The Hidden Holmes

His Theory of Torts in History
Author: David Rosenberg
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674390027
Category: Law
Page: 280
View: 314
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This bold book challenges a contemporary consensus on the titanic figure of Oliver Wendell Holmes. Holmes is the acknowledged source of twentieth-century tort law, but David Rosenberg takes sharp issue with the current portrayal of Holmes as a legal formalist in torts who opposed the notion of strict liability and dogmatically advocated a universal rule of negligence, primarily to subsidize industrial development. Marshaling the evidence found in Holmes' classic The Common Law and other writings, the author reveals that the opposite was the case, and, in the process, raises troubling questions about the present state of legal scholarship. It was Holmes who founded the modern conception and justification of strict liability. He envisioned an expansive role for strict liability to augment the negligence rule in preventing and redressing injury from industrial activity. This recovery of Holmes' theory of torts provides new insights into the nature of the jurisprudence that launched the American legal realist movement, and also overturns standard interpretations of the history of tort law. Rejecting the prevailing view that either strict liability or negligence reigned exclusively, Holmes and his contemporaries reconciled the existence of both rules, and advocated reforms of tort law to protect society from the unprecedented hazards of industrial life. The parallel drawn by the book between their response and ours in grappling with the novel problem of mass torts confirms Holmes' belief in the adaptive genius of the common law.

The Public Life of Privacy in Nineteenth-Century American Literature


Author: Stacey Margolis
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822386674
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 246
View: 2680
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Stacey Margolis rethinks a key chapter in American literary history, challenging the idea that nineteenth-century American culture was dominated by an ideology of privacy that defined subjects in terms of their intentions and desires. She reveals how writers from Nathaniel Hawthorne to Henry James depicted a world in which characters could only be understood—and, more importantly, could only understand themselves—through their public actions. She argues that the social issues that nineteenth-century novelists analyzed—including race, sexuality, the market, and the law—formed integral parts of a broader cultural shift toward understanding individuals not according to their feelings, desires, or intentions, but rather in light of the various inevitable traces they left on the world. Margolis provides readings of fiction by Hawthorne and James as well as Susan Warner, Mark Twain, Charles Chesnutt, and Pauline Hopkins. In these writers’ works, she traces a distinctive novelistic tradition that viewed social developments—such as changes in political partisanship and childhood education and the rise of new politico-legal forms like negligence law—as means for understanding how individuals were shaped by their interactions with society. The Public Life of Privacy in Nineteenth-Century American Literature adds a new level of complexity to understandings of nineteenth-century American culture by illuminating a literary tradition full of accidents, mistakes, and unintended consequences—one in which feelings and desires were often overshadowed by all that was external to the self.

Formalism and Pragmatism in American Law


Author: Thomas C. Grey
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004272895
Category: Social Science
Page: 270
View: 5564
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In Formalism and Pragmatism in American Law Thomas Grey analyzes how these two influential modes of legal thought have influenced law in the United States since the late 19th Century.

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., Legal Theory, and Judicial Restraint


Author: Frederic R. Kellogg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139460870
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 5275
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Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr, is considered by many to be the most influential American jurist. The voluminous literature devoted to his writings and legal thought, however, is diverse and inconsistent. In this study, Frederic R. Kellogg follows Holmes's intellectual path from his early writings through his judicial career. He offers a fresh perspective that addresses the views of Holmes's leading critics and explains his relevance to the controversy over judicial activism and restraint. Holmes is shown to be an original legal theorist who reconceived common law as a theory of social inquiry and who applied his insights to constitutional law. From his empirical and naturalist perspective on law, with its roots in American pragmatism, emerged Holmes's distinctive judicial and constitutional restraint. Kellogg distinguishes Holmes from analytical legal positivism and contrasts him with a range of thinkers.

The Accidental Republic


Author: John Fabian Witt
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674045279
Category: Law
Page: 322
View: 5727
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In the five decades after the Civil War, the United States witnessed a profusion of legal institutions designed to cope with the nation's exceptionally acute industrial accident crisis. Jurists elaborated the common law of torts. Workingmen's organizations founded a widespread system of cooperative insurance. Leading employers instituted welfare-capitalist accident relief funds. And social reformers advocated compulsory insurance such as workmen's compensation. John Fabian Witt argues that experiments in accident law at the turn of the twentieth century arose out of competing views of the loose network of ideas and institutions that historians call the ideology of free labor. These experiments a century ago shaped twentieth- and twenty-first-century American accident law; they laid the foundations of the American administrative state; and they occasioned a still hotly contested legal transformation from the principles of free labor to the categories of insurance and risk. In this eclectic moment at the beginnings of the modern state, Witt describes American accident law as a contingent set of institutions that might plausibly have developed along a number of historical paths. In turn, he suggests, the making of American accident law is the story of the equally contingent remaking of our accidental republic. Table of Contents: Introduction 1. Crippled Workingmen, Destitute Widows, and the Crisis of Free Labor 2. The Dilemmas of Classical Tort Law 3. The Cooperative Insurance Movement 4. From Markets to Managers 5. Widows, Actuaries, and the Logics of Social Insurance 6. The Passion of William Werner 7. The Accidental Republic Conclusion Notes Acknowledgments Index John Witt paints his portrait of industrializing America with the subtlety of a master and on an immense canvas. His magisterial history is much more than an account of the rise of workers compensation, still one of our greatest social reforms. Witt vividly recreates the social context of the late 19th century industrial world - workers' appalling injury and death rates, their mutual help and insurance associations, mass immigration, the rise of Taylorist management, the struggles to give new meaning to the free labor ideal, the encounter between European social engineering and American anti-statism and individualism, and the politics and economics of labor relations in the Progressive era. Out of these materials, Witt shows, the law helped fashion a new social order. His analysis has great contemporary significance, revealing both the alluring possibilities and the enduring limits of legal reform in America. It is destined to become a classic of social and legal history. --Peter H. Schuck, author of Diversity in America: Keeping Government at a Safe Distance John Witt shows us the power of perceptive legal history at work. Within the tangle of compensation for industrial accidents, he discovers not only a legal struggle whose outcome set the pattern for many 20th century interventions of government in economic life, but also a momentous confrontation between contract and collective responsibility. Anyone who finds American history absorbing will gain pleasure and insight from this book. --Viviana Zelizer, Princeton University, author of The Social Meaning of Money: Pin Money, Paychecks, Poor Relief, and Other Currencies In 1940 Willard Hurst and Lloyd Garrison inaugurated modern socio-legal studies in the United States with their history of workers' injuries and legal process in Wisconsin. Two generations later, John Fabian Witt's The Accidental Republic marks the full maturation of that field of inquiry. Deftly integrating a legal analysis of tort doctrine, a history of industrial accidents, and a fresh political-economic understanding of statecraft, Witt demonstrates the significance of turn-of-the-century struggles over work, injury, risk, reparation, and regulation in the making of our modern world. Sophisticated, comprehensive, and interdisciplinary, The Accidental Republic is legal history as Hurst and Garrison imagined it could be. --William Novak, The University of Chicago, author of The People's Welfare: Law and Regulation in Nineteenth-Century America

Calderon V. United States of America


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 6855
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Essential Law for Social Workers


Author: Robert G. Madden
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231508999
Category: Social Science
Page: 216
View: 9394
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Whether protecting their own rights or those of their clients, or navigating the juvenile justice, immigration, or welfare systems, social workers confront legal issues every day. This book explores legal concepts, legal reasoning, and legal processes—illustrated with case vignettes from social work practice—in order to provide social work practitioners and students with practical and accessible legal knowledge. It introduces readers to scholarship about the law and to conceptual knowledge that can be applied to any interaction with the legal system. Social workers are thereby enabled to "think like a lawyer" and increase their effectiveness. The volume features a discussion of recent reform movements, including Alternative Dispute Resolution, and an appendix of sources for legal information and research on the law.

Rhetoric and Reform in the Progressive Era


Author: J. Michael Hogan
Publisher: MSU Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 514
View: 5098
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Twelve essays examine the concerns expressed in the rhetoric of important figures from the Progressive Era, including Eugene Debs, Carlotte Perkins Gilman, W.E.B. Du Bois, Jane Addams, and William Jennings Bryan.

Michigan Law Review


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 9154
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Australian Journal of Legal History


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 712
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Tort Law

Essentials
Author: Mark Geistfeld
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law and Business
ISBN: 9780735568280
Category: Law
Page: 414
View: 2465
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Tort Law: The Essentials is part of Aspen's new Essentials Series, which takes a "forest rather than the trees" approach by first exposing students to the subject as a whole before delving deeply into individual legal rules. This insightful paperback concentrates on the fundamentals and uses an informal, personal style to explain the essential concepts and doctrines of tort law. Suitable for use with any casebook, this resource will help students recognize and understand how common themes enhance their ability to comprehend doctrinal issues.

Symposium


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Class actions (Civil procedure)
Page: 589
View: 3112
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Human Rights and Legal History

Essays in Honour of Brian Simpson
Author: Alfred William Brian Simpson,Katherine O'Donovan,Gerry R. Rubin
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 321
View: 1321
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A collection of essays with themes in human rights and legal history, spanning several centuries, containing a tribute to one of the most remarkable jurists of our time. Linked by an historical and contextual approach, these essays add to knowledge of legal history and human rights and provide a reference point for future research.

America, History and Life


Author: Eric H. Boehm
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: United States
Page: N.A
View: 8784
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Provides historical coverage of the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present. Includes information abstracted from over 2,000 journals published worldwide.

Dispelling the Myths of Abortion History


Author: Joseph W. Dellapenna
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 1283
View: 5335
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In Roe v. Wade, Justice Harry Blackmun structured the argument of the majority around the history of abortion laws. That history built on the work of law professor Cyril Means, Jr., and historian James Mohr. Means and Mohr proclaim four theses as summarizing the “true” history of abortion in England and America: (1) Abortion was not a crime “at common law” (before the enactment of abortion statutes in the nineteenth century. (2) Abortion was common and relatively safe during this time.(3) Abortion statutes were enacted in the nineteenth century in order to protect the life of the mother rather than the life of the embryo or fetus.(4) The moving force behind the nineteenth-century statutes was the attempt of the male medical profession to suppress competition from competing practitioners of alternative forms of medicine.This book dispels these myths and sets forth the true history of abortion and abortion law in English and American society. Anglo- American law always treated abortion as a serious crime, generally including early in pregnancy. Prosecutions and even executions go back 800 years in England, establishing law that carried over to colonial America. The reasons offered for these prosecutions and penalties consistently focused on protecting the life of the unborn child. This unbroken tradition refutes the claims that unborn children have not been treated as persons in our law or as persons under the Constitution of the United States.

The Best Books for Academic Libraries: Political science, law, education


Author: N.A
Publisher: Best Books
ISBN: 9780722200179
Category: Reference
Page: 412
View: 5461
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Books recommended for undergraduate and college libraries listed by Library of Congress Classification Numbers.

Harvard Magazine


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 8364
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The Path of the Law


Author: Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.
Publisher: The Floating Press
ISBN: 1775410579
Category: Law
Page: 42
View: 6643
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The Path of the Law is a short essay by Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., an American jurist who served on the Supreme Court of the United States from 1902 to 1932. A cornerstone of his jurisprudential philosophy was the prediction theory of law, believing the law should be defined specifically as a prediction of how the courts work. In The Path of the Law Holmes argues that a criminal isn't concerned about ethics or conceptions of natural law; they are concerned about avoiding punishment and jail. "The law", therefore, should be based on prediction of what will bring about punishment via the court system.

Negligence Without Fault

Trends Toward an Enterprise Liability for Insurable Loss
Author: Albert Armin Ehrenzweig
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Liability (Law)
Page: 95
View: 635
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