The Shi'is of Iraq


Author: Yitzhak Nakash
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691190445
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 7852
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The Shi'is of Iraq provides a comprehensive history of Iraq's majority group and its turbulent relations with the ruling Sunni minority. Yitzhak Nakash challenges the widely held belief that Shi'i society and politics in Iraq are a reflection of Iranian Shi'ism, pointing to the strong Arab attributes of Iraqi Shi'ism. He contends that behind the power struggle in Iraq between Arab Sunnis and Shi'is there exist two sectarian groups that are quite similar. The tension fueling the sectarian problem between Sunnis and Shi'is is political rather than ethnic or cultural, and it reflects the competition of the two groups over the right to rule and to define the meaning of nationalism in Iraq. A new introduction brings this book into the new century and illuminates the role that Shi`is could play in postwar Iraq.

Reaching for Power

The Shi'a in the Modern Arab World
Author: Yitzhak Nakash
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400841461
Category: History
Page: 248
View: 1692
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As the world focuses on the conflict in Iraq, the most important political players in that country today are not the Sunni insurgents. Instead, they are Iraq's Shi'I majority--part of the Middle East's ninety million Shi'I Muslims who hold the key to the future of the region and the relations between Muslim and Western societies. So contends Yitzhak Nakash, one of the world's foremost experts on Shi'ism. With his characteristic verve and style, Nakash traces the role of the Shi'is in the struggle that is raging today among Muslims for the soul of Islam. He shows that in contrast to the growing militancy among Sunni groups since the 1990s, Shi'is have shifted their focus from confrontation to accommodation with the West. Constituting sixty percent of the population of Iraq, they stand squarely at the center of the U.S government's attempt to remake the Middle East and bring democracy to the region. This groundbreaking book addresses the crucial importance of Shi'is to the U.S. endeavor. Yet it also alerts readers to the strong nationalist sentiments of Shi'is, underscoring the difficult challenge that the United States faces in attempting to impose a new order in the Middle East. The book provides a comprehensive historical perspective on Shi'ism, beginning with the emergence of the movement during the seventh century, continuing through its rise as a political force since the Iranian Islamic Revolution of 1978-79, and leading up to the Iraqi elections of January 2005. Drawing extensively on Arabic sources, this comparative study highlights the reciprocal influences shaping the political development of Shi'is in Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and Lebanon, as well as the impact of the revival of Shi'ism on the larger Arab world. The narrative concludes with an assessment of the risks and possibilities arising from the assertion of Shi'I power in Iraq and from America's attempt to play an increasingly forceful role in the Middle East. A landmark book and a work of remarkable scholarship, Reaching for Power illuminates the Shi'a resurgence amid the shifting geopolitics of the Middle East.

Der Irak seit 1958

von der Revolution zur Diktatur
Author: Peter Sluglett,Marion Farouk-Sluglett
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518116616
Category: Iraq
Page: 345
View: 3309
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The Shīʻite Movement in Iraq


Author: Fāliḥ ʻAbd al-Jabbār
Publisher: Saqi Books
ISBN: 9780863563959
Category: Political Science
Page: 391
View: 4739
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Long oppressed despite their majority status, the Shi'is of Iraq have seen their leaders assassinated or exiled and their rituals debased. But they are a force to be reckoned with, and will play a key role in the reshaping of Iraq. This book is a thorough investigation by one of the foremost experts on the region into the origins and development of Iraqi Shi'ite political activism. Tracing the course of the Shi'is' quest for self-representation, the book shows how their political formation has historically intersected with a variety of religious and geopolitical forces, contending with a series of modern-era strongman regimes culminating in the most violent of them all, the Ba'th rule under Saddam Hussein. Almost alone amongst observers of the region, Faleh A. Jabar greatly enlarges our understanding of Shi'ism in its social, cultural, political and economic dimensions, and underscores the fact that Iraq's Shi'is have never constituted the homogeneous group that political analysts have too often insisted upon. Timely and exhaustively researched, this book offers a perspective on the complexities of the Iraqi situation before and after the fall of Saddam Hussein. Long oppressed despite their majority status, the Shi'is of Iraq have seen their leaders assassinated or exiled and their rituals debased. But they are a force to be reckoned with, and will play a key role in the reshaping of Iraq. This book is a thorough investigation by one of the foremost experts on the region into the origins and development of Iraqi Shi'ite political activism. Tracing the course of the Shi'is' quest for self-representation, the book shows how their political formation has historically intersected with a variety of religious and geopolitical forces, contending with a series of modern-era strongman regimes culminating in the most violent of them all, the Ba'th rule under Saddam Hussein. Almost alone amongst observers of the region, Faleh A. Jabar greatly enlarges our understanding of Shi'ism in its social, cultural, political and economic dimensions, and underscores the fact that Iraq's Shi'is have never constituted the homogeneous group that political analysts have too often insisted upon. Timely and exhaustively researched, this book offers a perspective on the complexities of the Iraqi situation before and after the fall of Saddam Hussein.

Bush in Babylon

die Re-Kolonisierung des Irak
Author: Tariq Ali
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783720524803
Category: Iraq
Page: 224
View: 5571
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The Struggle of the Shi‘is in Indonesia


Author: Zulkifli
Publisher: ANU E Press
ISBN: 1925021300
Category: Religion
Page: 304
View: 3582
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The Struggle of the Shi‘is in Indonesia is a pioneering work. It is the first comprehensive scholarly examination in English of the development of Shiism in Indonesia. It focuses primarily on the important period between 1979 and 2004 – a period of nearly a quarter of a century that saw the notable dissemination of Shi’i ideas and a considerable expansion of the number of Shi’i adherents in Indonesia. Since Islam in Indonesia is overwhelmingly Sunni, this development of Shiism in a predominantly Sunni context is a remarkable phenomenon that calls for careful, critical investigation. There is also an important examination of the principal ideas underlying the Madhab Ahl al-Bayt, the Imamate and Imam Madhi, Ja‘fari jurisprudence and ritual piety. Appropriately, in his discussion, Zulkifli provides a succinct outline of contrasts with Sunni ideas and practice. He also examines the publishing efforts that underpinned the dissemination of Shi’i ideas and the founding of IJABI (Ikatan Jamaah Ahlul Bait Indonesia) in July 2000 for the propagation of Ahl al-Bayt teachings. Given the Indonesian context, Zulkifli is also concerned with Sunni reactions to these Shi’i developments – a story that continues to unfold to the present. This book as a work of great value and significance for the continuing understanding of the richness and complexity of Indonesian Islam.

Iraq Since 1958

From Revolution to Dictatorship
Author: Marion Farouk-Sluglett,Peter Sluglett
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857713736
Category: History
Page: 390
View: 9104
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In the West, the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in August 1990 and later Saddam Husain’s political survival following a punishing defeat in war have been greeted with bewilderment and incomprehension. The history of politics in Iraq and the context which has given rise to Saddam Husayn’s violent Ba’thist regime have been barely understood._x000D_ _x000D_ This highly praised book is the first to explore the emergence of modern Iraq from its foundation in 1920 into the 21st century. It covers the period from the revolution in 1958, concentrating particularly on Saddam Husayn’s rise to power and his consolidation as leader. It is the only political history of modern Iraq now available to provide a critical analysis of the Ba’thist regime which has ruled since 1968. _x000D_ _x000D_ The authors also explore the role and decline of the Iraqi Communist Party, the shifting policies towards the Kurds and the Shi’is, the nationalisation of oil and Iraq’s relations with its neighbours. With the extensive revision and updatings of Peter Sluglett, they provide a stimulating analysis of the country’s economy, now so drastically affected by international sanctions._x000D_ _x000D_ ---------------------_x000D_ Real Promo blurb_x000D_ As the world holds its breath while the US-Iraq confrontation approaches its denouement, here is the definitive story of Saddam Husayn, his rise to power and the historical background to his dictatorship._x000D_ _x000D_ This highly praised book explores the emergence of modern Iraq from the revolution in 1958 and concentrating on Saddam Husayn’s rise to power and his consolidation as leader. The only political history of modern Iraq now available, it provides a critical analysis of the Ba’thist regime which has ruled since 1968. It explores the decline of the Iraqi Communist Party, the shifting policies towards the Kurds and the Shi‘is, and Iraq’s relations with its neighbours. Extensively updated by Peter Sluglett, it provides analysis of the country’s economy, now so damaged by international sanctions._x000D_ _x000D_ `This is an excellent, reasoned, historical analysis of Iraq, lucidly written, theoretically astute, empirically based, politically firm.'_x000D_ Fred Halliday_x000D_ _x000D_ `A very good book indeed' Albert Hourani_x000D_ ---------------------------------_x000D_ Author aff._x000D_ The late Marion Farouk-Sluglett lectured in Middle Eastern Politics at the University College of Wales. Peter Sluglett is Professor of History at the University of Utah.

The Occupation of Iraq

Winning the War, Losing the Peace
Author: Ali A. Allawi
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300135374
Category: History
Page: 544
View: 927
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Involved for over thirty years in the politics of Iraq, Ali A. Allawi was a long-time opposition leader against the Baathist regime. In the post-Saddam years he has held important government positions and participated in crucial national decisions and events. In this book, the former Minister of Defense and Finance draws on his unique personal experience, extensive relationships with members of the main political groups and parties in Iraq, and deep understanding of the history and society of his country to answer the baffling questions that persist about its current crises. What really led the United States to invade Iraq, and why have events failed to unfold as planned? The Occupation of Iraq examines what the United States did and didn't know at the time of the invasion, the reasons for the confused and contradictory policies that were enacted, and the emergence of the Iraqi political class during the difficult transition process. The book tracks the growth of the insurgency and illuminates the complex relationships among Sunnis, Shias, and Kurds. Bringing the discussion forward to the reconfiguration of political forces in 2006, Allawi provides in these pages the clearest view to date of the modern history of Iraq and the invasion that changed its course in unpredicted ways.

Shi'ism in America


Author: Liyakat Nathani Takim
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814782973
Category: History
Page: 295
View: 1260
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There are over two million Shi'is, who differ from Sunni Muslims in their understandings of the early line of succession after Muhammad, in the United States. With community roots going back sometimes close to one hundred years, the Shi'i community can be found in major cities like New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Washington, and Dearborn, Michigan. Early in the century, Shi'is and Sunnis sometimes arrived at the same time, worshipped together, shared similar experiences, and confronted the same challenges despite their sectarian differences. Both tracing the early history and illuminating the more recent past with surveys and interviews, Takim explores the experiences of this community. Filling an important scholarly gap, he also demonstrates how living in the West has impelled the Shi'i community to grapple with the ways in which Islamic law may respond to the challenges of modernity.Shi'ism in Americaprovides the first general overview of this United States religious community, from religious, cultural, and political institutions to inter-group relations and the experience of African American Shi'is. Liyakat Nathani Takim is Sharjah Chair in Global Islam at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. A native of Zanzibar, Tanzania, he is the author of many works, includingThe Heirs of the Prophet: Charisma and Religious Authority in Shi'ite Islam

Mayada

Tochter des Irak
Author: Jean P. Sasson
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783442361793
Category:
Page: 383
View: 2963
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A History of Iraq


Author: Charles Tripp
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521529006
Category: History
Page: 324
View: 9680
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This updated edition of Charles Tripp's A History of Iraq covers events since 1998, and looks at present-day developments right up to mid-2002. Since its establishment by the British in the 1920s Iraq has witnessed the rise and fall of successive regimes, culminating in the dictatorship of Saddam Hussein. Tripp traces Iraq's political history from its nineteenth-century roots in the Ottoman empire, to the development of the state, its transformation from monarchy to republic and the rise of the Ba'th party and the ascendancy of Saddam Hussein.

Iran, Iraq, and the Legacies of War


Author: L. Potter,G. Sick
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 140398042X
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 8003
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Iraq and Iran are the two most important states in the Gulf region, given their population size, military strength, and the potential threat they pose to other states in the region. This book enhances our understanding of the troubled relationship between Iran and Iraq, placing it in historical context, examining the rapid deterioration leading to the eight-year war that started in 1980 and the effects of that trauma, and exploring the ongoing issues that currently bedevil bilateral relations. The authors cover such central issues as how each side has sought to use opposition groups in the other state to weaken it, ethnic divisions, the role of outside states (especially the United States), and a fascinating account of how the war affected a generation of Iraqis and Iranians. The role of the U.S. in the region and how U.S. policy has affected the two states are also considered. This book provides a basis for understanding the background of a tumultuous relationship that is entering a new era.

The Sunna and Shi'a in History

Division and Ecumenism in the Muslim Middle East
Author: Ofra Bengio,Meir Litvak
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0230370748
Category: Religion
Page: 286
View: 4127
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Sunni-Shi'i relations have undergone significant transformations in recent decades. The 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran had a major spill-over effect on the entire Middle East, and the 2003 war in Iraq transformed the Shi'is into the dominant force in Iraq. The emergence of Iran as a regional power following Saddam Husayn's removal, along with the weakness of the Arab state system, raised the specter of the "Shi'i Crescent" threatening Sunni-Arab domination in the region. The present volume demonstrates the complexity of Sunni-Shi'i relations by analyzing political, ideological, and social encounters between the two communities from early Islamic history to the present. While analyzing specific case studies in various Middle Eastern regions, the book provides a panoramic picture ranging from hostility to efforts of cooperation and ecumenism.

Iran

Religion, Politics, and Society : Collected Essays
Author: Nikki R. Keddie
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780714631509
Category: History
Page: 243
View: 3132
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First Published in 1983. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Baghdad Bound

An Interpreter's Chronicles of the Iraq War
Author: Mohamed Fadel Fahmy
Publisher: Trafford Publishing
ISBN: 1412019117
Category: Political Science
Page: 216
View: 599
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As the advent of an attack on Iraq approaches, a young Egyptian man working in the Gulf decides to take up a freelance job as a field translator for the L.A. Times and unsuspectingly embarks on an electrifying roller-coaster ride from Kuwait City to Baghdad. What was to happen to him and his team for the following three months is documented in his book Baghdad Bound. This is a gripping account of the remarkable events that he witnessed before and during the Iraq War: The danger of frontline reporting Dodging bullets and translating between reporters and Iraqis, the author recounts in detail the escape of BBC, CBC, Newsweek, and other news network crews from the Iraqi border after the threat of being besieged by a group of disgruntled and armed locals. The devastation of the lives of Iraqi civilians From Basra to Baghdad, a direct look at the horror of living in fear of coalition bombs as well as Saddam loyalists. The author begins to understand their psychological trauma after a first-hand look at casualties of war and along the way, discovers the real face of the Ba'athi regime. The aftermath In a lawless land, chaos reigns supreme as Iraqis, coalition forces and journalists struggle to make sense of post-war Iraq. The author recounts the mayhem of looting and rubs shoulders with Shi'a leaders and Iraqi exiles like Ahmed Chalabi vying for power while Saddam is on the loose. Of all the books that have been published about the Iraq War, Baghdad Bound is a first. A mosaic of thrilling untold stories from the theatre of war, it is an earnest and unique collection of the action-packed memoirs of an Arab interpreter who finds himself caught in an intricate web involving the CIA, the L.A. Times, and Iraqis of various walks of life. Here is a raw view of the war through the eyes of a regular man who stumbled into a defining chapter of modern history...

Places in Motion

The Fluid Identities of Temples, Images, and Pilgrims
Author: Jacob N. Kinnard
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199359687
Category: Religion
Page: 320
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Jacob Kinnard offers an in-depth examination of the complex dynamics of religiously charged places. Focusing on several important shared and contested pilgrimage places-Ground Zero and Devils Tower in the United States, Ayodhya and Bodhgaya in India, Karbala in Iraq-he poses a number of crucial questions. What and who has made these sites important, and why? How are they shared, and how and why are they contested? What is at stake in their contestation? How are the particular identities of place and space established? How are individual and collective identity intertwined with space and place? Challenging long-accepted, clean divisions of the religious world, Kinnard explores specific instances of the vibrant messiness of religious practice, the multivocality of religious objects, the fluid and hybrid dynamics of religious places, and the shifting and tangled identities of religious actors. He contends that sacred space is a constructed idea: places are not sacred in and of themselves, but are sacred because we make them sacred. As such, they are in perpetual motion, transforming themselves from moment to moment and generation to generation. Places in Motion moves comfortably across and between a variety of historical and cultural settings as well as academic disciplines, providing a deft and sensitive approach to the topic of sacred places, with awareness of political, economic, and social realities as these exist in relation to questions of identity. It is a lively and much needed critical advance in analytical reflections on sacred space and pilgrimage.

Die Schia


Author: Heinz Halm
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783534031368
Category: Islam and politics
Page: 261
View: 7537
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Terror vor Europas Toren

Der Islamische Staat, Iraks Zerfall und Amerikas Ohnmacht
Author: Wilfried Buchta
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593430711
Category: Political Science
Page: 413
View: 8004
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Der Vormarsch der Milizen des selbsternannten Islamischen Staats gehört derzeit zu den beherrschenden Nachrichtenthemen. In ihm zeigt sich eine neue Qualität des Terrors, der mit dem Export des Heiligen Kriegs, des Dschihad, auch nach Europa überzuschwappen droht. Doch wie konnte es zu dieser bedrohlichen Entwicklung kommen? Wilfried Buchta, ein ausgewiesener Kenner der Region, zeichnet die fatalen Ereignisse im Nahen Osten nach. Er beleuchtet dabei die Rolle der wichtigsten Akteure und Machtfaktoren und erklärt, welche Handlungsoptionen dem Westen heute noch bleiben.

Wir sehen uns am Meer

Roman
Author: Dorit Rabinyan
Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch
ISBN: 3462316281
Category: Fiction
Page: 384
View: 2748
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Romeo und Julia heute: Von der unmöglichen Liebe zwischen einer Jüdin und einem Palästinenser Die Tel Aviverin Liat lernt in New York den Maler Chilmi kennen, der aus Ramallah stammt. Die beiden verlieben sich, wohl wissend, dass ihre Liebe keine Zukunft hat: Wenn die Zeit in New York vorbei ist, wird auch die Beziehung, die eigentlich nicht sein darf, zu Ende gehen. Doch Liat und Chilmi haben die Rechnung ohne ihre Gefühle gemacht ... In der Heimat hätten sie sich nie kennengelernt, aber durch einen Zufall treffen die Israelin Liat und der Palästinenser Chilmi in New York aufeinander und verlieben sich. Liat kämpft mit sich, denn weder ihre Eltern noch ihre jüdischen New Yorker Freunde dürfen von der Beziehung erfahren, die ein klares Enddatum hat: Wenn Liat zurück nach Israel geht, ist Schluss. Doch Gefühle lassen sich nicht einfach abstellen, und die Herkunft der beiden sowie die Perspektivlosigkeit belasten ihre Gegenwart – eine Zukunft scheint unmöglich. Gibt es einen Ausweg, oder ist das private Glück vor dem Hintergrund des Konflikts der beiden Völker unmöglich? Ein Roman, der mit großer Wucht und in einer bildreichen, emotionalen Sprache von einer aussichtslosen Liebe erzählt. Das Buch wurde vom israelischen Erziehungsminister im Januar dieses Jahres von der Lektüreliste der Oberstufe gestrichen, was auch in Deutschland ein starkes Presseecho hervorrief.