The Juvenile Justice System in India

From Welfare to Rights
Author: Ved Kumari
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198065777
Category: Law
Page: 406
View: 4972

The book explores socio-legal and human rights dimensions of Juvenile Justice System (JJS) in India. Addressing the issue from a wide range of perspectives--sociological, demographic, legislative, judicial, and interventionist--The Juvenile Justice System in India attempts a macro level examination of these issues in a multidimensional perspective. The study identifies the nature, scope, and structure of JJS, and analyzes and identifies the stumbling blocks in its development in India. The author draws together various strands of complex and diverse issues where substantive and procedural lacunae relating to JJS is debated and measures suggested. The Juvenile Justice System in India provides a comparative analysis of provisions of earlier enactment for evolving a comprehensive and integrated Juvenile Justice System in view of the vision and concerns of the lawmakers as also the pattern of implementation under the earlier legislation.

Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective


Author: Franklin E. Zimring,Maximo Langer,David S. Tanenhaus
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479843881
Category: Law
Page: 416
View: 5605

An unprecedented comparison of juvenile justice systems across the globe, Juvenile Justice in Global Perspective brings together original contributions from some of the world's leading voices. While American scholars may have extensive knowledge about other justice systems around the world and how adults are treated, juvenile justice systems and the plight of youth who break the law throughout the world is less often studied. This important volume fills a large gap in the study of juvenile justice by providing an unprecedented comparison of criminal justice and juvenile justice systems across the world, looking for points of comparison and policy variance that can lead to positive change in the United States. Distinguished criminology scholars Franklin Zimring, Máximo Langer, and David Tanenhaus, and the contributors cover countries from Western Europe to rising powers like China, India, and countries in Latin America. The book discusses important issues such as the relationship between political change and juvenile justice, the common labels used to unify juvenile systems in different regions and in different forms of government, the types of juvenile systems that exist and how they differ, and more. Furthermore, the book uses its data on criminal versus juvenile justice in a wide variety of nations to create a new explanation of why separate juvenile and criminal courts are felt to be necessary.

The Handbook of Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Justice


Author: Marvin D. Krohn,Jodi Lane
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118513185
Category: Social Science
Page: 664
View: 3842

This handbook is an up-to-date examination of advances in the fields of juvenile delinquency and juvenile justice that includes interdisciplinary perspectives from leading scholars and practitioners. Examines advances in the fields of juvenile delinquency and juvenile justice with interdisciplinary perspectives from leading scholars and practitioners Provides a current state of both fields, while also assessing where they have been and defining where they should go in years to come Addresses developments in theory, research, and policy, as well as cultural changes and legal shifts Contains summaries of juvenile justice trends from around the world, including the US, the Netherlands, Brazil, Russia, India, South Africa, and China Covers central issues in the scholarly literature, such as social learning theories, opportunity theories, criminal processing, labeling and deterrence, gangs and crime, community-based sanctions and reentry, victimization, and fear of crime

Juvenile justice in India

policy, programme, and perspective
Author: S. P. Srivastava
Publisher: South Asia Books
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 302
View: 2619



Crime and Justice in India


Author: N. Prabha Unnithan
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
ISBN: 8132113357
Category: Social Science
Page: 476
View: 3479

Criminology and criminal justice is in its infancy in India. This book attempts to examine India's crime problem in detail and document if and how its criminal justice system has responded to emerging challenges and opportunities. The objective is to move beyond mere observations and thoughtful opinions, and make contributions that are the next steps in the development of an empirical (or evidence-based) criminology and criminal justice on this vast and diverse country-by focusing on research that is both balanced and precise. This book brings together a diverse set of 32 academics from India, the US, and the UK who have authored 19 chapters on many aspects of crime and justice in India. The organizational components or sectors of the criminal justice system are the police, the courts, and corrections. The studies collected here provide balanced coverage of the entire criminal justice system and not just one component of it. The first section of this book consists of overviews of several major issues that affect the entire criminal justice system. Section Two considers topics related to the gateway of the criminal justice system, policing. Section Three takes up the operational problems of criminal law and courts and Section Four deals with the difficult question of punishment and correction, the last part of the criminal justice system.

Juvenile Delinquency and Indian Justice System


Author: Nripendra L. Mitra
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9788171000227
Category: Juvenile corrections
Page: 516
View: 3332



Rethinking Juvenile Justice


Author: Elizabeth S Scott,Laurence D Steinberg
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674043367
Category: Law
Page: 378
View: 3818

What should we do with teenagers who commit crimes? In this book, two leading scholars in law and adolescent development argue that juvenile justice should be grounded in the best available psychological science, which shows that adolescence is a distinctive state of cognitive and emotional development. Although adolescents are not children, they are also not fully responsible adults.

Child Rights in India

Law, Policy, and Practice
Author: Asha Bajpai
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199091269
Category: Law
Page: 964
View: 1571

Legislation is one of the most important tools for empowering children. It reflects the commitment of the state to promote an ideal and progressive value system. Recent years have seen several key developments in the law, policy, and practice related to child rights. Significantly, with the adoption of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989, a rights-based approach has acquired prominence in the child rights discourse across the world. The book analyses the laws in the light of court judgments and policy initiatives taken in India. It also examines the interventions and strategies employed by non-governmental organizations in recommending legislative reforms in support of children. This fully revised third edition focuses on the new legal developments in India—such as the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015; the new Central Adoption Resource Agency guidelines; the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009; and the National Food Security Act, 2013—thus attempting to integrate the law in theory and field practice.

Juvenile Justice System


Author: N.A
Publisher: Universal Law Publishing
ISBN: 9788175348219
Category: Children's rights
Page: 334
View: 8011



The Cycle of Juvenile Justice


Author: Thomas J. Bernard,Megan C. Kurlychek
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190451548
Category: Law
Page: 256
View: 7550

The Cycle of Juvenile Justice takes a historical look at juvenile justice policies in the United States. Tracing a pattern of policies over the past 200 years, the book reveals cycles of reforms advocating either lenient treatment or harsh punishments for juvenile delinquents. Bernard and Kurlychek see this cycle as driven by several unchanging ideas that force us to repeat, rather than learn from, our history. This timely new edition provides a substantial update from the original, incorporating the vast policy changes from the 1990s to the present, and placing these changes in their broader historical context and their place within the cycle of juvenile justice. The authors provide a provocative and honest assessment of juvenile justice in the 21st century, arguing that no policy can solve the problem of youth crime since it arises not from the juvenile justice system, but from deeper social conditions and inequalities. With this highly-anticipated new edition, The Cycle of Juvenile Justice will continue to provide a controversial, challenging, and enlightening perspective for a broad array of juvenile justice officials, scholars, and students alike.

States of Delinquency

Race and Science in the Making of California's Juvenile Justice System
Author: Miroslava Chavez-Garcia
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520951557
Category: History
Page: 314
View: 6145

This unique analysis of the rise of the juvenile justice system from the nineteenth to twentieth centuries uses one of the harshest states—California—as a case study for examining racism in the treatment of incarcerated young people of color. Using rich new untapped archives, States of Delinquency is the first book to explore the experiences of young Mexican Americans, African Americans, and ethnic Euro-Americans in California correctional facilities including Whittier State School for Boys and the Preston School of Industry. Miroslava Chávez-García examines the ideologies and practices used by state institutions as they began to replace families and communities in punishing youth, and explores the application of science and pseudo-scientific research in the disproportionate classification of youths of color as degenerate. She also shows how these boys and girls, and their families, resisted increasingly harsh treatment and various kinds of abuse, including sterilization.

Delinquency and Juvenile Justice

An International Bibliography
Author: Clayton A. Hartjen,S. Priyadarsini
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313320989
Category: Reference
Page: 600
View: 5022

Compiles an extensive list of works on youth crime around the globe.

Juvenile Justice

Process and Systems
Author: Gus Martin
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761930822
Category: Social Science
Page: 457
View: 3198

Juvenile Justice: Process and Systems is an ideal textbook for those who wish to explore the theory and practice of providing justice to juveniles. Author Gus Martin introduces readers to juvenile justice in the contemporary era, while providing a contextual grounding in the historical origins of modern process and systems. This book is a review of institutions, procedures, and theories that are specifically directed toward addressing the problems of juvenile deviance and victimization.

The Future of Juvenile Justice

Procedure and Practice from a Comparative Perspective
Author: Tamar R. Birckhead,Solange Mouthaan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781611638301
Category: Juvenile justice, Administration of
Page: N.A
View: 1240

The primary aim of this edited collection is to explore, from a comparative legal perspective, the variety of approaches to and recent developments in juvenile justice as shaped by politics and influenced by international norms. With contributions from some of the world's foremost experts on juvenile criminal procedure, the study focuses on Europe, either as a collection of States or specific European States, Canada, the United States, and India to address a variety of aspects of juvenile justice, including juvenile criminal proceedings, the role of informal diversionary measures and solitary confinement, and the human trafficking of children. The Introduction articulates the themes of the collection--the role of politics in juvenile justice, the effect of international norms on national legal landscapes, and the gap between law and practice. The first two chapters provide overviews and comparative analyses of multiple countries' juvenile justice systems; the third and fourth chapters each provide a fine-grained analysis of an individual country's system; and the final two chapters provide analyses of the very different ways in which children are victimized by and within the justice system. Each chapter in the book concludes with proposals for reform, making it a practical volume as well as a rich theoretical source for analysis and reflection. Throughout, the authors seek to explore how best to protect children's rights within the juvenile justice system. As expressed in the Introduction, the collection ''provides a compelling tour-de-force of national practices related to juvenile justice while also offering a sturdy pivot to engage with tricky questions about how best to secure children's rights.''

Demystifying Criminal Justice Social Work in India


Author: Mark David Chong,Abraham P. Francis
Publisher: SAGE Publishing India
ISBN: 9386062453
Category: Social Science
Page: 348
View: 3704

This book addresses a gap in the academic and professional literature in the area of criminal justice social work. This compilation explores the scope of responsibilities undertaken by social workers in the field of criminal law in India when dealing with clients who are either offenders or victims of crime. It provides an in-depth understanding of the socio-structural, legal and practical challenges faced by Indian criminal justice social workers. The book encourages social work professionals and students to consider three major areas: encouraging education and training in this subject; protecting the human rights of offenders and victims of crime; and addressing mental illness within the criminal justice system. It hopes to demystify social work in the area of criminal justice, particularly because of the stigma attached to it, given the potentially coercive enforcement of criminal law alongside the traditional ethos of social work being primarily about ‘caring’, ‘empathy’ and ‘empowerment’.

Juvenile Justice

A Text/Reader
Author: Richard Lawrence,Craig Hemmens
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412950368
Category: Law
Page: 604
View: 4126

Juvenile Justice: A Text/Reader offers a unique new spin on the core textbook format. Organized like a more traditional juvenile justice text, this text/reader is divided into eight sections that contain all the usual topics taught in a juvenile justice course. After a comprehensive overview, each section has an introductory “mini-chapter” that provides engaging coverage of key concepts, developments, controversial issues, and research in the field. These authored introductions are followed by carefully selected and edited original research articles. The readings, from prominent scholarly journals, were written by juvenile justice experts and often have a policy orientation that will help address student interest in the “so what?” application of theory. Key Features and Benefits Boasts extensive and unique coverage of the juvenile justice system, focusing on law enforcement, the court system, correctional responses to juvenile offending, and an overview of the causes of delinquency Features a unique “How to Read a Research Article”—tied to the first reading in the book—to give students a guide to understand and learn from the edited articles that appear throughout the text. Provides an introduction to each reading to give students an overview of the purpose, main points, and conclusions of each article. Utilizes photographs, boxes, and suggested Web resources to enhance the book’s presentation and engage student interest. Offers a clear and concise summary of key terms and concepts in each section and discussion questions that enhance student comprehension Ancillaries A Student study site at www.sagepub.com/lawrencestudy provides self-quizzes, e-flashcards, additional readings, and more. Instructor Resource on CD include test questions for both the text and readings, PowerPoint slides, teaching tips, and other resources. Qualified instructors can request a copy by contacting Customer Care at 1-800-818-SAGE (7243), 6AM-5PM, Pacific Time. Intended Audience This Text/Reader is designed to serve as a replacement for a core text, or a supplement text for upper-level undergraduate Juvenile Justice courses in departments of criminal justice, criminology, sociology and related disciplines. Interested in a text/ reader for another criminology or criminal justice here? Explore other titles in the series.

International Handbook of Juvenile Justice


Author: Scott H. Decker,Nerea Marteache
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319450905
Category: Social Science
Page: 550
View: 4862

This comprehensive reference work presents an in-depth analysis of juvenile justice systems across the world. The second edition of this Handbook has been updated with 13 new chapters, now covering a total of 34 countries, across North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East from an international and comparative perspective. The International Handbook of Juvenile Justice is the result of research conducted by a group of outstanding scholars working in the field of juvenile justice. It reflects a collective concern about trends in juvenile justice over the past two decades, trends that have begun to blur the difference between criminal and juvenile justice. Also new to the second edition, each chapter is formatted to increase the comparative aspect of the book, highlighting: · The legal status of juveniles · Age of majority · The country’s stance toward the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child · Trends in juvenile crime over the period 2004-2014 · Causes of juvenile crime · Policing and juveniles · Courts and juveniles · Custodial rules for juveniles (detention, prison, mixing juveniles with adults) · Alternative sanctions for juveniles: home confinement, restorative justice, restitution, etc. · Differences in treatment of boys and girls This seminal work highlights similarities and differences between the various systems, and will be an important reference for researchers in criminology and criminal justice, particularly interested in juvenile delinquency and youth crime, as well as related disciplines like sociology, social work, and public policy.

Juvenile Justice

An Introduction
Author: John T. Whitehead,Steven P. Lab
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317534581
Category: Social Science
Page: 496
View: 1608

Juvenile Justice: An Introduction, 8th edition, presents a comprehensive picture of juvenile offending, delinquency theories, and how juvenile justice actors and agencies react to delinquency. It covers the history and development of the juvenile justice system and the unique issues related to juveniles, offering evidence-based suggestions for successful interventions and treatment and examining the new balance model of juvenile court. This new edition not only includes the latest available statistics on juvenile crime and victimization, drug use, court processing, and corrections, but provides insightful analysis of recent developments, such as those related to the use of probation supervision fees; responses to gangs and cyber bullying; implementing the deterrence model (Project Hope); the possible impact of drug legalization; the school-to-prison pipeline; the extent of victimization and mental illness in institutions; and implications of major court decisions regarding juveniles, such as Life Without Parole (LWOP) for juveniles. Each chapter enhances student understanding with Key Terms, a "What You Need to Know" section highlighting important points, and Discussion Questions. Links at key points in the text show students where they can go to get the latest information, and a comprehensive glossary aids comprehension.

Delinquency and Juvenile Justice in American Society

Second Edition
Author: Randall G. Shelden
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 1478610174
Category: Social Science
Page: 528
View: 5270

Extensively revised, the second edition blends theory, research, and applications into a superb overview of the complex issues surrounding juvenile delinquency and societys attempts to address juvenile crime. After providing an excellent historical foundation, Shelden presents the theories essential to understanding crime and delinquency. He then explores the system and its effects on juveniles and society, including comprehensive coverage of female delinquency. The social, legal, and political influences on how the public perceives juveniles and the inequality in U.S. society that affects families, communities, and schools are highlighted throughout the book. The concluding chapter looks at solutions that have worked and identifies trends in treating juvenile delinquency. The authors almost four decades of teaching about and researching juveniles and the system make him eminently qualified to offer readers the tools necessary to think critically about delinquency and to evaluate the policies enacted to manage the juveniles who violate the laws. Delinquency and Juvenile Justice in American Society, 2/E provides affordable, up-to-date, easily accessible, and thorough analysis of a significant topic.