The Politics of Self-determination

Beyond the Decolonisation Process
Author: Kristina Roepstorff
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415520649
Category: Political Science
Page: 193
View: 8278
Since the formation of the UN in 1945 the international community has witnessed a number of violent self-determination conflicts such as the disintegration of Yugoslavia, Chechnya, Kashmir, and South Sudan that have been a major cause of humanitarian crises and destruction. This book examines the scope and applicability of political self-determination beyond the decolonisation process. Explaining the historical evolution of self-determination, this book provides a theoretical examination of the concept and background. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, the author analyses self-determination in relation to contemporary conflicts, which inform and drive a coherent theoretical framework for international responses to claims for self-determination. Built upon an examination of the conceptual foundations of self-determination, this book presents a new understanding and application of self-determination. It addresses the important question of whether self-determination claims legitimate armed violence, either by the self-determining group’s right to rebel, or by the international community in the form of humanitarian intervention. The Politics of Self-Determinationwill be of interest to students and scholars of political science, international relations, security studies and conflict studies.

Inside the Politics of Self-Determination

Author: Kathleen Gallagher Cunningham
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199364923
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 6587
There are currently over 100 stateless nations pressing for greater self-determination around the globe. The vast majority of these groups will never achieve independence. Many groups will receive some accommodation over self-determination, many will engage in civil war over self-determination, and in many cases, internecine violence will plague these groups. This book examines the dynamic internal politics of states and self-determination groups. The internal structure and political dynamics of states and self-determination groups significantly affect information and credibility problems faced by these actors, as well as the incentives and opportunities for states to pursue partial accommodation of these groups. Using new data on the internal structure of all self-determination groups and their states and on all accommodation in self-determination disputes, this book shows that states with some, but not too many, internal divisions are best able to accommodate self-determination groups and avoid civil war. When groups are more internally divided, they are both much more likely to be accommodated and to get into civil war with the state, and also more likely to have fighting within the group. Detailed comparison of three self-determination disputes in the conflict-torn region of northeast India reveals that internal divisions in states and groups affect when these groups get the accommodation they seek, which groups violently rebel, and whether actors target violence against their own co-ethnics. The argument and evidence in this book reveal the dynamic effect that internal divisions within SD groups and states have on their ability to bargain over self-determination. Kathleen Gallagher Cunningham demonstrates that understanding the relations between states and SD groups requires looking at the politics inside these actors.

International Law and Self-Determination

The Interplay of the Politics of Territorial Possession With Formulations of Post-Colonial National Identity
Author: Joshua Castellino
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789041114099
Category: Law
Page: 286
View: 9151

The Politics of Self-Determination

Author: Timothy Leary
Publisher: Ronin Publishing
ISBN: 9781579511401
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Page: 112
View: 1933
Visionary Harvard psychologist Timothy Leary became the charismatic leader of the '60s counterculture. Remembered as a pioneer of research and experimentation with psychedelic substances, he was also an author, lecturer, political dissident, and media magnet whose wit and charm captured the world's attention. In this collection of essays from Leary's early career, he presents his concept of personal responsibility for the effects of one's behavior. According to Leary, self-determining people don't blame their parents, their race, or their society; they accept responsibility for their actions, which in turn determines the responses they get from the world. These writings had an enormous impact on the humanistic psychology movement and libertarian redefinition of the doctor-patient relationship. Ronin's new offering gives readers a fascinating glimpse into Leary's ground-breaking work in this area.

The Politics of Self-determination

Remaking Territories and National Identities in Europe, 1917-1923
Author: Lecturer in Modern European History Volker Prott
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198777841
Page: 272
View: 9188
The Politics of Self-Determination examines the territorial restructuring of Europe between 1917 and 1923, when a radically new and highly fragile peace order was established. It opens with an exploration of the peace planning efforts of Great Britain, France, and the United States in the final phase of the First World War. It then provides an in-depth view on the practice of Allied border drawing at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, focussing on a new factor in foreign policymaking-academic experts employed by the three Allied states to aid in peace planning and border drawing. This examination of the international level is juxtaposed with two case studies of disputed regions where the newly drawn borders caused ethnic violence, albeit with different results: the return of Alsace-Lorraine to France in 1918-19, and the Greek-Turkish War between 1919 and 1922. A final chapter investigates the approach of the League of Nations to territorial revisionism and minority rights, thereby assessing the chances and dangers of the Paris peace order over the course of the 1920s and 1930s. Volker Prott argues that at both the international and the local levels, the 'temptation of violence' drove key actors to simplify the acclaimed principle of national self-determination and use ethnic definitions of national identity. While the Allies thus hoped to avoid uncomfortable decisions and painstaking efforts to establish an elusive popular will, local elites, administrations, and paramilitary leaders soon used ethnic notions of identity to mobilise popular support under the guise of international legitimacy. Henceforth, national self-determination ceased to be a tool of peace-making and instead became an ideology of violent resistance.

The Politics of Dispossession

The Struggle for Palestinian Self-Determination, 1969-1994
Author: Edward W. Said
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 0307829634
Category: History
Page: 512
View: 9312
Ever since the appearance of his groundbreaking The Question of Palestine, Edward Said has been America's most outspoken advocate for Palestinian self-determination. As these collected essays amply prove, he is also our most intelligent and bracingly heretical writer on affairs involving not only Palestinians but also the Arab and Muslim worlds and their tortuous relations with the West. In The Politics of Dispossession Said traces his people's struggle for statehood through twenty-five years of exile, from the PLO's bloody 1970 exile from Jordan through the debacle of the Gulf War and the ambiguous 1994 peace accord with Israel. As frank as he is about his personal involvement in that struggle, Said is equally unsparing in his demolition of Arab icons and American shibboleths. Stylish, impassioned, and informed by a magisterial knowledge of history and literature, The Politics of Dispossession is a masterly synthesis of scholarship and polemic that has the power to redefine the debate over the Middle East.

Recognition versus Self-Determination

Dilemmas of Emancipatory Politics
Author: Avigail Eisenberg,Jeremy Webber,Glen Coulthard,Andre Boisselle
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 0774827440
Category: Political Science
Page: 348
View: 6215
The political concept of recognition has introduced new ways of thinking about the relationship between minorities and justice in plural societies. But is a politics informed by recognition valuable to minorities today? Contributors to this volume examine the successes and failures of struggles for recognition and self-determination in relation to claims of religious groups, cultural minorities, and indigenous peoples on territories associated with Canada, the United States, Europe, Latin America, India, New Zealand, and Australia. They point to a distinctive set of challenges posed by a politics of recognition and self-determination to peoples seeking emancipation from unjust relations.

The Origins of Indigenism

Human Rights and the Politics of Identity
Author: Ronald Niezen
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520235564
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 9187
4. Relativism and Rights

Critical Humanism and the Politics of Difference

Author: Jeff Noonan
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 9780773525795
Category: Philosophy
Page: 189
View: 4665
The most influential theories of oppression have argued that belief in some shared human essence or nature is ultimately responsible for the injustices suffered by women, First Nations peoples, blacks, gays and lesbians, and colonised people and have insisted that struggles against oppression must be mounted from the unique and different perspectives of different groups. Jeff Noonan argues instead that such difference must be seen to be anchored in a conception of human beings as self-creative. Unless freedom and self-determination are accepted as universal values, the moral force of arguments against exclusion and oppression is lost. Noonan shows that at the core of postmodern philosophy, with its claim that culture creates humans, is a concern to dethrone the modern understanding of human beings as subjects, as builders of their world and free when those world-building activities are the outcome of free choices. He explains that because the postmodern conception of human being does not capture what is universal in all humans it is incapable of critically responding to the forcible subordination of different cultures to European "humanity." When oppressed groups explain why they struggle against oppression, they invoke just that idea of human being as subjectivity that postmodern philosophy claims is the basis of oppression. Noonan argues that the voices of cultural differences, when they struggle against the forces of hatred and exclusion, do not ground themselves just in the particular value of their culture but in the universal value of human freedom and self-determination.

Beyond Biculturalism

The Politics of an Indigenous Minority
Author: Dominic O'Sullivan
Publisher: Huia Publishers
ISBN: 9781869692858
Category: History
Page: 239
View: 2590
Beyond Biculturalism: The Politics of an Indigenous Minority is a critical analysis of contemporary Maori public policy. O'Sullivan argues that biculturalism inevitably makes Maori the junior partner in a colonial relationship that obstructs aspirations to self-determination. The political situation of Maori is compared to that of First Nations and Aboriginal Australians. The book examines contemporary Maori political issues such as the 'one law for all' ideology, the Foreshore and Seabed Act 2004, Maori parliamentary representation, Treaty settlements, and Maori economic development.

The Politics of Autonomy

Indian Experiences
Author: Ranabir Samaddar
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761934529
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 312
View: 3607
The purpose of this critical political inquiry is to look into the conditions and dimensions of autonomy, their historical nature, and their political significance in terms of enriching democracy. The volume catalogues the resistance to the power of the state-the demand for autonomy in other words-that is encountered among various sections of society such as women, ethnic groups, and classes. In particular, the issues discussed are: women’s autonomy; peace accords; the nature of federalism in the Indian constitution; autonomy and international law; resources for autonomy.

Das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Völker

die Domestizierung einer Illusion
Author: Jörg Fisch
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406598586
Category: International law
Page: 384
View: 9080
Die Idee eines Selbstbestimmungsrechts der Völker besagt, dass Völker das Recht haben, einen Staat zu bilden, und selbst darüber entscheiden können, ob sie dieses Recht wahrnehmen oder nicht. Die erste Gesamtdarstellung seiner Geschichte zeigt, wie es den Totengräber für die europäischen Kolonialreiche und andere Imperien gespielt hat und seit 1989 auf der Suche nach neuen Betätigungsfeldern ist. Entstanden aus dem Nationalismus und dem Antikolonialismus, erhebt das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Völker den Anspruch, die internationalen Beziehungen auf eine herrschaftsfreie Grundlage zu stellen. Sprengstoff beinhaltet vor allem das damit verbundene Sezessionsrecht. Denn wer bestimmt, was ein Volk ist? Die Idee kollidiert hier schnell mit den machtpolitischen Realitäten und erweist sich als eine gefährliche, zum Missbrauch geradezu einladende Illusion, mit deren Domestizierung das Völkerrecht bis heute beschäftigt ist. Denn nicht nur Adolf Hitler verstand es meisterhaft, das Konzept für seine Zwecke zu instrumentalisieren. In einer souveränen Kombination von Begriffs-, Politik- und Kulturgeschichte durchmisst Jörg Fisch die Weltgeschichte und liefert eine anschaulich und prägnant geschriebene Darstellung dieser vom 19. Jahrhundert bis in die Gegenwart äußerst wirkmächtigen Idee.

Gegen den Krieg

Author: Mo Ti
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783737410182
Page: 192
View: 1514

Self-Determination of Peoples

A Legal Reappraisal
Author: Antonio Cassese
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521637527
Category: Law
Page: 396
View: 1663
The self-determination of peoples is a major issue in the world community: both radical and subversive, it serves to grant statehood to oppressed peoples, but also to disrupt existing State structures. This book, the first comprehensive legal account, sets out to trace how this political ideal has turned into an international legal standard. Scrutinising State practice through national digests and UN proceedings the author pinpoints the limits within which this political postulate has gained a foothold in the body of international law and assesses the extent to which it has had an impact on existing legal norms. This is primarily a legal inquiry which, however, looks at law within its historical and political context and, given its judicial underpinning, makes an important contribution to the study of the interplay of law, history, and politics in international relations.

Kritik der schwarzen Vernunft

Author: Achille Mbembe
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518738488
Category: Political Science
Page: 332
View: 3555
Der globale Kapitalismus hat seit seiner Entstehung immer schon nicht nur Waren, sondern auch »Rassen« und »Spezies« produziert. Ihm liegt ein rassistisches Denken, eine »schwarze Vernunft« zugrunde, wie der große afrikanische Philosoph und Vordenker des Postkolonialismus Achille Mbembe in seinem brillanten und mitreißenden neuen Buch zeigt. In kraftvollen Linien zeichnet Mbembe die Genese unserer Gegenwart nach, indem er darstellt, wie sich der globale Kapitalismus seit dem Beginn der Neuzeit aus dem transatlantischen Sklavenhandel entwickelt hat. In dieser Zeit steigt Europa zum Zentrum der Welt auf und kreiert die Figur des »Negers«, des »Menschen-Materials«, der »Menschen-Ware«, die über den »schwarzen Atlantik« gehandelt wird. Mit dem Abolitionismus, der Revolution in Haiti, dem Antikolonialismus oder der amerikanischen Bürgerrechtsbewegung kommt zwar seit der Aufklärung eine erste globale Welle der Kritik an der Sklaverei und der »schwarzen Vernunft« des Kapitalismus auf. Dieser breitet sich jedoch in seiner neoliberalen Spielart unaufhaltsam weiter aus und überträgt die Figur des »Negers« nun auf die gesamte »subalterne Menschheit«. In diesem Prozess des »Schwarzwerdens der Welt«, so die radikale Kritik Mbembes, bilden auch Europa und seine Bürger mittlerweile nur noch eine weitere Provinz im weltumspannenden Imperium des neoliberalen Kapitalismus.

The Politics of Ethnic Conflict Regulation

Case Studies of Protracted Ethnic Conflicts
Author: John McGarry,Brendan O'Leary
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136146601
Category: Political Science
Page: 336
View: 8604
This major and timely collection addresses one of the world's most visible and tragic problems: ethnic conflict and its regulation. It begins with a guide to the primary methods used to eliminate or manag eethnic conflict, and is followed by a global sample of case studies written by leading authorities in their fields.

The Politics of Northern Ireland

Beyond the Belfast Agreement
Author: Arthur Aughey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134336527
Category: Political Science
Page: 216
View: 2465
In this book, one of the leading authorities on contemporary Northern Ireland politics provides an original, sophisticated and innovative examination of the post-Belfast agreement political landscape. Written in a fluid, witty and accessible style, this book explores: how the Belfast Agreement has changed the politics of Northern Ireland whether the peace process is still valid the problems caused by the language of politics in Northern Ireland the conditions necessary to secure political stability the inability of unionists and republicans to share the same political discourse the insights that political theory can offer to Northern Irish politics the future of key political parties and institutions.