Verbal Behavior

Author: B. F. Skinner
Publisher: B. F. Skinner Foundation
ISBN: 0989983900
Category: Psychology
Page: 1025
View: 2268
In 1934, at the age of 30, B. F. Skinner found himself at a dinner sitting next to Professor Alfred North Whitehead. Never one to lose an opportunity to promote behaviorism, Skinner expounded its main tenets to the distinguished philosopher. Whitehead acknowledged that science might account for most of human behavior but he would not include verbal behavior. He ended the discussion with a challenge: "Let me see you," he said, "account for my behavior as I sit here saying, 'No black scorpion is falling upon this table.'" The next morning Skinner began this book. It took him over twenty years to complete. This book extends the laboratory-based principles of selection by consequences to account for what people say, write, gesture, and think. Skinner argues that verbal behavior requires a separate analysis because it does not operate on the environment directly, but rather through the behavior of other people in a verbal community. He illustrates his thesis with examples from literature, the arts, and sciences, as well as from his own verbal behavior and that of his colleagues and children. Perhaps it is because this theoretical work provides a way to approach that most human of human behavior that Skinner ofter called Verbal Behavior his most important work.

The Verbal Behavior Approach

How to Teach Children with Autism and Related Disorders
Author: Mary Lynch Barbera
Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
ISBN: 9781846426537
Category: Education
Page: 200
View: 5061
The Verbal Behavior (VB) approach is a form of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), that is based on B.F. Skinner's analysis of verbal behavior and works particularly well with children with minimal or no speech abilities. In this book Dr. Mary Lynch Barbera draws on her own experiences as a Board Certified Behavior Analyst and also as a parent of a child with autism to explain VB and how to use it. This step-by-step guide provides an abundance of information about how to help children develop better language and speaking skills, and also explains how to teach non-vocal children to use sign language. An entire chapter focuses on ways to reduce problem behavior, and there is also useful information on teaching toileting and other important self-help skills, that would benefit any child. This book will enable parents and professionals unfamiliar with the principles of ABA and VB to get started immediately using the Verbal Behavior approach to teach children with autism and related disorders.

Verbal Behavior and Politics

Author: Doris Appel Graber
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252002625
Category: Communication in politics
Page: 377
View: 9904

Language, Brain, and Verbal Behavior

Neurobiological Aspects of Linguistic Capacities and Language Processing
Author: Joan A. Argenter,Jornades Científiques de l'Institut d'Estudis Catalans
Publisher: Institut d'Estudis Catalans
ISBN: 9788472834484
Category: Neurobiology
Page: 113
View: 5431

VB-MAPP Verbal Behavior Milestones Assessment and Placement Program

A Language and Social Skills Assessment Program for Children with Autism Or Other Developmental Disabilities : Guide
Author: Mark L. Sundberg
Publisher: Mark Sundberg
ISBN: 0981835600
Category: Autistic children
Page: 239
View: 5070

Studies in Verbal Behavior

An Empirical Approach
Author: Kurt Salzinger,Richard S. Feldman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483158845
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 474
View: 9673
Studies in Verbal Behavior: An Empirical Approach summarizes the results of empirical studies on the variables that control verbal behavior. These studies explore the response properties of verbal behavior already acquired, with respect to size of unit, mode of emission, and the constraining effects of sentence frames. The stimulus situation in which the behavior is emitted, the use of verbal material as stimulus, and the relationship between sequential guessing of sentences and the marking off of ""idea unit"" boundaries in the same material are also discussed. This volume first introduces the reader to situations which will best allow us to view the basic lawfulness inherent in the control of verbal behavior. In particular, it explores response bias and serial effects in a modified Shannon Guessing Game and compares oral and written verbal behavior. Attention then turns to the manner in which the verbal stimulus controls various forms of behavior, paying particular attention to search time as a function of target location and frequency in language, along with some stimulus properties of syntagmatic and paradigmatic word sequences. The next section analyzes the effects of limiting the generation of sentences by length and by the presence of certain words or grammatical endings (bound morphemes) in particular positions of each sentence. Some characteristics of sentences as response units are highlighted. This book will be of value to psychologists and those who are interested in verbal behavior.

Dialogues on Verbal Behavior

The First International Institute on Verbal Relations
Author: Linda J. Hayes,Philip N. Chase
Publisher: N.A
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 308
View: 3285
Leaders in the field present a variety of behavioral perspectives on the phenomenon of language.

Content Analysis of Verbal Behavior

New Findings and Clinical Applications
Author: Louis A. Gottschalk
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317843924
Category: Psychology
Page: 234
View: 4752
Focusing on language and the assessment of its meaning, this volume concentrates on a method of content analysis developed by the author and Goldine Gleser. Applicable to transcripts of speech or verbal texts, this method uses the grammatical clause as its smallest unit of communication, considers whether or not a verb is transitive and involves an object, or is intransitive and describes a state of being. It derives scores on many scales that have been tested for reliability of scoring and for construct validity with concurrently administered measures, such as rating and self-report scales as well as biochemical and pharmacological criteria. Finally, this volume provides detailed descriptions of the clinical and basic research establishing the validity of these scales, so that a reader can locate studies that have pertinence to any special interest area. A major achievement described in this book is the development of computer software that understands grammar and syntax, can parse natural language, knows most of the words in the Merriam-Webster dictionary, has been taught to identify idioms and slang, and is capable of continuing to learn. The program can score all the scales, report whether the scores obtained from a verbal sample are one to three standard deviations from the norms, and suggest APA DSM-IIIR diagnostic classifications the clinician might consider in assessing the patient.

Research in Verbal Behavior and Some Neurophysiological Implications

Author: Kurt Salzinger,Suzanne Salzinger
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 148327084X
Category: Psychology
Page: 528
View: 5394
Research in Verbal Behavior and Some Neurophysiological Implications focuses on varied approaches to the study of language, including verbal behavior in animals, mimicry, linguistics, and verbal satiation. The selection first offers information on verbal behavior in animals and dolphin's vocal mimicry as a unique ability and a way toward understanding. The book also ponders on the problem of response class in verbal behavior and verbal operant conditioning and awareness. Discussions focus on state of the organism as a determinant of response class, topography of response, common stimulus, and common effect. The publication takes a look at a behavioral basis for the polarity principle in linguistics, acquisition of grammar by children, and interdependencies of the bilingual's two languages. The manuscript also elaborates on verbal satiation and exploration of meaning relations and grammatical indicants of speaking style in normal and aphasic speakers. The selection is highly recommended for readers wanting to study verbal behavior.

The Measurement of Psychological States Through the Content Analysis of Verbal Behavior

Author: Louis A. Gottschalk,Goldine C. Gleser
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520038134
Page: 317
View: 8548

International Workshop on Language, Brain and Verbal Behavior

Neurobiological Aspects of Linguistic Capacities and Language Processing
Author: Enric Casassas i Simó,Miquel Esteban
Publisher: Institut d'Estudis Catalans
ISBN: 9788472833395
Category: Chemistry
Page: 187
View: 5277

A Primer of Verbal Behavior

An Operant View
Author: Stephen Winokur
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Category: Psychology
Page: 164
View: 2052

Verbal Behavior

Author: Burrhus Frederic Skinner
Publisher: New York : Appleton-Century-Crofts
Category: Language and languages
Page: 478
View: 2694

Behavior Modification Procedure

A Sourcebook
Author: Edwin J. Thomas
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 0202364348
Category: Psychology
Page: 323
View: 393
Behavior modification has lacked operational procedures to sharpen techniques and equipment. These aspects have lagged behind the development of general principles and specialized modification techniques. This sophisticated sourcebook is devoted exclusively to the technical details of "how-to-do-it" in behavioral assessment and practice--an aspect of behavior modification that is relatively undeveloped despite its significance and that has only recently received the attention it deserves. The selections contained in this volume have been drawn from a variety of technical areas and are organized into six main parts. The first part emphasizes the importance of technology and procedure in the history of the field, and in the second part attention is given to guidelines for practice with individuals and families that may be employed with a wide variety of problems and patrons in many service settings. The next part, on interviewing guidelines and style, includes an interview guide for behavioral counseling and a general discussion of types of bias and therapist influence in behavioral assessment. Part four is concerned with observation, recording, and monitoring; and part five, on schedules and checklists, includes a variety of schedules and rating forms, including a therapist schedule for rating family verbal behavior. The last part, on instrumentation in behavior therapy, contains a chapter that is a major, comprehensive description and review of electromechanical devices applicable to behavior modification. Because the book covers procedural details, it serves not only as a sourcebook but as a volume every practicing behavior modifier, as well as researchers in behavior therapy and modification will find useful. Social workers, teachers, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, pastoral counselors, and their students will appreciate this manual covering technical information required for effective practice.

The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism

Author: B. Thyer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401592470
Category: Science
Page: 261
View: 4744
This series will include monographs and collections of studies devoted to the investigation and exploration of knowledge, infonnation, and data-processing systems of all kinds, no matter whether human, (other) animal, or machine. Its scope is intended to span the full range of interests from classical problems in the philosophy of mind and philosophical psychology through issues in cognitive psychology and sociobiology (concerning the mental capabilities of other species) to ideas related to artificial intelligence and computer science. While primary emphasis will be placed upon theoretical, conceptual, and epistemological aspects of these problems and domains, empirical, experi mental, and methodological studies will also appear from time to time. In the present volume, Bruce Thyer has brought together an impressive collection of original studies concerning philosophical aspects of behaviorism, which continues to exert considerable influence even in the era of the Cognitive Revolution. From its early origins and basic principles to its analysis of verbal behavior, consciousness, and free-will, determinism, and self-control, this work offers something of value for everyone with a serious interest in understanding scientific method in application to human behavior. Indeed, as the editor remarks, behaviorism is as much a philosophy as it is an approach to the study of behavior. The breadth and depth of this approach receives proper representation in this work devoted to its rich and varied philosophical legacy. J.H.F. v BA. Thyer (ed.). The Philosophical Legacy of Behaviorism, v.

Alles ausser gewöhnlich

Autismusspektrumstörungen und die Förderung mit dem multimodalen Modell
Author: Nadine Trefzger
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3842392869
Category: Education
Page: 572
View: 7067
Autismusspektrumstörungen und die Förderung mit dem multimodalen Modell Hilfestellungen für die Umsetzung einer umfassenden Förderung - für Eltern, Fachpersonen und Interessierte Die Erfahrungen einer Mutter eines autistischen Jungen, die unermüdlich nach Fördermöglichkeiten gesucht hat, ehe sie schliesslich ein eigenes Konzept zur Unterstützung ihres Kindes entwickelt hat. Im multimodalen Modell - MmM - werden unterschiedliche Förderansätze einbezogen, um möglichst individuell helfen zu können. Autismus ist eine aussergewöhnliche Lebensart, deren Stärken sich nutzen lassen. Schwächen können bestmöglich kompensiert werden, um das autistische Kind beim Bewältigen seines Alltags - in unserer, vermeintlich normalen Welt - zu unterstützen. Begleiten Sie Ihr Kind auf seinem Weg zum kompetenteren Autisten. Menschen aus dem Autismusspektrum sind alles andere, ausser gewöhnlich, sie weichen von der Mehrheit ab, doch das macht sie derart besonders.

Computer Studies in the Humanities and Verbal Behavior

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Computational linguistics
Page: N.A
View: 3549

Case Study of Verbal Behavior with Generalized Effects

Author: Charles F. Perso
Publisher: N.A
Category: Verbal behavior
Page: 82
View: 5270

Verbal Behavior

Adaptation and Psychopathology
Author: Walter Weintraub
Publisher: N.A
Category: Psychology
Page: 214
View: 5275