The Palgrave Handbook of Altruism, Morality, and Social Solidarity

Formulating a Field of Study
Author: V. Jeffries
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137391863
Category: Philosophy
Page: 434
View: 6613
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The study of altruism, morality, and social solidarity is an emerging field of scholarship and research in sociology. This handbook will function as a foundational source for this subject matter and field, and as an impetus to its further development.

The Palgrave Handbook of Altruism, Morality, and Social Solidarity

Formulating a Field of Study
Author: V. Jeffries
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9781349483112
Category: Philosophy
Page: 434
View: 6831
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The study of altruism, morality, and social solidarity is an emerging field of scholarship and research in sociology. This handbook will function as a foundational source for this subject matter and field, and as an impetus to its further development.

The Palgrave Handbook of Altruism, Morality, and Social Solidarity

Formulating a Field of Study
Author: Vincent Jeffries
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9781137391841
Category: Philosophy
Page: 452
View: 3080
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Altruism, morality, and social solidarity are of great sociological importance, but the nature of a coherent field integrating the contemporary study of these three phenomena has yet to be defined. This handbook serves as a foundational source for outlining and developing this field of study, and as an impetus for future research and theoretical development. Featuring a number of outstanding contributors, The Palgrave Handbook of Altruism, Morality, and Social Solidarity reawakens the study of concepts which were of central concern in the early years of sociology, and establishes their interdependence and modern significance.

United America


Author: Wayne Baker
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781939880291
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 246
View: 3952
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First, this book is unique in subject. Dr. Wayne Baker is reporting a surprising truth about Americans: We are united by 10 Core Values. This truth is empowering because it enables us to rise above and see beyond political polarization, Washington gridlock, the imagery of Red/Blue states, and the rhetoric of culture wars and class warfare. In these pages, Dr. Baker shows how Americans agree on a surprising number of principles, based on years of nonpartisan, scientifically balanced polling and research. Second, this book is exceptional in its format, designed for individual reading and flexible use in classes, small groups and other settings where men and women enjoy civil discussion about the urgent issues of our day. Educators and business leaders will find this book very useful, partly because it is so easy to adapt for your setting. You may choose to read it cover to cover or tailor it to your particular interests and preferences. You can select the chapters and values you are most eager to read about and read them in any order. Within each chapter you will find topics to contemplate and discuss, along with questions that will stimulate reflection and respectful discussion about a value, what it means, and the challenges of applying it. Dr. Baker defines a Core American Value as a value that is strongly held by a large majority of Americans, stable over time, and shared across diverse demographic, religious, and political lines. A core value is not a prescription of what Americans ought to believe, but what Americans actually do believe. The meaning of "core values" can be seized, manipulated, and wielded by either side of the political aisle. This book is an attempt to reclaim the concept of "core values" from those who would usurp it, and make it a more neutral term. The idea that we share certain basic values is valuable and empowering-it's an insight that can bridge political chasms rather than deepen them.

Someone to Talk to


Author: Mario Luis Small
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190661429
Category: Psychology
Page: 288
View: 8288
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When people are facing difficulties, they often feel the need for a confidant-a person to vent to or a sympathetic ear with whom to talk things through. How do they decide on whom to rely? In theory, the answer seems obvious: if the matter is personal, they will turn to a spouse, a family member, or someone close. In practice, what people actually do often belies these expectations. In Someone To Talk To, Mario L. Small follows a group of graduate students as they cope with stress, overwork, self-doubt, failure, relationships, children, health care, and poverty. He unravels how they decide whom to turn to for support. And he then confirms his findings based on representative national data on adult Americans. Small shows that rather than consistently rely on their "strong ties," Americans often take pains to avoid close friends and family, as these relationships are both complex and fraught with expectations. In contrast, they often confide in "weak ties," as the need for understanding or empathy trumps their fear of misplaced trust. In fact, people may find themselves confiding in acquaintances and even strangers unexpectedly, without having reflected on the consequences. Someone To Talk To reveals the often counter-intuitive nature of social support, helping us understand questions as varied as why a doctor may hide her depression from friends, how a teacher may come out of the closet unintentionally, why people may willingly share with others their struggle to pay the rent, and why even competitors can be among a person's best confidants. Amid a growing wave of big data and large-scale network analysis, Small returns to the basic questions of who we connect with, how, and why, upending decades of conventional wisdom on how we should think about and analyze social networks.

Movers and Shakers

Social Movements in Africa
Author: Stephen Ellis,Ineke Van Kessel
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004180133
Category: History
Page: 257
View: 491
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This collection of empirical and theoretical studies of social movements in Africa is a corrective to a literature that has largely ignored that continent. It shows that Africa s social movements have distinctive features that are related to its specific history.

The Great Transformation

The Political and Economic Origins of Our Time
Author: Karl Polanyi
Publisher: Beacon Press
ISBN: 080705643X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 317
View: 7528
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One of the twentieth century's most thorough and discerning historians, Karl Polanyi sheds "new illumination on . . . the social implications of a particular economic system, the market economy that grew into full stature in the nineteenth century." -R. M. MacIver

Unequal Foundations

Inequality, Morality, and Emotions Across Cultures
Author: Steven Hitlin,Sarah K. Harkness
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190465409
Category: Philosophy
Page: 240
View: 6294
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Unequal Foundations offers readers a novel theory and a unique use of cross-cultural data to assert that the level of economic inequality in a society is reflected in the emotional experience of its members. People living in societies with more equality (countries such as Japan, Germany, and Canada) generally experience more positive, binding emotions on a regular basis. On the other hand, those living in unequal societies (the United States and China, for example) are significantly more likely to regularly experience negative, sanctioning moral emotions. In this book, authors Steven Hitlin and Sarah K. Harkness explore the idea that morality operates at both the societal and individual levels, and contend that individual moral emotions represent the distal structure of society. In addition to developing this broad theory ranging from society to the individual, Hitlin and Harkness offer their readers a novel use of data from a tool drawn from the affect control theory tradition in order to demonstrate empirical support for this theory. As such, the authors delve deeper than previous literature by presenting data that supports their general approach using a method designed for cross-cultural comparative research.

The Social Psychology of Good and Evil, Second Edition


Author: Arthur G. Miller
Publisher: Guilford Publications
ISBN: 1462525393
Category: Psychology
Page: 542
View: 7393
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"This timely, accessible reference and text addresses some of the most fundamental questions about human behavior, such as what causes racism and prejudice and why good people do bad things. Leading authorities present state-of-the-science theoretical and empirical work. Essential themes include the complex interaction of individual, societal, and situational factors underpinning good or evil behavior; the role of moral emotions, unconscious bias, and the self-concept; issues of responsibility and motivation; and how technology and globalization have enabled newer forms of threat and harm. Key Words/Subject Areas: aggression, altruism, antisocial, evil, free will, good, guilt, heroism, human behavior, morality, prejudice, prosocial, racism, shame, social psychology, stereotyping, terrorism, values, violence Audience: Students and researchers in social psychology; also of interest to sociologists. "--

Solidarity in Biomedicine and Beyond


Author: Barbara Prainsack,Alena Buyx
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108107648
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 4822
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In times of global economic and political crises, the notion of solidarity is gaining new currency. This book argues that a solidarity-based perspective can help us to find new ways to address pressing problems. Exemplified by three case studies from the field of biomedicine: databases for health and disease research, personalised healthcare, and organ donation, it explores how solidarity can make a difference in how we frame problems, and in the policy solutions that we can offer.

Identity Theory


Author: Peter J. Burke,Jan E. Stets
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199889112
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 9472
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The concept of identity has become widespread within the social and behavioral sciences in recent years, cutting across disciplines from psychiatry and psychology to political science and sociology. All individuals claim particular identities given their roles in society, groups they belong to, and characteristics that describe themselves. Introduced almost 30 years ago, identity theory is a social psychological theory that attempts to understand identities, their sources in interaction and society, their processes of operation, and their consequences for interaction and society from a sociological perspective. This book describes identity theory, its origins, the research that supports it, and its future direction. It covers the relation between identity theory and other related theories, as well as the nature and operation of identities. In addition, the book discusses the multiple identities individuals hold from their multiple positions in society and organizations as well as the multiple identities activated by many people interacting in groups and organizations. And, it covers the manner in which identities offer both stability and change to individuals. Written in an accessible style, Identity Theory makes, step by step, the full range of this powerful new theory understandable to readers at all levels.

Moral Sentiments and Material Interests

The Foundations of Cooperation in Economic Life
Author: Herbert Gintis
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262072526
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 404
View: 6735
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Multidisciplinary research into cooperation and the implications for public policy, drawing on insights from economics, anthropology, biology, social psychology, and sociology.

The Palgrave Handbook of State-Sponsored History After 1945


Author: Berber Bevernage,Nico Wouters
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349953067
Category: History
Page: 877
View: 6352
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This handbook provides the first systematic integrated analysis of the role that states or state actors play in the construction of history and public memory after 1945. The book focuses on many different forms of state-sponsored history, including memory laws, monuments and memorials, state-archives, science policies, history in schools, truth commissions, historical expert commissions, the use of history in courts and tribunals etc. The handbook contributes to the study of history and public memory by combining elements of state-focused research in separate fields of study. By looking at the state’s memorialising capacities the book introduces an analytical perspective that is not often found in classical studies of the state. The handbook has a broad geographical focus and analyses cases from different regions around the world. The volume mainly tackles democratic contexts, although dictatorial regimes are not excluded.

Liquid Surveillance

A Conversation
Author: Zygmunt Bauman,David Lyon
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745664024
Category: Social Science
Page: 152
View: 7443
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‘Today the smallest details of our daily lives are tracked and traced more closely than ever before, and those who are monitored often cooperate willingly with the monitors. From London and New York to New Delhi, Shanghai and Rio de Janeiro, video cameras are a familiar and accepted sight in public places. Air travel now commonly involves devices such as body-scanners and biometric checks that have proliferated in the wake of 9/11. And every day Google and credit-card issuers note the details of our habits, concerns and preferences, quietly prompting customized marketing strategies with our active, all too often zealous cooperation. In today’s liquid modern world, the paths of daily life are mobile and flexible. Crossing national borders is a commonplace activity and immersion in social media increasingly ubiquitous. Today’s citizens, workers, consumers and travellers are always on the move but often lacking certainty and lasting bonds. But in this world where spaces may not be fixed and time is boundless, our perpetual motion does not go unnoticed. Surveillance spreads in hitherto unimaginable ways, responding to and reproducing the slippery nature of modern life, seeping into areas where it once had only marginal sway. In this book the surveillance analysis of David Lyon meets the liquid modern world so insightfully dissected by Zygmunt Bauman. Is a dismal future of moment-by-moment monitoring closing in, or are there still spaces of freedom and hope? How do we realize our responsibility for the human beings before us, often lost in discussions of data and categorization? Dealing with questions of power, technology and morality, this book is a brilliant analysis of what it means to be watched – and watching – today.

Talking to Our Selves

Reflection, Ignorance, and Agency
Author: John M. Doris
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191047325
Category: Philosophy
Page: 240
View: 7501
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John M. Doris presents a new account of agency and responsibility, which reconciles our understanding of ourselves as moral agents with psychological research on the unconscious mind. Much philosophical theorizing maintains that the exercise of morally responsible agency consists in judgment and behavior ordered by accurate reflection. On such theories, when human beings are able to direct their lives in the manner philosophers have dignified with the honorific 'agency', it's because they know what they're doing, and why they're doing it. This understanding is compromised by quantities of psychological research on unconscious processing, which suggests that accurate reflection is distressingly uncommon; very often behavior is ordered by surprisingly inaccurate self-awareness. Thus, if agency requires accurate reflection, people seldom exercise agency, and skepticism about agency threatens. To counter the skeptical threat, John M. Doris proposes an alternative theory that requires neither reflection nor accurate self-awareness: he identifies a dialogic form of agency where self-direction is facilitated by exchange of the rationalizations with which people explain and justify themselves to one another. The result is a stoutly interdisciplinary theory sensitive to both what human beings are like—creatures with opaque and unruly psychologies-and what they need: an account of agency sufficient to support a practice of moral responsibility.

Cinematic Sociology

Social Life in Film
Author: Jean-Anne Sutherland,Kathryn Feltey
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412992842
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 475
View: 9378
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Cinematic Sociology is a one-of-a-kind resource that helps students to view films sociologically while also providing much needed pedagogy for teaching sociology through film. In this engaging text the authors take readers beyond watching movies and help them see films sociologically while also developing critical thinking and analytical skills that will be useful in college coursework and beyond. The book's 15 essays from expert scholars in sociology and cultural studies explore the ways social life is presented - distorted, magnified, or politicized - in popular film.

A European Social Union after the Crisis


Author: Frank Vandenbroucke,Catherine Barnard,Geert De Baere
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108415784
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 3549
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Many people believe that the EU lacks solidarity and needs a social dimension. This debate is not new but, until recently, the notion of a 'social Europe' remained vague and elusive. What is now required is a coherent conception of the reasons behind and the agenda for a European Social Union. This book offers the first in-depth examination of the rationale and feasibility of such a Social Union. It explores how we can justify, define and demarcate an appropriate notion of European solidarity and examines legal and political barriers. In short, rather than merely deploring the lack of a social dimension to the EU, it provides new perspectives and answers to questions of 'why', 'what', and 'how'. A cast of outstanding scholars and practitioners reflect on the obstacles and solutions, incorporating economic, social, philosophical, legal and political perspectives.

The Heart of Religion

Spiritual Empowerment, Benevolence, and the Experience of God's Love
Author: Matthew T. Lee,Margaret M. Poloma,Stephen G. Post
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199931887
Category: Religion
Page: 301
View: 7458
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Drawing on an extensive survey of 1,200 Christian men and women across the United States, as well as 120 in-depth interviews, Matthew T. Lee, Margaret M. Poloma, and Stephen G. Post offer a deeper and more nuanced study of religion and benevolence, finding that it is the experience of God as loving that activates religious networks and moves people to do good for others.

World Report on Ageing and Health


Author: World Health Organization
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241565047
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 246
View: 4346
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The WHO World report on ageing and health is not for the book shelf it is a living breathing testament to all older people who have fought for their voice to be heard at all levels of government across disciplines and sectors. - Mr Bjarne Hastrup President International Federation on Ageing and CEO DaneAge This report outlines a framework for action to foster Healthy Ageing built around the new concept of functional ability. This will require a transformation of health systems away from disease based curative models and towards the provision of older-person-centred and integrated care. It will require the development sometimes from nothing of comprehensive systems of long term care. It will require a coordinated response from many other sectors and multiple levels of government. And it will need to draw on better ways of measuring and monitoring the health and functioning of older populations. These actions are likely to be a sound investment in society's future. A future that gives older people the freedom to live lives that previous generations might never have imagined. The World report on ageing and health responds to these challenges by recommending equally profound changes in the way health policies for ageing populations are formulated and services are provided. As the foundation for its recommendations the report looks at what the latest evidence has to say about the ageing process noting that many common perceptions and assumptions about older people are based on outdated stereotypes. The report's recommendations are anchored in the evidence comprehensive and forward-looking yet eminently practical. Throughout examples of experiences from different countries are used to illustrate how specific problems can be addressed through innovation solutions. Topics explored range from strategies to deliver comprehensive and person-centred services to older populations to policies that enable older people to live in comfort and safety to ways to correct the problems and injustices inherent in current systems for long-term care.

The Palgrave International Handbook of Women and Outdoor Learning


Author: Tonia Gray,Denise Mitten
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319535501
Category: Education
Page: 924
View: 5581
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This Handbook serves as a starting point for critical analysis and discourse about the status of women in outdoor learning environments (OLEs). Women choose to participate actively in outdoors careers, many believing the profession is a level playing field and that it offers alternatives to traditional sporting activities. They enter outdoor learning primarily on the strength of their enthusiasm for leading and teaching in natural environments and assume the field is inclusive, rewarding excellence regardless of age, gender, socioeconomic status, disability, or ethnicity. However, both research and collective experiences in OLEs suggest that many women feel invisible, relegated, marginalized, and undervalued. In response to this marginalization, this Handbook celebrates the richness of knowledge and practices of women practitioners in OLEs. Women scholars and practitioners from numerous fields, such as experiential outdoor education, adventure education, adventure therapy, and gender studies, explore the implications of their research and practice using poignant examples within their own disciplines. These insights emerge from similar life experiences as women and outdoor leaders in the 1970s to the present. Social inequalities still abound in OLEs, and the Handbook ensures that the contributions of women are highlighted as well as the work that needs to be done to make these spaces inclusive. Global in perspective and capacious in content, this one-stop volume is an indispensable reference resource for a diverse range of academics, including students and researchers in the fields of education, psychology, sociology, gender studies, geography, and environment studies, as well as the many outdoors fields.