The Victorian Reinvention of Race

New Racisms and the Problem of Grouping in the Human Sciences
Author: Edward Beasley
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 020384498X
Category: History
Page: 248
View: 5859
In mid-Victorian England there were new racial categories based upon skin colour. The 'races' familiar to those in the modern west were invented and elaborated after the decline of faith in Biblical monogenesis in the early nineteenth century, and before the maturity of modern genetics in the middle of the twentieth. Not until the early nineteenth century would polygenetic and racialist theories win many adherents. But by the middle of the nineteenth century in England, racial categories were imposed upon humanity. How the idea of 'race' gained popularity in England at that time is the central focus of The Victorian Reinvention of Race: New Racisms and the Problem of Grouping in the Human Sciences. Scholars have linked this new racism to some very dodgy thinkers. The Victorian Reinvention of Race examines a more influential set of the era's writers and colonial officials, some French but most of them British. Attempting to do serious social analysis, these men oversimplified humanity into biologically-heritable, mentally and morally unequal, colour-based 'races'. Thinkers giving in to this racist temptation included Alexis de Tocqueville when he was writing on Algeria; Arthur de Gobineau (who influenced the Nazis); Walter Bagehot of The Economist; and Charles Darwin (whose Descent of Man was influenced by Bagehot). Victorians on Race also examines officials and thinkers (such as Tocqueville in Democracy in America, the Duke of Argyll, and Governor Gordon of Fiji) who exercised methodological care, doing the hard work of testing their categories against the evidence. They analyzed human groups without slipping into racial categorization. Author Edward Beasley examines the extent to which the Gobineau-Bagehot-Darwin way of thinking about race penetrated the minds of certain key colonial governors. He further explores the hardening of the rhetoric of race-prejudice in some quarters in England in the nineteenth century – the processes by which racism was first formed.

The Power of Knowledge

How Information and Technology Made the Modern World
Author: Jeremy Black
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300167954
Category: History
Page: 492
View: 2656
A thought-provoking analysis of how the acquisition and utilization of information has determined the course of history over the past five centuries and shaped the world as we know it todaydiv /DIV

Macdonald at 200

New Reflections and Legacies
Author: Patrice Dutil,Roger Hall
Publisher: Dundurn
ISBN: 1459724607
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 472
View: 4518
A modern look at a classic leader. Macdonald at 200 presents fifteen fresh interpretations of Canada’s founding Prime Minister, published for the occasion of the bicentennial of his birth in 1815. Well researched and crisply written by recognized scholars and specialists, the collection throws new light on Macdonald’s formative role in shaping government, promoting women’s rights, managing the nascent economy, supervising westward expansion, overseeing relations with Native peoples, and dealing with Fenian terrorism. A special section deals with how Macdonald has (or has not) been remembered by historians as well as the general public. The book concludes with an afterword by prominent Macdonald biographer Richard Gwyn. Macdonald emerges as a man of full dimensions — an historical figure that is surprisingly relevant to our own times.

The Reinvention of Primitive Society

Transformations of a Myth
Author: Adam Kuper
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134247206
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 7004
The Invention of Primitive Society, Adam Kuper’s best selling critique of ideas about the origins of society and religion that have been much debated since Darwin, has been hugely influential in anthropology and post-colonial studies. This topical new edition, entitled The Reinvention of Primitive Society, has been thoroughly revised and updated to take account of new research in the field. It coincides with a revival of the myth of primitive society by the ‘indigenous peoples’ movement’, which taps into a widespread popular belief about the noble savage and reflects a romantic reaction against ‘civilisation’ and ‘science’. By way of fascinating accounts of classic texts in anthropology, classical studies and law, the book reveals how wholly mistaken theories can become the basis for academic research and political programmes. In new chapters, Kuper challenges this most recent version of the myth of primitive society and traces conceptions of the barbarian, savage and primitive back through the centuries to ancient Greece. Lucidly written and student friendly, this is the must-have text for those interested in anthropological theory and current post-colonial debates.

Writing the Pioneer Woman

Author: Janet Floyd
Publisher: University of Missouri Press
ISBN: 9780826262653
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 228
View: 9954
Focusing on a series of autobiographical texts, published and private, well known and obscure, Writing the Pioneer Woman examines the writing of domestic life on the nineteenth-century North American frontier. In an attempt to determine the meanings found in the pioneer woman's everyday writings -- from records of recipes to descriptions of washing floors -- Janet Floyd explores domestic details in the autobiographical writing of British and Anglo-American female emigrants.

Heritage Film

Nation, Genre, and Representation
Author: Belén Vidal
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231850042
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 144
View: 3579
This volume provides a comprehensive introduction to the critical debates around the heritage film, from its controversial status in British cinema of the 1980s to its expansion into a versatile international genre in the 1990s and 2000s. This study explores the heritage film in light of questions of national identity in film and television, industry and funding, and history, gender and representation. Using a wide range of examples and including an in-depth analysis of three case studies – Girl with a Pearl Earring (2003), Joyeux Noël (2005) and The Queen (2006) – this book presents the heritage film as a thriving phenomenon at the centre of contemporary European cinema.

The English Historical Review

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Great Britain
Page: N.A
View: 5507

Postcolonial Imagination and Moral Representations in African Literature and Culture

Author: Chielozona Eze
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739145061
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 137
View: 869
Following in the footsteps of Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart, the tenor of the postcolonial African culture has been justifiably anti-imperialist. In the 21st century, however, there has been a gradual but certain shift away from the “write-back” discourse paradigm, towards more integrative, globally inflected cultural interpretive models in Africa. This book celebrates the emergence of new interpretive paradigms such as in African philosophy, gender studies and literature.

The Making of Modern Woman

Europe, 1789-1918
Author: Lynn Abrams
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
Category: History
Page: 382
View: 9799
Nineteenth-century Europe was forged through revolution, nationalism, imperial expansion, labor protests and war. But the making of modern Europe was also the making of modern woman. This exciting new history thrusts women onto the center stage. The Making of Modern Woman challenges the image of nineteenth-century Europe as 'man-made'. It is enriched with accounts of individual women and their experiences of war, work, love and politics and provides a comparative approach, offering the diversity of women's experience across the whole continent from Ireland to Iceland and Russia to Greece. The author is inclusive, examining woman as mother, wife, lover, revolutionary, colonizer, worker and feminist providing the most comprehensive text to date on women in nineteenth-century Europe. For readers interested in European history and Women's history.

Fraud, Fakery and False Business

Rethinking the Shrager versus Dighton 'Old Furniture Case'
Author: Abigail Harrison Moore
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441168486
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 4054
In 1922, Adolphe Shrager having made his fortune during the First World War, approached the London dealer Basil Dighton for advice on purchasing antique furniture. Dighton sold him about five hundred items but shortly afterwards Shrager discovered that one of his 'collector's pieces' was judged to be a fake and grossly over-priced, and he sued. The trial, held in early 1923, became a cause celebre, but it can be viewed as a case study of a much wider set of social and cultural concerns: the fact that Shrager lost both the first trial and the appeal, despite demonstrating on numerous occasions that he had a clear case against Dighton, raises questions of race, prejudice and class, where the establishment closed ranks against Shrager, the nouveau riche Jew and alleged war profiteer. This book - the first on the Shrager Dighton case - is the result of the author's original archival research.

Rhetorics of Display

Author: Lawrence J. Prelli
Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
ISBN: 9781570036194
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 443
View: 4641
Rhetorics of Display is a pathbreaking volume that brings together adistinguished group of scholars to assess an increasingly pervasiveform of rhetorical activity. Editor Lawrence J. Prelli notes in hisintroduction that twenty-first century citizens continually confrontdisplays of information and images, from the verbal images ofspeeches and literature to visual images of film and photography toexhibits in museums to the arrangement of our homes to themerchandising of consumer goods.

The Victorians and race

Author: Shearer West
Publisher: Scolar Pr
ISBN: 9781859282687
Category: History
Page: 249
View: 9517
This is the first study to bring together history, history of art, literature and anthropology to reconsider the complex subject of race and its relationship with Victorian culture. Representations of race in art and literature are analysed for what they reveal about constructions of 'other' races during the Victorian period. The book also considers the problem of British 'races' and the conflicting ideas of Anglo-Saxonism and Celticism in the 19th century.The contributors seek not only to uncover the oppressions, misrepresentations and abuses of 'white' patriarchy, but also to examine the complexities of racial experience, including anti-racism and the relationships between feminism and colonialism. A number of theoretical and historical strategies are adopted and the book deals both with general considerations of imperialism, racial identity and Social Darwinism, and specific case studies of works by such writers as Dickens, Schreiner and Bulwer Lytton, and such artists as Mulready, Winterhalter and the Langham Place Group.

Imperial Leather

Race, Gender, and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest
Author: Anne McClintock
Publisher: N.A
Category: History
Page: 449
View: 8586
Imperial Leather chronicles the dangerous liaisons between gender, race and class that shaped British imperialism and its bloody dismantling. Spanning the century between Victorian Britain and the current struggle for power in South Africa, the book takes up the complex relationships between race and sexuality, fetishism and money, gender and violence, domesticity and the imperial market, and the gendering of nationalism within the zones of imperial and anti-imperial power.

Discourse theory and practice

a reader
Author: Margaret Wetherell,Simeon Yates,Stephanie Taylor,Open University
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
ISBN: 9780761971566
Category: Education
Page: 406
View: 2251
Discourse Theory and Practice is much more than a collection of key classic articles and papers in the field of discourse analysis. The aim of the book is to introduce students to the major figures in the field, and to some of their writings which, combined with the interspersed editorial commentaries, should allow students to understand the key epistemological and methodological issues of discourse theory and practice. The Reader is organized into four coherent Parts, namely: Foundations and Building Blocks; Social Interaction; Minds, Selves and Sense-Making; and Culture and Social Relations. Key readings include works by Stuart Hall, Jonathan Potter, David Silverman, Erving Goffman, Teun van Dijk, Derek Edwards and Michael Billig. Chapters introduce the student to each individual and their reading, contextualizing each in terms of their contribution to the field, theoretical standpoint and individual method of doing discourse analysis. The many didactic elements of the book make it ideal as an introduction to the study of discourse for all students of psychology, sociology, linguistics or cultural studies.

Reinventing Africa

Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination in Late Victorian and Edwardian England
Author: Annie E. Coombes
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300068900
Category: Art
Page: 280
View: 4682
Between 1890 and 1918, British colonial expansion in Africa led to the removal of many valuable African artifacts that were subsequently brought to Britain and displayed. Annie Coombes argues that this activity had profound repercussions for the construction of a national identity within Britain itself - the effects of which are still with us today. Coombes argues that although endlessly reiterated racial stereotypes were disseminated through popular images of all things 'African', this was no simple reproduction of imperial ideology. There were a number of different and sometimes conflicting representations of 'Africa' and of what it was to be African - representations that varied according to political, institutional and disciplinary pressures. In particular, the professionalisation of anthropology over this period played a crucial role in the popularisation of contradictory ideas about African culture to a mass public. Pioneering in its interdisciplinary research, this book offers valuable insights for art and design historians, historians of culture, imperialism and anthropology, social historians, anthropologists and museologists.

The Chartist General

Charles James Napier, The Conquest of Sind, and Imperial Liberalism
Author: Edward Beasley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315517272
Category: History
Page: 388
View: 6924
General Charles James Napier was sent to confront the tens of thousands of Chartist protestors marching through the cities of the North of England in the late 1830s. A well-known leftist who agreed with the Chartist demands for democracy, Napier managed to keep the peace. In South Asia, the same man would later provoke a war and conquer Sind. In this first-ever scholarly biography of Napier, Edward Beasley asks how the conventional depictions of the man as a peacemaker in England and a warmonger in Asia can be reconciled. Employing deep archival research and close readings of Napier's published books (ignored by prior scholars), this well-written volume demonstrates that Napier was a liberal imperialist who believed that if freedom was right for the people of England it was right for the people of Sind -- even if "freedom" had to be imposed by military force. Napier also confronted the messy aftermath of Western conquest, carrying out nation-building with mixed success, trying to end the honour killing of women, and eventually discovering the limits of imperial interference.

Australian Sport

Antipodean Waves of Change
Author: Kristine Toohey,Tracy Taylor
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317969138
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 176
View: 4826
Australia is only a small player in the world’s political and economic landscapes, yet, for many decades, it has been considered to be a global powerhouse in terms of its sporting successes. In conjunction with this notion, the nation has long been portrayed as having a preoccupation with sport. This labelling has been seen as both a blessing and a curse. Those who value a Bourdieuian view of culture bemoan sport’s centrality to the national imagination and the consequent lack of media coverage, funding and prestige accorded to the arts. Other scholars question whether the popular stereotype of the Australian sportsperson is, in fact, a myth and that instead Australians are predominantly passive sport consumers rather than active sport participants. Australian sport, through its successes on the field of play and in advancing sport coaching and management, has undergone a revolution, as both an enabler of global processes and as subject to its influences (economic, political, migratory etc.). This book will examine the shifting place of Australian sports in current global and local environs, from the perspective of spectators, players and administrators. This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in Society.

The Queer Renaissance

Contemporary American Literature and the Reinvention of Lesbian and Gay Identities
Author: Robert McRuer
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814755549
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 257
View: 8620
2013 Honorable Mention, Asian American Studies Association's prize in Literary Studies Part of the American Literatures Initiative Series Why do black characters appear so frequently in Asian American literary works and Asian characters appear in African American literary works in the early twentieth century?Interracial Encounters attempts to answer this rather straightforward literary question, arguing that scenes depicting Black-Asian interactions, relationships, and conflicts capture the constitution of African American and Asian American identities as each group struggled to negotiate the racially exclusionary nature of American identity. In this nuanced study, Julia H. Lee argues that the diversity and ambiguity that characterize these textual moments radically undermine the popular notion that the history of Afro-Asian relations can be reduced to a monolithic, media-friendly narrative, whether of cooperation or antagonism. Drawing on works by Charles Chesnutt, Wu Tingfang, Edith and Winnifred Eaton, Nella Larsen, W.E.B. Du Bois, and Younghill Kang, Interracial Encounters foregrounds how these reciprocal representations emerged from the nation’s pervasive pairing of the figure of the “Negro” and the “Asiatic” in oppositional, overlapping, or analogous relationships within a wide variety of popular, scientific, legal, and cultural discourses. Historicizing these interracial encounters within a national and global context highlights how multiple racial groups shaped the narrative of race and national identity in the early twentieth century, as well as how early twentieth century American literature emerged from that multiracial political context.

Siegener Periodicum zur internationalen empirischen Literaturwissenschaft

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Literature
Page: N.A
View: 931

Theories of race and racism

a reader
Author: Les Back,John Solomos
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780415412544
Category: Political Science
Page: 714
View: 5560
Theories of Race and Racism: A Reader is an important and innovative collection that brings together extracts from the work of scholars, both established and up and coming, who have helped to shape the study of race and racism as an historical and contemporary phenomenon. This second edition incorporates new contributions and editorial material and allows readers to explore the changing terms of debates about the nature of race and racism in contemporary societies. All six parts are organized around the contributions made by theorists whose work has been influential in shaping theoretical debates. The various contributions have been chosen to reflect different theoretical perspectives and to help readers gain a feel for the changing terms of theoretical debate over time. As well as covering the main concerns of past and recent theoretical debates it provides a glimpse of relatively new areas of interest that are likely to attract more attention in years to come.