The Shah's Last Ride


Author: William Shawcross
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 067168745X
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 432
View: 4633
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Chronicles the events leading to the fall of the last reigning monarch of the Peacock Thorne, detailing the excesses of his court, the rise of the Ayatollah, and his abdiction and life as refugee

U.S. Officials and the Fall of the Shah

Some Safe Contraction Interpretations
Author: Jean-Charles Brotons
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 073913342X
Category: Political Science
Page: 202
View: 6167
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Unlike the dominant trend in cognitive approach to foreign policy, the approach in this book is not guided by reflections in psychology. Like part of Jervis's work, it is inspired by reflections concerning the philosophy of science; yet not by Kuhn's or those of its most well-known critics, but by some more recent and formal reflections known as the AGM theory. The AGM theory, proposed in the 1980's by Alchourr-n, GSrdenfors, and Makinson, is the core of a most dynamic branch of logic, focusing on belief change. It has produced impressive formal results, with echoes in artificial intelligence, database management, and decision and game theory. This book shows how it can be used in political science. The book includes three parts. Part One is a twenty-page review of the AGM theory, avoiding a number of pitfalls, inaccuracies, and misunderstandings that are common elsewhere. Part Two is a review of U.S.-Iranian relations under the reign of the last shah, focusing on the last years of monarchy, and including an unconventional interpretation of U.S. intelligence performance in 1978. The essential part is Part Three, where an AGM model is tested, and intriguing results obtained in connection with U.S. perceptions of the Iranian revolution.

Mad as Hell


Author: Dominic Sandbrook
Publisher: Anchor
ISBN: 0307595455
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 1051
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“I’m mad as hell, and I’m not going to take it anymore!” The words of Howard Beale, the fictional anchorman in the 1970s hit film Network, struck a chord with a generation of Americans. From the disgrace of Watergate to the humiliation of the Iran hostage crisis, the American Dream seemed to be falling apart. In this magisterial new history, Dominic Sandbrook re-creates the schizophrenic atmosphere of the 1970s, the world of Henry Kissinger and Edward Kennedy, Anita Bryant and Jerry Falwell, Bruce Springsteen and Tom Landry. He takes us back to an age when feminists were on the march and the Communists seemed to be winning the Cold War, but also when a new kind of right-wing populism was transforming American politics from the ground up. Those years gave us organic food, disco music, gas lines, and gay rights—but they also gave us Proposition 13, the neoconservative movement, and the rise of Ronald Reagan. From the killing fields of Vietnam to the mean streets of Manhattan, this is a richly compelling picture of the turbulent age in which our modern-day populist politics was born. For those who remember the days when you could buy a new Ford Mustang II but had to wait hours to fill the tank, this could hardly be a more vivid book. And for those born later, it is the perfect guide to a tortured landscape that shaped our present, from the financial boardroom to the suburban bedroom: the extraordinary world of 1970s America. From the Hardcover edition.

Politics of Confrontation

The Foreign Policy of the USA and Revolutionary Iran
Author: Babak Ganji
Publisher: Tauris Academic Studies
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 4763
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This is a penetrating critique of international relations theory within the historical framework of US-Iranian relations from the early reign of the Shah to the revolution under the Ayatollah Khomeini, with particular emphasis on the final years during the Carter administration. This thorough examination provides the first in-depth look at US documents seized from the American Embassy by revolutionary students during the infamous hostage crisis.

An Island of Stability

The Islamic Revolution of Iran and the Dutch Opinion
Author: Mark Thiessen
Publisher: Sidestone Press
ISBN: 9088900191
Category: History
Page: 77
View: 3086
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In 1979, the world was taken by surprise when the Iranian people revolted against their westernized ruling elite, and traded in the Shah for a radical Islamic republic ruled by the most senior Shiite cleric, ayatollah Khomeini. The Islamic revolution of Iran was a breaking point in history. It was the defining moment for Islam in the twentieth century and fuelled the Islamic confidence that has since then only grown. The roots of the revolution were deeply entrenched in the recent history of Iran, yet in the West, almost no one knew what was happening. The rise of ayatollah Khomeini and the Islamic republic seemed to have come out of nowhere. In this book, historian Mark Thiessen tries to answer the most important questions of the Islamic revolution. What happened, and where did it come from? This book explores the background of the revolution, and gives a detailed account of its course. It analyzes the rise of Khomeini, and his ideology. By studying the archives of the Dutch embassy in Tehran, Thiessen finally tries to find out about the way the Dutch mission experienced and interpreted the revolution, at a time when the outcome was not yet clear.

The Shah


Author: Abbas Milani
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 0230115624
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 496
View: 3213
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Though his monarchy was toppled in 1979 and he died in 1980, the life of Mohammad-Reza Shah Pahlevi, the last Shah of Iran, continues to resonate today. Here, internationally respected author Abbas Milani gives us the definitive biography, more than ten years in the making, of the monarch who shaped Iran's modern age and with it the contemporary politics of the Middle East. The Shah's was a life filled with contradiction—as a social reformer he built schools, increased equality for women, and greatly reduced the power of the Shia clergy. He made Iran a global power, courting Western leaders from Churchill to Carter, and nationalized his country's many natural resources. But he was deeply conflicted and insecure in his powerful role. Intolerant of political dissent, he was eventually overthrown by the very people whose loyalty he so desperately sought. This comprehensive and gripping account shows us how Iran went from politically moderate monarchy to totalitarian Islamic republic. Milani reveals the complex and sweeping road that would bring the U.S. and Iran to where they are today.

The Iranian Journal of International Affairs


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Islamic civilization
Page: N.A
View: 3705
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Nixon, Kissinger, and the Shah

The United States and Iran in the Cold War
Author: Roham Alvandi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199375712
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 4547
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Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last shah of Iran, is often remembered as a pliant instrument of American power during the Cold War. In this groundbreaking study Roham Alvandi offers a revisionist account of the shah's relationship with the United States by examining the partnership he forged with Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger in the 1970s. Based on extensive research in the British and U.S. archives, as well as a wealth of Persian-language diaries, memoirs, and oral histories, this work restores agency to the shah as an autonomous international actor and suggests that Iran evolved from a client to a partner of the United States under the Nixon Doctrine. Nixon, Kissinger, and the Shah offers a detailed account of three key historical episodes in the Nixon-Kissinger-Pahlavi partnership that shaped the global Cold War far beyond Iran's borders. It examines the emergence of Iranian primacy in the Persian Gulf as the Nixon administration looked to the shah to fill the vacuum created by the British withdrawal from the region in 1971. It then turns to the peak of the partnership after Nixon and Kissinger's historic 1972 visit to Iran, when the shah succeeded in drawing the United States into his covert war against Iraq in Kurdistan. Finally, it focuses on the decline of the partnership under Nixon's successor, Gerald Ford, through a history of the failed negotiations from 1974 to 1976 for an agreement on U.S. nuclear exports to Iran. Taken together, these episodes map the rise of the fall of Iran's Cold War partnership with the United States during the decade of superpower d?tente, Vietnam, and Watergate. This work of American diplomatic history, international relations, and Middle Eastern Studies provides critical historic background on Iran's ambitions for primacy in the Persian Gulf, its nuclear program, and what a US-Iran strategic partnership might look like in the future.

Der Krieg Irak-Iran, 1980-88


Author: Harald Möller
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783000002267
Category: Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988
Page: 349
View: 7129
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Iran

a people interrupted
Author: Hamid Dabashi
Publisher: New Press, The
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 324
View: 1557
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A leading Iranian scholar provides a political and cultural history of Iran over the last two centuries, offering an insightful analysis key recent events, cultural trends, and political developments, in a revealing look at a country marked by a determination to build a nuclear arsenal, vast oil reserves, rigid theocracy, and anti-Israeli and anti-American stance.

The Bulletin


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Sydney (N.S.W.)
Page: N.A
View: 5873
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From the Shahs to Los Angeles

Three Generations of Iranian Jewish Women between Religion and Culture
Author: Saba Soomekh
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438443854
Category: History
Page: 230
View: 3664
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A fascinating look at the lives, culture, and religious and ritual observance of three generations of Iranian Jewish women in the United States.

Comparative Civilizations Review


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Comparative civilization
Page: N.A
View: 7635
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Waffen für Iran und Irak

deutsche Rüstungsexporte und ihre Querverbindungen zu den ABC-Waffenprogrammen beider Länder ; Ursachen, Hintergründe, Folgen
Author: Harald Möller
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Arms transfers
Page: 578
View: 4022
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The Oil Kings

How the U.S., Iran, and Saudi Arabia Changed the Balance of Power in the Middle East
Author: Andrew Scott Cooper
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1439157138
Category: History
Page: 544
View: 531
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struggling with a recession . . . European nations at risk of defaulting on their loans . . . A possible global financial crisis. It happened before, in the 1970s. Oil Kings is the story of how oil came to dominate U.S. domestic and international affairs. As Richard Nixon fought off Watergate inquiries in 1973, the U.S. economy reacted to an oil shortage initiated by Arab nations in retaliation for American support of Israel in the Arab- Israeli war. The price of oil skyrocketed, causing serious inflation. One man the U.S. could rely on in the Middle East was the Shah of Iran, a loyal ally whose grand ambitions had made him a leading customer for American weapons. Iran sold the U.S. oil; the U.S. sold Iran missiles and fighter jets. But the Shah’s economy depended almost entirely on oil, and the U.S. economy could not tolerate annual double-digit increases in the price of this essential commodity. European economies were hit even harder by the soaring oil prices, and several NATO allies were at risk of default on their debt. In 1976, with the U.S. economy in peril, President Gerald Ford, locked in a tight election race, decided he had to find a country that would sell oil to the U.S. more cheaply and break the OPEC monopoly, which the Shah refused to do. On the advice of Treasury Secretary William Simon and against the advice of Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, Ford made a deal to sell advanced weaponry to the Saudis in exchange for a modest price hike on oil. Ford lost the election, but the deal had lasting consequences. The Shah’s economy was destabilized, and disaffected elements in Iran mobilized to overthrow him. The U.S. had embarked on a long relationship with the autocratic Saudi kingdom that continues to this day. Andrew Scott Cooper draws on newly declassified documents and interviews with some key figures of the time to show how Nixon, Ford, Kissinger, the CIA, and the State and Treasury departments—as well as the Shah and the Saudi royal family— maneuvered to control events in the Middle East. He details the secret U.S.-Saudi plan to circumvent OPEC that destabilized the Shah. He reveals how close the U.S. came to sending troops into the Persian Gulf to break the Arab oil embargo. The Oil Kings provides solid evidence that U.S. officials ignored warning signs of a potential hostage crisis in Iran. It discloses that U.S. officials offered to sell nuclear power and nuclear fuel to the Shah. And it shows how the Ford Administration barely averted a European debt crisis that could have triggered a financial catastrophe in the U.S. Brilliantly reported and filled with astonishing details about some of the key figures of the time, The Oil Kings is the history of an era that we thought we knew, an era whose momentous reverberations still influence events at home and abroad today.

Library Journal


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Libraries
Page: N.A
View: 4859
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Includes, beginning Sept. 15, 1954 (and on the 15th of each month, Sept.-May) a special section: School library journal, ISSN 0000-0035, (called Junior libraries, 1954-May 1961). Also issued separately.

Vanity Fair


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 7510
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Iran

The Political Sociology of the Islamic Revolution
Author: Morris Mehrdad Mottale
Publisher: University Press of Amer
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 71
View: 7761
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This book fulfills a need for a concise, comprehensive work on the Iranian Islamic Revolution, an event that has often been placed in the classificatory context of the greater and lesser revolutions of the 20th century. The Iranian revolution in the late 20th century has acquired a special significance because of the rise of the so-called Islamic fundamentalism. The Iranian experience was the first political experiment to reflect this phenomenon and it is crucial for students of the subject to understand the details of Khomeini's experiment. The revolution in Iran foreshadowed the clash between modernity and tradition that has now engulfed North Africa and the Middle East. The phenomenon of Khomeini challenges many of the assumptions that have underlined theories and models of progress and development in the Western and non-Western world. Iran: The Political Sociology of the Islamic Revolution brings this critical topic skillfully to the forefront.

Far Eastern Economic Review


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: East Asia
Page: N.A
View: 7431
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Asia's premier business magazine. The magazine reports on politics, business, economics, technology and social and cultural issues throughout Asia, with a particular emphasis on both Southeast Asia and China.