The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Well-Being


Author: Guy Fletcher
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317402642
Category: Philosophy
Page: 546
View: 4180
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The concept of well-being is one of the oldest and most important topics in philosophy and ethics, going back to ancient Greek philosophy. Following the boom in happiness studies in the last few years it has moved to centre stage, grabbing media headlines and the attention of scientists, psychologists and economists. Yet little is actually known about well-being and it is an idea that is often poorly articulated. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Well-Being provides a comprehensive, outstanding guide and reference source to the key topics and debates in this exciting subject. Comprising over 40 chapters by a team of international contributors, the Handbook is divided into six parts: well-being in the history of philosophy current theories of well-being, including hedonism and perfectionism examples of well-being and its opposites, including friendship and virtue and pain and death theoretical issues, such as well-being and value, harm, identity and well-being and children well-being in moral and political philosophy well-being and related subjects, including law, economics and medicine. Essential reading for students and researchers in ethics and political philosophy, it is also an invaluable resource for those in related disciplines such as psychology, politics and sociology.

The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Paternalism


Author: Kalle Grill,Jason Hanna
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317326989
Category: Philosophy
Page: 368
View: 4605
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While paternalism has been a long-standing philosophical issue, it has recently received renewed attention among scholars and the general public. The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Paternalism is an outstanding reference source to the key topics, problems and debates in this exciting subject and is the first collection of its kind. Comprising twenty-seven chapters by a team of international contributors the handbook is divided into five parts: • What is Paternalism? • Paternalism and Ethical Theory • Paternalism and Political Philosophy • Paternalism without Coercion • Paternalism in Practice Within these sections central debates, issues and questions are examined, including: how should paternalism be defined or characterized? How is paternalism related to such moral notions as rights, well-being, and autonomy? When is paternalism morally objectionable? What are the legitimate limits of government benevolence? To what extent should medical practice be paternalistic? The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Paternalism is essential reading for students and researchers in applied ethics and political philosophy. The handbook will also be very useful for those in related fields, such as law, medicine, sociology and political science.

The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy of Religion


Author: Graham Oppy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317515927
Category: Philosophy
Page: 482
View: 6489
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Philosophy of religion has experienced a renaissance in recent times, paralleling the resurgence in public debate about the place and value of religion in contemporary Western societies. The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy of Religion is an outstanding reference source to the key topics, problems and debates in this exciting subject. Comprising over thirty chapters by a team of international contributors, the Handbook is divided into seven parts: theoretical orientations conceptions of divinity epistemology of religious belief metaphysics and religious language religion and politics religion and ethics religion and scientific scrutiny. Within these sections central issues, debates and problems are examined, including: religious experience, religion and superstition, realism and anti-realism, scientific interpretation of religious texts, feminist approaches to religion, religion in the public square, tolerance, religion and meta-ethics, religion and cognitive science, and the meaning of life. Together, they offer readers an informed understanding of the current state of play in the liveliest areas of contemporary philosophy of religion. The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy of Religion is essential reading for students and researchers of philosophy of religion from across the Humanities and Social Sciences.

The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Empathy


Author: Heidi Maibom
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315282003
Category: Philosophy
Page: 396
View: 9182
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Empathy plays a central role in the history and contemporary study of ethics, interpersonal understanding, and the emotions, yet until now has been relatively underexplored. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Empathy is an outstanding reference source to the key topics, problems and debates in this exciting field and is the first collection of its kind. Comprising over thirty chapters by a team of international contributors, the Handbook is divided into six parts: Core issues History of empathy Empathy and understanding Empathy and morals Empathy in art and aesthetics Empathy and individual differences. Within these sections central topics and problems are examined, including: empathy and imagination; neuroscience; David Hume and Adam Smith; understanding; evolution; altruism; moral responsibility; art, aesthetics, and literature; gender; empathy and related disciplines such as anthropology. Essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy, particularly ethics and philosophy of mind and psychology, the Handbook will also be of interest to those in related fields, such as anthropology and social psychology.

The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Imagination


Author: Amy Kind
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317329457
Category: Philosophy
Page: 482
View: 773
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Imagination occupies a central place in philosophy, going back to Aristotle. However, following a period of relative neglect there has been an explosion of interest in imagination in the past two decades as philosophers examine the role of imagination in debates about the mind and cognition, aesthetics and ethics, as well as epistemology, science and mathematics. This outstanding Handbook contains over thirty specially commissioned chapters by leading philosophers organised into six clear sections examining the most important aspects of the philosophy of imagination, including: Imagination in historical context: Aristotle, Descartes, Hume, Kant, Husserl, and Sartre What is imagination? The relation between imagination and mental imagery; imagination contrasted with perception, memory, and dreaming Imagination in aesthetics: imagination and our engagement with music, art, and fiction; the problems of fictional emotions and ‘imaginative resistance’ Imagination in philosophy of mind and cognitive science: imagination and creativity, the self, action, child development, and animal cognition Imagination in ethics and political philosophy, including the concept of 'moral imagination' and empathy Imagination in epistemology and philosophy of science, including learning, thought experiments, scientific modelling, and mathematics. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Imagination is essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy of mind and psychology, aesthetics, and ethics. It will also be a valuable resource for those in related disciplines such as psychology and art.

The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Childhood and Children


Author: Anca Gheaus,Gideon Calder,Jurgen De Wispelaere
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351055968
Category: Philosophy
Page: 424
View: 6389
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Childhood looms large in our understanding of human life, as a phase through which all adults have passed. Childhood is foundational to the development of selfhood, the formation of interests, values and skills and to the lifespan as a whole. Understanding what it is like to be a child, and what differences childhood makes, are thus essential for any broader understanding of the human condition. The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Childhood and Children is an outstanding reference source for the key topics, problems and debates in this crucial and exciting field and is the first collection of its kind. Comprising over thirty chapters by a team of international contributors the Handbook is divided into five parts: · Being a child · Childhood and moral status · Parents and children · Children in society · Children and the state. Questions covered include: What is a child? Is childhood a uniquely valuable state, and if so why? Can we generalize about the goods of childhood? What rights do children have, and are they different from adults’ rights? What (if anything) gives people a right to parent? What role, if any, ought biology to play in determining who has the right to parent a particular child? What kind of rights can parents legitimately exercise over their children? What roles do relationships with siblings and friends play in the shaping of childhoods? How should we think about sexuality and disability in childhood, and about racialised children? How should society manage the education of children? How are children’s lives affected by being taken into social care? The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Childhood and Children is essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy of childhood, political philosophy and ethics as well as those in related disciplines such as education, psychology, sociology, social policy, law, social work, youth work, neuroscience and anthropology.

The Routledge Handbook of Planning for Health and Well-Being

Shaping a sustainable and healthy future
Author: Hugh Barton,Susan Thompson,Sarah Burgess,Marcus Grant
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317542401
Category: Political Science
Page: 618
View: 1925
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Urban planning is deeply implicated in both the planetary crisis of climate change and the personal crises of unhealthy lifestyles. Worldwide health issues such as obesity, mental illness, growing health inequalities and climate vulnerability cannot be solved solely by medicines but also by tackling the social, economic and environmental determinants. In a time when unhealthy and unsustainable conditions are being built into the physical fabric of cities, a new awareness and strategy is urgently needed to putting health and well-being at the heart of planning. The Routledge Handbook of Planning for Health and Well-being authoritatively and comprehensively integrates health into planning, strengthening the hands of those who argue and plan for healthy environments. With contributions from international leaders in the field, the Handbook of Planning for Health and Well-being provides context, philosophy, research, processes, and tools of experienced practitioners through case studies from four continents.

Deskriptive Psychologie


Author: Franz Clemens Brentano
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Phenomenological psychology
Page: 189
View: 6135
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The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics


Author: L. Syd M Johnson,Karen S. Rommelfanger
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317483510
Category: Philosophy
Page: 510
View: 7344
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The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics offers the reader an informed view of how the brain sciences are being used to approach, understand, and reinvigorate traditional philosophical questions, as well as how those questions, with the grounding influence of neuroscience, are being revisited beyond clinical and research domains. It also examines how contemporary neuroscience research might ultimately impact our understanding of relationships, flourishing, and human nature. Written by 61 key scholars and fresh voices, the Handbook’s easy-to-follow chapters appear here for the first time in print and represent the wide range of viewpoints in neuroethics. The volume spotlights new technologies and historical articulations of key problems, issues, and concepts and includes cross-referencing between chapters to highlight the complex interactions of concepts and ideas within neuroethics. These features enhance the Handbook’s utility by providing readers with a contextual map for different approaches to issues and a guide to further avenues of interest.

Kultur, Spätzündung der Evolution?

Antworten auf Fragen an die Evolutions- und Erkenntnistheorie
Author: Rupert Riedl
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Connaissance, Théorie de la
Page: 355
View: 3100
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Stoizismus in der europäischen Philosophie, Literatur, Kunst und Politik

Eine Kulturgeschichte von der Antike bis zur Moderne
Author: Barbara Neymeyr,Jochen Schmidt,Bernhard Zimmermann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110211556
Category: Philosophy
Page: 1318
View: 7309
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Starting from the position of the ancient Stoa, these two interdisciplinary collections examine the influence of Stoic thinkers from late antiquity to modernity. Following an introductory overview, the 42 essays examine central Stoic themes and consider their cultural significance.

Routledge Handbook of Development Ethics


Author: Jay Drydyk,Lori Keleher
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781138647909
Category: Economic development
Page: 440
View: 5937
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The Routledge Handbook of Development Ethics provides readers with insight into the central questions of development ethics, the main approaches to answering them, and areas for future research. Over the past seventy years, it has been argued and increasingly accepted that worthwhile development cannot be reduced to economic growth. Rather, a number of other goals must be realised: - Enhancement of people's well-being - Equitable sharing in benefits of development - Empowerment to participate freely in development - Environmental sustainability - Promotion of human rights - Promotion of cultural freedom, consistent with human rights - Responsible conduct, including integrity over corruption Agreement that these are essential goals has also been accompanied by disagreements about how to conceptualize or apply them in different cases or contexts. Using these seven goals as an organizing principle, this handbook presents different approaches to achieving each one, drawing on academic literature, policy documents and practitioner experience. This international and multi-disciplinary handbook will be of great interest to development policy makers and program workers, students and scholars in development studies, public policy, international studies, applied ethics and other related disciplines.

The Routledge Handbook of Health Tourism


Author: Melanie Kay Smith,László Puczkó
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317437500
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 458
View: 9816
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The Routledge Handbook of Health Tourism provides a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the philosophical, conceptual and managerial issues in the field of health tourism with contributions from more than 30 expert academics and practitioners from around the world. Terms that are used frequently when defining health tourism, such as wellbeing, wellness, holistic, medical and spiritual, are analysed and explored, as is the role that health and health tourism play in quality-of-life enhancement, wellbeing, life satisfaction and happiness. An overview is provided of health tourism facilities such as thermal waters, spas, retreats and wellness hotels and the various challenges inherent in managing these profitably and sustainably. Typologies are given not only of subsectors of health tourism and related activities but also of destinations, such as natural landscapes, historic townscapes or individual resources or attractions around which whole infrastructures have been developed. Attention is paid to some of the lifestyle changes that are taking place in societies which influence consumer behaviour, motivations and demand for health tourism, including government policies, regulations and ethical considerations. This significant volume offers the reader a comprehensive synthesis of this field, conveying the latest thinking and research. The text is international in focus, encouraging dialogue across disciplinary boundaries and areas of study and will be an invaluable resource for all those with an interest in health tourism.

The Routledge Handbook of Religion and Animal Ethics


Author: Andrew Linzey,Clair Linzey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429953119
Category: Religion
Page: 390
View: 1811
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The ethical treatment of non-human animals is an increasingly significant issue, directly affecting how people share the planet with other creatures and visualize themselves within the natural world. The Routledge Handbook of Religion and Animal Ethics is a key reference source in this area, looking specifically at the role religion plays in the formation of ethics around these concerns. Featuring thirty-five chapters by a team of international contributors, the handbook is divided into two parts. The first gives an overview of fifteen of the major world religions’ attitudes towards animal ethics and protection. The second features five sections addressing the following topics: Human Interaction with Animals Killing and Exploitation Religious and Secular Law Evil and Theodicy Souls and Afterlife This handbook demonstrates that religious traditions, despite often being anthropocentric, do have much to offer to those seeking a framework for a more enlightened relationship between humans and non-human animals. As such, The Routledge Handbook of Religion and Animal Ethics is essential reading for students and researchers in religious studies, theology, and animal ethics as well as those studying the philosophy of religion and ethics more generally.

Routledge Handbook of Wellbeing


Author: Kathleen Galvin
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781138850101
Category:
Page: 346
View: 1262
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The Routledge Handbook of Well-Being explores diverse conceptualisations of well-being, providing an overview of key issues and drawing attention to current debates and critiques. Taken as a whole, this important work offers new clarification of the widely used notion of well-being, focusing particularly on experiential perspectives. Bringing together leading authors from around the world, Routledge Handbook of Well-Being reflects on: What it is that is experienced by humans that can be called well-being. What we know about how to understand it. How well-being is manifested in human endeavours through a wide range of disciplines, including the arts. This comprehensive reference work will provide an authoritative overview for students, practitioners, researchers and policy makers working in or concerned with well-being, health, illness and the relation between all three across a range of disciplines, from sociology, healthcare and economics to philosophy and the creative arts.

Erfahrung und Prognose

Eine Analyse der Grundlagen und der Struktur der Erkenntnis
Author: Hans Reichenbach
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3663121372
Category: Mathematics
Page: 312
View: 4534
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Dieses Buch ist Reichenbachs Erkenntnistheorie, entstanden im Exil und 1938 in Englisch veröffentlicht.Es liegt hier erstmals in deutscher Sprache vor. Es enthält den Schlüssel zum Verständnis der Reichenbachschen Philosophie und besticht durch die sehr geschlossene Darstellung der Gedanken über den logischen Empirismus.

Schopenhauer-Handbuch

Leben – Werk – Wirkung
Author: Daniel Schubbe,Matthias Koßler
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3476045595
Category: Philosophy
Page: 478
View: 6187
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Das Handbuch gibt einen Überblick über Schopenhauers Leben, präsentiert alle wichtigen Werke und Werkgruppen und legt den philosophischen Kontext dar, in dem sie entstanden sind. Ausführlich wird auch seine Wirkung auf Philosophie, Literatur, Musik und Bildende Kunst dargestellt. Als besonderes Hilfsmittel der Forschung bietet das Handbuch zudem eine Seitenkonkordanz, die alle gängigen Werkausgaben Schopenhauers berücksichtigt.Die 2. Auflage wurde aktualisiert und um Artikel zur Anthropologie, Evolutionstheorie, Geometrie und Tierethik ergänzt.

Politische Emotionen

Warum Liebe für Gerechtigkeit wichtig ist
Author: Martha C. Nussbaum
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518737422
Category: Philosophy
Page: 596
View: 2754
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Wie viel Gefühl verträgt eine Gesellschaft, die nach Gerechtigkeit strebt? Nicht viel, könnte man meinen und auf die Gefahren politischer Instrumentalisierung von Ängsten und Ressentiments verweisen. Emotionen, so eine verbreitete Ansicht, setzen das Denken außer Kraft und sollten deshalb keine Rolle spielen. Martha C. Nussbaum hingegen behauptet: um der Gerechtigkeit politisch zur Geltung zu verhelfen, bedarf es nicht nur eines klaren Verstandes, sondern auch einer positiv-emotionalen Bindung der Bürgerinnen und Bürger an die gemeinsame Sache. Manche sprechen von Hingabe, Nussbaum nennt es Liebe. Sie zeigt, welche Ausdrucksformen diese und verwandte politische Emotionen annehmen können und wie sie sich kultivieren lassen.

Jenseits von Natur und Kultur


Author: Philippe Descola
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518768409
Category: Social Science
Page: 638
View: 8156
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Seit der Zeit der Renaissance ist unser Weltbild von einer zentralen Unterscheidung bestimmt: der zwischen Natur und Kultur. Dort die von Naturgesetzen regierte, unpersönliche Welt der Tiere und Dinge, hier die Menschenwelt mit ihrer individuellen und kulturellen Vielfalt. Diese fundamentale Trennung beherrscht unser ganzes Denken und Handeln. In seinem faszinierenden Buch zeigt der große französische Anthropologe und Schüler von Claude Lévi-Strauss, Philippe Descola, daß diese Kosmologie alles andere als selbstverständlich ist. Dabei stützt er sich auf reiches Material aus zum Teil eigenen anthropologischen Feldforschungen bei Naturvölkern und indigenen Kulturen in Afrika, Amazonien, Neuguinea oder Sibirien. Descola führt uns vor Augen, daß deren Weltbilder ganz andersartig aufgebaut sind als das unsere mit seinen »zwei Etagen« von Natur und Kultur. So betrachten manche Kulturen Dinge als beseelt oder glauben, daß verwandtschaftliche Beziehungen zwischen Tieren und Menschen bestehen. Descola plädiert für eine monistische Anthropologie und entwirft eine Typologie unterschiedlichster Weltbilder. Auf diesem Wege lassen sich neben dem westlichen dualistischen Naturalismus totemistische, animistische oder analogistische Kosmologien entdecken. Eine fesselnde Reise in fremde Welten, die uns unsere eigene mit anderen Augen sehen läßt.