The Invention of Decolonization

The Algerian War and the Remaking of France
Author: Todd Shepard
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801474545
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 8788
In this account of the Algerian War's effect on French political structures and notions of national identity, Todd Shepard asserts that the separation of Algeria from France was truly a revolutionary event with lasting consequences for French social and political life. For more than a century, Algeria had been legally and administratively part of France; after the bloody war that concluded in 1962, it was other—its eight million Algerian residents deprived of French citizenship while hundreds of thousands of French pieds noirs were forced to return to a country that was never home. This rupture violated the universalism that had been the essence of French republican theory since the late eighteenth century. Shepard contends that because the amputation of Algeria from the French body politic was accomplished illegally and without explanation, its repercussions are responsible for many of the racial and religious tensions that confront France today. In portraying decolonization as an essential step in the inexorable "tide of history," the French state absolved itself of responsibility for the revolutionary change it was effecting. It thereby turned its back not only on the French of Algeria—Muslims in particular—but also on its own republican principles and the 1958 Constitution. From that point onward, debates over assimilation, identity, and citizenship—once focused on the Algerian "province/colony"—have troubled France itself. In addition to grappling with questions of race, citizenship, national identity, state institutions, and political debate, Shepard also addresses debates in Jewish history, gender history, and queer theory.

Voices of Decolonization

A Brief History with Documents
Author: Todd Shepard
Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
ISBN: 9781457618154
Category: History
Page: 208
View: 1590
This unprecedented volume shows how and why mid-twentieth-century decolonization transformed societies and cultures and continues to shape today’s world. The introduction explores decolonization as both a historical era and an aspirational movement. A rich collection of primary sources combines the voices of the colonized and the colonizers in Africa, Asia, and throughout the world to recapture the intensity and variety of the independence struggles. Organized chronologically and topically, the documents reveal how and why formal decolonization, once an unimaginable prospect to imperialists, came quickly to seem inevitable. Maps, document headnotes, a chronology, questions to consider, and a bibliography enrich students’ understanding of decolonization and its enduring consequences.

Sex, France, and Arab Men, 1962-1979

Author: Todd Shepard
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022649330X
Category: History
Page: 336
View: 3762
The aftermath of Algeria’s revolutionary war for independence coincided with the sexual revolution in France, and in this book Todd Shepard argues that these two movements are inextricably linked.​ Sex, France, and Arab Men is a history of how and why—from the upheavals of French Algeria in 1962 through the 1970s—highly sexualized claims about Arabs were omnipresent in important public French discussions, both those that dealt with sex and those that spoke of Arabs. Shepard explores how the so-called sexual revolution took shape in a France profoundly influenced by the ongoing effects of the Algerian revolution. Shepard’s analysis of both events alongside one another provides a frame that renders visible the ways that the fight for sexual liberation, usually explained as an American and European invention, developed out of the worldwide anticolonial movement of the mid-twentieth century.

Die Verdammten dieser Erde

Author: Frantz Fanon,Jean-Paul Sartre
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518371688
Category: Afrika - Entkolonialisierung
Page: 266
View: 808


The World in Revolt
Author: Simon Hall
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 3608109498
Category: History
Page: 479
View: 957
1956 war eines der außergewöhnlichsten Jahre des 20. Jahrhunderts: Rund um den Globus erhoben die Menschen ihre Stimmen, um »Freiheit« zu fordern. Simon Hall schildert die turbulenten Ereignisse dieses Jahres und entfaltet zugleich das große Panorama einer Zeitenwende. Wie 1789 und 1848 war das Jahr 1956 ein Jahr revolutionärer Umbrüche, das die Welt von Grund auf veränderte. Wichtige Ereignisse waren beispielsweise: -In Montgomery (Alabama) erzwingen schwarze Amerikaner unter Martin Luther King die Aufhebung der Rassentrennung. -20. Parteitag der KPdSU: Geheimrede Chruschtschows, die mit ihrer Kritik an Stalin die Einheit des Ostblocks gefährdete. -Suez-Krise: britisch-französisch-israelischer Angriff auf Ägypten -Tunesien und Marokko werden in die Unabhängigkeit entlassen -Kampf gegen die Apartheid in Südafrika: Die Freiheits-Charta für ein nichtrassistisches demokratisches Südafrika wird verabschiedet. -Die Jugend rebelliert gegen überkommene Werte, neue Formen der Jugendkultur entstehen; Rock'n'Roll spaltet die Generationen. -Freiheitsbewegungen im Ostblock: der polnische »Frühling im Oktober« (Generalstreik in Posen) -Ungarnaufstand (23. Oktober Beginn der revolutionären Unruhen in Ungarn, 4./11. November: Niederschlagung durch Sowjettruppen) -Landung der Rebellen unter Fidel Castro und Che Guevara auf Kuba

Africa's Quest for a Philosophy of Decolonization

Author: Messay Kebede
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 9789042008106
Category: Philosophy
Page: 256
View: 480
This book discovers freedom in the colonial idea of African primitiveness. As human transcendence, freedom escapes the drawbacks of otherness, as defended by ethnophilosophy, while exposing the idiosyncratic inspiration of Eurocentric universalism. Decolonization calls for the reconnection with freedom, that is, with myth-making understood as the inaugural act of cultural pluralism. The cultural condition of modernization emerges when the return to the past deploys the future.

Kritik der schwarzen Vernunft

Author: Achille Mbembe
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518738488
Category: Political Science
Page: 332
View: 2386
Der globale Kapitalismus hat seit seiner Entstehung immer schon nicht nur Waren, sondern auch »Rassen« und »Spezies« produziert. Ihm liegt ein rassistisches Denken, eine »schwarze Vernunft« zugrunde, wie der große afrikanische Philosoph und Vordenker des Postkolonialismus Achille Mbembe in seinem brillanten und mitreißenden neuen Buch zeigt. In kraftvollen Linien zeichnet Mbembe die Genese unserer Gegenwart nach, indem er darstellt, wie sich der globale Kapitalismus seit dem Beginn der Neuzeit aus dem transatlantischen Sklavenhandel entwickelt hat. In dieser Zeit steigt Europa zum Zentrum der Welt auf und kreiert die Figur des »Negers«, des »Menschen-Materials«, der »Menschen-Ware«, die über den »schwarzen Atlantik« gehandelt wird. Mit dem Abolitionismus, der Revolution in Haiti, dem Antikolonialismus oder der amerikanischen Bürgerrechtsbewegung kommt zwar seit der Aufklärung eine erste globale Welle der Kritik an der Sklaverei und der »schwarzen Vernunft« des Kapitalismus auf. Dieser breitet sich jedoch in seiner neoliberalen Spielart unaufhaltsam weiter aus und überträgt die Figur des »Negers« nun auf die gesamte »subalterne Menschheit«. In diesem Prozess des »Schwarzwerdens der Welt«, so die radikale Kritik Mbembes, bilden auch Europa und seine Bürger mittlerweile nur noch eine weitere Provinz im weltumspannenden Imperium des neoliberalen Kapitalismus.

French Mediterraneans

Transnational and Imperial Histories
Author: Patricia M. E. Lorcin,Todd Shepard
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 0803288751
Category: History
Page: 464
View: 2148
While the Mediterranean is often considered a distinct, unified space, recent scholarship on the early modern history of the sea has suggested that this perspective is essentially a Western one, devised from the vantage point of imperial power that historically patrolled the region's seas and controlled its ports. By contrast, for the peoples of its southern shores, the Mediterranean was polymorphous, shifting with the economic and seafaring exigencies of the moment. Nonetheless, by the nineteenth century the idea of a monolithic Mediterranean had either been absorbed by or imposed on the populations of the region. In French Mediterraneans editors Patricia M. E. Lorcin and Todd Shepard offer a collection of scholarship that reveals the important French element in the nineteenth- and twentieth-century creation of the singular Mediterranean. These essays provide a critical study of space and movement through new approaches to think about the maps, migrations, and margins of the sea in the French imperial and transnational context. By reconceptualizing the Mediterranean, this volume illuminates the diversity of connections between places and polities that rarely fit models of nation-state allegiances or preordained geographies.

The Invention of a European Development Aid Bureaucracy

Recycling Empire
Author: V. Dimier
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137318279
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 2423
A comprehensive analysis of how European development policy was shaped, this book explores the role of former colonial officials in shaping the policy agenda and explores this example of 'recycled empire.' Dimier argues that this post-colonial agenda only changed as a result of pressure from the OECD and World Bank in the 1980s and 1990s.

Schutz und Freiheit?

Staatsbürgerschaft in Europa im 20. und 21. Jahrhundert
Author: Dieter Gosewinkel
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518742272
Category: Political Science
Page: 772
View: 520
Die Staatsbürgerschaft war im 20. Jahrhundert das Signum politischer Zugehörigkeit in Europa. Sie entschied über Schutz und Freiheit eines Menschen und damit über seine Lebens- wie Überlebenschancen. Erzählt wird hier erstmals eine gemeinsame Geschichte der Staatsbürgerschaft in West- und Osteuropa von der Hochphase des Nationalstaats bis in unsere Gegenwart, die von den Krisen der europäischen Union geprägt ist. Es ist die Geschichte einer zentralen rechtlichen Institution, die Kämpfe um Migration, Integration und Zugehörigkeit maßgeblich repräsentiert und zugleich bestimmt. Welche Lehren aus ihr mit Blick auf die Zukunftschancen einer europäischen Staatsbürgerschaft zu ziehen sind, ist eines der Themen dieses Buches.

The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History

Author: John Parker,Richard Reid
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191667552
Category: History
Page: 560
View: 7568
The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History represents an invaluable tool for historians and others in the field of African studies. This collection of essays, produced by some of the finest scholars currently working in the field, provides the latest insights into, and interpretations of, the history of Africa - a continent with a rich and complex past. An understanding of this past is essential to gain perspective on Africa's current challenges, and this accessible and comprehensive volume will allow readers to explore various aspects - political, economic, social, and cultural - of the continent's history over the last two hundred years. Since African history first emerged as a serious academic endeavour in the 1950s and 1960s, it has undergone numerous shifts in terms of emphasis and approach, changes brought about by political and economic exigencies and by ideological debates. This multi-faceted Handbook is essential reading for anyone with an interest in those debates, and in Africa and its peoples. While the focus is determinedly historical, anthropology, geography, literary criticism, political science and sociology are all employed in this ground-breaking study of Africa's past.


Das Ende der Imperien
Author: Jürgen Osterhammel,Jan C. Jansen
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406654657
Category: History
Page: 144
View: 963
Kaum ein Vorgang veränderte die Welt im 20. Jahrhundert so sehr wie das Ende kolonialer Herrschaft in Asien und Afrika. In systematischen und chronologischen Kapiteln beschreibt das Buch diesen Prozess mit seinen weiten Ausläufern im gesamten Jahrhundert und bietet lokale, imperiale und globale Erklärungen an. Es fragt nach den Auswirkungen der Dekolonisation auf Weltwirtschaft, internationales System und Ideengeschichte sowie nach den vielfältigen langfristigen Folgen für die ehemaligen Kolonien und Metropolen.

The Invention of International Relations Theory

Realism, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the 1954 Conference on Theory
Author: Nicolas Guilhot
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023152644X
Category: Political Science
Page: 368
View: 5728
The 1954 Conference on Theory, sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation, featured a who's who of scholars and practitioners debating the foundations of international relations theory. Assembling his own team of experts, all of whom have struggled with this legacy, Nicolas Guilhot revisits a seminal event and its odd rejection of scientific rationalism. Far from being a spontaneous development, these essays argue, the emergence of a "realist" approach to international politics, later codified at the conference, was deliberately triggered by the Rockefeller Foundation. The organization was an early advocate of scholars who opposed the idea of a "science" of politics, pursuing, for the sake of disciplinary autonomy, a vision of politics as a prerational and existential dimension that could not be "solved" by scientific means. As a result, this nascent theory was more a rejection of behavioral social science than the birth of one of its specialized branches. The archived conversations reproduced here, along with unpublished papers by Hans Morgenthau, Reinhold Niebuhr, and Paul Nitze, speak to this defensive stance. International relations theory is critically linked to the context of postwar liberalism, and the contributors explore how these origins have played out in political thought and American foreign policy.

Political Theories of Decolonization

Postcolonialism and the Problem of Foundations
Author: Margaret Kohn,Keally McBride
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199837847
Category: Philosophy
Page: 224
View: 9809
Political Theories of Decolonization provides an introduction to some of the seminal texts of postcolonial political theory. The difficulty of founding a new regime is an important theme in political theory, and the intellectual history of decolonization provides a rich--albeit overlooked--opportunity to explore it. Many theorists have pointed out that the colonized subject was a divided subject. This book argues that the postcolonial state was a divided state. While postcolonial states were created through the struggle for independence, they drew on both colonial institutions and reinvented pre-colonial traditions. Political Theories of Decolonization illuminates how many of the central themes of political theory such as land, religion, freedom, law, and sovereignty are imaginatively explored by postcolonial thinkers. In doing so, it provides readers access to texts that add to our understanding of contemporary political life and global political dynamics.

Scars of Conquest/Masks of Resistance

The Invention of Cultural Identities in African, African-American, and Caribbean Drama
Author: Tejumola Olaniyan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195357509
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 208
View: 7219
This original work redefines and broadens our understanding of the drama of the English-speaking African diaspora. Looking closely at the work of Amiri Baraka, Nobel prize-winners Wole Soyinka and Derek Walcott, and Ntozake Shange, the author contends that the refashioning of the collective cultural self in black drama originates from the complex intersection of three discourses: Eurocentric, Afrocentric, and Post-Afrocentric. From blackface minstrelsy to the Trinidad Carnival, from the Black Aesthetic to the South African Black Consciousness theatres and the scholarly debate on the (non)existence of African drama, Olaniyan cogently maps the terrains of a cultural struggle and underscores a peculiar situation in which the inferiorization of black performance forms is most often a shorthand for subordinating black culture and corporeality. Drawing on insights from contemporary theory and cultural studies, and offering detailed readings of the above writers, Olaniyan shows how they occupy the interface between the Afrocentric and a liberating Post-Afrocentric space where black theatrical-cultural difference could be envisioned as a site of multiple articulations: race, class, gender, genre, and language.

The Invention of Ethiopia

Author: Bonnie K. Holcomb,Sisai Ibssa
Publisher: N.A
Category: History
Page: 450
View: 3645

Jacques Derrida

ein Portrait
Author: Geoffrey Bennington,Jacques Derrida
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518291504
Page: 413
View: 4896

Reise im August

Author: Gudrun Pausewang
Publisher: N.A
Category: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
Page: 174
View: 4124
Alice wird nach Auschwitz deportiert. Auf dem Weg dorthin erlebt das Mädchen noch einmal Stationen ihres Lebens. Am Ende ist Alice kein Kind mehr - und darf doch nicht erwachsen werden.


Author: Pola Oloixarac
Publisher: Verlag Klaus Wagenbach
ISBN: 3803142040
Category: Fiction
Page: 192
View: 3876
Sieht so der Roman des 21. Jahrhunderts aus? Ein Porträt des Hackers als junger Mann und eine schwindelerregende tour de force in die allernächste Zukunft des Menschen. Rasant und rasend klug erzählt von Pola Oloixarac, der vielleicht umstrittensten Autorin der lateinamerikanischen Literatur. Zu Beginn der 1980er Jahre kommen sich in der subtropischen Sommerhitze Brasiliens eine Anthropologin und ein Flugzeugingenieur näher. Das Resultat dieser Verbindung von jüdisch-argentinischer und brasilianischer DNA heißt Cassio Liberman Brandão da Silva: Der Held ist geboren. Sozialisiert mit Castle Wolfenstein und Musik von den Dead Kennedys, erweist sich Cassio früh als Wunderkind der Kryptografie, dessen Viren in der Hacker-Szene als Kunstwerke betrachtet werden. Doch wie so oft bei Genies ohne Talent zur Entschlüsselung ihrer Mitmenschen, vereinsamt er zusehends. Der Programmierjob im Start-up ist eine Beleidigung für sein Gehirn und der Untergrundruhm vergessen – bis aus dem Nerd schließlich ein Weltenretter wird: Als Cassio genetische und digitale Daten zu mischen beginnt, erkennt er eine Wahrheit, die andere Forscher lange vor seiner Zeit bereits erahnt hatten. Auch Pola Oloixarac mischt in Kryptozän den Abenteuer- mit dem Bildungsroman und schafft, angereichert mit einer Prise Science-Fiction und abgründigem Humor à la Houellebecq, den ersten Hackerroman mit philosophischem Tiefgang.