The Oxford Companion to International Criminal Justice


Author: Antonio Cassese
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199238316
Category: Law
Page: 1008
View: 9518
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'The Oxford Companion to International Criminal Justice' is the first major reference work to provide a complete overview of international criminal law. It offers a comprehensive survey of the issues surrounding international humanitarian law and human rights through a range of entries by the leading minds in the area.

The New Oxford Companion to Law


Author: Peter Cane,Joanne Conaghan
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 1306
View: 5812
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For any reader needing a concise explanation of a subject in law The New Oxford Companion to Law is the ideal reference work. Providing greater depth than legal dictionaries but always accessible to the non-expert, entries in the Companion cover all areas of law and legal systems and are extensively cross-referenced for ease of navigation.

The Cambridge Companion to International Criminal Law


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 1107052335
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 4498
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Pluralism in International Criminal Law


Author: Elies van Sliedregt,Sergey Vasiliev
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019100829X
Category: Law
Page: 410
View: 3275
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Despite the growth in international criminal courts and tribunals, the majority of cases concerning international criminal law are prosecuted at the domestic level. This means that both international and domestic courts have to contend with a plethora of relevant, but often contradictory, judgments by international institutions and by other domestic courts. This book provides a detailed investigation into the impact this pluralism has had on international criminal law and procedure, and examines the key problems which arise from it. The work identifies the various interpretations of the concept of pluralism and discusses how it manifests in a broad range of aspects of international criminal law and practice. These include substantive jurisdiction, the definition of crimes, modes of individual criminal responsibility for international crimes, sentencing, fair trial rights, law of evidence, truth-finding, and challenges faced by both international and domestic courts in gathering, testing and evaluating evidence. Authored by leading practitioners and academics in the field, the book employs pluralism as a methodological tool to advance the debate beyond the classic view of 'legal pluralism' leading to a problematic fragmentation of the international legal order. It argues instead that pluralism is a fundamental and indispensable feature of international criminal law which permeates it on several levels: through multiple legal regimes and enforcement fora, diversified sources and interpretations of concepts, and numerous identities underpinning the law and practice. The book addresses the virtues and dangers of pluralism, reflecting on the need for, and prospects of, harmonization of international criminal law around a common grammar. It ultimately brings together the theories of legal pluralism, the comparative law discourse on legal transplants, harmonization, and convergence, and the international legal debate on fragmentation to show where pluralism and divergence will need to be accepted as regular, and even beneficial, features of international criminal justice.

Völkerrecht


Author: von Arnauld
Publisher: C.F. Müller GmbH
ISBN: 3811471422
Category: Law
Page: 610
View: 8136
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Der Inhalt: Dieses Lehrbuch behandelt klar und einprägsam das Spektrum völkerrechtlicher Themen entsprechend dem Zuschnitt der Schwerpunktbereiche an den verschiedenen Juristischen Fakultäten. Es ist ein idealer Begleiter für das gesamte Schwerpunktstudium - von der ersten Beschäftigung mit der Materie über Hausarbeiten bis hin zur Vorbereitung auf abschließende Klausuren oder mündliche Prüfungen. Neben den allgemeinen Fragen des Völkerrechts werden zahlreiche Teilgebiete des Friedens- und des Konfliktvölkerrechts systematisch und vertieft dargestellt: Diplomatenrecht, Menschenrechte, Seerecht und Recht der Gemeinschaftsräume, Umwelt und Entwicklung, Wirtschaftsvölkerrecht, Friedenssicherungsrecht, Humanitäres Völkerrecht, Völkerstrafrecht. Anhand zahlreicher Fallbeispiele aus der Entscheidungspraxis sowie ausführlich dargestellter Fälle mit Lösungshinweisen werden Besonderheiten und Zusammenhänge veranschaulicht. Kontrollfragen am Ende jedes Kapitels dienen ebenso der Wiederholung wie eine didaktisch aufbereitete Kurzfassung zentraler Leitentscheidungen. Optimal ergänzt wird das Lehrbuch durch den „Klausurenkurs im Völkerrecht“ desselben Autors.

Select Proceedings of the European Society of International Law


Author: James Crawford,Sarah Nouwen
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847318754
Category: Law
Page: 418
View: 2615
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This book continues the series Select Proceedings of the European Society of International Law, containing the proceedings of the Fourth Biennial Conference organised by ESIL and the University of Cambridge in 2010. The title of the conference was 'International Law 1989-2010: A Performance Appraisal'. The highlights, selected for publication in this volume, cover a wide spectrum of topics in international law.

The Oxford Companion to Law


Author: David M. Walker
Publisher: Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 1366
View: 1200
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Legal terms are defined, concepts and principles explained, and notable judges and jurists portrayed from the origins of the Western legal tradition in ancient Greece and Rome to the present

The Rights of Victims in Criminal Justice Proceedings for Serious Human Rights Violations


Author: Juan Carlos Ochoa S.
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9004212167
Category: Law
Page: 336
View: 5772
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In The Rights of Victims in Criminal Justice Proceedings for Serious Human Rights Violations, Juan Carlos Ochoa offers a systematic analysis of international and comparative domestic law on the position of the victim in the prosecution of these infringements, points to the deficiencies of the current state of customary international law, and proposes specific reforms.

The Constitution of the Criminal Law


Author: R. A. Duff,Lindsay Farmer,S. E. Marshall,Massimo Renzo,Victor Tadros
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191655287
Category: Law
Page: 250
View: 856
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The third book in the Criminalization series examines the constitutionalization of criminal law. It considers how the criminal law is constituted through the political processes of the state; how the agents of the criminal law can be answerable to it themselves; and finally, how the criminal law can be constituted as part of the international order. Addressing the ways in which and the grounds on which types of conduct can be justifiably criminalized, the first four chapters of this volume focus on the questions that arise from a consideration of the political constitution of the criminal law. The contributors then turn their attention to the role of the state, its institutions and officials, and their role not only as creators, enactors, interpreters, and enforcers of the criminal law, but also as subjects of it. How can the agents of the criminal law also be answerable to it? Finally discussion turns to how the criminal law can be constituted as part of an international order. Examining the relationships between domestic laws of different nation-states, and between domestic criminal law and international or transnational law, the chapters also look at the authority and jurisdiction of international criminal law itself, and its relationship to other dimensions of the international order. A vital examination of one of the most important topics in modern criminal legal theory, this volume raises new questions central to the study of the criminal law and offers new suggestions for addressing them.

Criminalization

The Political Morality of the Criminal Law
Author: R A Duff,Lindsay Farmer,S E Marshall,Massimo Renzo,Victor Tadros
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191043362
Category: Law
Page: 340
View: 1208
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The Criminalization series arose from an interdisciplinary investigation into criminalization, focussing on the principles that might guide decisions about what kinds of conduct should be criminalized, and the forms that criminalization should take. Developing a normative theory of criminalization, the series tackles the key questions at the heart of the issue: what principles and goals should guide legislators in deciding what to criminalize? How should criminal wrongs be classified and differentiated? How should law enforcement officials apply the law's specifications of offences? The fourth book in the series examines the political morality of the criminal law, exploring general principles and theories of criminalization. Chapters provide accounts of the criminal law in the light of ambitious theories about moral and political philosophy - republicanism and contractarianism, or reflect upon on the success of important theories of criminalization by viewing them in a novel light. Ideas that are fundamental to any complete theory of the criminal law - liberty, harm, and the effect on victims - are investigated in depth. Sociological investigation of the criminal law grounds a critical investigation into the principles of criminalization, both as a legislative matter, and with respect to criminalization practices, in contemporary and historical contexts. The volume broadens our conceptions of the theory of criminalization, and clarifies the role of the series in the development of this theory. It is essential reading for all interested in legal, political, and social theories of criminalization.

Human Rights: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide


Author: Oxford University Press
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199803446
Category: Social Science
Page: 14
View: 3369
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This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

Religious Actors and International Law


Author: Ioana Cismas
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019102189X
Category: Law
Page: 440
View: 5288
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This book assesses whether a new category of religious actors has been constructed within international law. Religious actors, through their interpretations of the religion(s) they are associated with, uphold and promote, or indeed may transform, potentially oppressive structures or discriminatory patterns. This study moves beyond the concern that religious texts and practices may be incompatible with international law, to provide an innovative analysis of how religious actors themselves are accountable under international law for the interpretations they choose to put forward. The book defines religious actors as comprising religious states, international organizations, and non-state entities that assume the role of interpreting religion and so claim a 'special' legitimacy anchored in tradition or charisma. Cutting across the state / non-state divide, this definition allows the full remit of religious bodies to be investigated. It analyses the crucial question of whether religious actors do in fact operate under different international legal norms to non-religious states, international organizations, or companies. To that end, the Holy See-Vatican, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, and churches and religious organizations under the European Convention on Human Rights regime are examined in detail as case studies. The study ultimately establishes that religious actors cannot be seen to form an autonomous legal category under international law: they do not enjoy special or exclusive rights, nor incur lesser obligations, when compared to their respective non-religious peers. Going forward, it concludes that a process of two-sided legitimation may be at stake: religious actors will need to provide evidence for the legality of their religious interpretations to strengthen their legitimacy, and international law itself may benefit from religious actors fostering its legitimacy in different cultural contexts.

The Oxford companion to American law


Author: Kermit Hall,David Scott Clark
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 912
View: 8831
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The comprehensive reference guide to American law features entries written by more than three hundred experts on everything from the Salem witchcraft trials to wiretapping.

International Prosecutors


Author: Luc Reydams,Jan Wouters,Cedric Ryngaert
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191637238
Category: Law
Page: 1032
View: 9793
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This volume examines the prosecution as an institution and a function in a dozen international and hybrid criminal tribunals, from Nuremberg to the International Criminal Court. It is the result of a sustained collaborative effort among some twenty scholars and (former) tribunal staffers. The starting point is that the prosecution shapes a tribunal's practice and legacy more than any other organ and that a systematic examination of international prosecutors is therefore warranted. The chapters are organized chronologically, according to the successive phases of the life of the institution and the various stages of the trials. The analysis includes each institution's establishment, mandate and jurisdiction, as well as the prosecutorial framework and strategy, the prosecutor's external relations and the completion of the institution's work. The book also considers the prosecutors' independence and impartiality, and their accountability for their decisions. The volume thus provides a comprehensive picture of the mandate, organization, and operation of the prosecution in international criminal trials. As the first comprehensive study of an international legal actor whose decisions have widespread political repercussions, this book will be essential reading for all with an interest in international criminal justice.

Prosecuting International Crimes in Africa


Author: Chacha Murungu,Japhet Biegon
Publisher: PULP
ISBN: 0986985783
Category: Criminal procedure (International law)
Page: 362
View: 3114
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"Prosecuting international crimes in Africa contributes to the understanding of international criminal justice in Africa. The books argues for the rule of law, respect for human rights and the eradication of a culture of impunity in Africa. it is a product of peer-reviewed contributions from graduates of the Centre for Human Rights, Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria, where the Master's degree programme in Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa has been presented since 2000"--Back cover.

General Defences in Criminal Law

Domestic and Comparative Perspectives
Author: Professor Alan Reed,Professor Michael Bohlander
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472433378
Category: Law
Page: 360
View: 5463
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The law relating to general defences is one of the most important areas in the criminal law, yet the current state of the law in the United Kingdom reveals significant problems in the adoption of a consistent approach to their doctrinal and theoretical underpinnings, as exemplified by a number of recent developments in legislation and case law. A coherent and joined-up approach is still missing. This volume provides an analysis of the main contentious areas in British law, and proposes ways forward for reform. The collection includes contributions from leading experts across various jurisdictions. Part I examines the law in the United Kingdom, with specialist contributions on Irish and Scottish law. Part II consists of contributions by authors from a number of foreign jurisdictions, all written to a common research grid for maximum comparability, which provide a wider background of how other legal systems treat problems relating to general defences in the context of the criminal law, and which may serve as points of reference for domestic law reform.

National prosecution of international crimes


Author: Helmut Kreicker
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783428123094
Category: Criminal jurisdiction
Page: 424
View: 7503
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In Whose Name?

A Public Law Theory of International Adjudication
Author: Armin von Bogdandy,Ingo Venzke
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191026956
Category: Law
Page: 400
View: 9327
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The vast majority of all international judicial decisions have been issued since 1990. This increasing activity of international courts over the past two decades is one of the most significant developments within the international law. It has repercussions on all levels of governance and has challenged received understandings of the nature and legitimacy of international courts. It was previously held that international courts are simply instruments of dispute settlement, whose activities are justified by the consent of the states that created them, and in whose name they decide. However, this understanding ignores other important judicial functions, underrates problems of legitimacy, and prevents a full assessment of how international adjudication functions, and the impact that it has demonstrably had. This book proposes a public law theory of international adjudication, which argues that international courts are multifunctional actors who exercise public authority and therefore require democratic legitimacy. It establishes this theory on the basis of three main building blocks: multifunctionality, the notion of an international public authority, and democracy. The book aims to answer the core question of the legitimacy of international adjudication: in whose name do international courts decide? It lays out the specific problem of the legitimacy of international adjudication, and reconstructs the common critiques of international courts. It develops a concept of democracy for international courts that makes it possible to constructively show how their legitimacy is derived. It argues that ultimately international courts make their decisions, even if they do not know it, in the name of the peoples and the citizens of the international community.

International Criminal Justice at the Yugoslav Tribunal

A Judge's Recollection
Author: Mohamed Shahabuddeen
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191649856
Category: Law
Page: 264
View: 9858
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International criminal justice has undergone rapid recent development. Since the establishment of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in 1993, and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) in the following year, the field has changed beyond recognition. The traditional immunity of presidents or heads of government, prime ministers, and other functionaries acting in an official capacity no longer prevails; the doctrine of superior orders is inapplicable except, where appropriate, as in mitigation; and the gap between international armed conflict and non-international armed conflict has closed. More generally, the bridge has been crossed between the irresponsibility of the state and the criminal responsibility of the individual. As a result, the traditional impunity of the state has practically gone. This book, by one of the former judges of the ICTY, ICTR, and the International Court of Justice, assesses some of the workings of the ICTY that have shaped these developments. In it, Judge Shahabuddeen provides an insightful overview of the nature of this criminal court, established on behalf of the whole of the international community. He reflects on its transformation into one of the leading fora for the growth of international criminal law first-hand, offering a unique perspective on the challenges it has faced. Judge Shahabuddeen's experience in international criminal justice makes this volume essential reading for those interested in, or working with, international criminal law.

Rwanda's Gacaca Courts

Between Retribution and Reparation
Author: Paul Christoph Bornkamm
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191627593
Category: Law
Page: 272
View: 899
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Rwanda's Gacaca courts provide an innovative response to the genocide of 1994. Incorporating elements of both African dispute resolution and of Western-style criminal courts, Gacaca courts are in line with recent trends to revive traditional grassroots mechanisms as a way of addressing a violent past. Having been devised as a holistic approach to prosecution and punishment as well as to healing and repairing, they also reflect the increasing importance of victim participation in international criminal justice. This book critically examines the Gacaca courts' achievements as a mechanism of criminal justice and as a tool for healing, repairing, and reconciling the shattered communities. Having prosecuted over one million people suspected of crimes during the 1994 genocide, the courts have been both praised for their efficiency and condemned for their lack of due process. Drawing upon extensive observations of trial proceedings, this book is the first to provide a detailed analysis of the Gacaca legislation and its practical implementation. It discusses the Gacaca courts within the framework of transitional and international criminal justice and argues that, despite the trend towards local, tailor-made solutions to the challenges of political transition, there is a common set of principles to be respected in addressing the past. Evaluating the Gacaca courts against the backdrop of existing or emerging principles, such as the duties to investigate and prosecute, and the right to the truth, the book provides a sophisticated critique of Rwanda's reconciliation policy. In doing so, it contributes to the development and the clarification of these principles. It concludes that Gacaca courts have achieved a great deal in stimulating a basic discourse on the genocide, but they have also contributed to assigning collective responsibility and may thus end up deepening the divides within Rwandan society.