The Evolution of the British Welfare State

A History of Social Policy Since the Industrial Revolution
Author: Derek Fraser
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137605898
Page: 326
View: 9182

The Evolution of British Social Policy and the Welfare State, C. 1800-1993

Author: Keith Laybourn
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781853310768
Category: Great Britain
Page: 319
View: 879
This thorough and accessible survey of British social policy provides a useful appraisal of the Poor Law, the factory question, education, poverty and philanthropy; the social impact of two world wars, the Attlee years and the challenge to the Welfare State since 1951. Recent developments are covered, analysing the extent to which today's welfare decisions are made on political rather than economic or social grounds.

The Origins of the British Welfare State

Society, State and Social Welfare in England and Wales, 1800-1945
Author: N.A
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137079800
Page: N.A
View: 5803
Over the last 200 years Britain has witnessed profound changes in the nature and extent of state welfare. Drawing on the latest historical and social science research The Origins of the British Welfare State looks at the main developments in the history of social welfare provision in this period. It looks at the nature of problems facing British society in the late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries and shows how these provided the foundation for the growth of both statutory and welfare provision in the areas of health, housing, education and the relief of poverty. It also examines the role played by the Liberal government of 1906-14 in reshaping the boundaries of public welfare provision and shows how the momentous changes associated with the First and Second World Wars paved the way for the creation of the 'classic' welfare state after 1945. This comprehensive and broad-ranging yet accessible account encourages the reader to question the 'inevitability' of present-day arrangements and provides an important framework for comparative analysis. It will be essential reading for all concerned with social policy, British social history and public policy.

Family, Dependence, and the Origins of the Welfare State

Britain and France, 1914-1945
Author: Susan Pedersen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521558341
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 478
View: 9423
A comparative analysis of social policies in Britain and France between 1914 and 1945.

From Beveridge to Blair

The First Fifty Years of Britain's Welfare State 1948-98
Author: Margaret Jones,Rodney Lowe
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719041037
Category: History
Page: 232
View: 9909
From Beveridge to Blair provides a concise introduction to the evolution of both the structure of the welfare state and attitudes towards it. It concentrates on 5 core services: health care, education, social security, social services and housing.

The Origin of the Welfare State in England and Germany, 1850-1914

Social Policies Compared
Author: E. P. Hennock
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521592127
Category: History
Page: 381
View: 4241
This 2007 book is a comparative study of the origin of the welfare state in England and Germany, from 1850 to 1914. It presents original conclusions about the differences between British and German approaches. Peter Hennock analyses policies on social security and the public provision of medical care, dealing with public poor relief, industrial injury, with sickness, invalidity and old age, and with unemployment. In each case policies in Britain and in the German Empire are compared for their actual provisions, their consequences and the politics that produced them. He demonstrates that national insurance has played a larger role in Germany than in Britain from the beginning, as it still does today, and that decisions taken before 1914 are crucial to the long-term differences between the welfare state in the two countries. The book will appeal to students and scholars of British and European political history, social history and social policy.

The Development of the British Welfare State

Author: Michael Sullivan
Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR
Category: Great Britain
Page: 284
View: 9551
Focusing on the post World War Two period, this book offers an introduction to the history of the welfare state in Britain. Divided into two parts, it provides a chronological overview of the development of the welfare state, from its origins in the nineteenth century right up to the present, and then concentrates on the history of the five main welfare service sectors - health, education, personal social services, housing, and social security. For sociologists and political scientists.

Bread for All

The Origins of the Welfare State
Author: Chris Renwick
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0241186692
Category: History
Page: 336
View: 9532
Today, everybody seems to agree that something has gone badly wrong with the British welfare state. In the midst of economic crisis, politicians and commentators talk about benefits as a lifestyle choice, and of "skivers" living off hard-working "strivers" as they debate what a welfare state fit for the twenty-first century might look like. This major new history tells the story of one the greatest transformations in British intellectual, social and political life: the creation of the welfare state, from the Victorian workhouse, where you had to be destitute to receive help, to a moment just after the Second World War, when government embraced responsibilities for people's housing, education, health and family life, a commitment that was unimaginable just a century earlier. Though these changes were driven by developments in different and sometimes unexpected currents in British life, they were linked by one over-arching idea: that through rational and purposeful intervention, government can remake society. It was an idea that, during the early twentieth century, came to inspire people across the political spectrum. Not only could poverty be conquered, but the policies used to do so could produce better citizens who would in turn create a modern and dynamic Britain. In exploring this extraordinary transformation, Bread for All explores and challenges our assumptions about what the welfare state was originally for, and the kinds of people who were involved in creating it. In doing so, it asks what the idea of the welfare state continues to mean for us today.

The “big society” and the british welfare state: a paradigm shift or just incremental policy change?

Author: Giulia Leoni
Publisher: Giulia Leoni
ISBN: 8868551993
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 2597
The main topic of the dissertation is the innovative Conservative-Liberal Democratic plan of the Big Society, aiming at liberalizing the public sector from an excessive incidence and influence by public institutions and reaching a new conception of “human needs”, empowering local people and communities. Consequently, after an investigation of the innovative range of the Big Society plan, addressed to understand if it entails a paradigm change for the British Welfare State or just an incremental policy change, following the previous governments’ reforms, the second purpose of this study is to capture the viability of the new policies, located not only in a peculiar welfare state structure, but also in a particular historical time, requesting huge retrenchment. Accordingly, a combined approach involving a comparison among the main OECD countries in the wake of Esping-Andersen analysis and an historical methodology focusing on the last fifties years' social policy, underline an unbroken line among the British social policy, supporting an institutionalist theory. Subsequently, making use of civic involvement survey's figures, it will be evaluate the viability of the plan implied in the willingness of the British citizen to be accountable of the public sector and an analytical study will provide data for the first achievements of the Big Society devolving power to local communities and charities in the sake of fighting for the welfare sustainability, threatened by the red tape cut back. The ensued limitation of the methodology adopted during six months of scrupulous research at the London School of Economics and Political Science, dwells in the short-term of the policy implementation, requesting time to reach a new conception of civic involvement and of public sector accountability. Nevertheless, the comparative and historical approaches revealing continuity in the British social policy allow some forecasts regarding the trend of the plan.


überraschende Antworten auf alltägliche Lebensfragen ; [warum wohnen Drogenhändler bei ihren Müttern? Führt mehr Polizei zu weniger Kriminalität? Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Macht gute Erziehung glücklich?]
Author: Steven D. Levitt,Stephen J. Dubner
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783442154517
Page: 411
View: 6254
Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Warum betrügen Lehrer? Der preisgekrönte Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Steven D. Levitt kombiniert Statistiken, deren Zusammenführung und Gegenüberstellung auf den ersten Blick absurd erscheint, durch seine Analysetechnik aber zu zahlreichen Aha-Effekten führt. Ein äußerst unterhaltsamer Streifzug durch die Mysterien des Alltags, der uns schmunzeln lässt und stets über eindimensionales Denken hinausführt.

Neo-Liberal Ideology

Author: Rachel S Turner
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748688684
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 9176
An original account of neo-liberalism's intellectual foundations, development and conceptual configuration as an ideology. Newly available in paperback.

Victorian origins of the British welfare state

Author: David Roberts
Publisher: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 369
View: 9590

Work and Pay in 20th Century Britain

Author: Ian Gazeley,Andrew Newell
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 019921266X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 369
View: 6305
From assembly line to call centre, this volume charts the immense transformation of work and pay across the 20th century and provides the first labour focused history of Britain. Written by leading British historians and economists, each chapter stands as a self-contained reading for those who need an overview of the topic, as well as an introduction to and analysis of the controversies among scholars for readers entering or refreshing deeper study.The 20th century was a period of unrivalled change in the British labour market. Technology, social movements, and political action all contributed to an increased standard of living, while also revolutionizing what workers do and how they do it. Covering a range of topics from lifetime work patterns and education to unemployment and the welfare state, this book provides a practical introduction to the evolution of work and pay in 20th century Britain.

Voluntary Agencies in the Welfare State

Author: Ralph M. Kramer,Ralph Martin Kramer,Harold L. Wilensky
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520042902
Category: Social Science
Page: 334
View: 4961

The Politics of State Expansion

War, State, and Society in Twentieth-century Britain
Author: James E. Cronin
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415036232
Category: History
Page: 308
View: 6290
The expansion of the British state was neither automatic nor accidental. Rather, it was the outcome of recurring battles over the proper boundaries of the state and its role in economy and society. The Politics of State Expansion focuses on the interests arrayed on either side of this struggle; providing a new and critical perspective on the growth of the `Keynsian welfare state' and on the more recent retreat from Keynes and from collective provision.

Bürgerrechte und soziale Klassen

zur Soziologie des Wohlfahrtsstaates
Author: Thomas Humphrey Marshall
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783593346601
Page: 202
View: 9530

Charity, Self-Interest And Welfare In Britain

1500 To The Present
Author: Astor Professor of British History Martin Daunton,Martin Daunton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135363811
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 8381
First published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Wages of Sickness

The Politics of Health Insurance in Progressive America
Author: Beatrix Hoffman
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807860727
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 280
View: 4704
The Clinton administration's failed health care reform was not the first attempt to establish government-sponsored medical coverage in the United States. From 1915 to 1920, Progressive reformers led a spirited but ultimately unsuccessful crusade for compulsory health insurance in New York State. Beatrix Hoffman argues that this first health insurance campaign was a crucial moment in the creation of the American welfare state and health care system. Its defeat, she says, gave rise to an uneven and inegalitarian system of medical coverage and helped shape the limits of American social policy for the rest of the century. Hoffman examines each of the major combatants in the battle over compulsory health insurance. While physicians, employers, the insurance industry, and conservative politicians forged a uniquely powerful coalition in opposition to health insurance proposals, she shows, reformers' potential allies within women's organizations and the labor movement were bitterly divided. Against the backdrop of World War I and the Red Scare, opponents of reform denounced government-sponsored health insurance as "un-American" and, in the process, helped fashion a political culture that resists proposals for universal health care and a comprehensive welfare state even today.

Origins of the Welfare State

Author: Nicholas Deakin
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415233941
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 5116
A range of different proposals were widely canvassed during the war years - the selection here is intended to resurrect a number of those that have subsequently dropped out of circulation but were influential in the climate of the times. A final section covers a number of early assessments of the implications of the introduction of welfare state legislation. Although the implementation of the welfare programme was in effect a bipartisan process it did not take long for doubts to be expressed. Some were directed at the principles on which the welfare state was being constructed. The collection closes with the discovery that poverty, whose banishment was a key objective of the whole enterprise, was still very much present.

The Politics of Expertise

How NGOs Shaped Modern Britain
Author: Matthew Hilton,James McKay,Nicholas Crowson,Jean-François Mouhot
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191636916
Category: History
Page: 336
View: 5336
The Politics of Expertise offers a challenging new interpretation of politics in contemporary Britain, through an examination of non-governmental organisations. Using specific case studies of the homelessness, environment, and international aid and development sectors, it demonstrates how politics and political activism has changed over the last half century. NGOs have contributed enormously to a professionalization and a privatization of politics, emerging as a new form of expert knowledge and political participation. They have been led by a new breed of non-party politician, working in collaboration and in competition with government. Skilful navigators of the modern technocratic state, they have brought expertise to expertise and, in so doing, have changed the nature of grassroots activism. As affluent citizens have felt marginalised by the increasingly complex nature of many policy solutions, they have made the rational calculation to support NGOs, the professionalism and resources of which make them better able to tackle complex problems. Yet in doing so, support rather than participation becomes the more appropriate way to describe the relationship of the public to NGOs. As voter turnout has declined, membership and trust in NGOs has increased. But NGOs are very different types of organisations from the classic democratic institutions of political parties and the labour movement. They maintain different and varied relationships with the publics they seek to represent. Attracting mass support has provided them with the resources and the legitimacy to speak to power on a bewildering range of issues, yet perhaps the ultimate victors in this new form of politics are the NGOs themselves.