The Origins of Grammar

An Anthropological Perspective
Author: Martin Edwardes
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1441159142
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 192
View: 8818
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Quintessential work on the nature and origins of language grammar, and its role in language and our own evolution as humans.

New Perspectives on the Origins of Language


Author: Claire Lefebvre,Bernard Comrie,Henri Cohen
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027271135
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 582
View: 9816
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The question of how language emerged is one of the most fascinating and difficult problems in science. In recent years, a strong resurgence of interest in the emergence of language from an evolutionary perspective has been helped by the convergence of approaches, methods, and ideas from several disciplines. The selection of contributions in this volume highlight scenarios of language origin and the prerequisites for a faculty of language based on biological, historical, social, cultural, and paleontological forays into the conditions that brought forth and favored language emergence, augmented by insights from sister disciplines. The chapters all reflect new speculation, discoveries and more refined research methods leading to a more focused understanding of the range of possibilities and how we might choose among them. There is much that we do not yet know, but the outlines of the path ahead are ever clearer.

The Origins of Shamanism, Spirit Beliefs, and Religiosity

A Cognitive Anthropological Perspective
Author: H. Sidky
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498551904
Category: Social Science
Page: 254
View: 9873
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In The Origins of Shamanism, Spirit Beliefs, and Religiosity, H. Sidky uses first-hand ethnographic fieldwork and scientific theoretical work in archaeology, cognitive and evolutionary psychology, and neurotheology to explore the origins of shamanism, spirit beliefs, the evolution of human consciousness, and the origins of ritual behavior and religiosity.

A Grammar of Luwo

An anthropological approach
Author: Anne Storch
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN: 9027269378
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 291
View: 1029
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This book is a description of Luwo, a Western Nilotic language of South Sudan. Luwo is used by multilingual, dynamic communities of practice as one language among others that form individual and flexible repertoires. It is a language that serves as a means of expressing the Self, as a medium of art and self-actualization, and sometimes as a medium of writing. It is spoken in the home and in public spaces, by fairly large numbers of people who identify themselves as Luwo and as members of all kinds of other groups. In order to provide insights into these dynamic and diverse realities of Luwo, this book contains both a concise description and analysis of the linguistic features and structures of Luwo, and an approach to the anthropological linguistics of this language. The latter is presented in the form of separate chapters on possession, number, experiencer constructions, spatial orientation, perception and cognition. In all sections of this study, sociolinguistic information is provided wherever this is useful and possible, detailed information on the semantics of grammatical features and constructions is given, and discussions of theory-oriented approaches to various linguistic features of Luwo are presented.

Anthropological perspectives of movement


Author: Weston La Barre
Publisher: Ayer Publishing
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 200
View: 964
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American Anthropology, 1971-1995

Papers from the American Anthropologist
Author: Regna Darnell
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 9780803266353
Category: Social Science
Page: 815
View: 5506
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American anthropology in the late twentieth century interrogated and depicted the worldsøof others, past and present, in subtle and incisive ways while increasingly questioning its own authority to do so. Marxist, symbolic, and structuralist thought shaped the fieldwork and conclusions of many researchers around the globe. Practicing anthropology blossomed and grew rapidly as a subdiscipline in its own right. There emerged a keener appreciation of both the history of the discipline and the histories of those studied. Archaeologists witnessed a resurgence of interest in the concept of culture. The American Anthropologist also made systematic efforts to represent the field as a whole, with biological anthropology and linguistics particularly adept at crossing subdiscipline boundaries. Proliferation of specialized areas within sociocultural anthropology encouraged work across the subdisciplines. The thirty selections in this volume reflect the notable trends and accomplishments in American anthropology during the closing decades of the millennium. An introduction by Regna Darnell offers a historical background and critical context that enable readers to better understand the changes and continuity in American anthropology during this time.

The Evolutionary Emergence of Language

Social Function and the Origins of Linguistic Form
Author: Chris Knight,Michael Studdert-Kennedy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521786966
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 426
View: 1358
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This book covers the origins of language, combining social and natural science perspectives.

Perceived control and the origins of misfortune

a case study in cognitive anthropology
Author: Waltraud Kokot
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 155
View: 5944
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The Origins of Order

Self-Organization and Selection in Evolution
Author: Stuart A. Kauffman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199826676
Category: Science
Page: 734
View: 7730
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Stuart Kauffman here presents a brilliant new paradigm for evolutionary biology, one that extends the basic concepts of Darwinian evolution to accommodate recent findings and perspectives from the fields of biology, physics, chemistry and mathematics. The book drives to the heart of the exciting debate on the origins of life and maintenance of order in complex biological systems. It focuses on the concept of self-organization: the spontaneous emergence of order that is widely observed throughout nature Kauffman argues that self-organization plays an important role in the Darwinian process of natural selection. Yet until now no systematic effort has been made to incorporate the concept of self-organization into evolutionary theory. The construction requirements which permit complex systems to adapt are poorly understood, as is the extent to which selection itself can yield systems able to adapt more successfully. This book explores these themes. It shows how complex systems, contrary to expectations, can spontaneously exhibit stunning degrees of order, and how this order, in turn, is essential for understanding the emergence and development of life on Earth. Topics include the new biotechnology of applied molecular evolution, with its important implications for developing new drugs and vaccines; the balance between order and chaos observed in many naturally occurring systems; new insights concerning the predictive power of statistical mechanics in biology; and other major issues. Indeed, the approaches investigated here may prove to be the new center around which biological science itself will evolve. The work is written for all those interested in the cutting edge of research in the life sciences.

Sprachphilosophie


Author: Marcelo Dascal
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: N.A
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 872
View: 2789
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Language in Prehistory


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 1107041120
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 6057
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Language issues

readings for teachers
Author: Diane Bennett Durkin
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
ISBN: N.A
Category: Education
Page: 484
View: 1598
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Grammatik und deutsche Grammatiken


Author: Vilmos Ágel
Publisher: Max Niemeyer Verlag
ISBN: N.A
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 260
View: 2219
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This collection assembles the papers given at the Budapest Grammar Conference, 22-24 September 1993. The contributors are authors of German grammars and/or Hungarian Germanists and the subjects they cover range from general problems of grammar theory through individual aspects of German grammar to concepts, methods and problems of grammatography.

Linguistische Arbeiten


Author: Vilmos Ágel,Rita Brdar-Szabó
Publisher: Max Niemeyer Verlag
ISBN: 9783484303300
Category: Linguistics
Page: 260
View: 6528
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This collection assembles the papers given at the Budapest Grammar Conference, 22-24 September 1993. The contributors are authors of German grammars and/or Hungarian Germanists and the subjects they cover range from general problems of grammar theory through individual aspects of German grammar to concepts, methods and problems of grammatography.

The Grammar of Politics and Performance


Author: Shirin M Rai,Janelle Reinelt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134751338
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 254
View: 7384
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This volume brings together important work at the intersection of politics and performance studies. While the languages of theatre and performance have long been deployed by other disciplines, these are seldom deployed seriously and pursued systematically to discover the actual nature of the relationship between performance as a set of behavioural practices and the forms and the transactions of these other disciplines. This book investigates the structural similarities and features of politics and performance, which are referred to here as ‘grammar’, a concept which also emphasizes the common communicational base or language of these fields. In each of the chapters included in this collection, key processes of both politics and performance are identified and analyzed, demonstrating the critical and indivisible links between the fields. The book also underlines that neither politics nor performance can take place without actors who perform and spectators who receive, evaluate and react to these actions. At the heart of the project is the ambition to bring about a paradigm change, such that politics cannot be analyzed seriously without a sophisticated understanding of its performance. All the chapters here display a concrete set of events, practices, and contexts within which politics and performance are inseparable elements. This work will be of great interest to students and scholars in both International Relations and Performance Studies.

Asian Research Trends

A Humanities and Social Science Review
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Asia
Page: N.A
View: 7596
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The Gestural Origin of Language


Author: David F. Armstrong,Sherman E. Wilcox
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198036913
Category: Psychology
Page: 168
View: 1939
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In The Gestural Origin of Language, Sherman Wilcox and David Armstrong use evidence from and about sign languages to explore the origins of language as we know it today. According to their model, it is sign, not spoken languages, that is the original mode of human communication. The authors demonstrate that modern language is derived from practical actions and gestures that were increasingly recognized as having the potential to represent, and hence to communicate. In other words, the fundamental ability that allows us to use language is our ability to use pictures or icons, rather than linguistic symbols. Evidence from the human fossil record supports the authors' claim by showing that we were anatomically able to produce gestures and signs before we were able to speak fluently. Although speech evolved later as a secondary linguistic communication device that eventually replaced sign language as the primary mode of communication, speech has never entirely replaced signs and gestures. As the first comprehensive attempt to trace the origin of grammar to gesture, this volume will be an invaluable resource for students and professionals in psychology, linguistics, and philosophy.

Language and History

Integrationist Perspectives
Author: Nigel Love
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134370202
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 3061
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When linguistics was first established as an academic discipline in the nineteenth century, it was envisaged as an essentially historical study. Languages were to be treated as historical objects, evolving through gradual but constant processes of change over long periods of time. In recent years, however, there has been much discussion by historians of a 'linguistic turn' in their own discipline, and, in linguistics, integrationist theory has mounted a radical challenge to the traditional notion of 'languages' as possible objects of inquiry. Language and History develops the integrationist critique of orthodox linguistics, while at the same time extending its implications to the field of history. By doing so, it throws light on what is now recognized by many historians to be a 'crisis' in their own discipline. Underlying the post-modernist scepticism about traditional forms of historiography, the integrationist approach reveals a more deep-seated problem concerning the interface between philosophy of history and philosophy of language. With chapters from a range of leading international contributors, Language and History represents a significant contribution to the developing work of the integrationists.

Blood Relations

Menstruation and the Origins of Culture
Author: Chris Knight
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 030018655X
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 592
View: 842
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The emergence of symbolic culture is generally linked with the development of the hunger-gatherer adaptation based on a sexual division of labor. This original and ingenious book presents a new theory of how this symbolic domain originated. Integrating perspectives of evolutionary biography and social anthropology within a Marxist framework, Chris Knight rejects the common assumption that human culture was a modified extension of primate behavior and argues instead that it was the product of an immense social, sexual, and political revolution initiated by women. Culture became established, says Knight, when evolving human females began to assert collective control over their own sexuality, refusing sex to all males except those who came to them with provisions. Women usually timed their ban on sexual relations with their periods of infertility while they were menstruating, and to the extent that their solidarity drew women together, these periods tended to occur in synchrony. The result was that every month with the onset of menstruation, sexual relations were ruptured in a collective, ritualistic way as the prelude to each successful hunting expedition. This ritual act was the means through which women motivated men not only to hunt but also to concentrate energies on bringing back the meat. Knight shows how this hypothesis sheds light on the roots of such cultural traditions as totemic rituals, incest and menstrual taboos, blood-sacrifice, and hunters’ atonement rites. Providing detailed ethnographic documentation, he also explains how Native American, Australian Aboriginal, and other magico-religious myths can be read as derivatives of the same symbolic logic.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit


Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 9648
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.