The Iranian Political Language

From the Late Nineteenth Century to the Present
Author: Yadullah Shahibzadeh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137536837
Category: Social Science
Page: 246
View: 8343
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In this detailed study of modern Iran, Yadullah Shahibzadeh examines changes in people's understanding of politics and democracy. The book aims to overcome the shortcomings of traditional historiography by challenging the monopoly of intellectuals' perspectives and demonstrating the intellectual and political agency of the ordinary people.

Defining Iran

Politics of Resistance
Author: Shabnam J. Holliday
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317153553
Category: History
Page: 196
View: 6375
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Defining Iran presents a new and revealing analysis of the way in which Iranian political discourses compete with each other by examining them within the framework of national identity construction. By deconstructing the intellectual roots and development of Iranian national identity, Shabnam Holliday advocates the need to study Iran's heritage and historical experience to understand key shifts and processes in contemporary Iranian politics. Holliday convincingly argues that competing discourses of national identity advocated by political figures from Musaddiq to the current administration demonstrate a politics of resistance to both internal and external forces. With a particular emphasis on Khatami’s presidency, this study compares the meanings attached by significant members of the Iranian political elite to concepts including Iran’s pre-Islamic heritage, Islamic heritage, civilization, 'democracy' and the 'West'. Furthermore, discourses of Iranian national identity exist not in isolation but rather as part of a continuous process construction and reconstruction in Iran's journey of political development; a process manifested so vividly in the revolution of 1979 and the fallout from the 2009 presidential election. Defining Iran simultaneously furthers our understanding of the conceptualization of national identity both generally and specifically in the case of Iran and political dynamics which shape contemporary Iran.

The Revolutionary Guards in Iranian Politics

Elites and Shifting Relations
Author: Bayram Sinkaya
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317525639
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 7307
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The Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) has been dubbed the ‘kingmaker’ in recent studies of Iranian politics, precipitating heated debates surrounding the potential militarization of the Iranian regime and giving rise to paradoxical understandings of the IRGC; whether as a military institution entering politics, or a political institution with a military history. Revolutionary Guards in Iranian Politics offers a way out of this paradox by showing that the IRGC is not a recently politicized institution, but has instead been highly politicized since its inception. It identifies the ways in which the IRGC relates to national political dynamics, examines the factors contributing to this relationship, and its implications on Iranian politics from the revolution up to the present day. The book examines the three decades following the revolution, uncovering the reasons behind the rise of the Revolutionary Guards and tracking the organization’s evolving relationship with politics. Establishing a theoretical framework from revolution and civil-military relations theories, this book provides new perspectives on the relationship between the IRGC and Iranian politics. This book would be of interest to students and scholars of Middle East Studies and Iranian Studies, in particular Iranian Politics.

Die Vernetzung der Welt

Ein Blick in unsere Zukunft
Author: Eric Schmidt,Jared Cohen
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644030618
Category: Political Science
Page: 448
View: 9369
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Welche Konsequenzen wird es haben, wenn in Zukunft die überwiegende Mehrheit der Weltbevölkerung online ist? Wenn Informationstechnologien so allgegenwärtig sind wie Elektrizität? Was bedeutet das für die Politik, die Wirtschaft – und für uns selbst? Diese Fragen beantwortet ein außergewöhnliches Autorenduo: Eric Schmidt, der Mann, der Google zu einem Weltunternehmen gemacht hat, und Jared Cohen, ehemaliger Berater von Hillary Clinton und Condoleezza Rice und jetzt Chef von Googles Denkfabrik. In diesem aufregenden Buch führen sie uns die Chancen und Gefahren jener eng vernetzten Welt vor Augen, die die meisten von uns noch erleben werden. Es ist die sehr konkrete Vision einer Zukunft, die bereits begonnen hat. Und ein engagiertes Plädoyer dafür, sie jetzt zu gestalten – weil Technologie der leitenden Hand des Menschen bedarf, um Positives zu bewirken.

The Political Language of Islam


Author: Bernard Lewis
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226476933
Category: History
Page: 184
View: 7282
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Discuss the Islamic Scriptures that form the basis for its political language, looks at the changes in modern Islamic politics, and analyzes the transformation of political terms.

The Iran-Iraq War

A Military and Strategic History
Author: Williamson Murray,Kevin M. Woods
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107062292
Category: History
Page: 412
View: 3522
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A comprehensive account of the Iran-Iraq War through the lens of the Iraqi regime and its senior military commanders.

Identität

Wie der Verlust der Würde unsere Demokratie gefährdet
Author: Francis Fukuyama
Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe
ISBN: 3455005292
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 2822
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In den letzten zehn Jahren ist die Anzahl der demokratischen Staaten weltweit erschreckend schnell zurückgegangen. Erleben wir gerade das Ende der liberalen Demokratie? Der US-amerikanische Politikwissenschaftler Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Weltbestsellers Das Ende der Geschichte, sucht in seinem neuen Buch nach den Gründen, warum sich immer mehr Menschen antidemokratischen Strömungen zuwenden und den Liberalismus ablehnen. Er zeigt, warum die Politik der Stunde geprägt ist von Nationalismus und Wut, welche Rolle linke und recht Parteien bei dieser Entwicklung spielen, und was wir tun können, um unsere gesellschaftliche Identität und damit die liberale Demokratie wieder zu beleben. »Intelligent und klar – wir brauchen mehr Denker, die so weise sind wie Fukuyama.« THE NEW YORK TIMES »Einer der bedeutendsten Politikwissenschaftler der westlichen Welt.« DIE WELT

Iranian Nationality and the Persian Language


Author: Shahrokh Meskoob,Shāhrukh Miskūb
Publisher: Mage Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 191
View: 4868
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In this insightful study of Iranian cultural history and national identity, Shahrokh Meskoob, one of Iran's leading intellectuals, reviews the roles of three social classes, the courtiers and bureaucratic officials (ahl-e divan), the religious scholars (ulama), and the Muslim Gnostics (Sufi poets and writers), in the development and refinement of the Persian language during the past one thousand years and gives the reader a fresh perspective on Iranian cultural heritage and the struggle to forge a distinct national identity. Dr. Ali Banuazizi's foreword and interview with the author sets the stage for a fuller appreciation of this invaluable and wide-ranging contribution to Iranian intellectual history.

Iran in the 20th Century

Historiography and Political Culture
Author: Touraj Atabaki
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857731874
Category: History
Page: 352
View: 7241
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Political upheaval has marked Iran’s history throughout the twentieth century. The country has been ravaged by two world wars and the brutal Iran-Iraq War which cost tens of thousands of lives. There was a Constitutional Revolution in 1905-1909 and coups in 1921 and 1953, when Reza Shah and Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi took absolute power, followed by yet another revolution in 1979 when Ayatollah Khomeini proclaimed the Islamic Republic. Wars, revolutions, coups and the impact of modernism have transformed power relations among the political and military elite and have led to radical political, social, cultural, religious and change throughout state and society. These upheavals have shaped Iran’s historiography, just as they have the country’s history. Originally based on oral and written sources, which underpinned traditional genealogical and dynastic history, Iran’s historiography was transformed in the early 20th century with the development of a ‘new’ school of presenting history. Here emphasis shifted from the anecdotal story-telling genre to social, political, economic, cultural and religious history-writing. A new understanding of the nation state and the importance of identity and foreign relations in defining Iran’s place in the modern world all served to transform the perspective of Iranian historiography. Touraj Atabaki here brings together a range of rich contributions from international scholars who cover the leading themes of the historiography of 20th-century Iran, including constitutional reform and revolution, literature and architecture, identity, women and gender, nationalism, modernism, Orientalism, Marxism and Islamism.

Transnationalism in Iranian Political Thought

The Life and Times of Ahmad Fardid
Author: Ali Mirsepassi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110718729X
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 2075
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During the Iranian Revolution of 1978/9, the influence of public intellectuals was widespread. Many espoused a vision of Iran freed from the influences of 'Westtoxification', inspired by Heideggerian concepts of anti-Western nativism. By following the intellectual journey of the Iranian philosopher Ahmad Fardid, Ali Mirsepassi offers in this book an account of the rise of political Islam in modern Iran. Through his controversial persona and numerous public and private appearances before, during and particularly after the Revolution, Fardid popularised an Islamist vision militantly hostile to the modern world that remains a fundamental part of the political philosophy of the Islamic Republic to this day. By also bringing elements of Fardid's post-revolutionary thought, as well as a critical analysis of Foucault's writings on 'the politics of spirituality', Mirsepassi offers an essential read for all those studying the evolution of political thought and philosophy in modern Iran and beyond.

Iran, Saudi Arabia and the Gulf

Power Politics in Transition
Author: Faisal bin Salman al-Saud
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857718436
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 200
View: 9252
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Great Britain’s decision, announced in 1968, to withdraw its forces from the Gulf by 1971 was a turning point in the modern history of the Middle East. The lengthy British imperial presence had guaranteed a prolonged stability for the Gulf unmatched elsewhere in the region. Now, in the space of four years, regional players had to find rules of common coexistence; a viable state had to be created from scattered emirates along the Arab coast and relations with the outside world redefined. The history of the Gulf from 1968-71 is usually treated as the final episode of the British Empire’s hold on the Middle East. Yet with the United States immersed in the Vietnam war, and the Soviet Union pursuing a policy of caution, there was no world power waiting to succeed Britain. As a result, Gulf politics ‘went local’. This book examines how, in the context of interplay between its ambitions and the regional and international environment, Iran influenced efforts to reorder the Gulf’s political landscape. Its central argument is that a better understanding of the new Gulf order can be achieved by emphasizing local concerns and the degree to which regional powers influenced the policy of external powers in those formative years.

Religion, Culture and Politics in Iran

From the Qajars to Khomeini
Author: Joanna De Groot
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781860645716
Category: History
Page: 305
View: 3942
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A new and original interpretation of the social history of religion in Iran from the 1870s to the 1970s. Drawing together religion and other social and cultural issues, it places the revolutionary upheavals of 1977-82 in the context of historical developments over the preceding century. De Groot argues that Iran's revolution was not the inevitable outcome of the nature of the Iranian state or of religion in Iran but was much more complex and resulted from a wider range of factors than is traditionally believed. She focuses on the human responses of Iranians to their experiences and on the rich variety and complexity of the relationship between religion and other aspects of society, thought and culture in their daily life. Stimulating and engaging, Religion, Culture and Politics in Iran makes an important contribution to the study of Iranian society.

Marxism and Left-Wing Politics in Europe and Iran


Author: Yadullah Shahibzadeh
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9783319925219
Category: Political Science
Page: 269
View: 7507
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This book reveals aspects of the rise and fall of the European and Iranian Left, their conceptualization of Marxism and ideological formations. Questions regarding the Left and Marxism within two seemingly different economic, political and intellectual and cultural contexts require comprehensive comparative histories of the two settings. This project investigates the intellectual transformations, which the European and Iranian Left have experienced after the Russian Revolution to the present. It examines the impacts of these transformations on their conceptualizations of history and revolution, domination and ideology, emancipation and universality, democracy and equality. The monograph will appeal to researchers, scholars and graduate students in the fields of political science, Middle Eastern and European studies, political history and comparative politics.

The Politics of Writing in Iran

A History of Modern Persian Literature
Author: Kamran Talattof
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815628187
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 250
View: 704
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This study emphasizes the pattern of literary change in Iran, as it focuses on the relationship between the constructive elements of literary creativity, literary movement, ideology, and metaphorical language of modern Persian authors.

Eine iranische Liebesgeschichte zensieren


Author: Shahriar Mandanipur
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783293205338
Category:
Page: 319
View: 5338
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Iran's Political, Demographic, and Economic Vulnerabilities


Author: Keith Crane,Rollie Lal,Jeffrey Martini
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833043048
Category: History
Page: 128
View: 3993
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Iran is one of the most important U.S. foreign policy concerns but is extraordinarily difficult to engage. The authors assess current political, ethnic, demographic, and economic trends and vulnerabilities in Iran, then offer recommendations on U.S. policies that might foster the trends beneficial to U.S. interests. However, if these trends do take root in Iran, seeing them come to fruition will take time and, therefore, patience.

Library of Congress Subject Headings


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Subject headings, Library of Congress
Page: N.A
View: 9152
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The American Rhetorical Construction of the Iranian Nuclear Threat


Author: Jason Jones
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441119523
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 208
View: 7163
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Jason Jones analyzes the rhetorical construction of the Iranian nuclear threat during the Bush presidency, and US/Iran relations more generally.

History of Islamic Political Thought


Author: Antony Black
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748688781
Category: Philosophy
Page: 400
View: 3666
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Second edition of the history of Islamic political thought that traces its roots from early Islam to the current age of Fundamentalism (622 AD to 2010 AD).

The Politics of Language Purism


Author: Björn H. Jernudd,Michael J. Shapiro
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110868377
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 255
View: 7067
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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE SOCIOLOGY OF LANGUAGE brings to students, researchers and practitioners in all of the social and language-related sciences carefully selected book-length publications dealing with sociolinguistic theory, methods, findings and applications. It approaches the study of language in society in its broadest sense, as a truly international and interdisciplinary field in which various approaches, theoretical and empirical, supplement and complement each other. The series invites the attention of linguists, language teachers of all interests, sociologists, political scientists, anthropologists, historians etc. to the development of the sociology of language.