The Shah


Author: Abbas Milani
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 0230115624
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 496
View: 2599
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Though his monarchy was toppled in 1979 and he died in 1980, the life of Mohammad-Reza Shah Pahlevi, the last Shah of Iran, continues to resonate today. Here, internationally respected author Abbas Milani gives us the definitive biography, more than ten years in the making, of the monarch who shaped Iran's modern age and with it the contemporary politics of the Middle East. The Shah's was a life filled with contradiction—as a social reformer he built schools, increased equality for women, and greatly reduced the power of the Shia clergy. He made Iran a global power, courting Western leaders from Churchill to Carter, and nationalized his country's many natural resources. But he was deeply conflicted and insecure in his powerful role. Intolerant of political dissent, he was eventually overthrown by the very people whose loyalty he so desperately sought. This comprehensive and gripping account shows us how Iran went from politically moderate monarchy to totalitarian Islamic republic. Milani reveals the complex and sweeping road that would bring the U.S. and Iran to where they are today.

The Life and Times of the Shah


Author: Gholam Reza Afkhami
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520942165
Category: History
Page: 740
View: 7869
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This epic biography, a gripping insider's account, is a long-overdue chronicle of the life and times of Mohammad Reza Shah, who ruled from 1941 to 1979 as the last Iranian monarch. Gholam Reza Afkhami uses his unparalleled access to a large number of individuals—including high-ranking figures in the shah's regime, members of his family, and members of the opposition—to depict the unfolding of the shah's life against the forces and events that shaped the development of modern Iran. The first major biography of the Shah in twenty-five years, this richly detailed account provides a radically new perspective on key events in Iranian history, including the 1979 revolution, U.S.-Iran relations, and Iran's nuclear program. It also sheds new light on what now drives political and cultural currents in a country at the heart of today's most perplexing geopolitical dilemmas.

The fall of the Shah


Author: Fereydoun Hoveyda
Publisher: Weidenfeld & Nicolson
ISBN: N.A
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 166
View: 8391
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Will in der Welt

Wie Shakespeare zu Shakespeare wurde
Author: Stephen Greenblatt
Publisher: Pantheon Verlag
ISBN: 3641156149
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 512
View: 3447
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Shakespeare ist wohl der bekannteste Dramatiker aller Zeiten, doch über sein Leben wissen wir so gut wie nichts. Kein Brief blieb von ihm erhalten, wir kennen nur ein paar dürre Lebensdaten, vereinzelte Schriftsätze aus Prozessen, die er betrieb – und ein überaus nüchternes Testament, in dem er seiner Frau sein zweitbestes Bett vermacht. In seiner hochgelobten Biographie versucht Stephen Greenblatt mit detektivischem Scharfsinn, die Lücken dieser Lebensgeschichte zu füllen und hinter das Geheimnis zu kommen, wie aus einem talentierten Jungen aus einer englischen Kleinstadt der größte Dramatiker aller Zeiten werden konnte, kurz: wie Shakespeare zu Shakespeare wurde.

The Shah's Last Ride


Author: William Shawcross
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 067168745X
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 432
View: 4287
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Chronicles the events leading to the fall of the last reigning monarch of the Peacock Thorne, detailing the excesses of his court, the rise of the Ayatollah, and his abdiction and life as refugee

All the Shah's Men

An American Coup and the Roots of Middle East Terror
Author: Stephen Kinzer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047018549X
Category: History
Page: 258
View: 5698
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A new edition of the best-selling study of the Iran-U.S. conflict traces the events leading to the 1953 coup in Iran, noting the reasons behind the U.S.'s covert operations under the joint authority of Eisenhower and Churchill, the orchestrations of prime minister Mossadegh and CIA officer Kermit Roosevelt, the coup's ongoing consequences, and future conflict. Original.

The Shah's story


Author: Mohammed Reza Pahlavi (Shah of Iran)
Publisher: Michael Joseph
ISBN: N.A
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 239
View: 2367
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The Unknown Life of the Shah


Author: Amir Taheri
Publisher: Arrow
ISBN: N.A
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 370
View: 4102
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Slaves of the Shah

New Elites of Safavid Iran
Author: Sussan Babaie
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 9781860647215
Category: History
Page: 218
View: 7948
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The Safavid dynasty represented the pinnacle of Iran’s power and influence in its early modern history. The evidence of this – the creation of a nation state, military expansion and success, economic dynamism, and the exquisite art and architecture of the period – is well-known. What is less understood is the extent to which the Safavid success depended on an elite originating from outside Iran: the slaves of Caucasian descent and the Armenian merchants of Isfahan. This book describes how these elites, following their conversion to Islam, helped to transform Isfahan’s urban, artistic and social landscape.

U.S. foreign policy and the Shah

building a client state in Iran
Author: Mark J. Gasiorowski
Publisher: Cornell Univ Pr
ISBN: 9780801424120
Category: Political Science
Page: 242
View: 4522
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Mark Gasiorowski here examines the cliency relationship that existed between the United States and Iran during the reign of the late shah, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and assesses the effects of this relationship on Iran's domestic politics. Gasiorowski argues that by bolstering the shah's repressive regime in the 1950s and early 1960s, the U.S.-Iran cliency relationship indirectly helped bring about the Iranian revolution.

Defying the Iranian Revolution

From a Minister to the Shah to a Leader of Resistance
Author: Manouchehr Ganji
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275971878
Category: History
Page: 263
View: 1789
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The realities of Iranian life are far more harrowing than most people imagine from the outside. Most of the population is under 30 and opposes the cruel and corrupt regime. Ganji stresses that the best defense against terrorism is offense, and that the United States can and must establish a proactive policy of helping Iranians struggling for the freedom of Iran, in and out of the country.

The Shah and the Ayatollah: Iranian Mythology and Islamic Revolution

Iranian Mythology and Islamic Revolution
Author: Fereydoun Hoveyda
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313039194
Category: History
Page: 136
View: 8002
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Twenty-two years after Ayatollah Khomeini's ascent to power in Iran many aspects of his 1979 Islamic revolution remain obscure if not baffling. For instance, in November 1978 an offer was made to him in his Paris exile to return to Iran with international guarantees of freedom of speech and action. He refused and demanded the departure of the Shah. Americans put pressure on the monarch to leave the country. Khomeini arrived in Tehran in early February 1979, and he immediately demanded the return of the Shah and his trial before an Islamic tribunal! No one could give a valid explanation of this contradiction in Khomeini's conduct and demands. Many other mysteries in the unfolding of the revolution and the policies of the Islamic republic which replaced the monarchy have gone unexplained up to now. Scholars and experts in the West have offered the usual explanations for the Islamic revolution-corruption, deepening gaps between the rich and the poor, rapid industrialization, sky-rocketing inflation, westernizing policies that offended traditions, lack of democratic institutions, authoritarian rule, and on and on. But such characteristics which exist in other Muslim countries, especially in the Arab world, fail to clairify the particularities of the Iranian revolution. Indeed, as Ambassador Hoveyda points out, Iran is not an Arab country. It has kept alive its ancient mythological heritage which is not Islamic. It is an Indo-European nation with a recorded history of three thousand years! To understand the real causes of the 1979 revolution one must refer to the deep-rooted beliefs of Iranians and to their very rich mythology. One must also take into account the kind of Islam-shiism-Iranians have created and nurtured. In fact, Iran is a powerful example of how mythologies remain alive and can account for the conduct of a whole nation. Hoveyda shows the influence of myths in history-in-the-making. Indeed, he has found in the Iranian revolution many points that can be clarified only by the impact of old mythology and mindsets. He provides a very original explanation of the events that led to the fall of the Shah and the ascent of Khomeini, changing the political and diplomatic situation in the Middle East, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea region. As such it will be of great interest to scholars, students, researchers, and foreign policy makers involved with the Middle East and Islamic fundamentalism.

The Shah


Author: Margaret Irene Laing
Publisher: Pan MacMillan
ISBN: N.A
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 263
View: 9201
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US Arms Policies Towards the Shah's Iran


Author: Stephen McGlinchey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131769709X
Category: Political Science
Page: 194
View: 3791
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This book reconstructs and explains the arms relationship that successive U.S. administrations developed with the Shah of Iran between 1950 and 1979. This relationship has generally been neglected in the extant literature leading to a series of omissions and distortions in the historical record. By detailing how and why Iran transitioned from a primitive military aid recipient in the 1950s to America’s primary military credit customer in the late 1960s and 1970s, this book provides a detailed and original contribution to the understanding of a key Cold War episode in U.S. foreign policy. By drawing on extensive declassified documents from more than 10 archives, the investigation demonstrates not only the importance of the arms relationship but also how it reflected, and contributed to, the wider evolution of U.S.-Iranian relations from a position of Iranian client state dependency to a situation where the U.S. became heavily leveraged to the Shah for protection of the Gulf and beyond – until the policy met its disastrous end in 1979 as an antithetical regime took power in Iran. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of Middle East studies, US Foreign Policy and Security studies and for those seeking better foundations for which to gain an understanding of U.S. foreign policy in the final decade of the Cold War, and beyond.

Persian Dreams

Moscow and Tehran Since the Fall of the Shah
Author: John W. Parker
Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.
ISBN: 1597972363
Category: History
Page: 423
View: 9914
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Illuminates Russian motives and approaches to dealing with a newly resurgent and potentially nuclear Iran

Nixon, Kissinger, and the Shah

The United States and Iran in the Cold War
Author: Assistant Professor of International History Roham Alvandi,Roham Alvandi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190610689
Category:
Page: 272
View: 1241
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Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last shah of Iran, is often remembered as a pliant instrument of American power during the Cold War. In this groundbreaking study Roham Alvandi offers a revisionist account of the shah's relationship with the United States by examining the partnership he forged with Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger in the 1970s. Based on extensive research in the British and U.S. archives, as well as a wealth of Persian-language diaries, memoirs, and oral histories, this work restores agency to the shah as an autonomous international actor and suggests that Iran evolved from a client to a partner of the United States under the Nixon Doctrine. Nixon, Kissinger, and the Shah offers a detailed account of three key historical episodes in the Nixon-Kissinger-Pahlavi partnership that shaped the global Cold War far beyond Iran's borders. It examines the emergence of Iranian primacy in the Persian Gulf as the Nixon administration looked to the shah to fill the vacuum created by the British withdrawal from the region in 1971. It then turns to the peak of the partnership after Nixon and Kissinger's historic 1972 visit to Iran, when the shah succeeded in drawing the United States into his covert war against Iraq in Kurdistan. Finally, it focuses on the decline of the partnership under Nixon's successor, Gerald Ford, through a history of the failed negotiations from 1974 to 1976 for an agreement on U.S. nuclear exports to Iran. Taken together, these episodes map the rise of the fall of Iran's Cold War partnership with the United States during the decade of superpower détente, Vietnam, and Watergate. This work of American diplomatic history, international relations, and Middle Eastern Studies provides critical historic background on Iran's ambitions for primacy in the Persian Gulf, its nuclear program, and what a US-Iran strategic partnership might look like in the future.

The Shah’s Iran - Rise and Fall

Conversations with an Insider
Author: Abdolreza Ansari
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1786721643
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 336
View: 3182
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A chance encounter diverted Abdolreza Ansari from completing his doctorate in the US, and set him on a professional journey which mirrored the prolific rise and the precipitous fall of the regime of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran. Appointed a cabinet minister at the age of just 34, Ansari consistently and methodically used his skills in an attempt to institute modern managerial systems and solid foundations in his various assignments. He went on to have a high-ranking ministerial career ending up in the all-important role of Minister of Interior. His appointment as Managing Director of the Imperial Organisation for Social Services placed him at the centre of power, giving him extraordinary insights into the Iranian political scene of that era. Ansari’s proximity to the Iranian royal court, his encounters with a multitude of well-known personalities and his perceptions of the political culture in 1970s Tehran make this book an important historical source and a fascinating portrayal of the inner workings of the Shah’s Iran.

U.S. Officials and the Fall of the Shah

Some Safe Contraction Interpretations
Author: Jean-Charles Brotons
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 073913342X
Category: Political Science
Page: 202
View: 7785
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Unlike the dominant trend in cognitive approach to foreign policy, the approach in this book is not guided by reflections in psychology. Like part of Jervis's work, it is inspired by reflections concerning the philosophy of science; yet not by Kuhn's or those of its most well-known critics, but by some more recent and formal reflections known as the AGM theory. The AGM theory, proposed in the 1980's by Alchourr-n, GSrdenfors, and Makinson, is the core of a most dynamic branch of logic, focusing on belief change. It has produced impressive formal results, with echoes in artificial intelligence, database management, and decision and game theory. This book shows how it can be used in political science. The book includes three parts. Part One is a twenty-page review of the AGM theory, avoiding a number of pitfalls, inaccuracies, and misunderstandings that are common elsewhere. Part Two is a review of U.S.-Iranian relations under the reign of the last shah, focusing on the last years of monarchy, and including an unconventional interpretation of U.S. intelligence performance in 1978. The essential part is Part Three, where an AGM model is tested, and intriguing results obtained in connection with U.S. perceptions of the Iranian revolution.

Blood & Oil

A Prince's Memoir of Iran, from the Shah to the Ayatollah
Author: Manucher Farmanfarmaian,Roxane Farmanfarmaian
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 0307430715
Category: History
Page: 576
View: 738
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PEN/West Award Finalist " Told with energy, perception and great charm. . . . For anyone who wants to . . . gain insight into the great cultural and political richness of Iran, past, present and future, this book is a marvelous introduction." --Fred Halliday, Los Angeles Times Iran was the first country in the Middle East to develop an oil industry, and oil has been central to its tumultuous twentieth-century history. A finalist for the PEN/West Award, Blood and Oil tells the epic inside story of the battle for Iranian oil. A prominent member of one of Iran's most powerful aristocratic families--so feared by Khomeini that the entire clan was blacklisted--Prince Manucher Farmanfarmaian was raised in a harem at the heart of Iran's imperial court. With wit and provocative detail, he describes the days when he served as the Shah's oil adviser and pioneered the partnership that resulted in OPEC. Beautifully written and epic in its scope, this scintillating memoir provides a fascinating history of modern Iran. " Distinguished by its political acumen, historical sense, and vividness of description and anecdote. It is also notable for a wry sense of humour. . . . Amid the euphoria about the development of the oilfields of Central Asia and the Transcaucasus, [its] lesson should be kept in mind." --Anatol Lieven, Financial Times "A book of stunning beauty . . . One of the best accounts of the cultural and political life of modern Iran, it is exquisite and intimate, rendered with art-istry and detail." --Fouad Ajami From the Trade Paperback edition.

Midnight of the Shah


Author: Rahimov Ilham
Publisher: Мультимедийное издательство Стрельбицкого
ISBN: N.A
Category: Fiction
Page: N.A
View: 7435
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"Midnight of the Shah" is based on real events, which mainly took place in Iran and Azerbaijan in the middle of the XX century. Many of the novel's characters are real historical figures of the period. Protagonist Rustam Kerimi is fictitious character. As a young teacher and good expert of ancient arts he found himself in the epicenter of those complicated historical processes . This play presents a rich tapestry of political assassinations, coup d'etat and the struggle of secret services of the USA, Iran, the USSR and UK as well as scenes depicting the unique lifestyles of the Caucasus and Middle Eastern region. Its history, art including different schools of carpet weaving filled with magic, sensuality and mysticism.