The Science of Human Evolution

Getting it Right
Author: John H. Langdon
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319415859
Category: Science
Page: 220
View: 6580
This textbook provides a collection of case studies in paleoanthropology demonstrating the method and limitations of science. These cases introduce the reader to various problems and illustrate how they have been addressed historically. The various topics selected represent important corrections in the field, some critical breakthroughs, models of good reasoning and experimental design, and important ideas emerging from normal science.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 6567
Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Did Darwin Get It Right?

Essays on Games, Sex and Evolution
Author: John Maynard Smith
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468478621
Category: Science
Page: 147
View: 6224
Now in paperback, Did Darwin Get It Right discusses some of the hottest issues in biology today. Its author, the eminently quotable John Maynard Smith, discusses such fascinating conundrums as how life began, whether the brain works like a computer, why most animals and plants reproduce sexually, and how social behavior evolved out of the context of natural selection--a process which would seem to favor selfishness. A humorous and insightful writer, John Maynard Smith has the special ability to convey the excitement of science, its complexity and fascination, without baffling or boring his readers. In these 28 brief and accessible essays, Maynard ranges widely over such issues as science and the media, the birth of sociobiology, the evolution of animal intelligence and the limitations of evolutionary theory. For his work on the evolution of sex, Smith won the Darwin medal from the Royal Society, and he has pioneered the application of game theory to animal behavior.

Die Neandertaler und wir

Meine Suche nach den Urzeit-Genen
Author: Svante Pääbo
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104030324
Category: Social Science
Page: 384
View: 3194
Die aufregende Geschichte der Entschlüsselung des Neandertalergenoms – und das lebendige Porträt der neuen Wissenschaft der Paläogenetik In einer folgenreichen Nacht im Jahre 1996 gelang Svante Pääbo die Entschlüsselung der ersten DNA-Sequenzen eines Neandertalers. Eine Sensation! Die verblüffenden Erkenntnisse revolutionierten unser Bild von der Entwicklung des Homo sapiens. Jetzt erzählt der preisgekrönte Wissenschaftler seine persönliche Geschichte und verschränkt sie mit der Geschichte des neuen Gebiets, das er maßgeblich mitentwickelte: der Paläogenetik - von den ersten Analysen an altägyptischen Mumien bis hin zu Mammuts, Höhlenbären und Riesenfaultieren. Ein faszinierender Blick hinter die Kulissen der Spitzenforschung in Deutschland und der spannende Entwicklungsroman einer Wissenschaft, deren Ergebnisse vor wenigen Jahrzehnten noch niemand erahnen konnte

The Path of Reason

A Philosophy of Nonbelief
Author: Bruce A. Smith
Publisher: Algora Publishing
ISBN: 9780875865812
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 211
View: 7517
Path of Reason.

Scientific Realism

A Critical Reappraisal
Author: N. Rescher,Professor of Philosophy Nicholas Rescher
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789027724427
Category: Philosophy
Page: 169
View: 4102
The increasingly lively controversy over scientific realism has become one of the principal themes of recent philosophy. 1 In watching this controversy unfold in the rather technical way currently in vogue, it has seemed to me that it would be useful to view these contemporary disputes against the background of such older epistemological issues as fallibilism, scepticism, relativism, and the traditional realism/idealism debate. This, then, is the object of the present book, which will recon sider the newer concerns about scientific realism in the context of these older philosophical themes. Historically, realism concerns itself with the real existence of things that do not "meet the eye" - with suprasensible entities that lie beyond the reach of human perception. In medieval times, discussions about realism focused upon universals. Recognizing that there are physical objects such as cats and triangular objects and red tomatoes, the medievels debated whether such "abstract objects" as cathood and triangularity and redness also exist by way of having a reality indepen dent of the concretely real things that exhibit them. Three fundamen tally different positions were defended: (1) Nominalism. Abstracta have no independent existence as such: they only "exist" in and through the objects that exhibit them. Only particulars (individual substances) exist. Abstract "objects" are existents in name only, mere thought fictions by whose means we address concrete particular things. (2) Realism. Abstracta have an independent existence as such.

Menschliche Gesellschaft im Lichte der Zweiten Darwinschen Revolution

evolutionäre und kulturalistische Deutungen im Widerstreit
Author: Peter Meyer
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 364310815X
Page: 103
View: 3479

Populists and progressives

Author: Norman K. Risjord
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 289
View: 4185
Representative Americans: Populists and Progressives brings together brief biographies to explore the political, social, and cultural dimensions of the period from 1890-1920. Through the lives and accomplishments of these reformers, crusaders, and thinkers, readers gain a fascinating glimpse into the tumultuous turn of the 20th Century.

Blueprint for Action

A Future Worth Creating
Author: Thomas P.M. Barnett
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101652357
Category: History
Page: 464
View: 8895
The Pentagon's New Map was one of the most talked-about books of the year - a fundamental reexamination of war and peace in the post-9/11 world that provided a compelling vision of the future. Now, senior advisor and military analyst Thomas P.M. Barnett explores our possible long- and short-term relations with such nations and regions as Iran, Iraq, and the Middle East, China and North Korea, Latin America and Africa, while outlining the strategies to pursue, the entities to create, and the pitfalls to overcome. If his first book was "a compelling framework for confronting twenty-first century problems" (Business Week), Barnett's new book is something more - a powerful road map through a chaotic and uncertain world to "a future worth creating."

The Way the World Works

As Partially Figured out By
Author: John R. Carpenter
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 148361624X
Category: Science
Page: 186
View: 4772
The Way the World Works, as partially figured out by John R Carpenter establishes the compatibilities to settle long-standing disagreements between atheists and religious devotees. In his desire to demonstrate that science and religion can co-exist, the author pens an illuminating book that attempts to reconcile these two purportedly opposing concepts in The Way the World Works. A valuable volume, this book deals with the areas in which science and religion are too often seen to be in conflict with each other and will provide readers with examples of how existing controversies between science and religion do not have to end in either-or, but can often end in both-and. An established man of science and a Christian, Carpenter provides evidence that religion and science are two sources of inspiration and elucidation that are neither antithetical nor hostile to each other. Rather, they are synergistic and mutually advantageous, that when joined together, produces an effect greater than the sum than what they emit independently.

On the Origin of Species

Author: Charles Darwin
Publisher: Broadview Press
ISBN: 1460401530
Category: History
Page: 672
View: 5919
Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, in which he writes of his theories of evolution by natural selection, is one of the most important works of scientific study ever published. This unabridged edition also includes a rich selection of primary source material: substantial selections from Darwin's other works (Autobiography, notebooks, letters, Voyage of the Beagle, and The Descent of Man) and selections from Darwin's sources and contemporaries (excerpts from Genesis, Paley, Lamarck, Spencer, Lyell, Malthus, Huxley, and Wallace).

Faithful to Science

The Role of Science in Religion
Author: Andrew Steane
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191025135
Category: Religion
Page: 288
View: 4183
Science and religious faith are two of the most important and influential forces in human life, yet there is widespread confusion about how, or indeed whether, they link together. This book describes this combination from the perspective of one who finds that they link together productively and creatively. The situation is not one of conflict or uneasy tension, or even a respectful dialogue. Rather, a lively and well-founded faith in God embraces and includes science, and scientific ways of thinking, in their proper role. Science is an activity right in the bloodstream of a reasonable faith. The book interprets theism broadly, and engages carefully with atheism, while coming from a Christian perspective. The aim is to show what science is, and what it is not, and at the same time give some pointers to what theism is or can be. Philosophy, evolution and the nature of science and human life are discussed in the first part of the book, questions of origins in the second. It is the very mind-set of scientific thinking that is widely supposed to be antagonistic to religious faith. But such suspicions are too sweeping. They misunderstand both faith and science. Faith can be creative and intellectually courageous; science is not the all-embracing story that it is sometimes made out to be. It is not that science fails to explain some things, but rather, it does not explain anything at all, on its own. It is part of a larger explanation. And even explanation has to take a humble place; it is not the purpose of life.

The Scars of Evolution

Author: Elaine Morgan
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780195094312
Category: Religion
Page: 196
View: 5496
Popular account of what is known as the 'aquatic ape' thesis.

The Myth of the Closed Mind

Understanding Why and How People Are Rational
Author: Ray Scott Percival
Publisher: Open Court
ISBN: 0812697952
Category: Philosophy
Page: 352
View: 9666
“It’s like talking to a brick wall” and “We’ll have to agree to disagree” are popular sayings referring to the frustrating experience of discussing issues with people who seem to be beyond the reach of argument. It’s often claimed that some people—fundamentalists or fanatics—are indeed sealed off from rational criticism. And every month new pop psychology books appear, describing the dumb ways ordinary people make decisions, as revealed by psychological experiments. The conclusion is that all or most people are fundamentally irrational. Ray Scott Percival sets out to demolish the whole notion of the closed mind and of human irrationality. There is a difference between making mistakes and being irrational. Though humans are prone to mistakes, they remain rational. In fact, making mistakes is a sign of rationality: a totally non-rational entity could not make a mistake. Rationality does not mean absence of error; it means the possibility of correcting error in the light of criticism. In this sense, all human beliefs are rational: they are all vulnerable to being abandoned when shown to be faulty. Percival agrees that people cling stubbornly to their beliefs, but he maintains that not being too ready to abandon one’s beliefs is rational.

Polarities in the Evolution of Mankind

West and East, Materialism and Mysticism, Knowledge and Belief
Author: Rudolf Steiner
Publisher: SteinerBooks
ISBN: 9780880105569
Category: Anthroposophy
Page: 183
View: 1920
Steiner unfolds here the spiritual background to many social questions around the theme of the polarities of West and East, materialism and mysticism, knowledge and belief. He makes visible the forces of decline active in modern civilization, and how these threes are trying to wrest human destiny from the active participation of human beings. He presents with profound poignancy how Christ is pouring a new spirit into human evolution.

In the Shadow of Infamy

Author: George T. Farmos
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 9781462823659
Category: History
Page: 124
View: 5532
In the Shadow of Infamy is born out of life experiences in the shadow of Communist paradise created by the Stalinist dictatorship. Author George Farmos was born in Slovakia during a time when Darwinism would be unleashed in the most unanticipated way. Not to believe what the Communist Party championed was considered ignorant, reactionary, and deserving of punishment. Individuals were forced to sacrifice their rights on the altar of collective fairness. Farmos writes this book to illustrate a chilling parallel between Communism and progressive liberalization of America, under governments leadership, in the name of science.

The Power of Positive Management

Be a Winner
Author: Rakesh K Mittal
Publisher: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd
ISBN: 8120792467
Category: Self-Help
Page: N.A
View: 3813
Today ‘stress’ has become an integral part of modern day living. The ability to manage the various aspects of our lives without being stressed call for a positive outlook, a balanced mind, and a firm determination to achieve our goals through constant vigil and assiduous practice. This book outlines the essential principles of developing such a positive attitude. This book is based on the personal experiences of the author, as a member of the Indian Civil Service, and covers a wide range of subjects like Integrity, Time Management, Asset Management, Interpersonal Relationships, Motivation, Communication and Personal Well-being, and has immediate relevance in diverse management environments. This lucidly written and immensely readable book will be of special value to all professionals enabling them to be more sure-footed in this complex society.

Creating Better Futures

Scenario Planning as a Tool for a Better Tomorrow
Author: James A. Ogilvy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199923841
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 7311
As a founder and managing director of Global Business Network, James Ogilvy helped develop the technique of scenario planning, which has become an integral part of strategic thinking in both business and government. Now Ogilvy shows how we can use this cutting-edge method for social change in our own neighborhoods. In Creating Better Futures, Ogilvy presents a profound new vision of how the world is changing--and how it can be changed for the better. Ogilvy argues that self-defined communities, rather than individuals or governments, have become the primary agents for social change. Towns, professional associations, and interest groups of all kinds help shape the future in all the ways that matter most, from schools and hospitals to urban development. The key to improvement is scenario planning--a process that draws on groups of people, both lay and expert, to draft narratives that spell out possible futures, some to avoid, some inspiring hope. Scenario planning has revolutionized both public and private planning, leading to everything from the diverse product lines that have revived the auto industry, to a timely decision by the state of Colorado to avoid pouring millions into an oil-shale industry that never materialized. But never before has anyone proposed that it be taken up by society as a whole. Drawing on years of experience in both academia and the private sector, where he developed both a keen sense of how businesses work best and an abiding passion for changing the world, James Ogilvy provides the tools we need to create better communities: better health, better education, better lives.

Eat Right 4 Your Type (Revised and Updated)

The Individualized Blood Type Diet Solution
Author: Dr. Peter J. D'Adamo,Catherine Whitney
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9781101042786
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 432
View: 3306
THE NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLING DIET PHENOMENON If you’ve ever suspected that not everyone should eat the same thing or do the same exercise, you’re right. In fact, what foods we absorb well and how our bodies handle stress differ with each blood type. Your blood type reflects your internal chemistry. It is the key that unlocks the mysteries of disease, longevity, fitness, and emotional strength. It determines your susceptibility to illness, the foods you should eat, and ways to avoid the most troubling health problems. Based on decades of research and practical application, Eat Right 4 Your Type offers an individualized diet-and-health plan that is right for you. In this revised and updated edition of Eat Right 4 Your Type, you will learn: • Which foods, spices, teas, and condiments will help maintain your optimal health and ideal weight • Which vitamins and supplements to emphasize or avoid • Which medications function best in your system • Whether your stress goes to your muscles or to your nervous system • Whether your stress is relieved better through aerobics or meditation • Whether you should walk, swim, or play tennis or golf as your mode of exercise • How knowing your blood type can help you avoid many common viruses and infections • How knowing your blood type can help you fight back against life-threatening diseases • How to slow down the aging process by avoiding factors that cause rapid cell deterioration INCLUDES A 10-DAY JUMP-START PLAN

The Origin of Our Species

Author: Chris Stringer
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141968362
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 6367
In this ground-breaking book Chris Stringer sets out to answer all the big questions in the debate about our origins. How can we define modern humans, and how can we recognise our beginnings in the fossil and archaeological record? How can we accurately date fossils, including ones beyond the range of radiocarbon dating? What do the genetic data really tell us? Were our origins solely in Africa? Are modern humans a distinct species from ancient people such as the Neanderthals? And what contact did our ancestors have with them? How can we recognise modern humans behaviourally, and were traits such as complex language and art unique to modern humans? What forces shaped the origins of modern humans - were they climatic, dietary, social, or even volcanic? What drove the dispersals of modern humans from Africa, and how did our species spread over the globe? How did regional features evolve, and how significant are they? What exactly was the 'Hobbit' of the island of Flores, and how was it related to us? Has human evolution stopped, or are we still evolving? What can we expect from future research on our origins? This book will make every reader think about what it means to be human.