The Edge of Life

Human Dignity and Contemporary Bioethics
Author: Christopher Kaczor
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402031564
Category: Philosophy
Page: 155
View: 3452
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The Edge of Life: Human Dignity and Contemporary Bioethics treats a number of distinct moral questions and ?nds their answer in the dignity of the person, both as an agent and as a patient (in the sense of the recipient of action). Characteristically one’s view of the human being ultimately shapes one’s outlook on these matters. This book addresses questions that divide a culture of life from a culture of death as well as a number of questions debated within the Catholic tradition itself. The Edge of Life offers a critique of the new bio-ethic, represented by such notable authors as Peter Singer; it also attempts to shore up some of the dif?culties leveled by critics against the traditional ethic as well as to answer some questions disputed by those within the tradition. This book does not treat the basic principles of morality but rather many of their applications and suppositions. (For an account of contemporary debates within the Catholic tradition on these matters, see Kaczor 2002). Rather, The Edge of Life seeks to address a number of disputed contemporary questions touching upon human dignity at what has been called “the margins of life. ” The ?rst section of the book treats the dignity of the human person as recipient of action and as agent. Chapter two examines various accounts of when a human being becomes a person.

An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine

Humanizing Modern Medicine
Author: James A. Marcum
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402067976
Category: Medical
Page: 376
View: 5337
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In this book the author explores the shifting philosophical boundaries of modern medical knowledge and practice occasioned by the crisis of quality-of-care, especially in terms of the various humanistic adjustments to the biomedical model. To that end he examines the metaphysical, epistemological, and ethical boundaries of these medical models. He begins with their metaphysics, analyzing the metaphysical positions and presuppositions and ontological commitments upon which medical knowledge and practice is founded. Next, he considers the epistemological issues that face these medical models, particularly those driven by methodological procedures undertaken by epistemic agents to constitute medical knowledge and practice. Finally, he examines the axiological boundaries and the ethical implications of each model, especially in terms of the physician-patient relationship. In a concluding Epilogue, he discusses how the philosophical analysis of the humanization of modern medicine helps to address the crisis-of-care, as well as the question of “What is medicine?” The book’s unique features include a comprehensive coverage of the various topics in the philosophy of medicine that have emerged over the past several decades and a philosophical context for embedding bioethical discussions. The book’s target audiences include both undergraduate and graduate students, as well as healthcare professionals and professional philosophers. “This book is the 99th issue of the Series Philosophy and Medicine...and it can be considered a crown of thirty years of intensive and dynamic discussion in the field. We are completely convinced that after its publication, it can be finally said that undoubtedly the philosophy of medicine exists as a special field of inquiry.”

Elisha Bartlett's Philosophy of Medicine


Author: William Stempsey
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402030413
Category: Medical
Page: 246
View: 3935
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The idea of preparing a new critical edition of Elisha Bartlett’s Essay on the Philosophy of Medical Science was suggested to me several years ago by Dr. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr. Since that time it has been a pleasure to get to know the life and work of Elisha Bartlett. I am pleased to be completing this book in the bicentennial year of Bartlett’s birth. Bartlett was born in 1804 in Smithfield, Rhode Island, less than twenty-five miles from Worcester, Massachusetts, my present home—a short journey even in Bartlett’s day. I have been able to walk at some of the sites to which Bartlett continually returned during his life. Visiting Bartlett’s grave in the Slatersville cemetery has been an inspiration for the preparation of this book. Proximity to several institutions with rich holdings in Bartlett’s works and in nineteenth-century American history of medicine greatly facilitated my research. First, though, I want to acknowledge the College of the Holy Cross for supporting my sabbatical leave for the academic year 2003-2004. The American Antiquarian Society, in Worcester, Massachusetts, was generous in giving me access to its remarkable resources. I was able to find many of Bartlett’s published works and other nineteenth-century medical literature there, and the entire library staff provided quick and able research assistance.

The Ethics of Abortion

Women’s Rights, Human Life, and the Question of Justice
Author: Christopher Kaczor
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317907949
Category: Philosophy
Page: 280
View: 7112
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Appealing to reason rather than religious belief, this book is the most comprehensive case against the choice of abortion yet published. This Second Edition of The Ethics of Abortion critically evaluates all the major grounds for denying fetal personhood, including the views of those who defend not only abortion but also post-birth abortion. It also provides several (non-theological) justifications for the conclusion that all human beings, including those in utero, should be respected as persons. This book also critiques the view that abortion is not wrong even if the human fetus is a person. The Ethics of Abortion examines hard cases for those who are prolife, such as abortion in cases of rape or in order to save the mother’s life, as well as hard cases for defenders of abortion, such as sex selection abortion and the rationale for being "personally opposed" but publically supportive of abortion. It concludes with a discussion of whether artificial wombs might end the abortion debate. Answering the arguments of defenders of abortion, this book provides reasoned justification for the view that all intentional abortions are ethically wrong and that doctors and nurses who object to abortion should not be forced to act against their consciences. Updates and Revisions to the Second Edition include: -A response to Alberto Giubilini’s and Francesca Minerva’s now famous 2012 article, "After-Birth Abortion" in the Journal of Medical Ethics -Responses to new defenses of Judith Jarvis Thomson’s violinist argument -The addition of a new chapter on gradualist views of fetal moral worth, including Jeff McMahan’s Time-Relative Interest Account -The addition of a new chapter on the conscience protection for health care workers who are opposed to abortion -Responses to many critiques of the first edition, including those made by Donald Marquis, David DeGrazia, and William E. May

Law and Bioethics


Author: Michael D. A. Freeman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 482
View: 7180
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Current Legal Issues, like its sister volume Current Legal Problems, is based upon an annual colloquium held at University College London. Each year, leading scholars from around the world gather to discuss the relationship between law and another discipline of thought. Each colloquium examines how the external discipline is conceived in legal thought and argument, how the law is pictured in that discipline, and analyses points of controversy in the use, and abuse, of extra-legal arguments within legal theory and practice. Law and Bioethics, the latest volume in the Current Legal Issues series, contains a broad range of essays by scholars interested in the interactions between law and bioethics. It includes studies examining the regulation of stem cell research, human rights and bioethics, the regulation of reproductive technologies, and distributive justice in healthcare and pandemic planning.

Perspectives on Human Dignity: A Conversation


Author: Jeff Malpas,Norelle Lickiss
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402062818
Category: Philosophy
Page: 240
View: 1565
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The idea of human dignity is central to any reflection on the nature of human worth. However, the idea is a complex one that also takes on many different forms. This unique collection explores the idea of human dignity as it arises within these many different domains, opening up the possibility of a multidisciplinary conversation that illuminates the concept itself. The book includes essays by leading Australian and International figures.

Der Geschmack von Laub und Erde

Wie ich versuchte, als Tier zu leben
Author: Charles Foster
Publisher: Piper ebooks
ISBN: 3492958761
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 6913
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Was fühlt ein Tier, wie lebt es und wie nimmt es seine Umwelt wahr? Um das herauszufinden, tritt Charles Foster ein faszinierendes Experiment an. Er schlüpft in die Rolle von fünf verschiedenen Tierarten: Dachs, Otter, Fuchs, Rothirsch und Mauersegler. Er haust in einem Bau unter der Erde, schnappt mit den Zähnen nach Fischen in einem Fluss und durchstöbert Mülltonnen auf der Suche nach Nahrung. Er schärft seine Sinne, wird zum nachtaktiven Lebewesen, beschreibt wie ein Weinkenner die unterschiedlichen »Terroirs« von Würmern und wie sich der Duft der Erde in den verschiedenen Jahreszeiten verändert. In die scharfsinnige und witzige Schilderung seiner skurrilen Erfahrungen lässt er wissenswerte Fakten einfließen und stellt sie in den Kontext philosophischer Themen. Letztendlich geht es dabei auch um die eine Frage: Was es bedeutet, Mensch zu sein.

Life Issues, Medical Choices

Questions and Answers for Catholics
Author: Janet E. Smith,Christopher Kaczor
Publisher: Servant Books
ISBN: 9781616369378
Category: Religion
Page: 208
View: 4498
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John Paul II's Contribution to Catholic Bioethics


Author: Christopher Tollefsen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402031298
Category: Philosophy
Page: 191
View: 5168
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Any list of the most influential figures of the second half of the twentieth century would arguably have to begin with the name of Pope John Paul II. From 1978, when he was inaugurated, to the present, over a quarter of a century later, the Pope has been a dominant force in the world, both within the Catholic and Christian Church, and in the larger international community. Among the areas in which the Pope has been of signal importance to contemporary discussion, argument, and policy has been the field of bioethics. This collection brings together for the first time in an accessible and readable form a summary and assessment of John Paul II's contribution to bioethical issues and theories. It includes discussion of the Pope's views on the dignity of the person and the sanctity of human life, and the application of these views to various difficulties in medical ethics such as abortion and embryo research, the right to health care and the problem of suffering. Throughout, attention is paid to the way in which the Pope stands as a recognizably authentic voice for the Catholic faith in the medical arena.

Human Dignity and Reproductive Technology


Author: Nicholas C. Lund-Molfese,Michael L. Kelly
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780761826545
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 129
View: 1519
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The March 2002 symposium Human Dignity and Reproductive Technology brought together philosophers, theologians, scientists, lawyers, and scholars from across the United States. The essays of this book are the contributions of the symposium's participants.

Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics


Author: Carl Mitcham
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Online databases
Page: 2378
View: 5358
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This encyclopedia considers both the professional ethics of science and technology, and the social, ethical, and political issues raised by science and technology.

Eine Naturgeschichte der menschlichen Moral


Author: Michael Tomasello
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 351874822X
Category: Psychology
Page: 282
View: 7039
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Die Evolution des menschlichen Moralbewusstseins gehört zu den großen Rätseln der Wissenschaft. Es hat die Phantasie von Generationen von Forschern beflügelt, zahlreiche Theorien liegen auf dem Tisch, aber die Frage »Woher kommt die Moral?« ist nach wie vor offen. In Fortschreibung seiner faszinierenden Naturgeschichte des Menschen legt nun Michael Tomasello eine Antwort vor. Gestützt auf jahrzehntelange empirische Forschungen, rekonstruiert er die Entstehung des einzigartigen menschlichen Sinns für Werte und Normen als einen zweistufigen Prozess. Dieser beginnt vor einigen hunderttausend Jahren, als die frühen Menschen gemeinsame Sache machen mussten, um zu überleben; und er endet beim modernen, ultrakooperativen homo sapiens sapiens, der beides besitzt: Eine Moralität der zweiten Person, die unseren Umgang mit dem je einzelnen Gegenüber prägt, und eine gruppenbezogene »objektive« Moral, die sagt, was hier bei »uns« als gut oder gerecht gilt. In der Tradition von Mead, Kohlberg und Piaget zeigt Tomasello außerdem, wie sich die individuelle Moralentwicklung in einer bereits normengesättigten Welt vollzieht. Und so ist Eine Naturgeschichte der menschlichen Moral der derzeit wohl umfassendste Versuch zu verstehen, wie wir das geworden sind, was nur wir sind: genuin moralische Wesen.

The Life and Death Debate

Moral Issues of Our Time
Author: James Porter Moreland,Norman L. Geisler
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9780275937027
Category: Religion
Page: 174
View: 3065
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This work is an introductory treatment of issues and options in social and bioethics which center on the end of life. The purpose of Moreland and Geisler's book is to offer a beginning survey of these issues to someone unfamiliar with philosophy. The book simplifies and summarizes various end-of-life topics without being simplistic or caricaturing different viewpoints, even though the authors' own viewpoint is made perfectly clear. The major intention of this book is to make the reader think more clearly and deeply about the important issues discussed between its covers.

Subject Guide to Books in Print

An Index to the Publishers' Trade List Annual
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: American literature
Page: N.A
View: 5949
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Ethics in Biomedical Research

International Perspectives
Author: Matti Häyry,Tuija Takala,Peter Herissone-Kelly,Alexander Morgan Capron
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 9042021799
Category: Medical
Page: 248
View: 4000
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This book deals with the international assessment and regulation of biomedical research. In its chapters, some of the leading figures in today's bioethics address questions centred on global development, scientific advances, and vulnerability.The series Values In Bioethicsmakes available original philosophical books in all areas of bioethics, including medical and nursing ethics, health care ethics, research ethics, environmental ethics, and global bioethics.

Einfach gehen

Roman
Author: Steven Amsterdam
Publisher: Unionsverlag
ISBN: 3293309968
Category: Fiction
Page: 352
View: 9675
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Evan ist Krankenpfleger, und sein Leben ist chaotisch. Seine energiegeladene Mutter hält ihn trotz ihrer Krankheit ordentlich auf Trab. Seine Freunde Lon und Simon, mit denen er soeben eine Dreiecksbeziehung begonnen hat, wünschen sich mehr als nur ein Abenteuer, was ihn ziemlich beunruhigt. Zu alldem kommt noch sein neuer Job: Im Krankenhaus soll er Menschen, die Sterbehilfe beantragen, auf ihrem Weg begleiten. Witzig und ernsthaft, leicht und tiefgründig, mit Humor und radikaler Liebe erzählt dieser Roman vom Sterben und feiert dabei das Leben.

Bibliography of Bioethics


Author: LeRoy Walters
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Bioethics
Page: N.A
View: 6792
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Bibliography of works which discuss the ethical aspects of: physician patient relationship, health care, contraception, abortion, population, reproductive technologies, genetic intervention, mental health therapies, human experimentation, artificial and transplated organs are tissues, death and dying, and international dimensions of biology and medicine.

On Moral Medicine

Theological Perspectives on Medical Ethics
Author: M. Therese Lysaught
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN: 0802866018
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 1162
View: 6747
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In print for more than two decades, On Moral Medicine remains the definitive anthology for Christian theological reflection on medical ethics. This third edition updates and expands the earlier awardwinning volumes, providing classrooms and individuals alike with one of the finest available resources for ethics-engaged modern medicine.

Hindu Bioethics for the Twenty-first Century


Author: S. Cromwell Crawford
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791457795
Category: Religion
Page: 226
View: 596
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Explores contemporary controversies in bioethics from a Hindu perspective. S. Cromwell Crawford breaks new ground in this provocative study of Hindu bioethics in a Western setting. He provides a new moral and philosophical perspective on fascinating and controversial bioethical issues that are routinely in the news: cloning, genetic engineering, the human genome project, reproductive technologies, the end of life, and many more. This Hindu perspective is particularly noteworthy because of India's own indigenous medical system, which is stronger than ever and drawing continued interest from the West. The Hindu bioethics presented in this book are philosophically pluralistic and ethically contextual, giving them that conceptual flexibility which is often missing in Western religions, but which is demanded by the twenty-first century's complex moral problems. Comprehensive in scope and passionate in nature, Crawford's study is an important resource for analyses of practical ethics, bioethics, and health care.