Tools in Fluvial Geomorphology


Author: G. Mathias Kondolf,Hervé Piégay
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118648579
Category: Science
Page: 560
View: 779
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Fluvial Geomorphology studies the biophysical processes acting in rivers, and the sediment patterns and landforms resulting from them. It is a discipline of synthesis, with roots in geology, geography, and river engineering, and with strong interactions with allied fields such as ecology, engineering and landscape architecture. This book comprehensively reviews tools used in fluvial geomorphology, at a level suitable to guide the selection of research methods for a given question. Presenting an integrated approach to the interdisciplinary nature of the subject, it provides guidance for researchers and professionals on the tools available to answer questions on river restoration and management. Thoroughly updated since the first edition in 2003 by experts in their subfields, the book presents state-of-the-art tools that have revolutionized fluvial geomorphology in recent decades, such as physical and numerical modelling, remote sensing and GIS, new field techniques, advances in dating, tracking and sourcing, statistical approaches as well as more traditional methods such as the systems framework, stratigraphic analysis, form and flow characterisation and historical analysis. This book: Covers five main types of geomorphological questions and their associated tools: historical framework; spatial framework; chemical, physical and biological methods; analysis of processes and forms; and future understanding framework. Provides guidance on advantages and limitations of different tools for different applications, data sources, equipment and supplies needed, and case studies illustrating their application in an integrated perspective. It is an essential resource for researchers and professional geomorphologists, hydrologists, geologists, engineers, planners, and ecologists concerned with river management, conservation and restoration. It is a useful supplementary textbook for upper level undergraduate and graduate courses in Geography, Geology, Environmental Science, Civil and Environmental Engineering, and interdisciplinary courses in river management and restoration.

Salmonid Spawning Habitat in Rivers

Physical Controls, Biological Responses, and Approaches to Remediation
Author: David A. Sear,Paul DeVries
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Fish habitat improvement
Page: 376
View: 5528
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The Human Role in Changing Fluvial Systems

Proceedings of the 37th Binghamton Symposium in Geomorphology, Held in 2006
Author: L. Allan James,W. Andrew Marcus
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Fluvial geomorphology
Page: 1
View: 7446
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Stream Restoration in Dynamic Fluvial Systems

Scientific Approaches, Analyses, and Tools
Author: Andrew Simon,Sean J. Bennett,Janine M. Castro
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118671783
Category: Science
Page: 544
View: 8781
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 194. Stream Restoration in Dynamic Fluvial Systems: Scientific Approaches, Analyses, and Tools brings together leading contributors in stream restoration science to provide comprehensive consideration of process-based approaches, tools, and applications of techniques useful for the implementation of sustainable restoration strategies. Stream restoration is a catchall term for modifications to streams and adjacent riparian zones undertaken to improve geomorphic and/or ecologic function, structure, and integrity of river corridors, and it has become a multibillion dollar industry. A vigorous debate currently exists in research and professional communities regarding the approaches, applications, and tools most effective in designing, implementing, and assessing stream restoration strategies given a multitude of goals, objectives, stakeholders, and boundary conditions. More importantly, stream restoration as a research-oriented academic discipline is, at present, lagging stream restoration as a rapidly evolving, practitioner-centric endeavor. The volume addresses these main areas: concepts in stream restoration, river mechanics and the use of hydraulic structures, modeling in restoration design, ecology, ecologic indices, and habitat, geomorphic approaches to stream and watershed management, and sediment considerations in stream restoration. Stream Restoration in Dynamic Fluvial Systems will appeal to scholars, professionals, and government agency and institute researchers involved in examining river flow processes, river channel changes and improvements, watershed processes, and landscape systematics.

Research in fluvial geomorphology


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 3091
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Systemtheorie in der Geomorphologie

Problemfelder, erkenntnistheoretische Konsequenzen und praktische Implikationen
Author: Kirsten von Elverfeldt
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh
ISBN: 9783515101318
Category: Social Science
Page: 168
View: 9583
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German description: Benötigen wir fuer eine erfolgreiche Erforschung geomorphologischer Prozesse und Formen ueberhaupt Theorie? Sind potentiell gefährliche Prozesse wie Hangrutschungen nicht ganz offensichtlich vorhanden? Diese Fragen nach den theoretischen Grundannahmen der eigenen Disziplin beruehren das Selbstverständnis der Geomorphologie, deren Vertretern oftmals eine ausgeprägte Theorie-Abneigung nachgesagt wird. Wie aber steht es um eine Wissenschaft, in der theoretische Arbeiten die Ausnahme sind? Kann die Geomorphologie nicht letztlich sogar von einer verstärkten Auseinandersetzung mit ihren theoretischen Grundlagen profitieren? Der theoretische Rahmen fuer geomorphologische Arbeiten wird nicht nur erweitert, sondern neu abgesteckt und vor allem auch interdisziplinär anschlussfähig gemacht. Mehrfach ausgezeichnet mit: Dissertationspreis des Jahres 2010 des Deutschen Arbeitskreises fuer Geomorphologie der DGfG, Hans Bobek-Preis der Ã_sterreichischen Geographischen Gesellschaft (Ã_GG) 2010 und Springer Theses Prize im Jahr 2011.

Integration of Computer Modeling and Field Observations in Geomorphology

Binghamton Geomorphology Symposium 2000
Author: John F. Shroder,Michael P. Bishop
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN: 9780444515322
Category: Science
Page: 196
View: 3303
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The integration of classic field-gathered data with new computer models has allowed many new advances in geomorphology, which the 31st Binghamton Millennium Symposium 2000 presents in this latest of the well-known Binghamton book series, the Integration of Computer Modeling and Field Observations in Geomorphology. Conceptual models have been most commonly inferred from analyses of topography and investigator perspectives derived from fieldwork. The main stumbling blocks to understanding surface processes, their interactions, temporal changes, and resulting landforms are the difficulty of observation, geological timescales involved, spatial-scale dependencies, and the inability to attribute differences to either process or age. Physically based computer models have thus become essential tools, primarily because of their ability to explore spatial and temporal trends and to determine the sensitivity of physical inputs to change without the difficulties of identification and generalization associated with the complexity of field studies. Thus, the combination of both methods, or the integration of field methods with computer modeling become a very powerful mechanism for robust understanding. This new book presents topics on fluvial processes of overland and channelized flow in arid, humid, and periglacial areas of high and low relief, as well as work on interlinked biogeographic and geomorphic fluctuations in alpine terrain, and ground penetrating radar of coastal geomorphology. Issues of long-term evolution of drainage networks are addressed in natural systems, as well as stream-table environments, and terrain analyses characterize surficial and subsurface geomorphic features by using GIS and remote sensing. Botanical and biogeomorphologic controls of landforms are assessed, along with issues of scientific visualization, cartographic representation, DEMs, spatial analyses, and scale dependencies.

Einführung in die Geomorphologie


Author: Frank Ahnert
Publisher: UTB
ISBN: 3825286274
Category: Science
Page: 458
View: 9190
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Das Buch beschreibt und erklärt die Entstehung und Veränderung der Oberflächenformen der Erde in allen zeitlichen und räumlichen Größenordnungen, vom ephemeren, nur wenige Millimeter großen Einschlagskrater eines Regentropfens im Sandboden bis zum Milliarden Jahre alten Kontinentalschild als Resultate der Wirkung endogener und exogener Prozesse, die im geomorphodynamischen System in vielfältiger Weise miteinander verbunden und rückgekoppelt sind. Ergebnisse der empirischen Forschung im Gelände werden mit theoretischen Modellen der Formenentwicklung verknüpft. Die 5. Auflage wurde vollständig überarbeitet, erweitert und aktualisiert, Qualität und Umfang der Abbildungen wurden erhöht.

Geomorphic Approaches to Integrated Floodplain Management of Lowland Fluvial Systems in North America and Europe


Author: Paul F. Hudson,Hans Middelkoop
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493923803
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 356
View: 976
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This volume provides a comprehensive perspective on geomorphic approaches to management of lowland alluvial rivers in North America and Europe. Many lowland rivers have been heavily managed for flood control and navigation for decades or centuries, resulting in engineered channels and embanked floodplains with substantially altered sediment loads and geomorphic processes. Over the past decade, floodplain management of many lowland rivers has taken on new importance because of concerns about the potential for global environmental change to alter floodplain processes, necessitating revised management strategies that minimize flood risk while enhancing environmental attributes of floodplains influenced by local embankments and upstream dams. Recognition of the failure of old perspectives on river management and the need to enhance environmental sustainability has stimulated a new approach to river management. The manner that river restoration and integrated management are implemented, however, requires a case study approach that takes into account the impact of historic human impacts to the system, especially engineering. The river basins examined in this volume provide a representative coverage of the drainage of North America and Europe, taking into account a range of climatic and physiographic provinces. They include the 1) Sacramento (California, USA), 2) San Joaquin (California), 3) Missouri (Missouri, USA), 4) Red (Manitoba, Canada and Minnesota, USA), 5) Mississippi (Louisiana, USA), 6) Kissimmee (Florida, USA), 7) Ebro (Spain), 8) Rhone (France), 9) Rhine (Netherlands), 10) Danube (Romania), and 11) Volga (Russian Federation) Rivers. The case studies covered in these chapters span a range of fluvial modes of adjustment, including sediment, channel, hydrologic regime, floodplains, as well as ecosystem and environmental associations.

Mathematical Morphology in Geomorphology and GISci


Author: Behara Seshadri Daya Sagar
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439872023
Category: Mathematics
Page: 546
View: 7665
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Mathematical Morphology in Geomorphology and GISci presents a multitude of mathematical morphological approaches for processing and analyzing digital images in quantitative geomorphology and geographic information science (GISci). Covering many interdisciplinary applications, the book explains how to use mathematical morphology not only to perform quantitative morphologic and scaling analyses of terrestrial phenomena and processes, but also to deal with challenges encountered in quantitative spatial reasoning studies. For understanding the spatiotemporal characteristics of terrestrial phenomena and processes, the author provides morphological approaches and algorithms to: Retrieve unique geomorphologic networks and certain terrestrial features Analyze various geomorphological phenomena and processes via a host of scaling laws and the scale-invariant but shape-dependent indices Simulate the fractal-skeletal-based channel network model and the behavioral phases of geomorphologic systems based on the interplay between numeric and graphic analyses Detect strategically significant sets and directional relationships via quantitative spatial reasoning Visualize spatiotemporal behavior and generate contiguous maps via spatial interpolation Incorporating peer-reviewed content, this book offers simple explanations that enable readers—even those with no background in mathematical morphology—to understand the material. It also includes easy-to-follow equations and many helpful illustrations that encourage readers to implement the ideas.

Gravel Bed Rivers

Processes, Tools, Environments
Author: Michael Church,Pascale Biron,André G. Roy,Peter Ashmore
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470688904
Category: Nature
Page: 563
View: 3962
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Gravel-Bed Rivers: Processes, Tools, Environments presents a definitive review of current knowledge of gravel-bed rivers, derived from the 7th International Gravel-bed Rivers Workshop, the 5-yearly meeting of the world’s leading authorities in the field. Each chapter in the book has been specifically commissioned to represent areas in which recent progress has been made in the field. The topics covered also represent a coherent progression through the principal areas of the subject (hydraulics; sediment transport; river morphology; tools and methods; applications of science). Definitive review of the current knowledge of gravel-bed rivers Coverage of both fundamental and applied topics Edited by leading academics with contributions from key researchers Thoroughly edited for quality and consistency to provide coherent and logical progression through the principal areas of the subject. Gravel-Bed Rivers: Processes, Tools, Environments provides an up-to-date report of the state of the field and serves as an essential resource for river engineers and ecologists, geomorphologists, river managers and advanced students in these fields.

Geomorphology of the Tropics


Author: Alfred Wirthmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540635833
Category: Science
Page: 314
View: 8026
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Geomorphological research in the humid to seasonal tropics has primarily concentrated on the most characteristic landform assemblage of this zone, namely that of stepped, largely undissected etchplains, often dotted with inselbergs and cutting across ancient basement rocks. Although the author discusses extensively this subject, he puts particular emphasis on the differences of chemical weathering and land-forming processes on rocks of various lithology and structure. This contrast becomes most evident, when comparing the highly resistant quartzitic sediments often covering the basement rocks, e.g. the Roraima series on the Guiana shield, with the easily weathered volcanics, e.g. the Deccan traps of India. The book was first published in German in 1987. However, the present version is much more than a translation, encompassing a range of new ideas and findings in the field of tropical geomorphology. The number of maps and illustrations has also been increased.

Landforms and Landform Evolution in West Germany


Author: Frank Ahnert
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Geomorphology
Page: 347
View: 6661
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Die Oberflächenformen des Festlandes

Probleme und Methoden der Morphologie
Author: Alfred Hettner
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3663160874
Category: Science
Page: 182
View: 9900
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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Stream Hydrology

An Introduction for Ecologists
Author: Nancy D. Gordon,Thomas A. McMahon,Brian L. Finlayson,Christopher J. Gippel,Rory J. Nathan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118688171
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 448
View: 7798
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Since the publication of the first edition (1994) there have been rapid developments in the application of hydrology, geomorphology and ecology to stream management. In particular, growth has occurred in the areas of stream rehabilitation and the evaluation of environmental flow needs. The concept of stream health has been adopted as a way of assessing stream resources and setting management goals. Stream Hydrology: An Introduction for Ecologists Second Edition documents recent research and practice in these areas. Chapters provide information on sampling, field techniques, stream analysis, the hydrodynamics of moving water, channel form, sediment transport and commonly used statistical methods such as flow duration and flood frequency analysis. Methods are presented from engineering hydrology, fluvial geomorphology and hydraulics with examples of their biological implications. This book demonstrates how these fields are linked and utilised in modern, scientific river management. Emphasis on applications, from collecting and analysing field measurements to using data and tools in stream management. Updated to include new sections on environmental flows, rehabilitation, measuring stream health and stream classification. Critical reviews of the successes and failures of implementation. Revised and updated windows-based AQUAPAK software. This book is essential reading for 2nd/3rd year undergraduates and postgraduates of hydrology, stream ecology and fisheries science in Departments of Physical Geography, Biology, Environmental Science, Landscape Ecology, Environmental Engineering and Limnology. It would be valuable reading for professionals working in stream ecology, fisheries science and habitat management, environmental consultants and engineers.

Die Oberflächenformen des Festlandes

Ihre Untersuchung und Darstellung
Author: Dr. Alfred Hettner
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3663160866
Category: Science
Page: 252
View: 9845
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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Theory of the Earth: With Proofs and Illustrations;


Author: Archibald Geikie,James Hutton
Publisher: Wentworth Press
ISBN: 9780270254785
Category: Religion
Page: 316
View: 5256
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Geomorphology and River Management

Applications of the River Styles Framework
Author: Gary J. Brierley,Kirstie A. Fryirs
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111868530X
Category: Science
Page: 416
View: 6920
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This book outlines a generic set of procedures, termed the RiverStyles Framework, which provides a set of tools for interpretingriver character, behavior, condition, and recovery potential.Applications of the framework generate a coherent package ofgeomorphic information, providing a physical template for riverrehabilitation activities. management and restoration of rivers is a rapidly growing topicfor environmental scientists, geologists and ecologists - this bookprovides a learning tool with which to approach geomorphicapplications to river management describes the essential geomorphological principles underlyingriver behaviour and evolution demonstrates how the River Styles Framework can turn geomorphictheory into practice, to develop workable strategies forrestoration and management based on real case studies and authors extensiveexperience applicable to river systems worldwide synthesises fluvial geomorphology, ecology and management

Strabons Geographika: Buch XIV-XVII, Text und Übersetzung


Author: Strabo
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 9783525259535
Category: History
Page: 574
View: 7707
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English summary: The only geographical description which has been preserved of the Hellenic and Roman world. Volume 4 (XIV-XVII: Text and translation): Asia Minor (continuation), Persia, India, Middle East, Egypt, North Africa. This volume completes the presentation of the greek text and of its translation. German description: Die auf zehn Bande angelegte Ausgabe enthalt einen aufgrund neuer Kollationierung der Haupthandschriften und unter Berucksichtigung der gesamten zu Strabon erschienenen Sekundarliteratur konstituierten Text mit kritischem und Testimonien-Apparat und deutscher Ubersetzung (Bande 1-4), einen Kommentar (Bande 5-8), eine Transkription der mittelalterlichen Strabon Epitome und Chrestomathie, die es erlaubt, jeweils mit einem Blick festzustellen, welche Teile des Strabontextes diese wichtigen Textzeugen enthalten (Band 9), und einen Registerband. Die Bande erscheinen jeweils im Abstand von etwa einem Jahr.

Environmental Modelling

Finding Simplicity in Complexity
Author: John Wainwright,Mark Mulligan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118351487
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 496
View: 1385
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Simulation models are an established method used to investigate processes and solve practical problems in a wide variety of disciplines. Central to the concept of this second edition is the idea that environmental systems are complex, open systems. The authors present the diversity of approaches to dealing with environmental complexity and then encourage readers to make comparisons between these approaches and between different disciplines. Environmental Modelling: Finding Simplicity in Complexity 2nd edition is divided into four main sections: An overview of methods and approaches to modelling. State of the art for modelling environmental processes Tools used and models for management Current and future developments. The second edition evolves from the first by providing additional emphasis and material for those students wishing to specialize in environmental modelling. This edition: Focuses on simplifying complex environmental systems. Reviews current software, tools and techniques for modelling. Gives practical examples from a wide variety of disciplines, e.g. climatology, ecology, hydrology, geomorphology and engineering. Has an associated website containing colour images, links to WWW resources and chapter support pages, including data sets relating to case studies, exercises and model animations. This book is suitable for final year undergraduates and postgraduates in environmental modelling, environmental science, civil engineering and biology who will already be familiar with the subject and are moving on to specialize in the field. It is also designed to appeal to professionals interested in the environmental sciences, including environmental consultants, government employees, civil engineers, geographers, ecologists, meteorologists, and geochemists.