The Juvenile Justice System

Delinquency, Processing, and the Law
Author: Alida V. Merlo,Peter J. Benekos,Dean J. Champion
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780134812953
Category: Juvenile courts
Page: 480
View: 9495
DOWNLOAD NOW »
For courses in juvenile justice. An in�-depth introduction to juvenile justice The Juvenile Justice System: Delinquency, Processing, and the Law is a comprehensive study of the juvenile justice system that examines how youth offenders are defined and classified. It takes a critical eye to the stages of juvenile processing, current and historical responses to juvenile justice, and how research has influenced policy. Examples of comparative juvenile justice raise the importance of providing opportunities for reform and treatment. The 9th edition highlights evidence-based programs effective in preventing delinquency and treating youthful offenders. It assesses the Sanctuary Model� and trauma-informed care as two new approaches to working with youth. The Juvenile Justice System, 9th Edition, is also available via Revel(tm), an interactive learning environment that enables students to read, practice, and study in one continuous experience. Learn more.

The Juvenile Justice System

Delinquency, Processing, and the Law , Student Value Edition
Author: Alida V. Merlo,Peter J. Benekos,Dean J. Champion
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780134099798
Category: Law
Page: 456
View: 1938
DOWNLOAD NOW »
For courses in juvenile justice An In-depth Introduction to Juvenile Justice The Juvenile Justice System: Delinquency, Processing, and the Law is a comprehensive study of the juvenile justice system that examines how juvenile defenders are defined and classified and utilizes the current literature to illustrate the significant stages of juvenile processing and recent changes and developments in the field. This edition puts an increased focus on evidence-based programs that are effective in preventing and treating juvenile offenders. In addition to discussing policies and practices in the US system, examples of comparative foreign juvenile justice practice are also presented. The Juvenile Justice System, Eighth Edition makes the connection between theory and practice through numerous real world examples and connects new students to the many exciting career paths in the field.

The Juvenile Justice System

Delinquency, Processing, and the Law
Author: Alida V. Merlo,Peter J. Benekos,Dean J. Champion
Publisher: Pearson
ISBN: 0133592774
Category: Political Science
Page: 576
View: 5987
DOWNLOAD NOW »
For courses in juvenile justice An In-depth Introduction to Juvenile Justice The Juvenile Justice System: Delinquency, Processing, and the Law is a comprehensive study of the juvenile justice system that examines how juvenile defenders are defined and classified and utilizes the current literature to illustrate the significant stages of juvenile processing and recent changes and developments in the field. This edition puts an increased focus on evidence-based programs that are effective in preventing and treating juvenile offenders. In addition to discussing policies and practices in the US system, examples of comparative foreign juvenile justice practice are also presented. The Juvenile Justice System, Eighth Edition makes the connection between theory and practice through numerous real world examples and connects new students to the many exciting career paths in the field.

Administration of Criminal Justice

Structure, Function, and Process
Author: Dean J. Champion
Publisher: Pearson College Division
ISBN: 9780130842343
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 415
View: 9333
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This comprehensive and up-to-date book examines all aspects of the criminal justice system from an organizational perspective. Key theoretical approaches and concepts are explained together with key terms and organizational principle models and typologies. The book also explains organizational effectiveness and covers police, court, and corrections organizations in depth to fully illustrate the operations of these justice systems.This volume explains all aspects of organizational theories, models and typologies, organizational variables and measuring effectiveness, supervision and communication systems, motivation, satisfaction, and morale of employees, organization of criminal justice systems, law enforcement, police and sheriff's departments, court organization and administration, jail and prison organizations, community corrections organizations, and juvenile justice organizations and their administration.For criminal justice, sociology and public administration professionals interested in criminal justice systems.

Rethinking Juvenile Justice


Author: Elizabeth S Scott,Laurence D Steinberg
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674043367
Category: Law
Page: 378
View: 1440
DOWNLOAD NOW »
What should we do with teenagers who commit crimes? In this book, two leading scholars in law and adolescent development argue that juvenile justice should be grounded in the best available psychological science, which shows that adolescence is a distinctive state of cognitive and emotional development. Although adolescents are not children, they are also not fully responsible adults.

Reaffirming Juvenile Justice

From Gault to Montgomery
Author: Alida V. Merlo,Peter J. Benekos
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351618385
Category: Social Science
Page: 150
View: 2054
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book will expand students’ knowledge and understanding of the evolution of juvenile justice in the last 50 years. Designed to coincide with the 50th anniversary of the landmark case In re Gault, which the U.S. Supreme Court decided in 1967, the authors provide a brief history of juvenile justice, then frame the developments and transformations that have occurred in the intervening years. Topics covered include an overview of the dramatic changes to the field following the spike in youth violence in the 1990s, the "superpredator" myth, zero-tolerance policies, and sanctions for juvenile offenders—particularly the 2005 abolition of the death penalty and subsequent decision on life without parole. The book also covers child and youth victimization and trauma, and recent prevention and treatment initiatives. Designed for upper-level undergraduates, this text reflects on the evolving U.S. juvenile justice system while anticipating future challenges and trends. Reaffirming Juvenile Justice illustrates how ideology, media, and politics shape policy and how it can evolve.

The Handbook of Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Justice


Author: Marvin D. Krohn,Jodi Lane
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118513177
Category: Social Science
Page: 664
View: 6225
DOWNLOAD NOW »
This handbook is an up-to-date examination of advances in the fields of juvenile delinquency and juvenile justice that includes interdisciplinary perspectives from leading scholars and practitioners. Examines advances in the fields of juvenile delinquency and juvenile justice with interdisciplinary perspectives from leading scholars and practitioners Provides a current state of both fields, while also assessing where they have been and defining where they should go in years to come Addresses developments in theory, research, and policy, as well as cultural changes and legal shifts Contains summaries of juvenile justice trends from around the world, including the US, the Netherlands, Brazil, Russia, India, South Africa, and China Covers central issues in the scholarly literature, such as social learning theories, opportunity theories, criminal processing, labeling and deterrence, gangs and crime, community-based sanctions and reentry, victimization, and fear of crime

The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice


Author: Barry C. Feld,Donna M. Bishop
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0195385101
Category: Law
Page: 934
View: 3734
DOWNLOAD NOW »
State-of-the-art critical reviews of recent scholarship on the causes of juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice system responses, and public policies to prevent and reduce youth crime are brought together in a single volume authored by leading scholars and researchers in neuropsychology, developmental and social psychology, sociology, history, criminology/criminal justice, and law.

Controversies in Juvenile Justice and Delinquency


Author: Peter J. Benekos,Alida V. Merlo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317523776
Category: Political Science
Page: 364
View: 3541
DOWNLOAD NOW »
After providing a history of the development of the juvenile court, this book explores some of the most important current controversies in juvenile justice. Original essays review major theories of juvenile delinquency, explore psychological and biological factors that may explain delinquent behavior, and examine the nexus between substance abuse and delinquency. A final chapter provides a comparative analysis.

The Juvenile Justice System, Delinquency, Processing, and the Law


Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 147846075X
Category: Education
Page: 61
View: 5181
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Facts101 is your complete guide to The Juvenile Justice System, Delinquency, Processing, and the Law. In this book, you will learn topics such as Theories of Delinquency, An Overview of the Juvenile Justice System, The Legal Rights of Juveniles, and Juveniles and the Police plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Juvenile Justice

An Introduction
Author: John T. Whitehead,Steven P. Lab
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351122452
Category: Social Science
Page: 526
View: 1867
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Juvenile Justice: An Introduction, Ninth Edition, presents a comprehensive picture of juvenile offending, delinquency theories, and the ways juvenile justice actors and agencies react to delinquency. Whitehead and Lab offer evidence-based suggestions for successful interventions and treatment and examine the prospects for rebalancing the model of juvenile court. This new edition includes insightful analysis and the latest available statistics on juvenile crime and victimization, drug use, court processing, and corrections. Recent developments include the possible influence of biosocial factors on delinquency; use of social media both for recruiting gang members and for combatting gangs; new probation models; responses to cyberbullying; the renewed emphasis on status offenses; the implications of drug legalization; police shootings; and specialty courts for teens and those with mental illness. Chapter 12 has been recast to cover specific information on prevention programs in addition to restorative justice approaches. Each chapter enhances student understanding with Key Terms, a "What You Need to Know" section, and Discussion Questions. Links at key points in the text show students where to get the latest information.

Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice


Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Institute of Medicine,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Law and Justice,Panel on Juvenile Crime: Prevention, Treatment, and Control
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309172356
Category: Law
Page: 404
View: 6529
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Even though youth crime rates have fallen since the mid-1990s, public fear and political rhetoric over the issue have heightened. The Columbine shootings and other sensational incidents add to the furor. Often overlooked are the underlying problems of child poverty, social disadvantage, and the pitfalls inherent to adolescent decisionmaking that contribute to youth crime. From a policy standpoint, adolescent offenders are caught in the crossfire between nurturance of youth and punishment of criminals, between rehabilitation and "get tough" pronouncements. In the midst of this emotional debate, the National Research Council's Panel on Juvenile Crime steps forward with an authoritative review of the best available data and analysis. Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice presents recommendations for addressing the many aspects of America's youth crime problem. This timely release discusses patterns and trends in crimes by children and adolescents--trends revealed by arrest data, victim reports, and other sources; youth crime within general crime; and race and sex disparities. The book explores desistance--the probability that delinquency or criminal activities decrease with age--and evaluates different approaches to predicting future crime rates. Why do young people turn to delinquency? Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice presents what we know and what we urgently need to find out about contributing factors, ranging from prenatal care, differences in temperament, and family influences to the role of peer relationships, the impact of the school policies toward delinquency, and the broader influences of the neighborhood and community. Equally important, this book examines a range of solutions: Prevention and intervention efforts directed to individuals, peer groups, and families, as well as day care-, school- and community-based initiatives. Intervention within the juvenile justice system. Role of the police. Processing and detention of youth offenders. Transferring youths to the adult judicial system. Residential placement of juveniles. The book includes background on the American juvenile court system, useful comparisons with the juvenile justice systems of other nations, and other important information for assessing this problem.

Reforming Juvenile Justice

A Developmental Approach
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Law and Justice,Committee on Assessing Juvenile Justice Reform
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309278937
Category: Law
Page: 462
View: 7147
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Adolescence is a distinct, yet transient, period of development between childhood and adulthood characterized by increased experimentation and risk-taking, a tendency to discount long-term consequences, and heightened sensitivity to peers and other social influences. A key function of adolescence is developing an integrated sense of self, including individualization, separation from parents, and personal identity. Experimentation and novelty-seeking behavior, such as alcohol and drug use, unsafe sex, and reckless driving, are thought to serve a number of adaptive functions despite their risks. Research indicates that for most youth, the period of risky experimentation does not extend beyond adolescence, ceasing as identity becomes settled with maturity. Much adolescent involvement in criminal activity is part of the normal developmental process of identity formation and most adolescents will mature out of these tendencies. Evidence of significant changes in brain structure and function during adolescence strongly suggests that these cognitive tendencies characteristic of adolescents are associated with biological immaturity of the brain and with an imbalance among developing brain systems. This imbalance model implies dual systems: one involved in cognitive and behavioral control and one involved in socio-emotional processes. Accordingly adolescents lack mature capacity for self-regulations because the brain system that influences pleasure-seeking and emotional reactivity develops more rapidly than the brain system that supports self-control. This knowledge of adolescent development has underscored important differences between adults and adolescents with direct bearing on the design and operation of the justice system, raising doubts about the core assumptions driving the criminalization of juvenile justice policy in the late decades of the 20th century. It was in this context that the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) asked the National Research Council to convene a committee to conduct a study of juvenile justice reform. The goal of Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach was to review recent advances in behavioral and neuroscience research and draw out the implications of this knowledge for juvenile justice reform, to assess the new generation of reform activities occurring in the United States, and to assess the performance of OJJDP in carrying out its statutory mission as well as its potential role in supporting scientifically based reform efforts.

Race and Ethnicity in the Juvenile Justice System


Author: Tina L. Freiburger,Kareem L. Jordan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781611635348
Category: Discrimination in juvenile justice administration
Page: N.A
View: 553
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Race and Ethnicity in the Juvenile Justice System provides a comprehensive empirical examination of the role of race and ethnicity in the juvenile court. Using empirical research as a foundation, the authors examine how race and ethnicity influence multiple decision points for youth entering the juvenile system including arrest, referral, petition, pre-adjudication release, adjudication, and disposition. The authors ground the decision-making in a separate chapter that exclusively focuses on theories that can be used to explain the role of race and ethnicity in juvenile justice processing. Additionally, there is an examination of how community factors differentially impact decision-making based on the race/ethnicity of youth, the role of race/ethnicity in the practice of transferring youth to adult court, and how race influences juveniles' perceptions of police and the juvenile system. Also, the authors empirically examine the role of race/ethnicity on the processing of status offenders and how it influences female involvement in delinquency. In framing all of these salient issues in the proper context, the authors provide a historical analysis on the role of race in development of the juvenile court system and how different races were treated both before and after the juvenile court's implementation. The underlying theme of the text is that all races/ethnicities of youth were not initially served by or meant to benefit from the juvenile court. Therefore, the continuing racial and ethnic disparities currently observed in the system can be traced to the pre-juvenile court era.

Crime Prevention in America


Author: Dean J. Champion
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780132253772
Category: Political Science
Page: 544
View: 3933
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Crime prevention is multidimensional: Police, community residents, the courts, the correctional community and intervention programs all play a role in it. Crime Prevention in the United States is a collection of readings that explore each area of crime prevention including its history; the impact of law enforcement, the courts, and corrections; juvenile delinquency and its prevention; and crime prevention programs for selected offenses. Drawing on a variety of sources, these forty-nine articles address the most compelling issues in crime prevention such as early intervention techniques, crime mapping, sentencing strategies, program evaluations and more! The media's coverage of crime and victimization; Cybercrime; Terrorism; COMPSTAT; Crime mapping; State sentencing schemes; Juvenile treatment services and intervention programs; Education and therapy for the incarcerated; Electronic monitoring; Problem-solving probation; Restitution; Parole; Crimes against the elderly; Assault prevention. Includes articles from the Journal of Criminal Justice and Popular Culture, the FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, the Homeland Security office, Corrections Today, Criminology and Public Policy, Federal Probation and more! Anyone involved or interested in crime prevention and law enforcement.

Juvenile Offenders & Victims

A National Report
Author: Howard N. Snyder,Melissa Sickmund
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788124402
Category: Law
Page: 188
View: 3416
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Consolidates the most requested information on juvenile offenders & victims. Presents statistical information in a user-friendly format. Bridges the gap between existing information& the juvenile justice community. Designed as a series of briefing papers on specific topics -- short sections designed to be read in isolation from other parts of the report. Makes use of easy-to-understand graphics & tables.

e-Study Guide for: The Juvenile Justice System: Delinquency, Processing, and the Law by Champion, ISBN 9780132193740


Author: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
ISBN: 1478434775
Category: Education
Page: 46
View: 9733
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Never Highlight a Book Again! Just the FACTS101 study guides give the student the textbook outlines, highlights, practice quizzes and optional access to the full practice tests for their textbook.

What's Wrong with the Criminal Justice System

Ideology, Politics, and the Media
Author: Alida V. Merlo,Peter J. Benekos
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 207
View: 9976
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Reviews concepts, information, and points of view that help to explain the context and constraints of the criminal justice system. Engages the reader in a critique of criminal justice as a means of moving the discussion to a more informed and insightful level, and creates understanding about what can be done by the criminal justice system. Contains chapters on dynamics of criminal justice, police, consequences of court policy, correctional policy in crisis, deconstructing adolescence and dismantling the juvenile court, and changing course. The authors are affiliated with Indiana University of Pennsylvania and Mercyhurst College. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Juvenile Justice Sourcebook


Author: Wesley T Church, II,David Springer,Albert R Roberts
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019932462X
Category: Social Science
Page: 672
View: 3288
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Several million reported and unreported delinquent acts take place each year. In fact, according to the U.S. Department of Justice and the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, juvenile delinquency, acting-out and oppositional behavior, illegal drugs, guns, and youth violence are pervasive throughout American society. Juvenile Justice Sourcebook is the first comprehensive volume devoted exclusively to the biopsychosocial assessment, police and juvenile court processing, and institutional and community-based treatment and rehabilitation of juvenile offenders. The overriding objective of this sourcebook is to trace the tremendous progress achieved toward resolving juvenile justice issues, dilemmas, and controversies, while providing futuristic visions for the juvenile justice field. Each chapter, authored by preeminent expert practitioners and researchers, explores topics ranging from innovative counseling and multisystemic programs, to restorative justice, to rehabilitation programs such as aggression replacement training, wilderness programs, family treatment, substance abuse treatment, restitution, and aftercare. This volume, grounded in history and exhaustive research, presents the latest evidence-based policies, programs, and innovative treatment alternatives. Examining the entire juvenile justice system, including juvenile law, policies, practices, and research, the Juvenile Justice Sourcebook will be invaluable to all juvenile justice practitioners, policy analysts, researchers, and students.