The Persian Puzzle

Deciphering the Twenty-five-Year Conflict Between the United States and Iran
Author: Kenneth Pollack
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 9781588364340
Category: Political Science
Page: 576
View: 6427
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In his highly influential book The Threatening Storm, bestselling author Kenneth Pollack both informed and defined the national debate about Iraq. Now, in The Persian Puzzle, published to coincide with the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Iran hostage crisis, he examines the behind-the-scenes story of the tumultuous relationship between Iran and the United States, and weighs options for the future. Here Pollack, a former CIA analyst and National Security Council official, brings his keen analysis and insider perspective to the long and ongoing clash between the United States and Iran, beginning with the fall of the shah and the seizure of the American embassy in Tehran in 1979. Pollack examines all the major events in U.S.-Iran relations–including the hostage crisis, the U.S. tilt toward Iraq during the Iran-Iraq war, the Iran-Contra scandal, American-Iranian military tensions in 1987 and 1988, the covert Iranian war against U.S. interests in the Persian Gulf that culminated in the 1996 Khobar Towers terrorist attack in Saudi Arabia, and recent U.S.-Iran skirmishes over Afghanistan and Iraq. He explains the strategies and motives from American and Iranian perspectives and tells how each crisis colored the thinking of both countries’ leadership as they shaped and reshaped their policies over time. Pollack also describes efforts by moderates of various stripes to try to find some way past animosities to create a new dynamic in Iranian-American relations, only to find that when one side was ready for such a step, the other side fell short. With balanced tone and insight, Pollack explains how the United States and Iran reached this impasse; why this relationship is critical to regional, global, and U.S. interests; and what basic political choices are available as we deal with this important but deeply troubled country.

Alle Menschen sind gleich - erfolgreiche nicht

Die verblüffenden kulturellen Ursachen von Erfolg
Author: Amy Chua,Jed Rubenfeld
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593422794
Category: Social Science
Page: 318
View: 1224
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Warum sind Einwanderer aus China und dem Iran Gewinnertypen und die aus anderen Nationen oft nicht? »Tigermutter« Amy Chua und ihr Mann Jed Rubenfeld haben eine überraschende Antwort. Erfolg hat, wer drei Dinge mit auf den Weg bekommt: das Gefühl kollektiver Überlegenheit, gepaart mit einer tiefen Unsicherheit gegenüber der neuen Gesellschaft und nicht zuletzt einer guten Portion Selbstdisziplin. Das Gute: Das Erfolgsprinzip ist kulturell geprägt, aber dennoch übertragbar und kann uns auch hierzulande eine Lehre sein. Vorausgesetzt, wir haben den nötigen Biss!

Iran and the Bomb

Solving the Persian Puzzle
Author: Foreign Affairs
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780876095324
Category: Political Science
Page: 204
View: 4009
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V. 1. : Bringing together a broad range of important articles from Foreign Affairs and ForeignAffairs.com, Iran and the Bomb tells the story of Iran's quest for nuclear weapons and the outside world's struggle to respond. The arguments presented span every significant position on the political spectrum, and the authors include world-renowned experts from several disciplines, backgrounds, and countries, including Jahangir Amuzegar, Ehud Eiran, Richard Haass, Michael Ledeen, James Lindsay, Colin Kahl, Matthew Kroenig, Suzanne Maloney, Mohsen Milani, Ray Takeyh, Kenneth Waltz, and more. An introduction by Foreign Affairs Editor Gideon Rose sets the stage for the debates that follow. Iran and the Bomb contains everything needed to understand the crisis and develop an informed, independent opinion on what should be done about it.--Publisher's description.

Iran and Christianity

Historical Identity and Present Relevance
Author: Mark Bradley
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1847060277
Category: History
Page: 197
View: 3575
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A fascinating look at the growing underground church in Iran, exploring the history of Iranian faith, culture and church growth.

The Iranian Puzzle Piece

Understanding Iran in the Global Context
Author: Marine Corps University (U.S.)
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 9780160841026
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 106
View: 3566
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Purpose: A one-day international symposium hosted by the Marine Corps University (MCU) and the Marine Corps University Foundation to enhance the overall understanding of Iran, exploring its internal dynamics, regional perspectives, and extra-regional factors and examining its near-term political and strategic options and their potential impact on the course of action of the United States and the USMC.

Unthinkable

Iran, the Bomb, and American Strategy
Author: Kenneth Pollack
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1476733937
Category: Political Science
Page: 536
View: 2105
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A foremost expert on Middle Eastern relations examines Iran's current nuclear potential while charting America's future course of action, recounting the prolonged clash between both nations to outline options for American policymakers. By the author of The Persian Puzzle.

U.S.-Iran Relations


Author: Avery Elizabeth Hurt
Publisher: Greenhaven Publishing LLC
ISBN: 1534501355
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 160
View: 1068
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The modern history of U.S.-Iran relations is a collection of iconic images: the Shah in regal glory on his throne; the Shah fleeing his country; the rapturous welcome of Ayatollah Khomeini; the parading of blindfolded American hostages; the burning wreckage of American rescue helicopters; Oliver North testifying on the Iran-Contra scandal; the volatile defiance of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad; the hope of the Green Movement; and the persistent gloom of Ali Khameini. Yet behind these images are decades worth of diplomatic efforts, policy statements, official speeches, and passionate opinion pieces written by politicians, policymakers, human rights activists, and engaged citizens. Readers who examine these disparate viewpoints will gain a deep understanding of the vital, urgent, strategic importance of this long fraught relationship.

The American Rhetorical Construction of the Iranian Nuclear Threat


Author: Jason Jones
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441119523
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 208
View: 7748
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Jason Jones analyzes the rhetorical construction of the Iranian nuclear threat during the Bush presidency, and US/Iran relations more generally.

Journey into Islam

The Crisis of Globalization
Author: Akbar Ahmed
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815701330
Category: Religion
Page: 323
View: 5278
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Globalization, the war on terror, and Islamic fundamentalism—followed closely by a rise in Islamophobia—have escalated tensions between Western nations and the Muslim world. Yet internationally renowned Islamic scholar Akbar Ahmed believes that through dialogue and understanding, these cultures can coexist peacefully and respectfully. That hope and belief result in an extraordinary journey. To learn what Muslims think and how they really view America, Ahmed traveled to the three major regions of the Muslim world the Middle East, South Asia, and East Asia. Journey into Islam: The Crisis of Globalization is the riveting story of his search for common ground. His absorbing narrative and personal photos bring the reader on a tour of Islam and its peoples. Ahmed sought to understand the experiences and perceptions of ordinary Muslims. Visiting mosques, madrassahs, and universities, he met with people ranging from Pakastan President Pervez Musharraf to prime ministers, princes, sheikhs, professors, and students. He observed, listened, and asked them questions. For example, who inspires them? What are they reading? How do the Internet and international media impact their lives? How do they view America, the West, and changes in society? Ahmed's anthropological expedition enjoyed extensive access to women and youths, revealing unique information on large yet often misunderstood populations. Lamentably, he found high levels of anti-Americanism and anti-Semitism and a widespread perception that Islam is under attack from the West. But he also brought back reason for hope. He returned from his groundbreaking travels both impressed with the concerned, kind nature of the individuals he encountered and invigorated with the vitality and passion they displayed. Journey into Islam makes a powerful plea for forming friendships across religion, race, and tradition to create lasting peace between Islam and the West.

Iranian Puzzle Piece: Understanding Iran in the Global Context


Author: Amin Tarzi
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 143794423X
Category:
Page: 106
View: 6896
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Contains the collected work from a one-day international symposium, held at Marine Corps Univ. It sought to clarify the waters -- to examine the "puzzle piece" labeled Iran and understand how it fits into the larger, global puzzle. These papers came out of that symposium; they provide insight into the multifaceted nature of Iran and its regime. Contents: Introduction; Iran Under Ahmadinejad; Talking to Tehran: With Whom, About What, and How?; When U.S.-Iranian Negotiations Start: A Primer; The Iranian Nuclear Issue; Iran's Policies and Iraq; Iran in the Israeli Threat Perception; The 2009 Iranian Presidential Election and Its Implications. Glossary. Map and diagram of Iranian Power Structure.

The Oil Kings

How the U.S., Iran, and Saudi Arabia Changed the Balance of Power in the Middle East
Author: Andrew Scott Cooper
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1439157138
Category: History
Page: 544
View: 8219
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struggling with a recession . . . European nations at risk of defaulting on their loans . . . A possible global financial crisis. It happened before, in the 1970s. Oil Kings is the story of how oil came to dominate U.S. domestic and international affairs. As Richard Nixon fought off Watergate inquiries in 1973, the U.S. economy reacted to an oil shortage initiated by Arab nations in retaliation for American support of Israel in the Arab- Israeli war. The price of oil skyrocketed, causing serious inflation. One man the U.S. could rely on in the Middle East was the Shah of Iran, a loyal ally whose grand ambitions had made him a leading customer for American weapons. Iran sold the U.S. oil; the U.S. sold Iran missiles and fighter jets. But the Shah’s economy depended almost entirely on oil, and the U.S. economy could not tolerate annual double-digit increases in the price of this essential commodity. European economies were hit even harder by the soaring oil prices, and several NATO allies were at risk of default on their debt. In 1976, with the U.S. economy in peril, President Gerald Ford, locked in a tight election race, decided he had to find a country that would sell oil to the U.S. more cheaply and break the OPEC monopoly, which the Shah refused to do. On the advice of Treasury Secretary William Simon and against the advice of Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, Ford made a deal to sell advanced weaponry to the Saudis in exchange for a modest price hike on oil. Ford lost the election, but the deal had lasting consequences. The Shah’s economy was destabilized, and disaffected elements in Iran mobilized to overthrow him. The U.S. had embarked on a long relationship with the autocratic Saudi kingdom that continues to this day. Andrew Scott Cooper draws on newly declassified documents and interviews with some key figures of the time to show how Nixon, Ford, Kissinger, the CIA, and the State and Treasury departments—as well as the Shah and the Saudi royal family— maneuvered to control events in the Middle East. He details the secret U.S.-Saudi plan to circumvent OPEC that destabilized the Shah. He reveals how close the U.S. came to sending troops into the Persian Gulf to break the Arab oil embargo. The Oil Kings provides solid evidence that U.S. officials ignored warning signs of a potential hostage crisis in Iran. It discloses that U.S. officials offered to sell nuclear power and nuclear fuel to the Shah. And it shows how the Ford Administration barely averted a European debt crisis that could have triggered a financial catastrophe in the U.S. Brilliantly reported and filled with astonishing details about some of the key figures of the time, The Oil Kings is the history of an era that we thought we knew, an era whose momentous reverberations still influence events at home and abroad today.

Bitter Friends, Bosom Enemies

Iran, the U.S., and the Twisted Path to Confrontation
Author: Barbara Slavin
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 1466803223
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 5992
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With lucid analysis and engaging storytelling, USA Today senior diplomatic correspondent Barbara Slavin portrays the complex love-hate relationship between Iran and the United States. She takes into account deeply imbedded cultural habits and political goals to illuminate a struggle that promises to remain a headline story over the next decade. In this fascinating look, Slavin provides details of thwarted efforts at reconciliation under both the Clinton and Bush presidencies and opportunities rebuffed by the Bush administration in its belief that invading Iraq would somehow weaken Iran's Islamic government. Yet despite the dire situation in Iraq, the Bush administration appears to be building a case for confrontation with Iran based on the same three issues it used against Saddam Hussein's regime: weapons of mass destruction, support for terrorism, and repression of human rights. The U.S. charges Iran is supporting terrorists inside and outside Iraq and is repressing its own people who, in the words of U.S. officials, "deserve better." Slavin believes the U.S. government may be suffering from the same lack of understanding and foresight that led it into prolonged warfare in Iraq. One of the few reporters to interview Iranian president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, as well as his two predecessors and scores of ordinary Iranians, Slavin gives insight into what the U.S. government may not be taking into account. She portrays Iran as a country that both adores and fears America and has a deeply rooted sense of its own historical and regional importance. Despite government propaganda that portrays the U.S. as the "Great Satan," many Iranians have come to idolize staples of American pop culture while clinging to their own traditions. This is clearly not a relationship to be taken a face value. The interplay between the U.S. and Iran will only grow more complex as Iran moves toward becoming a nuclear power. Distrustful of each other's intentions yet longing at some level to reconcile, neither Tehran nor Washington know how this story will end.

Tchaikovsky 19, A Diplomatic Life Behind the Iron Curtain


Author: Robert F. Ober, Jr.
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 145351791X
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 482
View: 8508
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"Readers will discover the failures of Kissinger ́s policy of detente in the early 1970s, the mistaken departure from Carter ́s balanced policy toward China and the USSR, and the near-collapse of the embassy due to intelligence failures"-Foreign Service Journal. "Ober ́s book recounts it all, along with the personalities and events of the time now mostly forgotten: dissidents and refuseniks, Victor and Jennifer Louis, Nina and Ed Stevens, U.S.-Soviet summits, microwaves, bugged buildings and typewriters, fires, spy dust and spy mania . . . It ́s all there, the pageant of U.S. Embassy Moscow 1970-90, a place so unlike today ́s walled air-conditioned, high-rise embassy fortress a block away as to beggar the imagination."-Richard Gilbert, AmericanDiplomacy.org "You have wonderfully captured the way things were in the Soviet Union in the 1970s and ́80s. I don ́t know anyone who has done it better."-Donald Connery, former Time-Life correspondent, Moscow. "Together with much wisdom about American diplomacy, this rich memoir provides keen insight into Russian thinking and behavior"-George Feifer, "The Girl from Petrovka".

Which Path to Persia?

Options for a New American Strategy toward Iran
Author: Kenneth M. Pollack,Daniel L. Byman,Martin S. Indyk,Suzanne Maloney,Michael E. O'Hanlon,Bruce Riedel
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780815703792
Category: Political Science
Page: 241
View: 575
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Crafting a new policy toward Iran is a complicated, uncertain, and perilous challenge. Since it is an extremely complex society, with an opaque political system, it is no wonder that the United States has not yet figured out the puzzle that is Iran. With the clock ticking on Iran's pursuit of nuclear capabilities, solving this puzzle is more urgent than ever. In Which Path to Persia? a group of experts with the Saban Center for Middle East Policy at Brookings lays out the courses of action available to the United States. What are the benefits and drawbacks of airstrikes? Can engagement be successful? Is regime change possible? In answering such questions, the authors do not argue for one approach over another. Instead, they present the details of the policies so that readers can understand the complexity of the challenge and decide for themselves which course the United States should take.

Conflict and Cooperation in the Gulf Region


Author: Joseph Kostiner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3531913379
Category: Political Science
Page: 274
View: 6251
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This book analyzes four main episodes of conflict and defense which have affected the region during the last three decades: the Iran-Iraq war (1980-1988), which effected the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) from a close, neighborly distance; the Iraq-Kuwait war (1990-1991), which constituted an attempt to invade the GCC and eliminate one of its member states, Kuwait. And the subsequent attempts to reestahblish a regional inter-state stability in the Gulf (during the mid-1990s, approximately), and the war of Islamic terrorism (notably al-Qa'ida) against Saudi Arabia (leading up to 2005). Each episode was driven by inimical interests and evolved as a distabilizintg influence on the Gulf states. At the same time, each conflict resulted in a paradoxical combination rivalry and cooperation among the GCC states themselves. A perpetual sequence of conflict and cooperation thus developed.

The Iranian Journal of International Affairs


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Islamic civilization
Page: N.A
View: 1469
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Anglo-Iranian Relations During World War I


Author: William J. Olson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135169543
Category: History
Page: 318
View: 4571
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A study of Anglo-Iranian relations during World War I. This book analyzes such diplomacy as an example of great power politics in regional affairs, examining Britain's concern to maintain stability in Iran and exclude foreign interests from the Persian Gulf and the approaches to India.

Suicide Terror

Understanding and Confronting the Threat
Author: Henry Morgenstern,Ophir Falk
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 407
View: 9688
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Suicide Terror. Understanding and Confronting the threat. Edited by. Ophir Falk and Henry Morgenstern. "Ophir Falk and Henry Morgenstern have compiled a book that should be read by anyone who is serious about winning the war on terror. By painstakingly analyzing the empirical data, they help us better understand the nature of our enemies and why they employ these barbaric tactics. Most crucially, they offer important insights on how terrorism can be effectively confronted and ultimately defeated. In so doing, they have performed an invaluable service for all those who are committed to win.

The Arab Spring

Will It Lead to Democratic Transitions?
Author: Clement Henry,Ji-Hyang Jang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137344040
Category: Political Science
Page: 295
View: 8597
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This timely project on the Arab Spring was initiated to provide The Asan Institute's own assessment of the changes currently taking place in the region and their significant implications for South Korea.

Studies in Intelligence


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Intelligence service
Page: N.A
View: 6558
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