The Pursuit of Victory

From Napoleon to Saddam Hussein
Author: Brian Bond
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 9780198207351
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 7835
In Western Europe and North America the idea that war can deliberately be used as an `instrument of policy' has become unfashionable, not least because of the carnage of two World Wars and the Americans' humiliating experience in Vietnam. But wars are still fought. Those who start wars clearly believe they are worthwhile. Why? In this original and provocative study, Brian Bond discusses the successes and failures of military and political leaders in their pursuit of victory over the lasttwo centuries. Professor Bond argues that in order to be counted victorious, a leader has to progress beyond military triumph to preserve the political control needed to secure an advantageous and enduring peace settlement. Napoleon was a brilliant general, but failed as a statesman. Bismarck, on the other hand, was a success in skilfully exploiting Moltke's victories on the battlefield to create a unified Germany. In the First World War, Germany and her allies were defeated but at such great cost that confidence in the idea that war could be controlled, and the pursuit of victory made rational, received a terrible shock. Germany and Japan exploited their military opportunites between 1939 and 1942, but lack of political control and moderation brought them catastrophic defeat. After 1945, nuclear weapons and the increased complexity of international relations blurred the identity of `victors' and `losers' and seemed to make the idea of a `decisive' victory almost unthinkable. But this study warns against the assumption that war as an instrument of policy has now been completely discarded. The Falklands and Gulf conflicts show that aggressors are still prepared to risk war for tangible goals, and that their opponents are quite capable of responding successfully to such challenges.

Der Krieg in der europäischen Geschichte

vom Mittelalter bis zu den neuen Kriegen der Gegenwart
Author: Michael Howard
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406606335
Category: Europe
Page: 224
View: 7574

Why Wars Happen

Author: Jeremy Black
Publisher: Reaktion Books
ISBN: 1861894155
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 2646
Why Wars Happen is a groundbreaking inquiry into the crucial yet surprisingly understudied question of why wars occur. Jeremy Black, one of Britain's foremost military historians, presents an interdisciplinary study that draws on subjects such as history, political science, and international relations and marshals a vast range of material with global examples spanning from the fifteenth century to today. Black examines several major modern wars in their historical contexts, taking into account cultural differences and various conflict theories. He analyzes the three main types of war—between cultures, within cultures, and civil—and explores the problems of defining war. Black's investigation inspires fascinating questions such as: Do wars reflect the bellicosity in societies and states, or do they largely arise as a result of a diplomatic breakdown? How closely is war linked to changes in the nature of warfare, the international system, or the internal character of states? Black also considers contemporary situations and evaluates the possible course of future wars. Offering a valuable and thought-provoking analysis on the causes of war and conflicts, Why Wars Happen will interest historians and readers of military history alike.

NATO and Peace Support Operations, 1991-1999

Policies and Doctrines
Author: Henning Frantzen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134270313
Category: History
Page: 256
View: 4578
This new book addresses the key question of how NATO and three of its member states are configuring their policies and military doctrines in order to handle the new strategic environment. This environment is increasingly dominated by 'new wars', more precisely civil wars within states, and peacekeeping as the strategy devised by outside actors for dealing with them. The book seeks to explain how this new strategic environment has been interpreted and how the new conflicts and peacekeeping have been fitted into 'defence' and 'war' - key concepts in the field of security studies.

Confrontation, Strategy and War Termination

Britain's Conflict with Indonesia
Author: Dr Christopher Tuck
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409471845
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 264
View: 9045
At the heart of this book is the problem of war termination. Britain won an almost unbroken string of tactical military victories during an undeclared war against the Republic of Indonesia in the 1960s, yet it proved difficult to translate this into strategic success. Using conflict termination theories, this book argues that British strategy during Confrontation was both exemplary and flawed, both of which need not be mutually exclusive. The British experience in Indonesia represents an illuminating case study of the difficulties associated with strategy and the successful termination of conflicts. The value of this book lies in two areas: as a contribution to the literature on British counter-insurgency operations and as a contribution to the debates on the problems of war termination in the context of strategic thought.

Understanding Victory and Defeat in Contemporary War

Author: Jan Angstrom,Isabelle Duyvesteyn
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134137656
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 9027
Bringing together leading contributors in the field, this new volume analyzes how victory and defeat in modern war can be understood and explained. It does so by confronting two inter-related research problems: the nature of victory and defeat in modern war and the explanations of victory and defeat. By first questioning the extent to which the concepts of victory and defeat are meaningful to describe the outcomes of modern wars, and whether the contents of these concepts are changing, it then evaluates different theories purporting to explain the outcomes of war and the impact of variables, ranging from technology to culture. The book tackles several key questions: What is the definition of victory in the ‘War on Terror’? What is the meaning of victory and defeat in contemporary insurgencies, such as those in Iraq and Afghanistan? Are the counterstrategies that were developed in the mid-twentieth century valid in order to deal with present and future conflicts? With case studies ranging from the Malayan Emergency to the current conflict in Iraq, Understanding Victory and Defeat in Contemporary War will be of great interest to students of war and conflict studies, security studies, military history and international relations.

Clausewitz's Timeless Trinity

A Framework For Modern War
Author: Dr Colin M Fleming
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409473988
Category: Political Science
Page: 218
View: 4868
This is the first book to apply the Clausewitzian Trinity of 'passion, chance, and reason' to the experience of real war. It explores the depth and validity of the concept against the conflicts of former Yugoslavia - wars thought to epitomise a post-Clausewitzian age. In doing so it demonstrates the timeless message of the Trinity, but also ties the Trinitarian idea back into Clausewitz's political argument. Intended to build on the existing corpus of scholarship, this book differs from the existing literature in two ways. By applying the Trinity to the wars of former Yugoslavia 1991-1995, it explores war at its micro-foundations, assessing the complex cause-and-effect nexus of reciprocity produced by actions between belligerents embroiled in dynamic competition perpetuated by their own interaction. Providing valuable insights into the complexities of real war fuelled by passion, undermined by chance, and shaped by reason, it is the first study to bridge the Clausewitzian world of theory with real experience. Examining each part of the triad separately, the book explores the multiple manifestations of hostility and chance, before then assessing the influence of these elements on the policies of the belligerents as the war evolved.

War, Peace and International Relations

An introduction to strategic history
Author: Colin S. Gray
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136588612
Category: History
Page: 392
View: 2321
War, Peace and International Relations provides an introduction to the strategic history of the past two centuries, showing how those 200 years were shaped and reshaped extensively by war. The book takes a broad view of what was relevant to the causes, courses, and consequences of wars. Written by leading strategist Professor Colin Gray, the book provides students with a good grounding in the contribution of war to the development of the modern world, from the pre-industrial era to the age of international terrorism and smart weapons. This second edition has been thoroughly revised and updated: It is the first one-volume strategic history textbook on the market; It covers all the major wars of the past two centuries; It is up to date and comprehensive, including a new section on the American Civil War, a new chapter on geography and strategy, and completely rewritten chapters on Iraq and Afghanistan in the 2000s and on irregular warfare. This textbook will be essential reading for students of strategic studies, security studies, war studies, international relations and international history.

British General Staff

Reform and Innovation
Author: David French,Brian Holden Reid
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135773939
Category: History
Page: 260
View: 5560
The essays that comprise this collection examine the development and influence of the British General Staff from the late Victorian period until the eve of World War II. They trace the changes in the staff that influenced British military strategy and subsequent operations on the battlefield.

"Wann hat dieser Scheisskrieg ein Ende?"

writing and rewriting the First World War
Author: John King
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783935063524
Category: World War, 1914-1918
Page: 318
View: 9339

The Art of Warfare in the Age of Napoleon

Author: Gunther E. Rothenberg
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253202604
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 3756
"... a most illuminating and readable general survey.... This book is well organized, well produced, and well written. It belongs among the ten most useful books on this period to the historian and... to the general reader." -- American Historical Review "This splendid volume fills a gap in the vast outpouring of literature on the military aspects of the era of the French Revolution and Napoleon by combining a description of the major changes and trends of warfare with a comparative discussion of the French military establishment and the armies of its major opponents.... As another contribution to 'synthetic' history, it is a very successful exercise." -- Military Affairs "... a splendid little study which will be of considerable interest both to the general student and specialist.... [it] fills a definite need for a survey of the military developments of the period and one can learn a great deal from a close reading of it." -- History "A clear, lively, and well-produced survey that relies upon the best scholarship of several languages.... " -- Library Journal In a comprehensive study of a crucial era in warfare -- from the last decades of the ancient régime to Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo -- Rothenberg describes the organization, training methods, equipment, tactics, and strategy of France and its adversaries. He also explores staff systems, logistics, fortifications, medical services, and insurgency and counterinsurgency.

Survivors of a Kind

Memoirs of the Western Front
Author: Brian Bond
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1441149805
Category: History
Page: 216
View: 1326
"In this collection of essays Brian Bond brings a lifetime's study of the Western Front to the analysis of some of the best-known memoirs of the campaign. Literary and military historians alike will find the result of great value for their own studies, while for the general reader it should help destroy many long-standing myths. It is a worthy climax to a long and distinguished career." Sir Michael Howard This is a unique study of World War One memoirs from a historical perspective. It explores the tremendous effect that war experience had on writers' lives and how they came to terms with it after 1918, in deeply moving and often brilliant writing. As well as such famous literary figures as Robert Graves and Siegfried Sassoon, it includes historically significant writers such as Lord Reith, Anthony Eden and Harold Macmillan. It challenges the view that memoir writers were in any clear sense 'anti-war'. While many were appalled by heavy losses and awful conditions they were, however, determined to achieve victory and proud of their regimental service and comrades. Above all, they constitute a brilliant source for understanding the war on the Western Front.

Hitler's Panzers East

World War II Reinterpreted
Author: R. H. S. Stolfi
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 9780806125817
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 5526
How close did Germany come to winning World War II? Did Hitler throw away victory in Europe after his troops had crushed the Soviet field armies defending Moscow by August 1941? R.H.S. Stolfi offers a dramatic new picture of Hitler’s conduct in World War II and a fundamental reinterpretation of the course of the war. Adolf Hitler generally is thought to have been driven by a blitzkrieg mentality in the years 1939 to 1941. In fact, Stolfi argues, he had no such outlook on the war. From the day Britain and France declared war, Hitler reacted with a profoundly conservative cast of mind and pursued a circumscribed strategy, pushing out siege lines set around Germany by the Allies. Interpreting Hitler as a siege Führer explain his apparent aberrations in connection with Dunkirk, his fixation on the seizure of Leningrad, and his fateful decision in the summer of 1941 to deflect Army Group Center into the Ukraine when both Moscow and victory in World War II were within its reach. Unaware of Hitler’s siege orientation, the German Army planned blitz campaigns. Through daring operational concepts and bold tactics, the army won victories over several Allied powers in World War II, and these led to the great campaign against the Soviet Union in summer of 1941. Stolfi postulates that in August 1941, German Army Group Center had the strength both to destroy the Red field armies defending the Soviet capital and to advance to Moscow and beyond. The defeat of the Soviet Union would have assured victory in World War II. Nevertheless, Hitler ordered the army group south to secure the resources of the Ukraine against a potential siege. And a virtually assured German victory slipped away. This radical reinterpretation of Hitler and the capabilities of the German Army leads to a reevaluation of World War II, in which the lesson to be learned is not how the Allies won the war, but how close the Germans came to a quick and decisive victory?long before the United States was drawn into the battle.

Military Historian

My Part in the Birth and Development of War Studies 1966-2016
Author: Brian Bond
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781912390403
Page: 124
View: 5049
This book describes the author's role in pioneering a virtually new academic subject - military history/war studies.

The Second World War

An Illustrated History
Author: Alan John Percivale Taylor
Publisher: N.A
Category: World War, 1939-1945
Page: 234
View: 2600
Krigsbeskrivelse; Krigsberetning; Krigsskildring; Polen; Frankrig; Tyske Hær; Tyskland; Nazitýskland; Hitler; Barbarossa; Midway; Stalingrad; Nordafrika; Balkan; El Alamein; Sicilien; Rom; Normandiet; D-Day; Leyte Gulf; Stillehavskrigen; Ardennerne; Ardennes Offensive; Rhinen; Fjernøsten; Japan; Kina; Efterkrigstiden; Amerikanske Depression; Lend-Lease; US Army; Roosevelt; Truman; Allierede; 1. Verdenskrig; Zhukov; Jugoslavien; Partisankrigsførelse; Partisaner; Guerrilla; Tunis; Tunesien; Rommel; Unconditional Surrender; Tedder; Tito; Teheran; Casablanca; Stalin; USSR; Sovjetunionen; British War Cabinet; Strategic Bombing; Yamamoto; Wavell; Vichy; von Rundstedt; Anden Front; Rumænien; Resistance; Modstandsbevægelser; Modstandskampe; Patton:Pas de Calais; Kampene i Normandiet; Caen; Nimitz; North Africa; Afrika Korps; Middelhavet; Malta; Montgomery; Churchill; Mussolini; Italien; Singapore; Sedan; Pearl Harbor; Norge; von Manstein; Meuse; Leningrad; MacArthur; Ungarn; Holland; de Gaulle; Darlan; Lord Halifax; Harris, A.; Grækenland; England; Goebbels; Frankrig; Eisenhower; East Prussia; Doenitz; Dunkirk; Tjekkoslovakiet; Kolde Krig; Chiang Kai-shek; Berlin; von Bock; Bulgarien; Battle of the Bulge; Falaise; Finske Vinterkrig; von Brauchitsch; Burma; Cairo; Østrig; Auchinleck; Atombomben; U-bådskrigsførelse; Atlanterhavskonvojer; Ardennerne; General Alexander; Alexandria; Abyssenien; Ethiopien; Chamberlain, N.; Belgien; Beaverbrook; Anzio; Australien; Commonwealth; Guderian; Frie Franske; Kaukasus; Tyske Hær; Sovjetrussiske Hær; Engelske Hær;

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 2547
Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.


Die Macht des Moments
Author: Malcolm Gladwell
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593405008
Category: Science
Page: 264
View: 6243
Jeder kennt sie: Momente, in denen wir denken, ohne zu denken.Wir nennen sie Intuition oder Bauchgefühl. Aber sie sind viel mehr: Unser Gehirn arbeitet dann auf Hochtouren, um uns die richtigen Entscheidungen zu liefern. Malcolm Gladwell erklärt die Macht dieses Augenblicks und zeigt, wie wir unsere verborgene Intelligenz trainieren und besser nutzen können.

Europas letzter Sommer

die scheinbar friedlichen Wochen vor dem Ersten Weltkrieg
Author: David Fromkin
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783896671837
Page: 414
View: 328

Mit der Ölwaffe zur Weltmacht

der Weg zur neuen Weltordnung
Author: Frederick William Engdahl
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783938516195
Page: 430
View: 3152

Der Genius des Krieges

das deutsche Heer und der Generalstab 1807 - 1945
Author: Trevor Nevitt Dupuy
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783902475510
Page: 440
View: 1722