Sourcebook of Parallel Computing


Author: J. J. Dongarra,Ian Foster,Geoffrey Fox,Ken Kennedy,Linda Torczon
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann Pub
ISBN: 9781558608719
Category: Computers
Page: 842
View: 6171
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Parallel Computing is a compelling vision of how computation can seamlessly scale from a single processor to virtually limitless computing power. Unfortunately, the scaling of application performance has not matched peak speed, and the programming burden for these machines remains heavy. This book represents the collected knowledge and experience of over 30 leading parallel computing researchers. They offer readers a complete sourcebook with solid coverage of parallel comuting hardware, programming considerations, algorithms, software and enabling technologies, as well as several parallel application case studies. (Midwest).

Parallel Computer Architecture

A Hardware/software Approach
Author: David E. Culler,Jaswinder Pal Singh,Anoop Gupta
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 1558603433
Category: Computers
Page: 1025
View: 3640
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This book outlines a set of issues that are critical to all of parallel architecture--communication latency, communication bandwidth, and coordination of cooperative work (across modern designs). It describes the set of techniques available in hardware and in software to address each issues and explore how the various techniques interact.

Parallel Computing Works!


Author: Geoffrey C. Fox,Roy D. Williams,Guiseppe C. Messina
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080513514
Category: Computers
Page: 977
View: 7349
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A clear illustration of how parallel computers can be successfully applied to large-scale scientific computations. This book demonstrates how a variety of applications in physics, biology, mathematics and other sciences were implemented on real parallel computers to produce new scientific results. It investigates issues of fine-grained parallelism relevant for future supercomputers with particular emphasis on hypercube architecture. The authors describe how they used an experimental approach to configure different massively parallel machines, design and implement basic system software, and develop algorithms for frequently used mathematical computations. They also devise performance models, measure the performance characteristics of several computers, and create a high-performance computing facility based exclusively on parallel computers. By addressing all issues involved in scientific problem solving, Parallel Computing Works! provides valuable insight into computational science for large-scale parallel architectures. For those in the sciences, the findings reveal the usefulness of an important experimental tool. Anyone in supercomputing and related computational fields will gain a new perspective on the potential contributions of parallelism. Includes over 30 full-color illustrations.

Computer Architecture

A Quantitative Approach
Author: John L. Hennessy,David A. Patterson
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 0128119063
Category: Computers
Page: 936
View: 9283
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Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approach, Sixth Edition has been considered essential reading by instructors, students and practitioners of computer design for over 20 years. The sixth edition of this classic textbook is fully revised with the latest developments in processor and system architecture. It now features examples from the RISC-V (RISC Five) instruction set architecture, a modern RISC instruction set developed and designed to be a free and openly adoptable standard. It also includes a new chapter on domain-specific architectures and an updated chapter on warehouse-scale computing that features the first public information on Google's newest WSC. True to its original mission of demystifying computer architecture, this edition continues the longstanding tradition of focusing on areas where the most exciting computing innovation is happening, while always keeping an emphasis on good engineering design. Includes a new chapter on domain-specific architectures, explaining how they are the only path forward for improved performance and energy efficiency given the end of Moore’s Law and Dennard scaling Features the first publication of several DSAs from industry Features extensive updates to the chapter on warehouse-scale computing, with the first public information on the newest Google WSC Offers updates to other chapters including new material dealing with the use of stacked DRAM; data on the performance of new NVIDIA Pascal GPU vs. new AVX-512 Intel Skylake CPU; and extensive additions to content covering multicore architecture and organization Includes "Putting It All Together" sections near the end of every chapter, providing real-world technology examples that demonstrate the principles covered in each chapter Includes review appendices in the printed text and additional reference appendices available online Includes updated and improved case studies and exercises

X3D

Extensible 3D Graphics for Web Authors
Author: Don Brutzman,Leonard Daly
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080489885
Category: Computers
Page: 472
View: 5539
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In the early days of the Web a need was recognized for a language to display 3D objects through a browser. An HTML-like language, VRML, was proposed in 1994 and became the standard for describing interactive 3D objects and worlds on the Web. 3D Web courses were started, several best-selling books were published, and VRML continues to be used today. However VRML, because it was based on HTML, is a stodgy language that is not easy to incorporate with other applications and has been difficult to add features to. Meanwhile, applications for interactive 3D graphics have been exploding in areas such as medicine, science, industry, and entertainment. There is a strong need for a set of modern Web-based technologies, applied within a standard extensible framework, to enable a new generation of modeling & simulation applications to emerge, develop, and interoperate. X3D is the next generation open standard for 3D on the web. It is the result of several years of development by the Web 3D Consortium's X3D Task Group. Instead of a large monolithic specification (like VRML), which requires full adoption for compliance, X3D is a component-based architecture that can support applications ranging from a simple non-interactive animation to the latest streaming or rendering applications. X3D replaces VRML, but also provides compatibility with existing VRML content and browsers. Don Brutzman organized the first symposium on VRML and is playing a similar role with X3D; he is a founding member of the consortium. Len Daly is a professional member of the consortium and both Len and Don have been involved with the development of the standard from the start. The first book on the new way to present interactive 3D content over the Web, written by two of the designers of the standard Plentiful illustrations and screen shots in the full color text Companion website with extensive content, including the X3D specification, sample code and applications, content creation tools, and demos of compatible Web browsers

Parallel Programming: Techniques And Applications Using Networked Workstations And Parallel Computers, 2/E


Author: N.A
Publisher: Pearson Education India
ISBN: 9788131702390
Category:
Page: 488
View: 6130
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High-Performance Computing Infrastructure for South East Europe's Research Communities

Results of the HP-SEE User Forum 2012
Author: Mihnea Dulea,Aneta Karaivanova,Anastasis Oulas,Ioannis Liabotis,Danica Stojiljkovic,Ognjen Prnjat
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319015206
Category: Computers
Page: 171
View: 957
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This book is a collection of carefully reviewed papers presented during the HP-SEE User Forum, the meeting of the High-Performance Computing Infrastructure for South East Europe’s (HP-SEE) Research Communities, held in October 17-19, 2012, in Belgrade, Serbia. HP-SEE aims at supporting and integrating regional HPC infrastructures; implementing solutions for HPC in the region; and making HPC resources available to research communities in SEE, region, which are working in a number of scientific fields with specific needs for massively parallel execution on powerful computing resources. HP-SEE brings together research communities and HPC operators from 14 different countries and enables them to share HPC facilities, software, tools, data and research results, thus fostering collaboration and strengthening the regional and national human network; the project specifically supports research groups in the areas of computational physics, computational chemistry and the life sciences. The contributions presented in this book are organized in four main sections: computational physics; computational chemistry; the life sciences; and scientific computing and HPC operations.

Distributed and Cloud Computing

From Parallel Processing to the Internet of Things
Author: Kai Hwang,Jack Dongarra,Geoffrey C. Fox
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 0128002042
Category: Computers
Page: 672
View: 9651
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Distributed and Cloud Computing: From Parallel Processing to the Internet of Things offers complete coverage of modern distributed computing technology including clusters, the grid, service-oriented architecture, massively parallel processors, peer-to-peer networking, and cloud computing. It is the first modern, up-to-date distributed systems textbook; it explains how to create high-performance, scalable, reliable systems, exposing the design principles, architecture, and innovative applications of parallel, distributed, and cloud computing systems. Topics covered by this book include: facilitating management, debugging, migration, and disaster recovery through virtualization; clustered systems for research or ecommerce applications; designing systems as web services; and social networking systems using peer-to-peer computing. The principles of cloud computing are discussed using examples from open-source and commercial applications, along with case studies from the leading distributed computing vendors such as Amazon, Microsoft, and Google. Each chapter includes exercises and further reading, with lecture slides and more available online. This book will be ideal for students taking a distributed systems or distributed computing class, as well as for professional system designers and engineers looking for a reference to the latest distributed technologies including cloud, P2P and grid computing. Complete coverage of modern distributed computing technology including clusters, the grid, service-oriented architecture, massively parallel processors, peer-to-peer networking, and cloud computing Includes case studies from the leading distributed computing vendors: Amazon, Microsoft, Google, and more Explains how to use virtualization to facilitate management, debugging, migration, and disaster recovery Designed for undergraduate or graduate students taking a distributed systems course—each chapter includes exercises and further reading, with lecture slides and more available online

Parallel Programming with MPI


Author: Peter S. Pacheco
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 9781558603394
Category: Computers
Page: 418
View: 2175
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Mathematics of Computing -- Parallelism.

In Vehicle Software & Hardware Systems


Author: N.A
Publisher: Learning Horizons
ISBN: N.A
Category: Transportation
Page: 344
View: 1228
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An Introduction to Parallel Computing: Design and Analysis of Algorithms, 2/e


Author: Grama
Publisher: Pearson Education India
ISBN: 9788131708071
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 3201
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Object-oriented Neural Networks in C++


Author: Joey Rogers
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
ISBN: 9780125931151
Category: Computers
Page: 310
View: 8038
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This book/disk package provides the reader with a foundation from which any neural network architecture can be constructed. The author has employed object-oriented design and object-oriented programming concepts to develop a set of foundation neural network classes, and shows how these classes can be used to implement a variety of neural network architecture with a great deal of ease and flexibility.

Foundations of Analog and Digital Electronic Circuits


Author: Anant Agarwal,Jeffrey Lang
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 008050681X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1008
View: 5796
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Unlike books currently on the market, this book attempts to satisfy two goals: combine circuits and electronics into a single, unified treatment, and establish a strong connection with the contemporary world of digital systems. It will introduce a new way of looking not only at the treatment of circuits, but also at the treatment of introductory coursework in engineering in general. Using the concept of ''abstraction,'' the book attempts to form a bridge between the world of physics and the world of large computer systems. In particular, it attempts to unify electrical engineering and computer science as the art of creating and exploiting successive abstractions to manage the complexity of building useful electrical systems. Computer systems are simply one type of electrical systems. +Balances circuits theory with practical digital electronics applications. +Illustrates concepts with real devices. +Supports the popular circuits and electronics course on the MIT OpenCourse Ware from which professionals worldwide study this new approach. +Written by two educators well known for their innovative teaching and research and their collaboration with industry. +Focuses on contemporary MOS technology.

Practical MEMS


Author: Ville Kaajakari
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780982299104
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 478
View: 7256
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Practical MEMS focuses on analyzing the operational principles of microsystems. The salient features of the book include: Tutorial approach. The book emphasizes the design and analysis through over 100 calculated examples covering all aspects of MEMS design. Emphasis on design. This book focuses on the microdevice operation. First, the physical operation principles are covered. Second, the design equations are derived and exemplified. Practical MEMS is a perfect companion to MEMS fabrication textbooks. Quantitative performance analysis. The critical performance parameters for the given application are identified and analyzed. For example, the noise and power performance of piezoresistive and capacitive accelerometers is analyzed in detail. Mechanical, resistive (thermal and 1/f-noise), and circuit noise analysis is covered. Application specifications. Different MEMS applications are compared to commercial design requirements. For example, the optical MEMS is analyzed in the context of bar code scanner, projection displays, and optical cross connect specifications. MEMS economics and market analysis. A full chapter is devoted to yield and cost analysis of microfabricated devices. In addition, the market economics for emerging applications such as RF MEMS is discussed.

An Introduction to Parallel Programming


Author: Peter Pacheco
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080921440
Category: Computers
Page: 392
View: 1471
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An Introduction to Parallel Programming is the first undergraduate text to directly address compiling and running parallel programs on the new multi-core and cluster architecture. It explains how to design, debug, and evaluate the performance of distributed and shared-memory programs. The author Peter Pacheco uses a tutorial approach to show students how to develop effective parallel programs with MPI, Pthreads, and OpenMP, starting with small programming examples and building progressively to more challenging ones. The text is written for students in undergraduate parallel programming or parallel computing courses designed for the computer science major or as a service course to other departments; professionals with no background in parallel computing. Takes a tutorial approach, starting with small programming examples and building progressively to more challenging examples Focuses on designing, debugging and evaluating the performance of distributed and shared-memory programs Explains how to develop parallel programs using MPI, Pthreads, and OpenMP programming models

Enterprise Architecture at Work

Modelling, Communication and Analysis
Author: Marc Lankhorst
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642296513
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 338
View: 6522
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An enterprise architecture tries to describe and control an organisation’s structure, processes, applications, systems and techniques in an integrated way. The unambiguous specification and description of components and their relationships in such an architecture requires a coherent architecture modelling language. Lankhorst and his co‐authors present such an enterprise modelling language that captures the complexity of architectural domains and their relations and allows the construction of integrated enterprise architecture models. They provide architects with concrete instruments that improve their architectural practice. As this is not enough, they additionally present techniques and heuristics for communicating with all relevant stakeholders about these architectures. Since an architecture model is useful not only for providing insight into the current or future situation but can also be used to evaluate the transition from ‘as‐is’ to ‘to‐be’, the authors also describe analysis methods for assessing both the qualitative impact of changes to an architecture and the quantitative aspects of architectures, such as performance and cost issues. The modelling language presented has been proven in practice in many real‐life case studies and has been adopted by The Open Group as an international standard. So this book is an ideal companion for enterprise IT or business architects in industry as well as for computer or management science students studying the field of enterprise architecture.

The Whale and the Reactor

A Search for Limits in an Age of High Technology
Author: Langdon Winner
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226902098
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 214
View: 2720
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"The questions he poses about the relationship between technical change and political power are pressing ones that can no longer be ignored, and identifying them is perhaps the most a nascent 'philosophy of technology' can expect to achieve at the present time."—David Dickson, New York Times Book Review "The Whale and the Reactor is the philosopher's equivalent of superb public history. In its pages an analytically trained mind confronts some of the most pressing political issues of our day."—Ruth Schwartz Cowan, Isis

How Video Works


Author: Marcus Weise,Diana Weynand
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 113606981X
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 320
View: 1507
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How Video Works has been a bible for professionals in the video world since 1985. It offers easy to understand explanations of the entire world of video. A complete guide from analog video to all the new digital technologies, including HD, compression, and encoding. This book is a must-have for any broadcast or video production department. It is also perfect for the new video technician or non-tech creative professional who is just beginning to discover the digital world. Update your library with the brand new version of an industry standard.

Genetic Programming

6th European Conference, EuroGP 2003, Essex, UK, April 14-16, 2003. Proceedings
Author: Conor Ryan,Terence Soule,Riccardo Poli,Edward Tsang,Maarten Keijzer,Ernesto Costa
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540365990
Category: Computers
Page: 492
View: 8370
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In this volume we present the accepted contributions to the Sixth European Conference on Genetic Programming (EuroGP 2003) which took place at the University of Essex, UK on 14-16 April 2003. EuroGP is now a well-established conference and, without any doubt, the most important international event - voted to Genetic Programming occurring in Europe. The proceedings have all been published by Springer-Verlag in the LNCS series. EuroGP began as an - ternational workshop in Paris, France in 1998 (14–15 April, LNCS 1391). Sub- quently the workshop was held in G ̈ oteborg, Sweden in 1999 (26–27 May, LNCS 1598) and then EuroGP became an annual conference: in 2000 in Edinburgh, UK (15–16 April, LNCS 1802), in 2001 in Lake Como, Italy (18–19 April, LNCS 2038) and in 2002 in Kinsale, Ireland (3–5 April, LNCS 2278). From the outset, there have always been specialized workshops, co-located with EuroGP, focusing on applications of evolutionary algorithms (LNCS 1468, 1596, 1803, 2037, and 2279). This year was no exception and EvoWorkshops 2003, incorporating Evo- BIO, EvoCOP, EvoIASP, EvoMUSART, EvoSTIM and EvoROB, took place at the University of Essex (LNCS 2611). Genetic Programming (GP) is that part of Evolutionary Computation which solves particular complex problems or tasks by evolving and adapting popu- tions of computer programs, using Darwinian evolution and Mendelian genetics as a source of inspiration.

Returning Home from Iraq and Afghanistan

Preliminary Assessment of Readjustment Needs of Veterans, Service Members, and Their Families
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on the Health of Select Populations,Committee on the Initial Assessment of Readjustment Needs of Military Personnel, Veterans, and Their Families
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309152853
Category: Medical
Page: 192
View: 416
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Nearly 1.9 million U.S. troops have been deployed to Afghanistan and Iraq since October 2001. Many service members and veterans face serious challenges in readjusting to normal life after returning home. This initial book presents findings on the most critical challenges, and lays out the blueprint for the second phase of the study to determine how best to meet the needs of returning troops and their families.