The Kalevala

Author: Elias Lönnrot
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191637726
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 736
View: 6388
The Kalevala is the great Finnish epic, which like the Iliad and the Odyssey, grew out of a rich oral tradition with prehistoric roots. During the first millenium of our era, speakers of Uralic languages (those outside the Indo-European group) who had settled in the Baltic region of Karelia, that straddles the border of eastern Finland and north-west Russia, developed an oral poetry that was to last into the nineteenth century. This poetry provided the basis of the Kalevala. It was assembled in the 1840s by the Finnish scholar Elias Lönnrot, who took `dictation' from the performance of a folk singer, in much the same way as our great collections from the past, from Homeric poems to medieval songs and epics, have probably been set down. Published in 1849, it played a central role in the march towards Finnish independence and inspired some of Sibelius's greatest works. This new and exciting translation by poet Keith Bosley, prize-winning translator of the anthology Finnish Folk Poetry: Epic, is the first truly to combine liveliness with accuracy in a way which reflects the richness of the original. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

The Kalevala

Author: Eino Friberg,George C. Schoolfield
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9789511101376
Category: Fiction
Page: 408
View: 3234
A translation of the national folk epic of Finland which relates Icelandic family sagas and reflects an ancient Finnish peasant life

The Kalevala

Or, Poems of the Kaleva District
Author: Elias Lönnrot,Francis Peabody Magoun
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674500105
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 413
View: 7422
The first English translation of the national folk epic of Finland which relates Icelandic family sagas and reflects an ancient Finnish peasant life

Kalevala Mythology, Revised Edition

Author: Juha Pentikäinen,Ritva Poom
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253213525
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 4158
"PentikSinen's exceptional interdisciplinary study will richly reward those interested in the dynamics of artistic creation and cultural construction, ethnic emergence and political nationalism, and shamanistic belief systems." - Robert Jarvenpa, American Anthropologist "A splendid contribution to the literature on folk epics and is highly relevant in the study of comparative literature and folkloristics." - The Scandinavian-American Bulletin "Kalevala Mythology is fluently translated by Ritva Poom and is expertly and imaginatively illustrated. Folklorists and mythologists are in-debted to PentikSinen for an informative and stimulating book." - Martin Puhvel, EthnohistoryThe Kalevala, created during the 1830s and 1840s, is based on folklore collected and compiled by Elias Lonnrot (1802-1884). It was the Kalevala that initiated the process leading to the foundation of Finnish identity during the nineteenth century and was one of the factors in the formation of Finland as a nation. The Kalevala also sheds light on the general process involved in the formation of other epics, such as the Niebelungenlied, the Edda, the Vedic books, and Homer's works. Pentik Sinen's contribution to the study of international epics relevant to the fields of classics, comparative literature, social history, and, of course, anthropology, and folkloristics.

The Kanteletar

Author: Elias Lönnrot,Keith Bosley
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Fiction
Page: 189
View: 2851
This is the first appearance in English of The Kanteletar (1840-1), the companion volume to the Finnish national epic poem The Kalevala. Based on Finnish oral tradition, The Kanteletar (roughly "zither-daughter", a kind of muse) is a selection from a treasury of nearly seven hundred lyrics and ballads that celebrate the everyday life of a rural society at work and play. The ballads range from a beautiful sequence of legends about the Virgin Mary, through the grim tales of Elina, to a hilarious account of a dragon that refuses to devour its victims.

A Short History of Finland

Author: Fred Singleton,Anthony F. Upton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521647014
Category: History
Page: 209
View: 5969
This is a second edition of the successful study of Finland in the English language. A Short History of Finland traces the historical development of the country from its settlement by the Finns in the first millennium AD to the present time, exploring Finland's earlier connection with Sweden, the complex relationship with Russia that has dominated Finnish history in the past two centuries, and the postwar achievements of the second republic. This second edition has been revised and updated by Emeritus Professor A. F. Upton, a leading scholar of Scandinavian history. It covers the impact of the break-up of the Soviet Union and brings events up to Finland's admission to the European Union in 1995.

Finnish Magic

A Nation of Wizards, a World of Spirits
Author: Robert E. Nelson
Publisher: Celestial Arts
ISBN: 9781567184891
Category: History
Page: 171
View: 7999
Shamanism is the oldest form of spirituality and magic on earth. In Finland, shamanism is the source of their system of magick. Now you can learn their system in Finnish Magic by Robert Nelson, Ph.D. In this book you will discover the ancient national epic of Finland known as the Kalevala. This book involves the search for magical power and is "the single greatest influence on the formation and definition of modern Finland" according to the author. Finnish Magic describes the ancient Finnish beliefs about deities and spirits. You'll learn about the primary Finnish deity, Jumala, and how the Finns also adopted some of the Norse deities. Also described is the notion that everything has a spirit, followed by a discussion of how those spirits are different from each other. Next, Finnish Magic goes into the methods of shamanism and Finnish magic. This is one of the best explanations of shamanic practices ever published. You will learn about the nature of the shamanic trance and the steps you need to follow: - How to go enter a trance - How to begin your shamanic trance journey - How to contact your guides - What to do when you contact your guides - What your guides will do and how to follow them - How to return from your journey - How to leave the trance All of these are guidelines. Dr. Nelson reveals that the key to Finnish magic is contained in three words: "Do what works." You will learn how to add spontaneity to your rituals. You will also learn about using drums, song, and dance to make your magic work. Other topics include shapeshifting, the runes, charms, talismans, amulets, the Finnish festivals of the year and how they are celebrated, how to honor ancestors, and much more. If you are interested in shamanism, in Finland, or just ways to enhance your magical abilities, this book must be one you study.

The Story of Kullervo

Author: J.R.R. Tolkien
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0544706323
Category: Fiction
Page: 224
View: 9864
“Shows how Finnish mythology and folk tales were instrumental to how Tolkien created his own legendarium.”—Boston Globe Kullervo, son of Kalervo, is perhaps the darkest and most tragic of all J.R.R. Tolkien’s characters. “Hapless Kullervo,” as Tolkien called him, is a luckless orphan boy with supernatural powers and a tragic destiny. Brought up in the homestead of the dark magician Untamo, who killed his father, kidnapped his mother, and tried three times to kill him when he was still a boy, Kullervo is alone save for the love of his twin sister, Wanōna, and the magical powers of the black dog Musti, who guards him. When Kullervo is sold into slavery he swears revenge on the magician, but he will learn that even at the point of vengeance there is no escape from the cruelest of fates. Tolkien himself said that The Story of Kullervo was “the germ of my attempt to write legends of my own,” and was “a major matter in the legends of the First Age.” Tolkien’s Kullervo is the clear ancestor of Túrin Turambar, the tragic incestuous hero of The Silmarillion. Published with the author’s drafts, notes, and lecture essays on its source work, the Kalevala, The Story of Kullervo is a foundation stone in the structure of Tolkien’s invented world. “A fascinating read.”—NPR

Louhi, Witch of North Farm

a story from Finland's epic poem, the Kalevala
Author: Toni De Gerez
Publisher: Puffin HC
ISBN: 9780140505290
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 32
View: 8995
Louhi's plan to steal the sun and the moon backfires when the gods learn of her mischievous scheme.

A History of Finland

Author: Henrik Meinander
Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)
ISBN: 9780199333516
Category: History
Page: 227
View: 1063
Henrik Meinander paints a brisk and bold picture of the history of Finland from integrated part of the Swedish kingdom to autonomous Grand Duchy within the Russian empire, gradually transformed and maturing into a conscious nation, independent state and skilful adapter of modern technology. The main geographical context for his study is the Baltic region, and the author links his analysis to structural developments and turning points in European history. The book blends politics, economy and culture to show how human and natural resources in Finland have been utilized and the impact its cultural heritage and technological innovation have had on its development. In a departure from most conventional approaches, Meinander gives greater emphasis to recent and contemporary events. In other words, he puts Finland into a range of historical contexts in its Baltic and European settings to highlight how both together have formed Finland into what it is at the beginning of the twenty-first century.

Finnish Folk Poetry - Epic

An Anthology in Finnish and English
Author: N.A
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 0773593152
Category: Literary Collections
Page: 607
View: 4081

The Year of the Hare

A Novel
Author: Arto Paasilinna
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101478136
Category: Fiction
Page: 208
View: 6045
Suddenly realizing what's important in life (with the help of a bunny), a man quits his job and heads to the countryside in this internationally bestselling comic novel. "Which of us has not had that wonderfully seditious idea: to play hooky for a while from life as we know it?" With these words from his foreword, Pico Iyer puts his finger on the exhilaratingly anarchic appeal of The Year of the Hare. While out on assignment, a journalist hits a hare with his car. This small incident becomes life-changing: he decides to quit his job, leave his wife, sell his possessions, and spend a year wandering the wilds of Finland-with the bunny as his boon companion.

Finnish Dictionary & Phrasebook

Finnish-English, English-Finnish
Author: Ville Kataja
Publisher: Hippocrene Books
ISBN: 9780781809566
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 295
View: 2555
This compact dictionary and phrasebook features a concise, easy-to-use grammar guide, a pronunciation table, and a handy reference section that provides the reader with the basics of the Finnish language. Also included is an introduction to the country's history as well as useful tips and practical information on how to navigate your way through the streets, shops and restaurants of Finland. The bilingual dictionary contains a modern, practice-oriented vocabulary. The phrasebook will help English speakers sort through the many situations encountered while travelling, such as finding transportation, booking hotel rooms, ordering at restaurants, visiting museums, or what to do in case of an emergency.

The Poetic Edda

Stories of the Norse Gods and Heroes
Author: Jackson Crawford
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 1624663583
Category: Poetry
Page: 392
View: 8481
"The poems of the Poetic Edda have waited a long time for a Modern English translation that would do them justice. Here it is at last (Odin be praised!) and well worth the wait. These amazing texts from a 13th-century Icelandic manuscript are of huge historical, mythological and literary importance, containing the lion's share of information that survives today about the gods and heroes of pre-Christian Scandinavians, their unique vision of the beginning and end of the world, etc. Jackson Crawford's modern versions of these poems are authoritative and fluent and often very gripping. With their individual headnotes and complementary general introduction, they supply today's readers with most of what they need to know in order to understand and appreciate the beliefs, motivations, and values of the Vikings." --Dick Ringler, Professor Emeritus of English and Scandinavian Studies at the University of Wisconsin–Madison

The Táin

From the Irish Epic Táin Bó Cualinge
Author: Thomas Kinsella,Louis Le Brocquy
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780192803733
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 282
View: 7325
The Tain Bo Cuailnge, centre-piece of the eighth-century Ulster cycle of heroic tales, is Ireland's greatest epic. It tells the story of a great cattle-raid, the invasion of Ulster by the armies of Medb and Ailill, queen and king of Connacht, and their allies, seeking to carry off the great Brown Bull of Cuailnge. The hero of the tale is Cuchulainn, the Hound of Ulster, who resists the invaders single-handed while Ulster's warriors lie sick. Thomas Kinsella presents a complete and living version of the story. His translation is based on the partial texts in two medieval manuscripts, with elements from other versions, and adds a group of related stories which prepare for the action of the Tain. Illustrated with brush drawings by Louis le Brocquy, this edition provides a combination of medieval epic and modern art.

Nordic Religions in the Viking Age

Author: Thomas DuBois
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 9780812217148
Category: History
Page: 271
View: 4120
Thomas DuBois unravels for the first time the history of the Nordic religions in the Viking Age. "A seminal study of Nordic religions that future scholars will not be able to avoid."—Church History

The Last of the Vostyachs

Author: Diego Marani
Publisher: Text Publishing
ISBN: 1921961880
Category: Fiction
Page: 208
View: 8857
An inventive tale of a long-lost language and culture, forgotten but for a single man. He felt a shiver run down his spine when he heard the lateral fricative with labiovelar overlay ring out loud and clear in the chill air…It set forgotten follicles stirring in the soft part of his brain, disturbing liquids that had lain motionless for centuries, arousing sensations not made for men of the modern world. Ivan grew up in a gulag and held his dying father in his arms. Since then he has not uttered a word. He has lived in the wild, kept company only by the wolves and his reindeer-skin drum. He is the last of an ancient Siberian shamanic tribe, the Vostyachs, and the only person left on earth to know their language. But when the innocent wild man Ivan is found in the forests by the lively linguist Olga, his existence proves to be a triumphant discovery for some, a grave inconvenience for others. And the reader is transported into the heart of the wildest imagination.

The Old Kalevala and Certain Antecedents

Author: Elias Lönnrot
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780674430273
Page: 332
View: 4328

Under the Sun and Over the Moon

Author: Loretta Suliin Busch
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1483644006
Category: Poetry
Page: 96
View: 8650
Book synopsis Under the Sun and Over the Moon...and through the stars of hope... is an absorbing retelling of the once sung runos in the Kalevala, which means "land of the descendants of Kaleva." In a time as ancient as it seems, Loretta Suliin Busch, interweaves these myths with imagination and attention to detail. Each myth, although unsettling, becomes vibrantly alive as the portrayed characters, in their surroundings, endure the unendurable. Among these myths you will find tales that will arouse your emotions in the complex mixture of adventures. There are trees and birds which talk, a Sampo with godlike powers, bees that seek healing honey, a homeless, pregnant bird, a resurrected man, a double suicide, six gold eggs and one iron. There are heroes with supernatural powers and women who are isolated in their hopes, dreams, joy, and tragedies as they try to understand their own lives.