The Making of Modern Turkey


Author: Ahmad Feroz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134898908
Category: Political Science
Page: 268
View: 1757
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Turkey is the first modern secular state in a predominantly Islamic Middle East. In this major textbook, Feroz Ahmad provides a thorough examination of the political, social and economic processes which led to the formation of a new Turkey. After a chapter on "the Ottoman Legacy", the book covers the period since the revolution of 1908 and the development of the new Turkey. Successive chapters chart the progress through the single-party regime set up by Ataturk (1923-1945), the multi-party period (1945-1960) and the three military interventions of 1960, 1971 and 1980. The book ends in 1989 with the election of Turgat Ozal as president. In contrast to most current analyses of modern Turkey, the author emphasises the socio-economic changes rather than continuities as the motor of politics.

The Making of Modern Turkey

Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950
Author: Ugur Ümit Üngör
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199655227
Category: History
Page: 336
View: 5988
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Offers a novel perspective on the establishment of the Turkish nation state and highlights how the Young Turk regime, from 1913 to 1950, subjected Eastern Turkey to various forms of nationalist population policies aimed at ethnically homogenizing the region and including it in the Turkish nation state.

Heroin, Organized Crime, and the Making of Modern Turkey


Author: Ryan Gingeras
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192526219
Category: History
Page: 319
View: 1377
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Heroin, Organized Crime, and the Making of Modern Turkey explores the history of organized crime in Turkey and the roles which gangs and gangsters have played in the making of the Turkish state and Turkish politics. Turkey's underworld, which has been at the heart of several devastating scandals over the last several decades, is strongly tied to the country's long history of opium production and heroin trafficking. As an industry at the centre of the Ottoman Empire's long transition into the modern Turkish Republic, as important as the silk road had been in earlier centuries, the modern rise of the opium and heroin trade helped to solidify and complicate long-standing relationships between state officials and criminal syndicates. Such relationships produced not only ongoing patterns of corruption, but helped fuel and enable repeated acts of state violence. Drawing upon new archival sources from the United States and Turkey, including declassified documents from the Prime Minister's Archives of the Republic of Turkey and the Central Intelligence Agency, Heroin, Organized Crime, and the Making of Modern Turkey provides a critical window into how a handful of criminal syndicates played supporting roles in the making of national security politics in the contemporary Turkey. The rise of the 'Turkish mafia', from its origins in the late Ottoman period to its role in the 'deep state' revealed by the so-called Susurluk and Ergenekon scandals, is a story that mirrors troubling elements in the republic's establishment and emphasizes the transnational and comparative significance of narcotics and gangs in the country's past.

America and the Making of Modern Turkey

Science, Culture and Political Alliances
Author: Ali Erken
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 178672393X
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 1093
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After the fall of the Ottoman Empire, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk’s government encouraged substantial American investment in education and aid. It was argued that Turkey needed the technical skills and wealth offered by American education, and so a series of American schools was set up across the country to educate the Turkish youth. Here, Ali Erken, in the first study of its kind, argues that these organizations had a huge impact on political and economic thought in Turkey - acting as a form of ‘soft power’ for US national interests throughout the 20th Century. Robert College, originally a missionary school founded by US benefactors, has been responsible for educating two Turkish Prime Ministers, writers such as Orhan Pamuk and a huge number of influential economists, politicians and journalists. The end result of these American philanthropic efforts, Erken argues, was a consensus in the 1970s that the country must ‘westernize’. This mindset, and the opposition viewpoint it engendered, has come to define political struggle in modern Turkey – torn between a capitalist ‘modern’ West and an Islamic ‘Ottoman’ East. The book also reveals how and why the Rockefeller and Ford foundations funneled large amounts of money into Turkey post-1945, and undertook activities in support of ‘Western’ candidates in Turkey as a bulwark against the Soviet Union. This is an essential contribution to the history of US-Turkish relations, and the influence of the West in Turkish political thought.

İsmet İnönü and the Making of Modern Turkey


Author: Osman Faruk Loğoğlu
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9789757951018
Category: Statesmen
Page: 248
View: 2102
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The Making of Modern Turkey

From Byzantium to Angora
Author: Sir Harry Luke
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Turkey
Page: 246
View: 3915
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Mitternacht im Pera Palace

Die Geburt des modernen Istanbul
Author: Charles King
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 3843711224
Category: Social Science
Page: 544
View: 6228
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WORUM GEHT ES? »Mitternacht im Pera Palace« erzählt die faszinierende Geschichte des Aufbruchs Istanbuls in die Moderne zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts. Schauplatz der rasanten Entwicklung ist das elegante Hotel Pera Palace, dessen Gäste Geschichte schrieben: Von Agatha Christie über Atatürk und Trotzki bis zu Geheimagenten aller Länder checkte ein, wer den Lauf der Welt veränderte. Ein wunderbar stimmungsvolles Porträt Istanbuls von den »Swinging Twenties« bis zum Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs. WAS IST BESONDERS? Istanbuls Aufbruch in die Moderne, mitreißend erzählt vor dem Panorama europäischer Geschichte, am Beispiel eines Grand Hotels und seiner illustren Gäste. WER LIEST? • Alle Istanbul-Fans und die, die es noch werden wollen • Leser von Geert Mak, David Abulafia und Karl Schlögel • Jeder, der kulturhistorisch interessiert ist

Ataturk: The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey


Author: Andrew Mango
Publisher: The Overlook Press
ISBN: 1590209249
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 539
View: 9902
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In this major new biography of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, and the first to appear in English based on Turkish sources, Andrew Mango strips away the myth, to show the complexities of one of the most visionary, influential, and enigmatic statesmen of the centur Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was virtually unknown until 1919, when he took the lead in thwarting the victorious Allies' plan to partition the Turkish core of the Ottoman Empire. He divided the Allies, defeated the last Sultan, and secured the territory of the Turkish national state, becoming the first president of the new republic in 1923, fast creating his own legend. Andrew Mango's revealing portrait of Atatürk throws light on matters of great importance today-resurgent nationalism, religious fundamentalism, and the reality of democracy.

Islam in der modernen Türkei

die intellektuelle Biografie des Bediüzzaman Said Nursi
Author: Şükran Vahide
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3825817946
Category:
Page: 382
View: 1715
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Der Irak seit 1958

von der Revolution zur Diktatur
Author: Peter Sluglett,Marion Farouk-Sluglett
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518116616
Category: Iraq
Page: 345
View: 7891
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Building Modern Turkey

State, Space, and Ideology in the Early Republic
Author: Zeynep Kezer
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
ISBN: 082298119X
Category: Architecture
Page: 352
View: 5023
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Building Modern Turkey offers a critical account of how the built environment mediated Turkey’s transition from a pluralistic (multiethnic and multireligious) empire into a modern, homogenized nation-state following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I. Zeynep Kezer argues that the deliberate dismantling of ethnic and religious enclaves and the spatial practices that ensued were as integral to conjuring up a sense of national unity and facilitating the operations of a modern nation-state as were the creation of a new capital, Ankara, and other sites and services that embodied a new modern way of life. The book breaks new ground by examining both the creative and destructive forces at play in the making of modern Turkey and by addressing the overwhelming frictions during this profound transformation and their long-term consequences. By considering spatial transformations at different scales—from the experience of the individual self in space to that of international geopolitical disputes—Kezer also illuminates the concrete and performative dimensions of fortifying a political ideology, one that instills in the population a sense of membership in and allegiance to the nation above all competing loyalties and ensures its longevity.

Citizenship and the Nation-state in Greece and Turkey


Author: Faruk Birtek
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415347831
Category: History
Page: 195
View: 7683
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Of all the successor states of the Ottoman Empire, Greece and Turkey have moved the farthest in the direction of coping with the challenges relating to the transition to modernity. The goal of the series Social and Historical Studies on Greece and Turkey is to serve as a forum for discourse and dialogue between Greek and Turkish social scientists and historians, contributing to the ongoing theoretical debates in the international social science community, concerning the economic, cultural, political, and social aspects of modernity. Citizenship and the Nation State in Greece and Turkey brings together papers on a transdisciplinary dialogue on nation formation in Greece and Turkey as successor states of the Ottoman Empire, and on aspects of civil society in the two countries. The volume is divided into two parts: Empire and Nation-State and Nation and Civil Society and covers issues such as Turkish and Greek nationalism, the formation of the Greek State, the impact of the Greek War of Independence in transforming the Ottoman Empire, civil society in Greece during the post-World War II period, the concept of citizenship as far as the rights of women are concerned in Greece and in

Konstantinopel 1453

die letzte Schlacht
Author: Roger Crowley
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783806221916
Category: Konstantinopel
Page: 284
View: 9791
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Die islamische Aufklärung

Der Konflikt zwischen Glaube und Vernunft
Author: Christopher de Bellaigue
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104906467
Category: Religion
Page: 544
View: 9357
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»Erhellend, großartig geschrieben, ein Buch, das uns hilft, das Verständnis zwischen islamischer Welt und Moderne zu verstehen.« Yuval Noah Harari, Autor von »Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit« Die islamische Aufklärung hat längst stattgefunden. In einer fulminanten Erzählung demontiert Christopher de Bellaigue die oft selbstgefällige westliche Sicht auf die arabische Welt. Auch in Ägypten, im Iran und der Türkei gab es nach 1800 eine breite Bewegung für Freiheit, Gleichheit und Demokratie und für einen weltlichen Staat, für Frauenrechte und Gewerkschaften, freie Presse und die Abschaffung der Sklaverei. In atemberaubender Geschwindigkeit modernisierten sich die arabischen Gesellschaften. Doch die Gegenaufklärung folgte auf dem Fuß, mit autokratischen Regimen und fundamentalistischem Terror. De Bellaigue schildert den Kampf zwischen Glaube und Vernunft und um eine neue muslimische Identität. Eine reiche, überraschende Geschichte, eine radikal neue Sicht auf den modernen Islam. »Eine ausgesprochen originelle und informative Studie über die Zusammenstöße zwischen dem Islam und der Moderne in Istanbul, Kairo und Teheran während der letzten zweihundert Jahre.« Orhan Pamuk »Christopher de Bellaigue gehört seit Langem schon zu den einfallsreichsten und anregendsten Interpreten einiger von Angst und Vorurteil verstellter Realitäten. In ›Die islamische Aufklärung‹ seziert er den selbstgefälligen Gegensatz zwischen Islam und Moderne und enthüllt dabei eine faszinierende Welt: eine Welt, in der Menschen sich unter dem Druck der Geschichte ständig verändern, improvisieren und sich anpassen. Es ist genau das richtige Buch für unsere in Unordnung geratene Welt: zeitgemäß, dringlich und erhellend.« Pankaj Mishra »Zur rechten Zeit, tiefsinnig und provokativ.« Peter Frankopan

The Making of Modern Greece

From Byzantium to Independence
Author: Dionysios A. Zakythēnos
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Greece
Page: 235
View: 5943
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Crashed

Wie zehn Jahre Finanzkrise die Welt verändert haben
Author: Adam Tooze
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
ISBN: 3641192773
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 800
View: 669
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Zehn Jahre danach: Der Finanzcrash und seine dramatischen Folgen Als die US-Großbank Lehman Brothers im September 2008 zusammenbrach, war dies der Tiefpunkt der Banken- und Finanzkrise. Und obwohl der totale Kollaps der Weltwirtschaft damals verhindert wurde, ist die Finanzkrise noch lange nicht Geschichte, wie der britische Historiker Adam Tooze zeigt. Er schildert, wie es zu dieser Krise der Finanzmärkte kam und welche dramatischen Folgen sie bis heute hat. Denn nicht nur ist durch die Finanzkrise die Stabilität Europas ins Wanken geraten, sie hat auch das Vertrauen in die Kraft der globalen Wirtschaftsordnung erschüttert – und so zum Aufstieg der Populisten beigetragen.

Fall of the Sultanate

The Great War and the End of the Ottoman Empire, 1908-1922
Author: Ryan Gingeras
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199676070
Category:
Page: 288
View: 4111
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Fall of the Sultanate encompasses a full accounting of the political, economic, social, and international forces that brought about the passing of the Ottoman Empire. It surveys the causes and outcomes of the principle events (particularly World War I) that led to the state's dissolution in 1922. Drawing upon a large gamut of sources in multiple languages, the fall of the Ottoman sultanate is presented here largely through the eyes of citizens andpolitical leaders who experienced the empire's end first hand. Above all, the volume explores the causes that eventually led so many to view the legacy of the Ottomans with loathing and resentment.

Die Araber

eine Geschichte von Unterdrückung und Aufbruch
Author: Eugene L. Rogan
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783549074251
Category: Arab countries
Page: 735
View: 5128
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Die arabische Revolution wird, wenn sie Erfolg hat, ein ähnlich epochales Ereignis sein wie die friedliche Revolution von 1989 in Osteuropa. Mehr als 200 Millionen Araber zwischen Persischem Golf und Atlantik sind dabei, das Joch jahrzehntelanger despotischer Regime abzuschütteln und Anschluss zu finden an die freiheitliche, moderne Welt des Westens. Eugene Rogan, einer der besten Kenner der arabischen Welt, bietet mit seiner großen Geschichte der Araber eine exzellente Grundlage zum Verständnis der aktuellen Ereignisse in Ägypten, Syrien, Tunesien oder Libyen. Rogans Darstellung beginnt mit der Eroberung der arabischen Welt durch das Osmanische Reich zu Beginn des 16. Jahrhunderts und führt bis zum revolutionären Aufbruch unserer Tage. Es ist eine lange Geschichte der Unterdrückung und Ausbeutung, die Rogan eindringlich zu erzählen weiß. Aber auch die reiche Kultur dieser Länder und die vielen kaum bekannten Versuche der arabischen Völker in der Vergangenheit, sich gegen ihre Unterdrücker aufzulehnen und Freiheit und Wohlstand zu erlangen, werden anhand einer Fülle faszinierender Originalquellen anschaulich dargestellt.