The Empiricists

Critical Essays on Locke, Berkeley, and Hume
Author: Margaret Atherton
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780847689132
Category: Philosophy
Page: 258
View: 6088
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A collection of essays on the work of John Locke, George Berkeley and David Hume, designed to provide a deeper understanding of major issues raised in the empiricist tradition. It includes The Rationalist Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibnitz, edited by Derk Pereboom.

Berkeley ́s Drei Dialoge zwischen Hylas und Philonous


Author: Raoul Richter
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3738729828
Category: Philosophy
Page: 164
View: 4748
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Nachdruck des Originals von 1901.

Berkeley ́s Drei Dialoge zwischen Hylas und Philonous


Author: Raoul Richter
Publisher: Salzwasser-Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3846076872
Category: Philosophy
Page: 164
View: 7124
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Nachdruck des Originals von 1901.

Kant and the Empiricists

Understanding Understanding
Author: Wayne Waxman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198039433
Category: Philosophy
Page: 648
View: 7668
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Wayne Waxman here presents an ambitious and comprehensive attempt to link the philosophers of what are known as the British Empiricists--Locke, Berkeley, and Hume--to the philosophy of German philosopher Immanuel Kant. Much has been written about all these thinkers, who are among the most influential figures in the Western tradition. Waxman argues that, contrary to conventional wisdom, Kant is actually the culmination of the British empiricist program and that he shares their methodological assumptions and basic convictions about human thought and knowledge.

The Empiricists

Locke: Concerning Human Understanding; Berkeley: Principles of Human Knowledge & 3 Dialogues; Hume: Concerning Human Understanding & Concerning Natural Religio
Author: John Locke,George Berkeley,David Hume
Publisher: Anchor
ISBN: 0307828980
Category: Philosophy
Page: 528
View: 5686
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The rise and fall of British Empiricism is philosophy's most dramatic example of pushing premises to their logical--and fatal--conclusions. Born in 1690 with the appearance of Locke's Essay, Empiricism flourished as the reigning school until 1739 when Hume's Treatise strangled it with its own cinctures after a period of Berkeley's optimistic idealism. The Empiricists collects the key writings on this important philosophy, perfect for those interested in learning about this movement with just one book.

The Empiricists: A Guide for the Perplexed


Author: Laurence Carlin
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 0826490301
Category: Philosophy
Page: 208
View: 4447
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The Empiricists: A Guide for the Perplexed offers a clear and thorough guide to the key thinkers responsible for developing this central concept in the history of philosophy. The book focuses on the canonical figures of the empiricist movement, Locke, Berkeley and Hume, but also explores the contributions made by other key figures such as Bacon, Hobbes, Boyle and Newton. Laurence Carlin presents the views of these hugely influential thinkers in the context of the Scientific revolution, the intellectual movement in which they emerged, and explores in detail the philosophical issues that were central to their work. Specifically designed to meet the needs of students seeking a thorough understanding of the topic, this book is the ideal guide to a key concept in the history of philosophy.

The British Empiricists


Author: Stephen Priest
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134248326
Category: Philosophy
Page: 352
View: 1197
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The Empiricists represent the central tradition in British philosophy as well as some of the most important and influential thinkers in human history. Their ideas paved the way for modern thought from politics to science, ethics to religion. The British Empiricists is a wonderfully clear and concise introduction to the lives, careers and views of Hobbes, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, Mill, Russell, and Ayer. Stephen Priest examines each philosopher and their views on a wide range of topics including mind and matter, ethics and emotions, freedom and the physical world, language, truth and logic. The book is usefully arranged so that it can be read by thinker or by topic, or as a history of key philosophical problems and equips the reader to: recognize and practice philosophical thinking understand the methods of solving philosophical problems used by the British Empiricists appreciate the role of empiricism in the history of Western philosophy. For any student new to philosophy, Western philosophy or the British Empiricists, this masterly survey offers an accessible engaging introduction.

Meisterdenker: Kant

1724 - 1804
Author: Roger Scruton
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783926642431
Category:
Page: 140
View: 3299
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Probleme der Rationalität


Author: Donald Davidson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518584712
Category:
Page: 445
View: 8477
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Seit den frühen 1960er Jahren bis zu seinem Tod im Sommer 2003 war Donald Davidson der wohl einflußreichste Philosoph englischer Sprache. Mit Probleme der Rationalität liegt nun der vierte Band seiner philosophischen Schriften in deutscher Übersetzung vor und mit ihm eine weitere Etappe auf Davidsons Weg zu ”einer einheitlichen Theorie des Denkens, der Bedeutung und des Handelns“. Der so betitelte Aufsatz bildet zugleich das programmatische Epizentrum dieses Bandes. Rationalität, so Davidsons Generalthese, ist dabei eine notwendige Bedingung, um das Denken, Sprechen und Handeln anderer interpretieren, d. h. verstehen zu können, und sie spielt eine tragende Rolle bei der Frage, welchen Wesen wir überhaupt einen Geist zusprechen können. In weiteren Abhandlungen wendet Davidson diese These etwa auf die Frage nach der Objektivität der Werte an, fragt sich, ob es eine ”Wissenschaft der Rationalität “ geben könne, und liefert eine scharfsinnige Analyse von ”Turings Test“. Den krönenden Abschluß bilden die berühmten Aufsätze über Irrationalität. Der Band, den der Autor nicht mehr selbst zum Abschluß bringen konnte, wird von seiner Frau Marcia Cavell eingeleitet und schließt mit einem bewegenden Interview, das Ernie Lepore mit Donald Davidson über dessen Leben und Werk geführt hat. (Quelle: www.buchhandel.de).

An Introduction to the History of Psychology


Author: B. Hergenhahn
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0495506214
Category: Psychology
Page: 752
View: 2351
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Dreams puzzled early man, Greek philosophers spun elaborate theories to explain human memory and perception, Descartes postulated that the brain was filled with animal spirits, and psychology was officially deemed a science in the 19th century. In this Fifth Edition, B.R. Hergenhahn demonstrates that most of the concerns of contemporary psychologists are manifestations of themes that have been part of psychology for hundreds-or even thousands-of years. The book’s numerous photographs and pedagogical devices, along with its biographical material on key figures in psychology, engage students and facilitate their understanding of each chapter Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

God and the empiricists


Author: Harry R. Klocker
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 173
View: 9151
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The Philosophy of Human Learning


Author: Christopher Winch
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134717822
Category: Education
Page: 232
View: 4117
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The Philosophy of Human Learning addresses current concerns with the nature of human learning from a distinctive philosophical perspective. Using insights derived from the work of Wittgenstein, it mounts a vigorous attack on influential contemporary accounts of learning, both in the 'romantic' Rousseauian tradition and in the 'scientific' cognotivist tradition. These two schools, Professor Winch argues, are more closely related than is commonly realised.

The Houses of History

A Critical Reader in Twentieth-century History and Theory
Author: Anna Green,Kathleen Troup
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719052552
Category: Historians
Page: 338
View: 3627
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The only history and theory textbook to include accessible extracts from a wide range of historical writing. Provides a comprehensive introduction to the theorists who have most inflenced twentieth-century historians. Chapters follow a consistent structure, putting difficult ideas into an accessible context. This is the only critical reader aimed at the undergraduate market.

The Origin of Concepts


Author: Susan Carey
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199887918
Category: Psychology
Page: 608
View: 1743
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Only human beings have a rich conceptual repertoire with concepts like tort, entropy, Abelian group, mannerism, icon and deconstruction. How have humans constructed these concepts? And once they have been constructed by adults, how do children acquire them? While primarily focusing on the second question, in The Origin of Concepts , Susan Carey shows that the answers to both overlap substantially. Carey begins by characterizing the innate starting point for conceptual development, namely systems of core cognition. Representations of core cognition are the output of dedicated input analyzers, as with perceptual representations, but these core representations differ from perceptual representations in having more abstract contents and richer functional roles. Carey argues that the key to understanding cognitive development lies in recognizing conceptual discontinuities in which new representational systems emerge that have more expressive power than core cognition and are also incommensurate with core cognition and other earlier representational systems. Finally, Carey fleshes out Quinian bootstrapping, a learning mechanism that has been repeatedly sketched in the literature on the history and philosophy of science. She demonstrates that Quinian bootstrapping is a major mechanism in the construction of new representational resources over the course of childrens cognitive development. Carey shows how developmental cognitive science resolves aspects of long-standing philosophical debates about the existence, nature, content, and format of innate knowledge. She also shows that understanding the processes of conceptual development in children illuminates the historical process by which concepts are constructed, and transforms the way we think about philosophical problems about the nature of concepts and the relations between language and thought.

Image and Identity

Reflections on Canadian Film and Culture
Author: R. Bruce Elder
Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
ISBN: 1554586771
Category: Art
Page: 501
View: 3568
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What do images of the body, which recent poets and filmmakers have given us, tell us about ourselves, about the way we think and about the culture in which we live? In his new book A Body of Vision, R. Bruce Elder situates contemporary poetic and cinematic body images in their cultural context. Elder examines how recent artists have tried to recognize and to convey primordial forms of experiences. He proposes the daring thesis that in their efforts to do so, artists have resorted to gnostic models of consciousness. He argues that the attempt to convey these primordial modes of awareness demands a different conception of artistic meaning from any of those that currently dominate contemporary critical discussion. By reworking theories and speech in highly original ways, Elder formulates this new conception. The works of Brakhage, Artaud, Schneeman, Cohen and others lie naked under Elder’s razor-sharp dissecting knife and he exposes the essence of their work, cutting deeply into the themes and theses from which the works are derived. His remarks on the gaps in contemporary critical practices will likely become the focus of much debate.

British Empiricism and American Pragmatism

New Directions and Neglected Arguments
Author: Robert J. Roth
Publisher: Fordham Univ Press
ISBN: 9780823213924
Category: Philosophy
Page: 205
View: 8075
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This volume contributes to the remarkable resurgence in interest for American pragmatism and its proponents, William James, C. S. Peirce, and John Dewey, by focusing on the influence of British empiricism, especially the philosophies of Locke and Hume, and the sharp differences between the two traditions. It is Roth's contention that American pragmatism, sometimes called America's first "indigenous" philosophy, has something significant to say philosophically, not only for America, but for the world. Hereto, the lines of development and divergence between British empiricism and American pragmatism have not been sufficiently developed.

Kant's Theory of Knowledge

An Analytical Introduction
Author: Georges Dicker
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198034933
Category: Philosophy
Page: 280
View: 6264
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The Critique of Pure Reason is Kant's acknowledged masterpiece, in which he tackles the question of how we can possibly have knowledge that does not rest on experience (a priori knowledge). The first half of the Critique advances a constructive theory of human cognition and defends the possibility of human knowledge against the skeptical empiricism of Hume. These sections of the Critique are difficult for beginners and for advanced students alike. While there exist many scholarly works discussing the Critique on an advanced level, this book is explicitly designed to be read alongside the text by first-time readers of Kant. Dicker makes Kant's views and arguments as accessible as possible without oversimplifying them, and synthesizes the views of contemporary scholars. Kant's Theory of Knowledge will be useful to both undergraduate and graduate students struggling with this notoriously difficult yet deeply influential thinker.

No Accident, Comrade

Chance and Design in Cold War American Narratives
Author: Steven Belletto
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0199826889
Category: History
Page: 206
View: 5421
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Presents an examination of American novels and nonfiction texts, published between 1947 and 2005, that looks at the concept of chance and how it was denied in the Soviet Union.