Geography of Sub-Saharan Africa


Author: Samuel Aryeetey-Attoh
Publisher: Pearson College Division
ISBN: 9780136056317
Category: Science
Page: 468
View: 4569
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The physical and human geography of Sub-Saharan Africa are explored with a systematic, thematic approach in this multi-faceted reference. Designed to expose readers to a variety of contemporary ideas, theories, and concepts in African geography—and their applicability in “real world” situations—each chapter is written by an expert in the field. Key definitions and basic geographic principles are specified in each chapter, providing a more comprehensive view of the themes presented. Completely revised, this edition examines recent developments and data that are important to understanding the geography of the region. Introduction; Understanding Africa in a Global Context; The Physical Environment; Human-Environmental Impacts: Forest Degradation and Desertification; Historical Geography of Sub-Saharan Africa: Opportunities and Constraints; Political Landscape of Sub-Saharan Africa: From Instability to Democratization?; Culture, Conflict, and Change in Sub-Saharan Africa; Population Geography of Sub-Saharan Africa; Geography and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa; Transport, Communication, and Information Technologies in Sub-Saharan Africa: Digital Bridges Over Spatial Divides; Urban Geography of Sub-Saharan Africa; Geography, Gender, and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa; Medical Geography of Sub-Saharan Africa; Agricultural Development in Sub-Saharan Africa; Spatial Organization and Distribution of Economic Activity: Industry, and Entrepreneurship in Africa; Looking Ahead: Prospects for Africa in a New Global Economy. A useful reference for anyone interested in learning more about current issues in sub-Saharan Africa.

Survey of Subsaharan Africa

A Regional Geography
Author: Roy Cole,Harm J. De Blij
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195170801
Category: Science
Page: 748
View: 6832
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Survey of Subsaharan Africa: A Regional Geography provides empirical, analytical, and thought-provoking coverage of the different countries, populations, economies, and climates of Subsaharan Africa, a geographic realm that has changed dramatically over the last twenty years. It retains the successful structure of de Blij and Best's classic work, African Survey. Designed to stimulate discussion and debate, Survey of Subsaharan Africa consists of nine systematic chapters that look at central and southern Africa as a whole and twenty-one regional chapters that cover individual countries. The systematic chapters explore broad themes including the geography of human origin, lingual patterns, historical and political geography, urbanization and development, health, the diffusion of AIDS, and agriculture. Both the systematic chapters and the regional chapters weave themes of democracy, human rights, and private enterprise throughout. In addition, Survey of Subsaharan Africa offers rich visual content, with more than 190 illustrations and 160 maps. Featuring a lively writing style that embraces all the diverse theoretical interpretations of geography, Survey of Subsaharan Africa is ideal for advanced undergraduate courses in African Geography or African Studies.

A History of Sub-Saharan Africa


Author: Robert O. Collins,James. M Burns
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107037808
Category: History
Page: 416
View: 1990
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The second edition of A History of Sub-Saharan Africa continues to provide an accessible introduction to the continent's history for students and general readers. The authors employ a thematic approach to their subject, focusing on how the environment has shaped the societies and cultures of the African peoples. The text demonstrates how the geography, climate, and geology of Africa influenced the rise of states and empires, the emergence of the trans-Atlantic slave trade, the European conquest, and the creation of independent African nations. Yet the book maintains a focus on the peoples whose creative energies built unique communities and traditions within the challenging context of the Africa landmass. In the process of reconstructing this continent's rich history, the authors analyze the contentious scholarly debates that have emerged out of this field. The book is illustrated with photographs, maps, and sidebars that feature the salient points on either side of the debates.

Africa South of the Sahara

A Geographical Interpretation
Author: Robert F. Stock
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 9781572308688
Category: Science
Page: 477
View: 7993
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This authoritative text provides a broad introduction to the geography of Africa south of the Sahara. Exploring contemporary issues without losing sight of their historical roots, the volume analyzes the sociocultural, political, economic, and environmental processes that shape resource use and development in this rapidly changing region. Students gain a balanced view of the continent's trials and triumphs—from postcolonial political strife and the devastating impact of HIV/AIDS to progress toward democratization and sustainable growth.

A geography of Subsaharan Africa


Author: Harm J. De Blij
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Travel
Page: 435
View: 9394
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Urban Planning in Sub-Saharan Africa

Colonial and Post-Colonial Planning Cultures
Author: Carlos Nunes Silva
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131775316X
Category: Architecture
Page: 328
View: 5310
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Cities in Sub-Saharan Africa are unequally confronted with social, economic and environmental challenges, particularly those related with population growth, urban sprawl, and informality. This complex and uneven African urban condition requires an open discussion of past and current urban planning practices and future reforms. Urban Planning in Sub-Saharan Africa gives a broad perspective of the history of urban planning in Sub-Saharan Africa and a critical view of issues, problems, challenges and opportunities confronting urban policy makers. The book examines the rich variety of planning cultures in Africa, offers a unique view on the introduction and development of urban planning in Sub-Saharan Africa, and makes a significant contribution against the tendency to over-generalize Africa’s urban problems and Africa’s urban planning practices. Urban Planning in Sub-Saharan Africa is written for postgraduate students and advanced undergraduates, researchers, planners and other policy makers in the multidisciplinary field of Urban Planning, in particular for those working in Spatial Planning, Architecture, Geography, and History.

The Geography of AIDS

Origins and Course of an Epidemic
Author: Gary William Shannon,Gerald F. Pyle,Rashid Bashshur
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9780898624458
Category: Medical
Page: 192
View: 6125
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Provides information on the AIDS virus and the geographic origin of HIV, discusses the impact of AIDS, and shows how ill-prepared the current health care system is to deal with this disease

A New Scramble for Africa?

The Rush for Energy Resources in Sub-Saharan Africa
Author: Sören Scholvin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317187237
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 178
View: 4185
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Global energy consumption will increase rapidly in the next decades. The discrepancy between demand and supply is worrisome within the old and new cores of the world-economy. Sub-Saharan Africa meanwhile possesses vast potential for energy resources to be further exploited. Whilst the Global North is a traditional player in the sub-Saharan energy sector, new actors from emerging economies - especially China’s state-owned enterprises but also Brazilian, Indian and South African giants - have entered what appears to be a scramble for the largely untapped energy resources of the region. This book is the first to bring together comparative perspectives on: · The strategies of state and non-state actors involved in the exploitation of sub-Saharan energy resources. · The potential and pitfalls of new forms of cooperation on energy southwards of the Sahara. · The domestic opportunities and challenges of the present energy resource boom. Dynamics on the international level are brought together with local developments to provide up-to-date insights on the scramble for energy resources in sub-Saharan Africa. This book also advances a materialist approach applicable in geographical and political-scientific research, showing that much insight can be gained by concentrating on the material environment that shapes economic and political phenomena.

Africa in Contemporary Perspective

A Textbook for Undergraduate Students
Author: Manuh, Takyiwaa,Sutherland-Addy, Esi
Publisher: Sub-Saharan Publishers
ISBN: 9988647379
Category: Social Science
Page: 530
View: 5781
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An important feature of Ghanaian tertiary education is the foundational African Studies Programme which was initiated in the early 1960s. Unfortunately hardly any readers exist which bring together a body of knowledge on the themes, issues and debates which inform and animate research and teaching in African Studies particularly on the African continent. This becomes even more important when we consider the need for knowledge on Africa that is not Eurocentric or sensationalised, but driven from internal understandings of life and prospects in Africa. Dominant representations and perceptions of Africa usually depict a continent in crisis. Rather than buying into external representations of Africa, with its 'lacks' and aspirations for Western modernities, we insist that African scholars in particular should be in the forefront of promoting understanding of the pluri-lingual, overlapping, and dense reality of life and developments on the continent, to produce relevant and usable knowledge. Continuing and renewed interest in Africa's resources, including the land mass, economy, minerals, visual arts and performance cultures, as well as bio-medical knowledge and products, by old and new geopolitical players, obliges African scholars to transcend disciplinary boundaries and to work with each other to advance knowledge and uses of those resources in the interests of Africa's people.

The Political Economy of Energy in Sub-Saharan Africa


Author: Lucky E. Asuelime,Andrew Emmanuel Okem
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135167210X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 190
View: 6156
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A deepening ecological crisis is rearing its head in sub-Saharan Africa, as it faces a myriad of challenges in regards to the development of its energy sector. The ‘dirty now and clean up later’ approach to the environment has a strong appeal, particularly because it is often thought of as the last place to try to edge in another priority - especially if that priority is perceived by many to be an economic luxury. Asuelime and Okem bring together a team of specialist contributors who investigate to what extent sub-Saharan Africa has displayed foresight or politico-economic integrity. The book shows the state’s ability to meet the demands of provision of energy in sub-Saharan Africa has led to heavy investments in infrastructure, transmission and distribution of energy to the citizens. However, the inefficiencies, corruption and unhealthy bureaucratic challenges that accompany this have led urgent problems, which will be thoroughly explored in this book. The Political Economy of Energy in Sub-Saharan Africa will be of interest to students and scholars of African Studies, Development Studies, political science and environment.

The Trans-Saharan Book Trade

Manuscript Culture, Arabic Literacy and Intellectual History in Muslim Africa
Author: Graziano Krätli,Ghislaine Lydon
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004187421
Category: Reference
Page: 422
View: 9112
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Concerned with the history of scholarly production, book markets and trans-Saharan exchanges in Muslim African (primarily western and northern Africa), as well as the creation of manuscript libraries, this book consists of a collection of twelve essays that examine these issues from an interdisciplinary perspective.

Tourism and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Current issues and local realities
Author: Marina Novelli
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113508632X
Category: Travel
Page: 260
View: 5358
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Over the past 20 years, the perception of tourism as an effective contributor to socio-economic development in the developing world has propagated, with many viewing tourism as a provider for poverty alleviation and towards other UN Millennium Development Goals. Over the same period, readers have become familiar with the paradoxes, complexities and inequalities of tourism in relation to development, wealth creation, growth, redistribution, governance and ‘hosts-guests’ relationships. This volume further extends this critical debate with a much-needed cohesive publication on Sub-Sahara Africa (SSA). In an era of fluctuating tourist arrivals at global level, the growth of tourism in SSA requires deeper consideration in terms of its inconsistent and questionable implications at local level. Taking as a central theme the debate on whether tourism should be used in development efforts, this book examines the way in which tourism has controversially become the way forward to development in several SSA locations and assesses bottlenecks to sustainable development as well as dilemmas and challenges faced by those SSA destinations seeking to achieve development through tourism. It offers an explicit set of chapters adopting a multi-disciplinary approach, drawing upon tourism studies, human geography, sociology, anthropology, political economy, development and environmental studies, and integrates case studies authored by local African practitioners and academics to produce a book that gave voice to local experts on local realities. Combining an overview of key theories, concepts, contemporary issues and debates as well as practical insights from a wide range of regions in SSA, this book will be a valuable resource for those investigating the role of tourism in development.

Young Entrepreneurs in Sub-Saharan Africa


Author: Katherine V. Gough,Thilde Langevang
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317548361
Category: Science
Page: 292
View: 487
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Young people in sub-Saharan Africa are growing up in rapidly changing social and economic environments which produce high levels of un- and underemployment. Job creation through entrepreneurship is currently being promoted by international organizations, governments and NGOs as a key solution, despite there being a dearth of knowledge about youth entrepreneurship in an African context. This book makes an important contribution by exploring the nature of youth entrepreneurship in Ghana, Uganda and Zambia. It provides new insights into conceptual and methodological discussions of youth entrepreneurship as well as presenting original empirical data. Drawing on quantitative and qualitative research, conducted under the auspices of a collaborative, interdisciplinary and comparative research project, it highlights the opportunities and challenges young people face in setting up and running businesses. Divided into a number of clear sections, each with its own introduction and conclusion, the book considers the nature of youth entrepreneurship at the national level, in both urban and rural areas, in specific sectors - including mobile telephony, mining, handicrafts and tourism - and analyses how key factors, such as microfinance, social capital and entrepreneurship education, affect youth entrepreneurship. New light is shed on the multi-faceted nature of youth entrepreneurship and a convincing case is presented for a more nuanced understanding of the term entrepreneurship and the situation faced by many African youth today. This book will be of interest to a wide range of scholars interested in youth entrepreneurship, including in development studies, business studies, youth studies and geography, as well as to development practitioners and policy makers. The Open Access title has now been added to the Open Access page. http://www.tandfebooks.com/page/openaccess

Water Harvesting in Sub-Saharan Africa


Author: William Critchley,John Gowing
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136273050
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 364
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Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa is constrained by highly variable rainfall, frequent drought and low water productivity. There is an urgent need, heightened by climate change, for appropriate technologies to address this problem through managing and increasing the quantity of water on farmers’ fields – water harvesting. This book defines water harvesting as a set of approaches which occupy an intermediate position along the water-management spectrum extending from in situ moisture conservation to irrigated agriculture. They generally comprise small-scale systems that induce, collect, store and make use of local surface runoff for agriculture. The authors review development experience and set out the state of the art of water harvesting for crop production and other benefits in Sub-Saharan Africa. This includes an assessment of water harvesting schemes that were initiated two or three decades ago when interest was stimulated by the droughts of the 1970s and 1980s. These provide lessons to promote sustainable development of dryland agriculture in the face of changing environmental conditions. Case studies from eight countries across Sub-Saharan Africa provide the evidence base. Each follows a similar format and is based on assessments conducted in collaboration with in-country partners, with a focus on attempts to promote adoption of water harvesting, both horizontally (spread) and vertically (institutionalization). Introductory cross-cutting chapters as well as an analytical conclusion are also included.

Sub-Saharan Africa

An Environmental History
Author: Gregory Maddox
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1851095551
Category: Science
Page: 355
View: 5755
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Examines how the African enviroment has shaped human responses to their landscape.

Young People’s Daily Mobilities in Sub-Saharan Africa

Moving Young Lives
Author: Gina Porter,Kate Hampshire,Albert Abane,Alister Munthali,Elsbeth Robson,Mac Mashiri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137454318
Category: Political Science
Page: 250
View: 1175
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This book explores the daily mobilities and immobilities of children and young people in sub-Saharan Africa. The authors draw on findings from rural and urban field research extending over many years, culminating in a 24-site study across three African countries: Ghana, Malawi, and South Africa. Wider reflections on gender, relationality, the politics of mobility, and field methodology frame the study. By bringing together diverse strands of a complex daily mobilities picture-from journeys for education, work, play/leisure and health, to associated experiences of different transport modes, road safety, and the virtual mobility now afforded by mobile phones-the book helps fill a knowledge gap with crucial significance for development policy and practice.

The Monetary Geography of Africa


Author: Paul R. Masson,Catherine Pattillo
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780815797531
Category: Political Science
Page: 217
View: 9666
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Africa is working toward the goal of creating a common currency that would serve as a symbol of African unity. The advantages of a common currency include lower transaction costs, increased stability, and greater insulation of central banks from pressures to provide monetary financing. Disadvantages relate to asymmetries among countries, especially in their terms of trade and in the degree of fiscal discipline. More disciplined countries will not want to form a union with countries whose excessive spending puts upward pressure on the central bank's monetary expansion. In T he Monetary Geography of Africa, Paul Masson and Catherine Pattillo review the history of monetary arrangements on the continent and analyze the current situation and prospects for further integration. They apply lessons from both experience and theory that lead to a number of conclusions. To begin with, West Africa faces a major problem because Nigeria has both asymmetric terms of trade—it is a large oil exporter while its potential partners are oil importers—and most important, large fiscal imbalances. Secondly, a monetary union among all eastern or southern African countries seems infeasible at this stage, since a number of countries suffer from the effects of civil conflicts and drought and are far from achieving the macroeconomic stability of South Africa. Lastly, the plan by Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda to create a common currency seems to be generally compatible with other initiatives that could contribute to greater regional solidarity. However, economic gains would likely favor Kenya, which, unlike the other two countries, has substantial exports to its neighbors, and this may constrain the political will needed to proceed. A more promising strategy for monetary integration would be to build on existing monetary unions—the CFA franc zone in western and central Africa and the Common Monetary Area in southern Africa. Masson and Pattillo argue that the goal of a creating a single African currency is probably beyond reach. Economic realities suggest that grand new projects for African monetary unions are unlikely to be successful. More important for Africa's economic well-being will be to attack the more fundamental problems of corruption and governance.

Understanding Migrant Decisions

From Sub-Saharan Africa to the Mediterranean Region
Author: Belachew Gebrewold,Tendayi Bloom
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317004779
Category: Political Science
Page: 244
View: 3385
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Considering how changing conditions in the Mediterranean Region have affected the decisions of those considering migrating from Sub-Saharan Africa to or through the Region, this book represents an important and overdue contribution to international policy-making and academic discourse. In current discussions relating to this migration phenomenon, the complexity of individual decision-making are left unacknowledged and hence subsequent policy responses draw upon simplified models. In this volume, individual decision-making takes central stage by bringing together contributions demonstrating very different types of decision-making frameworks.

Ecotourism in Sub-Saharan Africa

Thirty Years of Practice
Author: Kenneth Backman,Ian E. Munanura
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351793314
Category: Travel
Page: 221
View: 8082
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Since its first mention in the academic literature, ecotourism has been endorsed by NGOs and governments as the most environmentally sound and locally beneficial method of tourist development. Over the last thirty years sub-Saharan Africa has adopted ecotourism as the primary focus for tourism development; research into this has demonstrated mixed results. In this publication, we seek to explore the actual outcomes for African countries that have developed their tourism policy around the principals and values of ecotourism. The sheer scope and magnitude of the task means that a complete evaluation of ecotourism in Africa is impossible. Instead, included here are spot assessments of various aspects of ecotourism related to conservation, policy development, environment, governance, community and indigenous peoples in southern Africa. The studies cover a wide array of countries, including Botswana, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Ghana, Zimbabwe, and South Africa. Though this is only the beginning of a needed long term evaluation of the positives and negatives of ecotourism, it provides a starting point from which to move forward. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Ecotourism.