The Gendered Executive

A Comparative Analysis of Presidents, Prime Ministers, and Chief Executives
Author: Janet M. Martin,Mary Anne Borelli
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 1439913641
Category: Political Science
Page: 274
View: 7065



Women Presidents and Prime Ministers in Post-Transition Democracies


Author: Verónica Montecinos
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137482400
Category: Political Science
Page: 300
View: 3294

This book contributes to our understanding of the trajectories and prerogatives of female political leaders in the varying context of democratization, political institutions and cultural norms. No woman had been elected leader of a country before 1960, but with democratic transitions on the rise since the 1970s, the number of women in executive office gradually became a trend of global scope. In 2015, nineteen countries had an elected female Head of State and/or Government, a proportionally small number that is expected to climb as more women compete for high office, sometimes against other female candidates. This volume compares how women executives differ in promoting gender equality and advocating for women’s rights and interests, as well as in their ability to negotiate gender policy agendas. Comparative and theoretical chapters on post-transition women leaders are complemented by case studies in eight countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and Eastern and Central Europe. This book will be of use to students and scholars interested in gender studies, comparative politics, and political leadership.

Measuring Women’s Political Empowerment across the Globe

Strategies, Challenges and Future Research
Author: Amy C. Alexander,Catherine Bolzendahl,Farida Jalalzai
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319640062
Category: Political Science
Page: 303
View: 5808

This volume brings together leading gender and politics scholars to assess how women’s political empowerment can best be conceptualized and measured on a global scale. It argues that women’s political empowerment is a fundamental process of transformation for benchmarking and understanding all political empowerment gains across the globe. Chapters improve our global understanding of women's political empowerment through cross-national comparisons, a synthesis of methodological approaches across varied levels of politics, and attention to the ways gender intersects with myriad factors in shaping women’s political empowerment. This book is an indispensable resource for scholars of politics and gender, as well as being relevant to a global scholarly and policy community.

Government Formation and Minister Turnover in Presidential Cabinets

Comparative Analysis in the Americas
Author: Marcelo Camerlo,Cecilia Martínez-Gallardo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315466473
Category: Political Science
Page: 242
View: 535

Portfolio allocation in presidential systems is a central tool that presidents use to deal with changes in the political and economic environment. Yet, we still have much to learn about the process through which ministers are selected and the reasons why they are replaced in presidential systems. This book offers the most comprehensive, cross-national analysis of portfolio allocation in the Americas to date. In doing so, it contributes to the development of theories about portfolio allocation in presidential systems. Looking specifically at how presidents use portfolio allocation as part of their wider political strategy, it examines eight country case studies, within a carefully developed analytical framework and cross-national comparative analysis from a common dataset. The book includes cases studies of portfolio allocation in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, the United States, Peru and Uruguay, and covers the period between the transition to democracy in each country up until 2014. This book will be of key interest to scholars and students of political elites, executive politics, Latin American politics and more broadly comparative politics.

Leadership in the U.S. Senate

Herding Cats in the Modern Era
Author: Colton C. Campbell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351655280
Category: Political Science
Page: 318
View: 9670

Unlike leadership in the House of Representatives, the nature of Senate leadership continues to remain a mystery to so many. Due to the absence of an "operator’s manual," leaders have had to use their individual skills, intelligence, and personalities to lead the Senate, which means they each have had their own unique leadership style. How have Senate majority leaders advanced their agendas in this traditionally egalitarian institution, a chamber like no other legislative body, where they must balance the rights of 99 independent senators with the collective needs of their party? Featuring a foreword by Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, Leadership in the U.S. Senate offers students a comprehensive and contemporary examination of three different eras in the evolution of the Senate. Collectively, contributions written by those who have served the senators offer insight into how different Senate leaders have operated, chronicle changes in Senate life over the past four decades, and describe how they have changed the institution. The chapters cover: How leadership styles are shaped by both individualism and party goals Eight biographical perspectives from Senator Howard Baker (R-TN) to Senator Harry Reid (D-NV) The political context of the Senate during which the respective majority leader served Individual leadership style and performance in office Contributions individuals made to the institution while serving as majority leaders This book paves the way for political scientists and others to examine the topic of Senate leadership.

Global Gender Politics


Author: Anne Sisson Runyan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429842759
Category: Political Science
Page: 198
View: 5613

Accessible and student-friendly, Global Gender Politics analyzes the gendered divisions of power, labor, and resources that contribute to the global crises of representation, violence, and sustainability. The author emphasizes how hard-won attention to gender and other related inequalities in world aff airs is simultaneously being jeopardized by new and old authoritarianisms and depoliticized through reducing gender to a binary and a problem-solving tool in global governance. The author examines gendered insecurities produced by the pursuit of international security and gendered injustices in the global political economy and sees promise in transnational struggles for global justice. In this new re-titled edition of a foundational contribution to the fi eld of feminist International Relations, Anne Sisson Runyan continues to examine the challenges of placing inequalities andresisting injustices at the center of global politics scholarship and practice through intersectional and transnational feminist lenses. This more streamlined approach includes more illustrations and discussions have been updated to refl ect current issues. To provide more support to instructors and readers, Global Gender Politics is accompanied by an e-resource, which includes web resources, suggested topics for discussion, and suggested research activities also found in the book.

The Selection of Ministers around the World


Author: Keith Dowding,Patrick Dumont
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317634454
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 8248

Governing cabinets are composed of ministers who come and go even as governments march on. They work for the chief executive, the prime minister or the president, for their parties and for the constituent groups from which they come. They are chosen for their role and dismissed from it for all sorts of reasons that vary across time and country. This book examines the process of selection, shuffling and removal of ministers in national cabinets around the world. Drawing on original data over several decades, it offers a series of case studies of countries from around the world with differing institutional and cultural structures including presidential and semi-presidential systems, and parliamentary, unitary and federal systems, some of which have experienced periods under authoritarian regimes. Featuring 14 case studies on North and South America, Asia, Africa, Australia and New Zealand, this book complements the earlier volume The Selection of Ministers in Europe (Routledge, 2009). This volume will be an important reference for students and scholars of political science, government, executives, comparative politics and political parties.

The Global Gender Gap Report 2009


Author: N.A
Publisher: World Economic Forum
ISBN: 9295044282
Category: Sex discrimination
Page: 196
View: 6047

"The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education- and health-based criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparions across regions and income groups, over time"-- Page 3.

SYRIZA

The Failure of the Populist Promise
Author: Cas Mudde
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319474790
Category: Political Science
Page: 98
View: 8876

This book studies the rollercoaster first year in office of the Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA), which for many Europeans constituted the hope for a different Europe, beyond austerity and national egocentrism. Through a collection of sharp and short articles and interviews that critically chronicle the rapid rise of SYRIZA, the author argues that SYRIZA is not so much a new European phenomenon, but rather a rejuvenated form of an old Greek phenomenon, left populism, which overpromises and seldom delivers. By putting the phenomenon of SYRIZA within a broader Greek and European context, in which political extremism and populism are increasingly threatening liberal democracy, Mudde argues that Greece is neither a new Weimar Germany nor the future of Europe. As SYRIZA has failed to bring the change it promised, the only remaining question now is whether it can establish itself in the Greek party system. This book will be of use to students and scholars interested in Greek politics, comparative politics, populism, and extremism.

Social Sciences Index


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social sciences
Page: N.A
View: 3151



Women Presidents of Latin America

Beyond Family Ties?
Author: Farida Jalalzai
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317668359
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 5278

Women are gaining ground as presidents of Latin America. Women leaders in presidential systems (particularly women directly elected by the public) were generally limited to daughters and wives of male executives or opposition leaders. With the election of Michelle Bachelet in Chile, these traditional patterns appeared to be shifting. This book asks: what conditions allowed for a broadening of routes, beyond family ties, for women in Latin America? Do women presidents of Latin America use their powers to enhance women’s representation? While providing valuable insight into the big picture of women in presidential politics throughout Latin America over the last several decades, this book more closely analyzes four women presidents gaining office since 2006: Michelle Bachelet (Chile) Cristina Fernández (Argentina) Laura Chinchilla (Costa Rica) and Dilma Rousseff (Brazil). It assesses the paths and impacts of Latin American women presidents and scrutinizes the ways gender shapes both aspects. No other scholar has offered such an in-depth analysis of the paths and actions of women presidents of Latin America. As such, this book offers important contributions to the gender in politics literature. Its multi-methodological approach consisting of original data collection from field work and in person interviews of political elites and experts combined with an analysis of a host of secondary sources including media articles and public opinion data makes this work exceptionally comprehensive. Its findings are applicable to those studying women, gender, and politics as well as comparative politics, Latin American politics, and leadership studies.

Patterns of Democracy

Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries
Author: Arend Lijphart
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300172028
Category: Political Science
Page: 368
View: 2822

In this updated and expanded edition of his classic text, Arend Lijphart offers a broader and deeper analysis of worldwide democratic institutions than ever before. Examining thirty-six democracies during the period from 1945 to 2010, Lijphart arrives at important—and unexpected—conclusions about what type of democracy works best. Praise for the previous edition: "Magnificent. . . . The best-researched book on democracy in the world today."—Malcolm Mackerras, American Review of Politics "I can't think of another scholar as well qualified as Lijphart to write a book of this kind. He has an amazing grasp of the relevant literature, and he's compiled an unmatched collection of data."—Robert A. Dahl, Yale University "This sound comparative research . . . will continue to be a standard in graduate and undergraduate courses in comparative politics."—Choice

The Other Elites

Women, Politics, and Power in the Executive Branch
Author: Janet M. Martin,Mary Anne Borrelli
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
ISBN: 9781555879716
Category: Political Science
Page: 268
View: 3935

This study explores the career paths of women within the executive branch of US government and considers gender as a variable in complex organizations. The essays investigate the personality and leadership styles of women, and their attitudes towards public issues using various perspectives.

The Gendered Effects of Electoral Institutions

Political Engagement and Participation
Author: Miki Caul Kittilson,Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199608601
Category: Political Science
Page: 175
View: 5918

The Gendered Effects of Electoral Institutions argues that in most countries women continue to lag behind men in an array of political orientations and activities. Understanding this, and why some countries have been more successful than others in decreasing gender gaps, is imperative for producing stronger and more representative democracies.

Introducing Comparative Politics

The Essentials
Author: Stephen Orvis,Carol Ann Drogus
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 1506385702
Category: Political Science
Page: 464
View: 7950

Introducing Comparative Politics: The Essentials is organized thematically around the essential questions in comparative politics—Who rules? What explains political behavior? Where and why? Adapted from the authors’ Introducing Comparative Politics, Fourth Edition, The Essentials version offers the same framework for understanding comparative politics in a briefer format. Instructors have greater flexibility in teaching the course because this version of Stephen Orvis and Carol Ann Drogus’ best-seller does not include extended case studies. Loaded with contemporary examples and up-to-date research, this streamlined text helps students engage with the critical issues shaping global politics today. KEY FEATURES: Chapter-opening key questions help you focus on the key issues as you are reading. The chapters sometimes provide conclusive answers to the key questions, but more often they show you different ways the questions can be answered or approached. Multiple “In Context” features in every chapter illustrate basic data about the chapter topics so you can set that idea into a comparative (and sometimes provocative) context. Critical Inquiry features highlight methodological issues in comparative politics, providing a gateway for empirical study and analysis. More than a hundred full color tables, figures, and maps help you visualize comparative data and better understand concepts. End-of-chapter lists of key concepts with page references are included to help you easily study and review the concepts, and a list of works cited and list of important print and electronic references offer you resources for further research.

Women and the White House

Gender, Popular Culture, and Presidential Politics
Author: Justin S. Vaughn,Lilly J. Goren
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 081314101X
Category: History
Page: 324
View: 840

Known as the Great Compromiser, Henry Clay earned his title by addressing sectional tensions over slavery and forestalling civil war in the United States. Today he is still regarded as one of the most important political figures in American history. As Speaker of the House of Representatives and secretary of state, Clay left an indelible mark on American politics at a time when the country's solidarity was threatened by inner turmoil, and scholars have thoroughly chronicled his political achievements. However, little attention has been paid to his extensive family legacy. In The Family Legacy of Henry Clay: In the Shadow of a Kentucky Patriarch, Lindsey Apple explores the personal history of this famed American and examines the impact of his legacy on future generations of Clays. Apple's study delves into the family's struggles with physical and emotional problems such as depression and alcoholism. The book also analyzes the role of financial stress as the family fought to reestablish its fortune in the years after the Civil War. Apple's extensively researched volume illuminates a little-discussed aspect of Clay's life and heritage, and highlights the achievements and contributions of one of Kentucky's most distinguished families.

Building a North American Community

Report of an Independent Task Force
Author: Council on Foreign Relations
Publisher: Council on Foreign Relations
ISBN: 0876093489
Category: Political Science
Page: 176
View: 4140

In this important report, a distinguished group of Canadian, Mexican, and American experts explore key issues that require more cooperation on the continent-- including economics, regulatory policy, security, the developing gap, and tri-national institutions-- and offers a vision for the relationship among the three countries for the next ten years. French and Spanish versions included.

A Guide to Mathematical Methods for Physicists

With Problems and Solutions
Author: Michela Petrini,Gianfranco Pradisi,Alberto Zaffaroni
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 1786343460
Category: Science
Page: 340
View: 7686

Mathematics plays a fundamental role in the formulation of physical theories. This textbook provides a self-contained and rigorous presentation of the main mathematical tools needed in many fields of Physics, both classical and quantum. It covers topics treated in mathematics courses for final-year undergraduate and graduate physics programmes, including complex function: distributions, Fourier analysis, linear operators, Hilbert spaces and eigenvalue problems. The different topics are organised into two main parts — complex analysis and vector spaces — in order to stress how seemingly different mathematical tools, for instance the Fourier transform, eigenvalue problems or special functions, are all deeply interconnected. Also contained within each chapter are fully worked examples, problems and detailed solutions. A companion volume covering more advanced topics that enlarge and deepen those treated here is also available. Contents:Complex Analysis:Holomorphic FunctionsIntegrationTaylor and Laurent SeriesResiduesFunctional Spaces:Vector SpacesSpaces of FunctionsDistributionsFourier AnalysisLinear Operators in Hilbert Spaces I: The Finite-Dimensional CaseLinear Operators in Hilbert Spaces II: The Infinite-Dimensional CaseAppendices:Complex Numbers, Series and IntegralsSolutions of the Exercises Readership: Students of undergraduate mathematics and postgraduate students of physics or engineering.

Political Power and Women's Representation in Latin America


Author: Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199780389
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 4993

The number of women elected to Latin American legislatures has grown significantly over the past thirty years. This increase in the number of women elected to national office is due, in large part, to gender-friendly electoral rules such as gender quotas and proportional electoral systems, and it has, in turn, fostered constituent support for representative democracy. Still, this book argues that women are gaining political voice and bringing women's issues to state agendas, but they are not gaining political power. Women are marginalized by the male majority in office and relegated to the least powerful committees and leadership posts, hindering progress toward real political equality. In Political Power and Women's Representation in Latin America, Leslie Schwindt-Bayer examines the causes and consequences of women's representation in Latin America. She does so by asking a series of politically relevant and theoretically challenging questions, including why the numbers of women in office have increased in some countries but vary across others; what the presence of women in office means for the way representatives legislate; and what consequences the election of women bears for representative democracy more generally. Schwindt-Bayer articulates a comprehensive theory of women's representation that analyzes and connects trends in relation to four facets of political representation: formal, descriptive, substantive and symbolic. She then tests this theory empirically using aggregate data from all eighteen Latin American democracies and original fieldwork in Argentina, Colombia and Costa Rica. Ultimately, this book communicates the complex and often incomplete nature of women's political representation in Latin America.

The End of Men

And the Rise of Women
Author: Hanna Rosin
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101596929
Category: Social Science
Page: 336
View: 812

“You have to…play by the rules so you can get to the top and change things.” -- Sheryl Sandberg A landmark portrait of women, men, and power in a transformed world Men have been the dominant sex since, well, the dawn of mankind. But Hanna Rosin was the first to notice that this long-held truth is, astonishingly, no longer true. At this unprecedented moment, by almost every measure, women are no longer gaining on men: They have pulled decisively ahead. And “the end of men”—the title of Rosin’s Atlantic cover story on the subject—has entered the lexicon as dramatically as Betty Friedan’s “feminine mystique,” Simone de Beauvoir’s “second sex,” Susan Faludi’s “backlash,” and Naomi Wolf’s “beauty myth” once did. In this landmark book, Rosin reveals how this new state of affairs is radically shifting the power dynamics between men and women at every level of society, with profound implications for marriage, sex, children, work, and more. With wide-ranging curiosity and insight unhampered by assumptions or ideology, Rosin shows how the radically different ways men and women today earn, learn, spend, couple up—even kill—has turned the big picture upside down. And in The End of Men she helps us see how, regardless of gender, we can adapt to the new reality and channel it for a better future.