The Iran-Iraq War


Author: Efraim Karsh
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group
ISBN: 1435874994
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 96
View: 3140
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Describes the events preceding and during the Iran-Iraq War, detailing the battles, political negotiations, and consequences of the war.

The Iran-Iraq War


Author: Edward Willett
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780823945474
Category: History
Page: 64
View: 5111
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Examines the history behind the longest war of the twentieth century, which raged between Iran and Iraq in the 1980s, and looks at its ongoing ramifications.

The Iran-Iraq War (RLE Iran A)


Author: M. S. EL-Azhary
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113684175X
Category: Social Science
Page: 160
View: 6651
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The Iran-Iraq war broke out in September 1980. It brought death and suffering to hundreds of thousands of people on both sides and devastated the economies of both countries. It also increased international tensions by precipitating new alliances and rearrangement of forces in the already turbulent Middle East. The focus of this book is on the historical, economic and political dimensions of the war between Iraq and Iran. It examines many aspects of what proved to be a very complex conflict; including its long history, its present economic and political setting, the different responses to the war by outside parties and its regional and world implications.

The Superpowers' Involvement in the Iran-Iraq War


Author: Adam Tarock
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781560725930
Category: History
Page: 251
View: 9745
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This superb book describes the superpowers' involvement in the Iran-Iraq war. The study shows how the superpowers, particularly the United States, fuelled the fire of war and in some cases encouraged Saddam Hussein in his belligerency and aggression. It also shows how the superpowers failed to condemn Iraq for invading Iran, and how in the first two years of the war both superpowers refused to demand that Iraq withdraw its forces from the vast area of Iranian territory that Saddam Hussein had occupied. Iraq was not pressured to comply with the United Nations resolution on the terms of the cease-fire.

Saddam's Generals

Perspectives of the Iran-Iraq War
Author: Kevin M. Woods
Publisher: Defense Department
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 238
View: 895
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Prepared by Institute for Defense Analyses under Contract DASW01-04-C-003 Task ET-8-2579 "Study on Military History (Project 1946 - Phase II)" for the National Intelligence Council. Prepared in cooperation with the Conflict Records Research Center. Contains copyrighted material. This monograph represents a continuation of a series of research efforts designed to extend the knowledge of the contemporary Middle East, military history, and Iraqi military effectiveness during the course of three major wars: the Iran-Iraq War, the First Gulf War, and Operation Iraqi Freedom. This second volume is based on interviews with figures significant in the Iran-Iraq War, extensive examination and study of captured Iraqi records, and a review of secondary sources. The interviews presented here involve not only lengthy discussions with Lieutenant General Ra'ad Maji d Rashid al-Hamdani, staff officer and battalion commander during the Iran-Iraq War, whom the Project 194 6 research team had interviewed before, but similar types of discussions with a number of senior Iraqi military leaders who played key parts in the Iran-Iraq War.

U.N. and the Iran-Iraq War


Author: R. P. H. King
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 0788130021
Category: Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988
Page: 39
View: 8918
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Discusses relations between Iran and Iraq throughout their conflict from 1980-1986. Introduction by Gary Sick and Brian Urquhart, authors of "Douse the Spreading Iran-Iraq Flames", an article which is reprinted at the end of the book. Includes articles about the U.N. and the war, covering the initiation of the fighting, the U.N. Security Council, the shift to the U.N. Secretariat, questions and conclusions.

The Iran-Iraq War

A Military and Strategic History
Author: Williamson Murray,Kevin M. Woods
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107062292
Category: History
Page: 412
View: 9939
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A comprehensive account of the Iran-Iraq War through the lens of the Iraqi regime and its senior military commanders.

Saddam's War: An Iraqi Mililtary Perspective of the Iran-Iraq War


Author: N.A
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 9780160867132
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 7838
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The Iran-Iraq War

Chaos in a Vacuum
Author: Stephen C. Pelletiere
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0275938433
Category: History
Page: 167
View: 4463
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This book is a major reinterpretation of the Iran-Iraq War and is a source for reexamining the U.S. involvement in the Gulf. Pelletiere demonstrates that the war was not a standoff in which Iraq finally won a grinding war of attrition through luck, persistence, and the use of poison gas. Instead, Iraq planned the last campaign almost two years prior to its unfolding. [The Iraqis] trained extensively and expended enormous sums of money to make their effort succeed. What won for them was their superior fignting prowess and greater commitment. Gas--if it was used at all--played only a minor part in the victory.' Pelletiere concludes that the key to understanding the war is the Extraordinary Congress of the Ba'th Party held in July 1986. It was there that the initial planning for the final campaign was done, and this campaign is what decided the fate of the conflict. The study centers around the last Iraqi campaign, which Pelletiere argues was based upon World War II blitzkrieg tactics, but he also treats the background, the politics, and the history of the conflict, and analyzes the significance of the war to the Middle East and to the position of the United States there.

Iranian Perspectives on the Iran-Iraq War


Author: Farhang Rajaee
Publisher: University Press of Florida
ISBN: 9780813014760
Category: History
Page: 168
View: 8426
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"A comprehensive collection of original essays . . . by scholars and policy experts living in Iran, some of whom experienced the war firsthand. . . . A valuable book."--Hooshang Amirahmadi, Rutgers University "Contains considerable new information on the Iran-Iraq War and as such is a contribution to our understanding of this important conflict. The most original contribution of the [book], however, is the unique forum that it provides for documentation of a genuinely Iranian perspective on the war. There is no other book . . . that accomplishes this."--Mohiaddin Mesbahi, Florida International University This collection of original essays examines the difficult conclusion of the Iran-Iraq War and assesses the impact of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, the effect of UN Resolution 598 (1988), and the enduring effects of the war on both Iran and Iraq. Compiling the work of Iranian scholars educated in the West but living and working in Iran, the volume provides the only genuinely Iranian assessment available of the war and its aftermath. CONTENTS 1. Introduction: Views from Within, by Farhang Rajaee Part I: The Policy Dynamics 2. Taking Sides: Regional Powers and the War, by Saideh Lotfian 3. Neutral Statements, Committed Practice: The USSR and the War, by Kazem Sajjadpour 4. Collectively or Singly: Western Europe and the Iran-Iraq War, by Ahmad Naghibzadeh 5. Containment and Animosity: The United States and the War, by Reza Ra'iss Tousi 6. Double Standard: The Security Council and the Two Wars, by Bahram Mostaghimi and Masoud Taromsari Part II: Conceptual Dimensions 7. National, Ethnic, and Sectarian Issues in the Iran-Iraq War, by Neguin Yavari 8. Revolution, Ideology, and the War, by Hossein S. Seifzadeh 9. Facts and Allegations: Iraqi Disclaimer of the 1975 Treaty, by Jalil Roshandel 10. Decision-Making Inputs: Iraq's Premises before the War, by Mahmood Sariolghalam 11. Peace through Deception: The Iran-Iraq Correspondence, by Ali Asghar Kazemi Part III: Postwar Developments 12. The Implementation of UN Resolution 598, by Djamchid Momtaz 13. Iranian Foreign Policy in the Postwar Era, by Houchang Hassan-Yari 14. "Continual Aggression": Iraq's Decision to Invade Kuwait, by Daryoush Akhavan-Zanjani Farhang Rajaee is associate professor of international relations at Iran's National University in Tehran and editor of The Iran-Iraq War: The Politics of Aggression (UPF, 1993).

The Iran-Iraq War

New International Perspectives
Author: Nigel John Ashton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415685249
Category: History
Page: 245
View: 856
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This volume offers a wide-ranging examination of the Iran–Iraq War (1980–88), featuring fresh regional and international perspectives derived from recently available new archival material. Three decades ago Iran and Iraq became embroiled in a devastating eight-year war which served to re-define the international relations of the Gulf region. The Iran–Iraq War stands as an anomaly in the Cold War era; it was the only significant conflict in which the interests of the United States and Soviet Union unwittingly aligned, with both superpowers ultimately supporting the Iraqi regime. The Iran–Iraq War re-assesses not only the superpower role in the conflict but also the war’s regional and wider international dimensions by bringing to the fore fresh evidence and new perspectives from a variety of sources. It focuses on a number of themes including the economic dimensions of the war and the roles played by a variety of powers, including the Gulf States, Turkey, France, the Soviet Union and the United States. The contributions to the volume serve to underline that the Iran–Iraq war was a defining conflict, shaping the perspectives of the key protagonists for a generation to come. This book will be of much interest to students of international and Cold War history, Middle Eastern politics, foreign policy, and International Relations in general.

The Iran–Iraq War 1980–1988


Author: Efraim Karsh
Publisher: Osprey Publishing
ISBN: 9781841763712
Category: History
Page: 96
View: 6886
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The Iran-Iraq War, which ended in August 1988, one month short of its eighth anniversary, was one of the longest, bloodiest and costliest Third World armed conflicts in the twentieth century. Professor Karsh addresses the causes of the Iran-Iraq War, unpacking the objectives of the two belligerents and examining how far objectives were matched by strategy. He assesses the war's military lessons regarding such key areas as strategy, tactics and escalation and in particular the use of non-conventional weapons, Finally, he examines the utility of armed force as an instrument of foreign policy.

The Iran-Iraq War


Author: Pierre Razoux
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674088638
Category: History
Page: 640
View: 955
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From 1980 to 1988 Iran and Iraq fought the longest conventional war of the century. It included tragic slaughter of child soldiers, use of chemical weapons, striking of civilian shipping, and destruction of cities. Pierre Razoux offers an unflinching look at a conflict seared into the region’s collective memory but little understood in the West.

The Iran-Iraq war

3000 BC-1988 AD
Author: Kanaan M. Abduʹl Rahman
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 211
View: 4302
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The Iran-Iraq War

The Politics of Aggression
Author: Farhang Rajaee
Publisher: University Press of Florida
ISBN: 9780813011769
Category: History
Page: 245
View: 345
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"Informative, well argued, intelligent, easy to read. It is necessary to publish it to avoid the perpetuation of major misunderstandings about the history of the Islamic Republic of Iran."--Yann Richard, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris Before the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in August 1990, international experts from Iran, Europe, the United States, and throughout the Middle East assessed the nature of Iraqi aggression against Iran in an international conference in Tehran. Under the pretext of territorial claims, that invasion in 1980 launched a revolution, one that in turn became a conventional war with international dimensions as it extended to the oil-rich Persian Gulf. For scholars and general readers who seek to unravel some of the complexities in the Middle East, this collection analyzes the causes and consequences of the Iran-Iraq war not only from the standpoint of the belligerent parties but from the perspective of Islamic and international law. Contents Introduction, Farhang Rajaee "Iraqi Attitudes and Interpretation of the 1975 Agreement" by Ibrahim Anvari Tehrani "Analyses of the Risks of War: Iran-Iraq Discord, 1979-1980" by Keith McLachlan "The War of the Cities" by S. Taheri Shemirani "Cultural Identity in Danger" by Mehdi Hojjat "The Impact of the War on Iraq" by Laith Kubba "War Responsibility: Governments or Individuals?" by Abdolrahman Alem "The USSR and the Iran-Iraq War: From Brezhnev to Gorbachev" by Mohiaddin Mesbahi "Saudi Arabia and the United States: Partnership in the Persian Gulf" by A. Reza Sheikholeslami "U.S. Reflagging of Kuwaiti Tankers" by Elizabeth Gamlen and Paul Rogers "International Law: Observations and Violations" by Bahman Baktiari "The UN Secretary-General: Attitudes and Latitudes" by Paul Tavernier "The Inherent Right of Individual Self-Defense in the Iran-Iraq War" by Djamchid Momtaz "The Problem of Retaliation in Modern Warfare from the Point of View of Fiqh" by Hamid Algar "Morale vs. Technology: The Power of Iran in the Persian Gulf War" by James A. Bill "Aggression in Historical Perspective" by Richard Bulliet "The Need for Modification and Development of the Laws of War in Modern International Law" by Saeid Mirzaee Yengejeh Farhang Rajaee is senior research fellow at the Cultural Studies and Research Institute in Tehran, the author of Islamic Values and World View, and the editor of What Is to Be Done, a collection of essays.

The Iran-Iraq War

New Weapons, Old Conflicts
Author: Shirin Tahir-Kheli,Shaheen Ayubi
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 210
View: 4917
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Gulf security and the Iran-Iraq war


Author: Thomas Naff,University of Pennsylvania. Middle East Research Institute,National Defense University
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 193
View: 6937
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The Social Origins of the Iran-Iraq War


Author: W. Thom Workman
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub
ISBN: 9781555874605
Category: Political Science
Page: 179
View: 1509
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Workman explores the origins of the Iran-Iraq war in terms of the sweeping socioeconomic transformations in both countries as they were drawn into the global economy.

Lessons of the Iran-Iraq War

Mediation and Conflict Resolution : Proceedings from a 1990 Annual Meeting Symposium ...
Author: American Association for the Advancement of Science. Meeting Symposium,Giandomenico Picco
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988
Page: 37
View: 470
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Saddam's War: An Iraqi Military Perspective of the Iran-Iraq War


Author: N.A
Publisher: NDU Press
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 2524
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