The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism


Author: Stephen Anthony Smith
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199602050
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 658
View: 7403
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Draws on documentation released since the fall of the Soviet Union to offer a global history of communism in the twentieth century.

The Oxford Handbook of the Cold War


Author: Richard H. Immerman,Petra Goedde
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199236968
Category: History
Page: 660
View: 4635
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Thirty four essays by a team of leading scholars offering a broad reassessment of the cold war, calling into question orthodox ways of ordering the chronology of the period and presenting new insights into the global dimension of the conflict.

The Oxford Handbook of Fascism


Author: R. J. B. Bosworth
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199594788
Category: History
Page: 626
View: 2873
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The essays in this Handbook, written by an international team of distinguished scholars, combine to explore the way in which fascism is understood by contemporary scholarship, as well as pointing to areas of continuing dispute and discussion. From a focus on Italy as, chronologically at least, the 'first Fascist nation', the contributors cover a wide range of countries, from Nazi Germany and the comparison with Soviet Communism to fascism in Yugoslavia and its successor states. The book also examines the roots of fascism before 1914 and its survival, whether in practice or in memory, after 1945. The analysis looks at both fascist ideas and practice, and at the often uneasy relationship between the two. The book is not designed to provide any final answers to the fascist problem and no quick definition emerges from its pages. Readers will rather find there historical debate. On appropriate occasions, the authors disagree with each other and have not been forced into any artificial 'consensus', offering readers the chance to engage with the debates over a phenomenon that, more than any other single factor, led humankind into the catastrophe of the Second World War.

Die Komintern

Gründung, Programmatik, Akteure
Author: Aleksandr Ju Vatlin
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783320021726
Category: Communism
Page: 366
View: 1245
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Stille Revolutionen

Die Neuformierung der Welt seit 1989
Author: Katharina Kucher,Gregor Thum,Sören Urbansky
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593419580
Category: History
Page: 250
View: 9489
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Der Zusammenbruch der kommunistischen Regime 1989 hat nicht nur im östlichen Europa tief greifende Veränderungen in Gang gesetzt. Ein ganzer Kontinent ist in Bewegung geraten, mit Auswirkungen, die sich auch in Irkutsk, Shanghai oder Chicago spüren lassen. Wie weitreichend dieser Wandel ist, schildern die Autorinnen und Autoren in 21 farbigen Essays. Welche neuen Räume und Identitäten entstehen? Wie ändert sich der Blick der Menschen auf die Geschichte? Und wie rasch entgleiten uns die Erinnerungen an die Zeit des Kalten Krieges und der Teilung, die unser Denken und Handeln so lange bestimmt haben? Die Essays ergeben ein Mosaik von Beobachtungen und Reflexionen über eine sich seit 1989 auf faszinierende Weise neu formierende Welt. Mit Beiträgen von Markus Ackeret, Felix Ackermann, Hans Magnus Enzensberger, José Maria Faraldo, Sheila Fitzpatrick, Klaus Gestwa, Julian Hans, Helga Hirsch, Gangolf Hübinger, Gerd Koenen, Katharina Kucher, Ruth Leiserowitz, Claudio Magris, Jan Musekamp, Norman M. Naimark, Jan Plamper, Gábor T. Rittersporn, Dirk Sager, Rosalinde Sartorti, Susanne Schattenberg, Gregor Thum und Sören Urbansky.

Geschichte Europas von 1945 bis zur Gegenwart


Author: Tony Judt
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783596180318
Category: Europa - Geschichte 1945-2005
Page: 1024
View: 380
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The Oxford Handbook of the History of Consumption


Author: Frank Trentmann
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191624357
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 720
View: 4365
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The term 'consumption' covers the desire for goods and services, their acquisition, use, and disposal. The study of consumption has grown enormously in recent years, and it has been the subject of major historiographical debates: did the eighteenth century bring a consumer revolution? Was there a great divergence between East and West? Did the twentieth century see the triumph of global consumerism? Questions of consumption have become defining topics in all branches of history, from gender and labour history to political history and cultural studies. The Oxford Handbook of the History of Consumption offers a timely overview of how our understanding of consumption in history has changed in the last generation, taking the reader from the ancient period to the twenty-first century. It includes chapters on Asia, Europe, Africa, and North America, brings together new perspectives, highlights cutting-edge areas of research, and offers a guide through the main historiographical developments. Contributions from leading historians examine the spaces of consumption, consumer politics, luxury and waste, nationalism and empire, the body, well-being, youth cultures, and fashion. The Handbook also showcases the different ways in which recent historians have approached the subject, from cultural and economic history to political history and technology studies, including areas where multidisciplinary approaches have been especially fruitful.

The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies


Author: Michael Freeden,Lyman Tower Sargent,Marc Stears
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191663719
Category: Political Science
Page: 752
View: 4574
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This is the first comprehensive volume to offer a state of the art investigation both of the nature of political ideologies and of their main manifestations. The diversity of ideology studies is represented by a mixture of the range of theories that illuminate the field, combined with an appreciation of the changing complexity of concrete ideologies and the emergence of new ones. Ideologies, however, are always with us. The Handbook is divided into three sections: The first is divided into three sections: The first reflects some of the latest thinking about the development of ideology on an historical dimension, from the standpoints of conceptual history, Marx studies, social science theory and history, and leading schools of continental philosophy. The second includes some of the most recent interpretations and theories of ideology, all of which are sympathetic in their own ways to its exploration and close investigation, even when judiciously critical of its social impact. This section contains many of the more salient contemporary accounts of ideology. The third focuses on the leading ideological families and traditions, as well as on some of their cultural and geographical manifestations, incorporating both historical and contemporary perspectives. Each chapter is written by an expert in their field, bringing the latest approaches and understandings to their task. The Handbook will position the study of ideologies in the mainstream of political theory and political analysis and will attest to its indispensability both to courses on political theory and to scholars who wish to take their understanding of ideologies in new directions.

The Oxford Handbook of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe and Colonial America


Author: Brian P. Levack
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191648841
Category: History
Page: 646
View: 1267
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The essays in this Handbook, written by leading scholars working in the rapidly developing field of witchcraft studies, explore the historical literature regarding witch beliefs and witch trials in Europe and colonial America between the early fifteenth and early eighteenth centuries. During these years witches were thought to be evil people who used magical power to inflict physical harm or misfortune on their neighbours. Witches were also believed to have made pacts with the devil and sometimes to have worshipped him at nocturnal assemblies known as sabbaths. These beliefs provided the basis for defining witchcraft as a secular and ecclesiastical crime and prosecuting tens of thousands of women and men for this offence. The trials resulted in as many as fifty thousand executions. These essays study the rise and fall of witchcraft prosecutions in the various kingdoms and territories of Europe and in English, Spanish, and Portuguese colonies in the Americas. They also relate these prosecutions to the Catholic and Protestant reformations, the introduction of new forms of criminal procedure, medical and scientific thought, the process of state-building, profound social and economic change, early modern patterns of gender relations, and the wave of demonic possessions that occurred in Europe at the same time. The essays survey the current state of knowledge in the field, explore the academic controversies that have arisen regarding witch beliefs and witch trials, propose new ways of studying the subject, and identify areas for future research.

The Oxford Handbook of Postwar European History


Author: Dan Stone
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191625280
Category: History
Page: 800
View: 1621
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The postwar period is no longer current affairs but is becoming the recent past. As such, it is increasingly attracting the attentions of historians. Whilst the Cold War has long been a mainstay of political science and contemporary history, recent research approaches postwar Europe in many different ways, all of which are represented in the thirty-five chapters of this book. As well as diplomatic, political, institutional, economic, and social history, The Oxford Handbook of Postwar European History contains chapters which approach the past through the lenses of gender, espionage, art and architecture, technology, agriculture, heritage, postcolonialism, memory, and generational change, and shows how the history of postwar Europe can be enriched by looking to disciplines such as anthropology and philosophy. The Handbook covers all of Europe, with a notable focus on Eastern Europe. Including subjects as diverse as the meaning of 'Europe' and European identity, southern Europe after dictatorship, the cultural meanings of the bomb, the 1968 student uprisings, immigration, Americanization, welfare, leisure, decolonization, the Wars of Yugoslav Succession, and coming to terms with the Nazi past, the essays in this Handbook offer an unparalleled coverage of postwar European history that offers far more than the standard Cold War framework. Readers will find self-contained, state-of-the-art analyses of major subjects, each written by an acknowledged expert, as well as stimulating and novel approaches to newer topics. Combining empirical rigour and adventurous conceptual analysis, this Handbook offers in one substantial volume a guide to the numerous ways in which historians are now rewriting the history of postwar Europe.

The Oxford Handbook of Atheism


Author: Stephen Bullivant,Michael Ruse
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191667404
Category: Religion
Page: 784
View: 7237
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Recent books by, among others, Sam Harris, Richard Dawkins, and Christopher Hitchens have thrust atheism firmly into the popular, media, and academic spotlight. This so-called New Atheism is arguably the most striking development in western socio-religious culture of the past decade or more. As such, it has spurred fertile (and often heated) discussions both within, and between, a diverse range of disciplines. Yet atheism, and the New Atheism, are by no means co-extensive. Interesting though it indeed is, the New Atheism is a single, historically and culturally specific manifestation of positive atheism (the that there is/are no God/s), which is itself but one form of a far deeper, broader, and more significant global phenomenon. The Oxford Handbook of Atheism is a pioneering edited volume, exploring atheism—understood in the broad sense of 'an absence of belief in the existence of a God or gods'—in all the richness and diversity of its historical and contemporary expressions. Bringing together an international team of established and emerging scholars, it probes the varied manifestations and implications of unbelief from an array of disciplinary perspectives (philosophy, history, sociology, anthropology, demography, psychology, natural sciences, gender and sexuality studies, literary criticism, film studies, musicology) and in a range of global contexts (Western Europe, North America, post-communist Europe, the Islamic world, Japan, India). Both surveying and synthesizing previous work, and presenting the major fruits of innovative recent research, the handbook is set to be a landmark text for the study of atheism.

Solo

Roman
Author: Rana Dasgupta
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783453408999
Category:
Page: 463
View: 9335
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The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies


Author: Shane Martin,Thomas Saalfeld,Kaare W. Strøm
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191019070
Category: Political Science
Page: 800
View: 2394
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Legislatures are political bodies essential to democracy and the rule of law. They present social scientists with numerous intriguing puzzles, with far-reaching implications for our understanding of political institutions. Why, and how, have these ancient assemblies, established in pre-democratic times, survived the transition to mass democracies? How have they adapted? How do they structure such processes as budgeting, legislation, and executive oversight? How do their members get selected, and what consequences flow from differences in these rules? What roles do committees and political parties play in contemporary legislatures? What functions do legislatures perform in autocratic, semi-democratic or recently democratized societies? What explains the similarities and differences in legislative rules, powers and recruitment? What are the policy and other consequences of variation in how legislatures are organized and function? The 33 chapters in The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies, written by 47 of the most distinguished legislative scholars, provide a comprehensive and up-to-date description and assessment of the state of the art in legislative studies. Key themes explored include theoretical paradigms and methodological approaches to the study of legislatures, representation and legislative careers, internal organization, the role of parties within legislatures and the role of legislatures in policy making and accountability. The Handbook also explores the emergence of parliaments in historical and contemporary contexts, including new democracies and trans-national institutions.

Aufstieg und Fall des Kommunismus


Author: Archie Brown
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783549072936
Category: Communism
Page: 938
View: 9297
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Jenseits der Zeit

Roman
Author: Cixin Liu
Publisher: Heyne Verlag
ISBN: 3641174597
Category: Fiction
Page: 800
View: 6154
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Mit »Die drei Sonnen« hat Cixin Liu die Welt verzaubert. Mark Zuckerberg, Barack Obama und Millionen begeisterter Leser sind dem chinesischen Starautor in seine atemberaubende Zukunftsvision gefolgt. Nach dem ersten Aufeinandertreffen zweier stellarer Zivilisationen im Folgeband »Der dunkle Wald« steuert Liu im dritten Roman »Jenseits der Zeit« auf den Höhepunkt der Trilogie zu – und bringt die Menschheit an den Rand ihrer eigenen Existenz.

The Oxford Handbook of Electoral Systems


Author: Erik S. Herron,Robert J. Pekkanen,Matthew S. Shugart
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190258675
Category: Political Science
Page: 752
View: 9162
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No subject is more central to the study of politics than elections. All across the globe, elections are a focal point for citizens, the media, and politicians long before--and sometimes long after--they occur. Electoral systems, the rules about how voters' preferences are translated into election results, profoundly shape the results not only of individual elections but also of many other important political outcomes, including party systems, candidate selection, and policy choices. Electoral systems have been a hot topic in established democracies from the UK and Italy to New Zealand and Japan. Even in the United States, events like the 2016 presidential election and court decisions such as Citizens United have sparked advocates to promote change in the Electoral College, redistricting, and campaign-finance rules. Elections and electoral systems have also intensified as a field of academic study, with groundbreaking work over the past decade sharpening our understanding of how electoral systems fundamentally shape the connections among citizens, government, and policy. This volume provides an in-depth exploration of the origins and effects of electoral systems.

The Oxford Handbook of Martin Luther's Theology


Author: Robert Kolb,Irene Dingel,Lubomír Batka
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191667471
Category: Religion
Page: 672
View: 5988
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As celebrations of the five-hundredth anniversary of Martin Luther's initiation of the most dramatic reform movement in the history of Christianity approach, 47 essays by historians and theologians from 15 countries provide insight into the background and context, the content, and the impact of his way of thought. Nineteenth-century Chinese educational reformers, twentieth-century African and Indian social reformers, German philosophers and Christians of many traditions on every continent have found in Luther's writings stimulation and provocation for addressing modern problems. This volume offers studies of the late medieval intellectual milieus in which his thought was formed, the hermeneutical principles that guided his reading and application of the Bible, the content of his formulations of Christian teaching on specific topics, his social and ethic thought, the ways in which his contemporaries, both supporters and opponents, helped shape his ideas, the role of specific genre in developing his positions on issues of the day, and the influences he has exercised in the past and continues to exercise today in various parts of the world and the Christian church. Authors synthesize the scholarly debates and analysis of Luther's thinking and point to future areas of research and exploration of his thought.

The Oxford Handbook of Iranian History


Author: Touraj Daryaee
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190208821
Category: History
Page: 432
View: 6266
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This Handbook is a current, comprehensive single-volume history of Iranian civilization. The authors, all leaders in their fields, emphasize the large-scale continuities of Iranian history while also describing the important patterns of transformation that have characterized Iran's past. Each of the chapters focuses on a specific epoch of Iranian history and surveys the general political, social, cultural, and economic issues of that era. The ancient period begins with chapters considering the anthropological evidence of the prehistoric era, through to the early settled civilizations of the Iranian plateau, and continuing to the rise of the ancient Persian empires. The medieval section first considers the Arab-Muslim conquest of the seventh century, and then moves on to discuss the growing Turkish influence filtering in from Central Asia beginning in the tenth and eleventh centuries. The last third of the book covers Iran in the modern era by considering the rise of the Safavid state and its accompanying policy of centralization, the introduction of Shi'ism, the problems of reform and modernization in the Qajar and Pahlavi periods, and the revolution of 1978-79 and its aftermath. The book is a collaborative exercise among scholars specializing in a variety of sub-fields, and across a number of disciplines, including history, art history, classics, literature, politics, and linguistics. Here, readers can find a reliable and accessible narrative that can serve as an authoritative guide to the field of Iranian studies.

France in an Era of Global War, 1914-1945

Occupation, Politics, Empire and Entanglements
Author: A. Carrol,L. Broch
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137443502
Category: History
Page: 257
View: 9988
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In France in an Era of Global War, scholars re-examine experiences of French politics, occupation, empire and entanglements with the Anglophone world between 1914 and 1945. In doing so, they question the long-standing myths and assumptions which continue to surround this period, and offer new avenues of enquiry.

Politik und Religion


Author: Michael Minkenberg,Ulrich Willems
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322804062
Category: Political Science
Page: 616
View: 773
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Ohne Zweifel ist die Religion auf die politische Agenda zurückgekehrt. Eine Vielzahl von Entwicklungen innerhalb und außerhalb Europas belegt die Beharrlichkeit der Religion auch in der Politik und eine veränderte Rolle ihr gegenüber. Religion und darauf gegründete kulturelle Unterschiede scheinen eine neue Bedeutung für die Politik und das Funktionieren der jeweiligen Herrschaftsordnungen zu gewinnen. Dies stellt die immer noch weit verbreitete säkularisierungstheoretische Annahme vom Niedergang der Religion in Frage. Ebenso problematisch ist jedoch eine Verengung des Blickwinkels auf den religiösen Fundamentalismus. Die Beiträge dieses Sonderheftes greifen diese sowie weitere Fragen vornehmlich in vergleichender Perspektive auf und diskutieren Perspektiven für die Ausgestaltung des Verhältnisses von Politik und Religion in unterschiedlichen gesellschaftlichen und politischen Kontexten.