979832
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 3755
DOWNLOAD NOW »


A Handbook for Evidence-Based Juvenile Justice Systems


Author: James C. Howell,Mark W. Lipsey,John J. Wilson
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739187090
Category: Social Science
Page: 210
View: 584
DOWNLOAD NOW »
A Handbook for Evidence-Based Juvenile Justice Systems promotes a comprehensive strategy for reducing criminal careers of serious, violent, and chronic juvenile offenders, including gang members, in an approach that is supported by current research. A step-by-step blueprint is provided for interrupting these offender’s criminal careers with a combination of effective intervention programs and graduated sanctions in a research-based, data-driven, and outcome-focused approach./span

New York Juvenile Delinquency Practice


Author: Stephen J. Bogacz
Publisher: LexisNexis
ISBN: 1579111793
Category: Law
Page: 1420
View: 1569
DOWNLOAD NOW »
An essential new tool for anyone who handles juvenile delinquency cases in New York courts, New York Juvenile Delinquency Practice offers a comprehensive review of both the leading and most recent cases in every major area of delinquency law complete with expert commentary and practical advice. This manual is an easy to use reference tool you'll look to again and again for quick and definitive guidance on this growing and important practice area. New York Juvenile Delinquency Practice is also a complete reference tool in the following areas of adult criminal practice: • suppression of evidence, including statements, identifications and physical evidence • Rosario material and Brady material • impeachment of witnesses • admissibility of evidence of uncharged crimes • missing witness inference • witnesses under the age of twelve • sufficient establishment of physical injury • trial issues involving statement, identifications and physical evidence.

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA
Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 3956141598
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 5543
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Juvenile Justice


Author: Laura L. Finley
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313338823
Category: Law
Page: 159
View: 5770
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Provides a thorough examination of attitudes toward and approaches to juvenile justice in the U.S.

The Juvenile Justice System: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide


Author: Oxford University Press
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199803699
Category: Social Science
Page: 18
View: 8562
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

Recriminalizing Delinquency

Violent Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice Reform
Author: Simon I. Singer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521629201
Category: Political Science
Page: 230
View: 6693
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Recriminalizing Delinquency examines attempts to transfer jurisdiction over juveniles accused of violent crime to criminal court.