The Politics of the Police

Author: Robert Reiner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199283397
Category: Law
Page: 319
View: 4803
This fourth edition of Robert Reiner's popular and highly-acclaimed text contains substantial revisions, to take into account the recent and profound changes in the law, policy and organisation of policing.

The Politics of Police Reform

Society Against the State in Post-Soviet Countries
Author: Erica Marat
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190861495
Category: Political Science
Page: 232
View: 8114
There is a Russian saying that "police mirror society." The gist of this is that every society is policed to the extent that it allows itself to be policed. Centralized in control but decentralized in their reach, the police are remarkably similar in structure, chain of command, and their relationships with the political elite across post-Soviet nations--they also remain one of the least reformed post-communist institutions. As a powerful state organ, the Soviet-style militarized police have resisted change despite democratic transformations in the overall political context, including rounds of competitive elections and growing civil society. While consensus between citizens and the state about reform may be possible in democratic nations, it is considerably more difficult to achieve in authoritarian states. Across post-Soviet countries, such discussions most often occur between political elites and powerful non-state actors, such as criminal syndicates and nationalistic ethnic groups, rather than the wider citizenry. Even in countries where one or more rounds of democratic elections have taken place since 1991, empowered citizens and politicians have not renegotiated the way states police and coerce society. On the contrary, in many post-Soviet countries, police functions have expanded to serve the interests of the ruling political elites. What does it take to reform a post-Soviet police force? This book explores the conditions in which a meaningful transformation of the police is likely to succeed and when it will fail. Departing from the conventional interpretation of the police as merely an institution of coercion, this book defines it as a medium for state-society consensus on the limits of the state's legitimate use of violence. It thus considers policing not as a way to measure the state's capacity to coerce society, but rather as a reflection of a complex society bound together by a web of casual interactions and political structures. The book compares reform efforts in Ukraine, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and Tajikistan, finding that bottom-up public mobilization is likely to emerge in the aftermath of transformative violence--an incident when the usual patterns of policing are interrupted with unprecedented brutality against vulnerable individuals. Ultimately, The Politics of Police Reform examines the various pathways to transforming how the state relates to society through policing.

Complaints Against Police

The Politics of Reform
Author: Colleen Lewis
Publisher: Hawkins Press
ISBN: 9781876067113
Category: Social Science
Page: 216
View: 4890
Who guards the guardians? How do liberal democracies ensure that citizens who have been granted authority to legitimately deprive other citizens of their freedom - the police - are held accountable to society for the way in which they exercise their powers? This is a clear account of reform in complaints against police. It is also about public policy and political relationships. It analyses how relations between police, government and civilian oversight bodies can affect the success of police accountability policies. The book looks at models in Australia, Britain, the USA and Canada, identifying shared difficulties which cross city, county, state, provincial and national boundaries. The analysis of two case studies from the Australian state of Queensland outline why the first attempt at civilian oversight was an abject failure, and the conditions which led to the creation of the second - a unique and powerful external, independent civilian oversight body. Lewis shows how external relations must be examined in evaluating the success or failure of the civilian oversight process, and presents a new model extending beyond the traditional reactive approach.

Crime, Class and Corruption

The Politics of the Police
Author: Audrey Farrell
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780906224700
Category: Brutalités policières - Grande-Bretagne
Page: 207
View: 9199
The Politics of the Police

The Politics of Street Crime

Criminal Process and Cultural Obsession
Author: Stuart Scheingold,Stuart A. Scheingold
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 9781566390248
Category: Political Science
Page: 227
View: 6504
Americans find street crime terrifying and repellent. Yet we vicariously seek it out in virtually all of our media: books, newspapers, television, films, and the theatre. Stuart Scheingold confronts this cultural contradiction and asks why street crime is generally regarded in the trivializing and punitive images of cops and robbers that attribute crime to the willful acts of flawed individuals rather than to the structural shortcomings of a flawed society. In his case study of the police and criminal courts in the community he calls "Cedar City," a medium-sized city in the Western United States, Scheingold examines the effects of this cultural contradiction and these punitive predispositions on politics and policy making.

The Politics of EU Police Cooperation

Toward a European FBI?
Author: John D. Occhipinti
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
ISBN: 9781588261182
Category: Political Science
Page: 286
View: 4080
Will the European Union soon have a policing agency similar to the US Federal Bureau of Investigation? John Occhipinti traces the evolution of the European Police Office (Europol), bringing to life themes key to the study of European integration such as: the tension between supranationalism and intergovernmentalism; concerns over the democratic deficit in the EU; and the impact of enlargement.

The Politics of Force

Media and the Construction of Police Brutality
Author: Regina G. Lawrence
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520924314
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 268
View: 9503
When police brutality becomes front-page news, it triggers a sudden, intense interaction between the media, the public, and the police. Regina Lawrence ably demonstrates how these news events provide the raw materials for looking at underlying problems in American society. Journalists, policy makers, and the public use such stories to define a problematic situation, and this process of problem definition gives the media a crucial role in our public policy debates. Lawrence extensively analyzes more than 500 incidents of police use-of-force covered by the New York Times and the Los Angeles Times from 1985 to 1994, with additional analysis of more recent incidents such as as the shooting of Amadou Diallo in New York. The incidents include but are not limited to those defined as "police brutality." Lawrence reveals the structural and cultural forces that both shape the news and allow police to define most use-of-force incidents, which occur in far greater numbers than are reported, she says. Lawrence explores the dilemma of obtaining critical media perspectives on policing policies. She examines the factors that made the coverage of the Rodney King beating so significant, particularly after the incident was captured on video. At the same time, she shows how an extraordinary news event involving the police can become a vehicle for marginalized social groups to gain entrance into the media arena. In contrasting "event-driven" problem definition with the more thoroughly studied "institutionally driven" news stories, Lawrence's book fills a major gap in media studies. It also offers a broader understanding of the interplay between the criminal justice system and the media in today's world.

The Politics of Policing

Between Force and Legitimacy
Author: Mathieu Deflem
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1786350297
Category: Social Science
Page: 400
View: 7582
Developments and problems associated with police power are at the very front of current public debate. This volume addresses contemporary issues of policing with a focus on the characteristics of police power as a coercive force in society and its continued need for legitimacy in a democratic social order.

Negotiating Demands

The Politics of Skid Row Policing in Edinburgh, San Francisco, and Vancouver
Author: Laura Huey
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 0802094821
Category: Social Science
Page: 253
View: 4562
The relationship between policing and the governance of society is an important and complex one, especially as it relates to destitute areas. Through a comparative analysis of policing in skid row districts in three cities -Edinburgh, San Francisco, and Vancouver - Negotiating Demands offers an inside look at the influence of local political, moral, and economic issues on police practices within marginalized communities. Through an analysis of various theoretical approaches and ethnographic field data, Laura Huey unveils a portrait of skid row policing as a political process. Police are regularly called upon to negotiate often-conflicting sets of demands, especially within the context of disadvantaged or troubled neighbourhoods. Examining a broad spectrum of police procedures and community responses, Huey offers a reconceptualization of the police as political actors who 'negotiate demands' of different constituencies. How the police meet these demands - through incident- and context-specific uses of law enforcement, peacekeeping, social work, and knowledge work - are shown to be a product of the civic environment in which they operate and of the 'moral-economic' forces that shape public discourse. Negotiating Demands is an original and thought-provoking study that not only advances our knowledge of police organization and decision-making strategies but also refines our understanding of how processes of social inclusion and exclusion occur in different liberal regimes and how they can be addressed.

The Politics of Policing in Greater China

Author: Sonny Shiu-Hing Lo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137390700
Category: Political Science
Page: 333
View: 5728
This book examines the politics of policing in Greater China, including mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macao. As the author shows, police ideological indoctrination is strongest in mainland China, followed by Hong Kong, and Taiwan, where the police is under increasing political stress, in the aftermath of rising public protests and socio-political movements. Macao's police, on the other hand, is far less politicized and indoctrinated than their mainland Chinese counterpart. This book demonstrates that policing in China is a distinctive and extensive topic, as it involves not only crime control, but also crisis management and protest control, governance and corruption (or anti-corruption), the management of customs and immigration, the control over legal and illegal migrants, the transfer of criminals and extradition, and intergovernmental police cooperation and coordination. As economic integration is increasing rapidly in Greater China, this region's policing deserves special attention.

The Politics of Community Policing

Rearranging the Power to Punish
Author: William Lyons
Publisher: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 241
View: 6210
In this in-depth examination of community policing in Seattle, William T. Lyons, Jr. explores the complex issues associated with the establishment and operation of community policing, an increasingly popular method for organizing law enforcement in this country. Stories about community policing appeal to a nostalgic vision of traditional community life. Community policing carries with it the image of a safe community in which individual citizens and businesses are protected by police they know and who know them and their needs. However, it also carries an image of community based in partnerships that exclude the least advantaged, strengthen the police, and are limited to targeting those disorders feared by more powerful parts of the community and most amenable to intervention by professional law enforcement agencies. The author argues that the politics of community policing are found in the construction of competing and deeply contested stories about community and the police in environments characterized by power inbalances. Community policing, according to the author, colonizes community life, increasing the capacity of the police department to shield itself from criticism, while manifesting the potential for more democratic forms of social control as evidenced by police attention to individual rights and to impartial law enforcement. This book will be of interest to sociologists and political scientists interested in the study of community power and local politics as well as criminologists interested in the study of police. William T. Lyons, Jr. is Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Akron. He previously worked for the Seattle Police Department.

The Politics of Community Policing

The Case of Seattle
Author: Wilson Edward Reed
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135023212
Category: Social Science
Page: 176
View: 4247
First published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Politics of Crime in Turkey

Neoliberalism, Police and the Urban Poor
Author: Zeynep Gönen
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 178672054X
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 995
During the 2013 Gezi Park Uprisings, the role and behaviour of the Turkish Police made headlines across the world. This book focuses on urban crime and policing in Turkey since the steady economic decline of the 1990s. Concentrating on the attempts to ‘modernize’ the policing of Izmir, Zeynep Gönen highlights how the police force expanded their territorial control over the urban space, specifically targeting the poor and racialized segments of the city. Through in-depth interviews and ethnographic observations of these ‘targeted’ populations, as well as rare ethnographic data from the Turkish police, surveys of the media and politicians’ rhetoric, Gönen shows how Kurdish migrants have been criminalized as dangerous ‘enemies’ of the order.

Chicanos and the police

a study of the politics of ethnicity in San Jose, California
Author: Nancy L. Geilhufe,Society for Applied Anthropology
Publisher: N.A
Category: Fiction
Page: 133
View: 9556

Policing the World

Interpol and the Politics of International Police Co-operation
Author: Malcolm Anderson
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Category: Political Science
Page: 211
View: 8762
Interpol, the oldest and best-known institution fostering cooperation among the police forces of the world, tackles drug trafficking, terrorism, and other modern day criminal activities. Recently, however, speculation has arisen: is it the most effective organization for today's global conditions, or should it be supplanted by new arrangements? In this first scholarly study of Interpol, and of other contemporary forms of police cooperation across national boundaries, Anderson discusses the proliferation of different forms of cooperation, such as the exchange of intelligence about crimes and criminals and joint surveillance of suspects and the investigation of crimes. Recognizing that contact between police forces of sovereign independent states has always been sensitive, he analyzes uncertainty as to the extent of police cooperation, and examines the shadowy role of security forces and the influence of different forms of training on police attitudes.

The Politics of Community Policing

Rearranging the Power to Punish
Author: William Lyons
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472089017
Category: Law
Page: 256
View: 9045
Community policing, the author argues, does not necessarily empower the community but often increases the power of the police

The politics of crime prevention

Author: Brigitte C. M. Koch
Publisher: Ashgate Pub Ltd
Category: Social Science
Page: 213
View: 4676
This book is a comprehensive account of crime prevention policy in England and Wales. It examines crime prevention policy under the Conservative Government and examines the direction that the newly elected Labour administration is taking. Particular attention is paid to the years 1995 to 1997. The book goes beyond the Home Office and examines the roles of the Police, Probation, Crime Concern, NACRO, the Local Government Association and the role of the national Community Safety Network in national crime prevention policy making. It examines how some agencies influence policy and how others have struggled to have a voice.The methods used to conduct the research include interviewing key persons involved in national crime prevention policy making; distributing questionnaires to police and probation officers of all ranks in Boroughville; and analyzing documents from various organizations such as the Police Probationer Training manual and minutes to the Association of Chief Police Officers sub-committee on crime prevention from their inaugural meeting in September 1986 until May 1995.

The Politics of Police Detention in Japan

Consensus of Convenience
Author: Silvia Croydon
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198758341
Category: Corrections
Page: 240
View: 7537
Filling a huge vacuum of scholarship on the Japanese criminal justice system, The Politics of Police Detention in Japan: Consensus of Convenience shines a spotlight on the remand procedure for criminal suspects in Japan, where the 23-day duration for which individuals can be held in police custody prior to being indicted is the longest amongst developed nations, with the majority of countries stipulating 4 days or less. Moreover, in practice, the average length of suspect detention in police cells is even longer due to multiple charges being imposed, and there is very little use of detention facilities independent of the investigation, with only 2% of suspects held in this way. Despite detention of this kind leading to criticism of Japan as a hotbed of false convictions, there has never been a systematic study of this divergent measure or its history. The Politics of Police Detention in Japan addresses this omission, first, by drawing on Japanese history-of-law scholarship to identify the origins of the modern day practice, tracing the source of legitimacy for the continuous remand of suspects with the police back to the Meiji era. There is further historical analysis addressing the post-war occupation of Japan under Allied forces through to the development of the National Police Agency, as each stage further undermines Japanese criminal procedure and limits reform. Secondly, the author conducts a political analysis of the mechanisms through which it is sustained, featuring extensive interviews with key players, including several Justice Ministers and other politicians, Ministry of Justice and Police officials, judges, prosecutors, lawyers, and NGO representatives. As the first in-depth empirical investigation of Japan's police detention arrangements, this important and engrossing book highlights how a state sets the boundary between the liberty of individuals and the security of the community - a dichotomy that is far from unique to police detention.

The Politics of Protest

Extra-Parliamentary Politics in Britain since 1970
Author: P. Joyce
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1403990239
Category: Political Science
Page: 267
View: 9884
Peter Joyce provides a comprehensive account of the extra-parliamentary political activity that has taken place in Great Britain since 1970. The issues discussed include demonstrations, direct action, counter-cultural protest, industrial unrest, urban disorder and politically motivated violence. The book concludes with an examination of the extent to which the United Kingdom's liberal democrat political system has been undermined by the response of the state to these activities.