The United Nations, Iran, and Iraq

How Peacemaking Changed
Author: Cameron R. Hume
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 9780253328748
Category: History
Page: 269
View: 8208
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"Hume has written a ground-breaking study... his analysis is thoughtful and objective in the best tradiiton of the practitioner scholar." -- Choice "... a ground-breaking book written by a rising star of the American diplomatic service who was himself intimately involved in the Beekman Place negotiations... Mr. Hume... guides the reader through the complex diplomacy that surrounded the Iraq-Iran war, showing how the great powers came to recognize that ending the conflict was in their interests." -- Paul Lewis, New York Times Book Review "Cameron Hume shows how the problems and perils arising from the war served as timely grist to the mills of the Security Council at the UN... This is something that well deserves to be saved from oblivion." -- The Economist "... well-informed... an ably written diplomatic history that will be referred to for years to come by those who want to understand how the United Nations is meant to operate." -- Foreign Affairs "This book describes how the member states operate, in good times and bad. And it does so with grace and insight." -- Gary Sick, Middle East Journal "... a serious and insightful account of the changing role of the UN in the Iran-Iraq conflict... by an able diplomat who was directly involved." -- Shibley Telhami "This insider's account of the revolutionary changes in the U.N. Security Council... is a major contribution to understanding why the U.N. and the Council are now more effective and more used.... a well-written, important book." -- U.S. Ambassador Thomas R. Pickering Hume's authoritative account follows the transformation of the Security Council, since 1985, from a stage for acrimonious public diplomacy into a forum where governments collaborate to settle regional disputes.

The United Nations and Human Rights in Iraq

The Untold Story of Camp Ashraf
Author: Tahar Boumedra
Publisher: New Generation Publishing
ISBN: 9781909740648
Category: Political Science
Page: 344
View: 4491
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Tahar Boumedra was Chief of the Human Rights Office of United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), and adviser to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) on Camp Ashraf affairs from 2009 until 2012. He was the Regional Director of Penal Reform International (PRI) for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), based in Amman, Jordan. He was working with the MENA governments to introduce human rights based reforms in the penal and prison systems in the region. In November 2008, he was offered the position of Chief of UNAMI Human Rights Office who also represents the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (HCHR) in Iraq.

U.N. and the Iran-Iraq War


Author: R. P. H. King
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 0788130021
Category: Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988
Page: 39
View: 1938
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Discusses relations between Iran and Iraq throughout their conflict from 1980-1986. Introduction by Gary Sick and Brian Urquhart, authors of "Douse the Spreading Iran-Iraq Flames", an article which is reprinted at the end of the book. Includes articles about the U.N. and the war, covering the initiation of the fighting, the U.N. Security Council, the shift to the U.N. Secretariat, questions and conclusions.

The International Struggle Over Iraq

Politics in the UN Security Council 1980-2005
Author: David M. Malone
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199238685
Category: History
Page: 398
View: 5023
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"Iraq has dominated headlines in recent years, but its controversial role in international affairs goes back much further. Drawing on unparalleled access to UN insiders, this book is key to understanding one of the most persistent crises in international affairs and the various roles the world's central peace-making forum has played in it"--Publisher description.

The United Nations and Changing World Politics


Author: Thomas G. Weiss
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429973942
Category: Political Science
Page: 448
View: 4515
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This completely revised and updated eighth edition serves as the definitive text for courses in which the United Nations is either the focus or a central component. Built around three critical themes in international relations?peace and security, human rights and humanitarian affairs, and sustainable human development?the eighth edition of The United Nations and Changing World Politics guides students through the seven turbulent decades of UN politics.This new edition is fully revised to incorporate recent developments on the international stage, including new peace operations in Mali and the Central African Republic; ongoing UN efforts to manage the crises in Libya, Syria, and Iraq; the Iran Nuclear Deal; and the new Sustainable Development Goals. The authors discuss how international law frames the controversies at the UN and guides how the UN responds to violence and insecurity, gross violations of human rights, poverty, underdevelopment, and environmental degradation. Students of all levels will learn that the UN is a complex organization, comprised of three interactive entities that cooperate and also compete with each other to define and advance the UN's principles and purposes.

Tower Of Babble

How The United Nations Has Fueled Global Chaos
Author: Dore Gold
Publisher: Crown Forum
ISBN: 140005494X
Category: Political Science
Page: 328
View: 8202
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The best-selling author of Hatred's Kingdom and a former UN ambassador offers a thought-provoking critique of the United Nations, its goals and policies, its abandonment of its mission, its failures during such events as the Cuban Missile Crisis and the war in Iraq, and the future role of America in global affairs. Reprint. 30,000 first printing.

Invisible War

The United States and the Iraq Sanctions
Author: Joy Gordon
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674035713
Category: History
Page: 359
View: 2816
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The economic sanctions imposed on Iraq from 1990 to 2003 were the most comprehensive and devastating of any established in the name of international governance. In a sharp indictment of U.S. policy, Joy Gordon examines the key role the nation played in shaping the sanctions, whose harsh strictures resulted in part from U.S. definitions of dual use and weapons of mass destruction, and claims that everything from water pipes to child vaccines could produce weapons. Provocative and sure to stir debate, this book lays bare the damage that can be done by unchecked power in our institutions of international governance."

The Envoy

From Kabul to the White House, My Journey Through a Turbulent World
Author: Zalmay Khalilzad
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 125008301X
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 288
View: 4633
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Zalmay Khalilzad grew up in a traditional family in the ancient city of Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan. As a teenager, Khalilzad spent a year as an exchange student in California, where after some initial culture shocks he began to see the merits of America's very different way of life. He believed the ideals that make American culture work, like personal initiative, community action, and respect for women, could make a transformative difference to his home country, the Muslim world and beyond. Of course, 17-year-old Khalilzad never imagined that he would one day be in a position to advance such ideas. With 9/11, he found himself uniquely placed to try to shape mutually beneficial relationships between his two worlds. As U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan and Iraq, he helped craft two constitutions and forge governing coalitions. As U.S. Ambassador to the UN, he used his unique personal diplomacy to advance U.S. interests and values. In The Envoy, Khalilzad details his experiences under three presidential administrations with candid behind-the-scenes insights. He argues that America needs an intelligent, effective foreign policy informed by long-term thinking and supported by bipartisan commitment. Part memoir, part record of a political insider, and part incisive analysis of the current Middle East, The Envoy arrives in time for foreign policy discussions leading up to the 2016 election.

Literature from the Axis of Evil

Writing from Iran, Iraq, North Korea, and Other Enemy Nations - A Words Without Borders Anthology
Author: New Press,Words Without Borders
Publisher: The New Press
ISBN: 1595582053
Category: Literary Collections
Page: 296
View: 3029
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A collection of stories and poems by contemporary writers from Iran, Iraq, North Korea, and other countries the United States considers enemies that have been translated into English.

The Oxford Handbook of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations


Author: Joachim Koops,Norrie MacQueen,Thierry Tardy,Paul D. Williams
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019150954X
Category: Political Science
Page: 800
View: 5683
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The Oxford Handbook of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations provides an innovative, authoritative, and accessible examination and critique of all 67 United Nations peacekeeping operations launched between 1948 and 2013. l Since the late 1940s, but particularly since the end of the cold war, peacekeeping has been the most visible and one of the most important activities of the United Nations and a significant part of global security governance and conflict management. The volume offers a chapter-by-chapter chronological analysis, designed to provide a comprehensive overview that highlights the evolution, changing nature and overall impact of UN peacekeeping. It also includes a collection of thematic chapters that examine key issues such as major trends of peace operations, the link between peacekeeping, humanitarian interventions and the responsibility to protect, peacekeeping and international law, the UN's inter-organizational partnerships and how to evaluate success or failure. l This handbook brings together leading scholars and senior practitioners in order to provide a comprehensive assessment of the successes, failures and lessons learned of UN peacekeeping since 1948. This is a unique reference book for scholars and practitioners working in the field of international relations, international security, peacekeeping and global governance.

Overthrow

America's Century of Regime Change from Hawaii to Iraq
Author: Stephen Kinzer
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 0805082409
Category: History
Page: 384
View: 7767
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Offers a narrative history of the role of the U.S. in a series of coups, revolutions, and invasions that toppled fourteen foreign governments, from the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy in 1893 to the 2003 war in Iraq, and examines the sometimes disastrous long-term repercussions of such operations. Reprint.

Treacherous Alliance

The Secret Dealings of Israel, Iran, and the United States
Author: Trita Parsi
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300120578
Category: Political Science
Page: 361
View: 7047
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U.S. foreign policy expert Trita Parsi untangles the complex and often duplicitous relations among Israel, Iran, and the United States.

Iran at War

1500-1988
Author: Kaveh Farrokh
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1780962401
Category: History
Page: 488
View: 5959
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Following on from his award-winning book on the history of ancient Persia, Kaveh Farrokh goes on to examine Iran's wartime history from the Safavid dynasty of the 16th and 17th century through to the 1979 Revolution and beyond. He shows how the early military successes were followed by centuries of defeat as the external influences of nations like Russia and Britain began to shape the internal history of Iran, before unraveling the complex, violent 20th century military history of the country, which encompasses two world wars, regional movements, foreign intervention, anti-government revolts, conflicts on the Soviet border, a revolution and an eight-year war with Iraq. Illustrated with contemporary illustrations and photographs this book provides an unparalleled investigation into the bloody martial history of Iran.

The United Nations Security Council and War

The Evolution of Thought and Practice Since 1945
Author: Adam Roberts,Jennifer Welsh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199583307
Category: Law
Page: 793
View: 3643
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This is the first major exploration of the United Nations Security Council's part in addressing the problem of war, both civil and international, since 1945. Both during and after the Cold War the Council has acted in a limited and selective manner, and its work has sometimes resulted in failure. It has not been--and was never equipped to be--the center of a comprehensive system of collective security. However, it remains the body charged with primary responsibility for international peace and security. It offers unique opportunities for international consultation and military collaboration, and for developing legal and normative frameworks. It has played a part in the reduction in the incidence of international war in the period since 1945. The United Nations Security Council and War examines the extent to which the work of the UN Security Council, as it has evolved, has or has not replaced older systems of power politics and practices regarding the use of force. Its starting point is the failure to implement the UN Charter scheme of having combat forces under direct UN command. Instead, the Council has advanced the use of international peacekeeping forces; it has authorized coalitions of states to take military action; and it has developed some unanticipated roles such as the establishment of post-conflict transitional administrations, international criminal tribunals, and anti-terrorism committees. The book, bringing together distinguished scholars and practitioners, draws on the methods of the lawyer, the historian, the student of international relations, and the practitioner. It begins with an introductory overview of the Council's evolving roles and responsibilities. It then discusses specific thematic issues, and through a wide range of case studies examines the scope and limitations of the Council's involvement in war. It offers frank accounts of how belligerents viewed the UN, and how the Council acted and sometimes failed to act. The appendices provide comprehensive information--much of it not previously brought together in this form--of the extraordinary range of the Council's activities. This book is a project of the Oxford Leverhulme Programme on the Changing Character of War.

Yearbook of the United Nations. 45.1991(1992)


Author: United Nations. Dept. of Public Information
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9780792319702
Category: Political Science
Page: 1
View: 9059
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Fully indexed, the 1991 edition of the "Yearbook" is the single most current, comprehensive and authoritative reference publication about the work of the United Nations, other international organizations and related bodies. The book is designed not just for use by diplomats, officials and scholars but also by other researchers, writers, journalists, teachers and students. The year 1991 was a remarkably eventful one for the United Nations and in the conduct of international relations. This volume of the "Yearbook" details the activities of the United Nations, its many organs, agencies and programmes, working together to rekindle a new form of multilateral cooperation for a better world. It records the diverse and globe-encompassing activities of the United Nations and its enduring efforts to deal with the world's pressing concerns, particularly matters of international peace and security, disarmament, human rights, the settlement of regional conflicts, economic and social development, the preservation of the environment, control of drugs and narcotic substance abuse, crime prevention, adequate shelter, youth and the ageing and humanitarian assistance for refugees as well as disaster relief. The "Yearbook of the United Nations" is now up-to-date. The Yearbooks for the years 1988, 1989 and 1990 will be published simultaneously.

Basic Facts about the United Nations


Author: N.A
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN: 9789211008500
Category: Political Science
Page: 346
View: 6754
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This new updated edition of Basic Facts About the United Nations reflects the wide range of concerns and multitude of ways in which the United Nations touches the lives of people everywhere. It chronicles the work of the Organization in such areas as peace, development, human rights, refugees, disarmament and international law. In describing the work of the UN system, this publication provides us with a blueprint of our concerns, problems and determined efforts to find solutions.

Iraq and the Use of Force in International Law


Author: Marc Weller
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199595305
Category: Law
Page: 289
View: 4136
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One million people in the UK alone demonstrated against the 2003 invasion of Iraq. A crucial element of the opposition to the war was the lack of a clear legal basis. This is the first book to analyze the lawfulness of the use of force against Iraq on the basis of formerly classified material made public by the official UK inquiry into the war.

The Best Intentions

Kofi Annan and the UN in the Era of American World Power
Author: James Traub
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
ISBN: 9781429923774
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 464
View: 4036
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A man who had won the Nobel Peace Prize, who was widely counted one of the greatest UN Secretary Generals, was nearly hounded from office by scandal. Indeed, both Annan and the institution he incarnates were so deeply shaken after the Bush Administration went to war in Iraq in the face of opposition from the Security Council that critics, and even some friends, began asking whether this sixty-year-old experiment in global policing has outlived its usefulness. Do its failures arise from its own structure and culture, or from a clash with an American administration determined to go its own way in defiance of world opinion? James Traub, a New York Times Magazine contributor who has spent years writing about the UN and about foreign affairs, delves into these questions as no one else has done before. Traub enjoyed unprecedented access to Annan and his top aides throughout much of this traumatic period. He describes the despair over the Oil-for-Food scandal, the deep divide between those who wished to accommodate American critics and those who wished to confront them, the failed attempt to goad the Security Council to act decisively against state-sponsored ethnic cleansing in Sudan. And he recounts Annan's effort to respond to criticism with sweeping reform—an effort which ultimately shattered on the resistance of U.S. Ambassador John Bolton. In The Best Intentions, Traub recounts the dramatically entwined history of Kofi Annan and the UN from 1992 to the present. In Annan he sees a conscientious idealist given too little credit for advancing causes like humanitarian intervention and an honest broker crushed between American conservatives and Third World opponents—but also a UN careerist who has absorbed that culture and can not, in the end, escape its limitations.