Vietnam in the Global Economy

The Dynamics of Integration, Decentralization, and Contested Politics
Author: Thomas Jandl
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739177877
Category: Political Science
Page: 312
View: 7087
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This book describes in a game-theoretical approach how the development success story Vietnam managed to keep rent seeking in check sufficiently to attract record numbers of foreign investors and exhibit strong economic growth in the early stages of its economic reforms. It concludes that pluralistic contestation among societal interests under conditions of factor mobility can lead to the same benefits that are generally associated with liberal democracy—commitment to limited government through checks and balances.

Vietnam in the Global Economy

The Dynamics of Integration, Decentralization, and Contested Politics
Author: Thomas Jandl
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780739177860
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 299
View: 9292
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This book describes in a game-theoretical approach how the development success story Vietnam managed to keep rent seeking in check sufficiently to attract record numbers of foreign investors and exhibit strong economic growth in the early stages of its economic reforms. It concludes that pluralistic contestation among societal interests under conditions of factor mobility can lead to the same benefits that are generally associated with liberal democracy—commitment to limited government through checks and balances.

Higher Education in Vietnam

Flexibility, Mobility and Practicality in the Global Knowledge Economy
Author: L. Tran,S. Marginson,H. Do,T. Le,Nhài Thi Nguy#n,T. Vu,Thach Pham
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137436484
Category: Education
Page: 263
View: 8150
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Higher and tertiary education are crucial to modern nations. Vietnam has great potential, but its universities and colleges are poor-performing, under-funded and slow to change compared to those in neighbouring East Asian nations. This book analyses the problem and provides constructive solutions for the reform of higher education.

Changing Worlds

Vietnam's Transition from Cold War to Globalization
Author: David W.P. Elliott
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199996083
Category: Political Science
Page: 432
View: 6715
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Throughout the entire Cold War era, Vietnam served as a grim symbol of the ideological polarity that permeated international politics. But when the Cold War ended in 1989, Vietnam faced the difficult task of adjusting to a new world without the benefactors it had come to rely on. In Changing Worlds, David W. P. Elliott, who has spent the past half century studying modern Vietnam, chronicles the evolution of the Vietnamese state from the end of the Cold War to the present. When the communist regimes of Eastern Europe collapsed, so did Vietnam's model for analyzing and engaging with the outside world. Fearing that committing fully to globalization would lead to the collapse of its own system, the Vietnamese political elite at first resisted extensive engagement with the larger international community. Over the next decade, though, China's rapid economic growth and the success of the Asian "tiger economies," along with a complex realignment of regional and global international relations reshaped Vietnamese leaders' views. In 1995 Vietnam joined the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), its former adversary, and completed the normalization of relations with the United States. By 2000, Vietnam had "taken the plunge" and opted for greater participation in the global economic system. Vietnam finally joined the World Trade Organization in 2006. Elliott contends that Vietnam's political elite ultimately concluded that if the conservatives who opposed opening up to the outside world had triumphed, Vietnam would have been condemned to a permanent state of underdevelopment. Partial reform starting in the mid-1980s produced some success, but eventually the reformers' argument that Vietnam's economic potential could not be fully exploited in a highly competitive world unless it opted for deep integration into the rapidly globalizing world economy prevailed. Remarkably, deep integration occurred without Vietnam losing its unique political identity. It remains an authoritarian state, but offers far more breathing space to its citizens than in the pre-reform era. Far from being absorbed into a Western-inspired development model, globalization has reinforced Vietnam's distinctive identity rather than eradicating it. The market economy led to a revival of localism and familism which has challenged the capacity of the state to impose its preferences and maintain the wartime narrative of monolithic unity. Although it would be premature to talk of a genuine civil society, today's Vietnam is an increasingly pluralistic community. Drawing from a vast body of Vietnamese language sources, Changing Worlds is the definitive account of how this highly vulnerable Communist state remade itself amidst the challenges of the post-Cold War era.

Socioeconomic Renovation in Viet Nam

The Origin, Evolution, and Impact of Doi Moi
Author: Peter Boothroyd,Xuân Nam Phạm,International Development Research Centre (Canada),Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
Publisher: IDRC
ISBN: 0889369046
Category: History
Page: 174
View: 8675
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Socioeconomic Renovation in Viet Nam: The origin, evolution and impact of Doi Moi

Vietnam at a Crossroads

Engaging in the Next Generation of Global Value Chains
Author: Claire Hollweg,Tanya Smith,Daria Taglioni
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464809828
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 238
View: 2067
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Vietnam is at a crossroads. It can grow as an export platform for GVCs, specializing in low value-added assembly functions with industrialization occurring in enclaves with little connection to the broader economy or society; or it can leverage the current wave of growth, enabled and accelerated by its successful participation in GVCs, to diversify and move up the chain into higher value-added functions. Success will require Vietnam’s policymakers to view the processes of development differently, and to take new realities of the global economy more fully into account. The purpose of this volume is to support Vietnam’s path to economic prosperity by identifying policies and targeted interventions that will drive development through leveraging GVC participation that take major shifts in trade policy and rapid technological advances in ICT into account. The volume is based on a compilation of studies completed by World Bank staff and external consultants in 2015 supporting the “Enabling Economic Modernization and Private Sector Development†? chapter of the Vietnam 2035 report. The objective of these studies was to diagnose Vietnam’s current participation in GVCs, visualize where Vietnam could be by 2035 in the context of a changing global environment, and identify the policy actions needed to get there. The studies also supported topics related more broadly to export competitiveness, including firm-level productivity, services, and connectivity. It then identifies targeted strategies and policy interventions that will help overcome challenges, minimize risks, and maximize opportunities. Readers will gain a strong understanding of Vietnam’s current and potential engagement with GVCs—and will learn about strategic GVC policy tools that can help developing countries achieve economic prosperity in the context of compressed development.

Economic Growth, Poverty, and Household Welfare in Vietnam


Author: Paul Glewwe,Nisha Agrawal,David Dollar
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821355435
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 628
View: 2187
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With the adoption of new market-oriented policies, Vietnam has transformed itself from one of the world's poorest countries during the 1980s, into an economy with one of the highest growth rates during the 1990s. Using macroeconomic and household survey data, this publication examines a range of issues including: the causes of Vietnam's economic growth and future prospects; the impact on household welfare and poverty levels, school enrolment, child health and other socioeconomic outcomes; and the nature of poverty in Vietnam and the effectiveness of government policies for poverty reduction, drawing lessons for Vietnam and for other low-income developing countries.

Efficient Logistics

A Key to Vietnam's Competitiveness
Author: Luis C. Blancas,John Isbell,Monica Isbell,Hua Joo Tan,Wendy Tao
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464801045
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 200
View: 6887
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Vietnam has attained a strong record of economic growth and poverty reduction since the adoption of market-based economic reforms and pro-poor policies starting in the mid-1980s. Much of this achievement was driven by an untapped, rapidly-growing labor force and the enablement of greater labor participation in higher-productivity sectors of the economy. Yet, as Vietnam has restructured its economic activity towards manufacturing, more mechanized primary sector production and, increasingly, services, and as the labor force is projected to expand at a markedly lower rate than before, finding new sources of productivity improvements has become the key to sustaining economic growth going forward. Improvements in freight logistics can unlock productivity gains across the Vietnamese economy for years to come. The shippers and carriers that operate the supply chains that connect Vietnam to the global economy generally perceive that logistics costs in Vietnam—those incurred when moving, storing and inspecting goods—are more onerous than in peer economies like China, Malaysia and Thailand, even as they are also perceived to be more competitive than those in other developing Asian countries. While many factors may contribute to costly logistics, the main source of underperformance in Vietnam’s logistics sector appears to be the inventory-carrying implications of unreliable freight itineraries, unpredictable inspection and clearance procedures, and an uncertain planning, legal and regulatory framework. By making commerce more predictable, particularly for regional and inter-continental trade, more efficient logistics can lower the cost of doing business, boost competitiveness, attract investment and generate employment. In short, efficient logistics can become a driver of lasting growth. Directed at industry practitioners and policy makers alike, this report highlights five key initiatives to improve the reliability and cost-effectiveness of transportation and logistics in Vietnam’s domestic and international supply chains. These include: (i) modernizing the customs system more broadly to enable goods clearance in a consistently timely manner; (ii) enhancing regulatory transparency to minimize discretion in the regulation of commerce; (iii) promoting multimodal transport corridor planning; (iv) enhancing competition and professionalism in the trucking industry; and (v) deploying capacity more strategically at major gateways, particularly at Cai Map-Thi Vai.

Economic Growth and Employment in Vietnam


Author: David Lim
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317818601
Category: Social Science
Page: 184
View: 9481
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Vietnam has enjoyed significant economic success since the implementation of its "doi moi" reforms, including rapid growth in GDP, exports and foreign and domestic investment, and a shedding of poorly-performing state-owned enterprises. Despite this, however, the economic situation for many ordinary people in Vietnam is fragile, with income only just above the poverty line, and high unemployment, especially among the young. In addition, inflation is high, and the state-owned sector is still large, much of it still performing badly. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the current economic situation in Vietnam. It outlines the state of the economy, paying special attention to employment, discusses government policies including on trade and integration with the global economy, and concludes by assessing the key challenges facing Vietnam’s economy going forward.

The Ironies of Freedom

Sex, Culture, and Neoliberal Governance in Vietnam
Author: Thu-huong Nguyen-vo
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 9780295989211
Category: Political Science
Page: 356
View: 9127
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In the late 1980s, Vietnam joined the global economy after decades of war and relative isolation, demonstrating how a former socialist government can adapt to global market forces with their neoliberal emphasis on freedom of choice for entrepreneurs and consumers. The Ironies of Freedom examines an aspect of this new market: commercial sex. Nguyen-vo offers an ambitious analysis of gender and class conflicts surrounding commercial sex as a site of market freedom, governmental intervention, and depictions in popular culture to argue that these practices reveal the paradoxical nature of neoliberalism. What the case of Vietnam highlights is that governing with current neoliberal globalization may and does take paradoxical forms, sustained not by some vestige from times past but by contemporary conditions. Of mutual benefit to both the neoliberal global economy and the ruling party in Vietnam is the use of empirical knowledge and entrepreneurial and consumer's choice differentially among segments of the population to produce different kinds of laborers and consumers for the global market. But also of mutual benefit to both are the police, the prison, and notions of cultural authenticity enabled by a ruling party with well-developed means of coercion from its history. The freedom-unfreedom pair in governance creates a tension in modes of representation conducive to a new genre of sensational social realism in literature and popular films like the 2003 Bar Girls about two women in the sex trade, replete with nudity, booze, drugs, violence, and death. The movie opened in Vietnam with unprecedented box office receipts, blazing a trail for a commercially viable domestic film industry. Combining methods and theories from the social sciences and humanities, Nguyen-vo's analysis relies on fieldwork conducted in Ho Chi Minh City and its vicinity, in-depth interviews with informants, participant observation at selected sites of sexual commerce and governmental intervention, journalistic accounts, and literature and films. This book will appeal to historians and political scientists of Southeast Asia and to scholars of gender and sexuality, cultural studies, postcolonial studies, and political theory dealing with neoliberalism.

Traders in Motion

Identities and Contestations in the Vietnamese Marketplace
Author: Kirsten W. Endres,Ann Marie Leshkowich
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 1501721348
Category: History
Page: 264
View: 5155
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Making the marketplace : traders, cadres, and bureaucratic documents in Lào Cai City / Kirsten W. Endres -- Run and hide when you see the police : livelihood contestations and the politics of the street economy in Vietnam's northern uplands / Sarah Turner -- Grand designs? : state agendas and the lived realities of market redevelopment in upland northern Vietnam / Christine Bonnin -- Ghost markets and moving bazaars in Hanoi's urban space / Gertrud Hüwelmeier -- A mobile trading network from central coastal Vietnam : growth, social network, and gender / Hy Van Luong -- Money, risk taking, and playing : shifting masculinity in a waste-trading community in the Red River Delta / Minh T.N. Nguyen -- Strive to make a living in the era of urbanization and modernization : the story of petty traders in a Hanoi peri-urban community / Nguyẽ̂n Thị Thanh Bình -- Dealing with uncertainty : itinerant street vendors and local officials in Hanoi / Lisa Barthelmes -- Regulations and raids, or, The precarious place of gold shops in Vietnam / Allison Truitt -- Moralities of commerce in a northern Vietnamese trading community / Esther Horat -- Fuel trade : people, places, and transformations along the coal briquetting chain / Annuska Derks -- Arbitrage over Beilun/Kalong River : Chinese adjustments to border trade practices in Vietnam / Caroline Grillot

Growth, Structural Transformation, and Rural Change in Viet Nam

A Rising Dragon on the Move
Author: Finn Tarp
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019879696X
Category:
Page: 336
View: 3251
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Many developing countries-Viet Nam included-continue to struggle to raise incomes per capita. A common feature of the growth and development process is a fundamental change in the pattern of economic activity, as households reallocate labour from traditional agriculture to more productive forms of agriculture and modern industrial and service sectors. Broad structural transformation and widespread poverty reduction is the combined result of these large-scale shifts in work and labour allocation when they realise desired development goals. The roots of this volume grow from when the first pilot Viet Nam Access to Resources Household Survey (VARHS) was carried out in 2002. The success of this inspired the Central Institute of Economic Management (CIEM) in Hanoi, the Institute of Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development (CAP-IPSARD), the Institute of Labour Science and Social Affairs (ILSSA), and the Development Economics Research Group (DERG) of the University of Copenhagen, together with Danida and later on UNU-WIDER, to plan and carry out a more ambitious VARHS from 2006, increasing coverage and representativeness to more than 2,150 families and 12 provinces across the various regions of Viet Nam. The VARHS covering these very same households had by 2014 been carried out five times, i.e. every two years. It is on this high quality panel data foundation and almost 15 years of study and policy work using the VARHS data the present volume builds, in its effort to bring out the essential rural micro-economic characteristics and insights of a dynamic South-East Asian economy in transition from a centrally planned towards a more market based economy.

Dealing in Desire

Asian Ascendancy, Western Decline, and the Hidden Currencies of Global Sex Work
Author: Kimberly Kay Hoang
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520960688
Category: Social Science
Page: 248
View: 5904
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This captivating ethnography explores Vietnam’s sex industry as the country ascends the global and regional stage. Over the course of five years, author Kimberly Kay Hoang worked at four exclusive Saigon hostess bars catering to diverse clientele: wealthy local Vietnamese and Asian businessmen, Viet Kieus (ethnic Vietnamese living abroad), Western businessmen, and Western budget-tourists. Dealing in Desire takes an in-depth and often personal look at both the sex workers and their clients to show how Vietnamese high finance and benevolent giving are connected to the intimate spheres of the informal economy. For the domestic super-elite who use the levers of political power to channel foreign capital into real estate and manufacturing projects, conspicuous consumption is a means of projecting an image of Asian ascendancy to potential investors. For Viet Kieus and Westerners who bring remittances into the local economy, personal relationships with local sex workers reinforce their ideas of Asia’s rise and Western decline, while simultaneously bolstering their diminished masculinity. Dealing in Desire illuminates Ho Chi Minh City’s sex industry as not just a microcosm of the global economy, but a critical space where dreams and deals are traded.

Economic Growth and Employment in Vietnam


Author: David Lim
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317818598
Category: Social Science
Page: 184
View: 9093
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Vietnam has enjoyed significant economic success since the implementation of its "doi moi" reforms, including rapid growth in GDP, exports and foreign and domestic investment, and a shedding of poorly-performing state-owned enterprises. Despite this, however, the economic situation for many ordinary people in Vietnam is fragile, with income only just above the poverty line, and high unemployment, especially among the young. In addition, inflation is high, and the state-owned sector is still large, much of it still performing badly. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the current economic situation in Vietnam. It outlines the state of the economy, paying special attention to employment, discusses government policies including on trade and integration with the global economy, and concludes by assessing the key challenges facing Vietnam’s economy going forward.

Skilling Up Vietnam

Preparing the Workforce for a Modern Market Economy
Author: Christian Bodewig,Reena Badiani-Magnusson,Kevin Macdonald
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464802319
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 190
View: 3425
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The demand for workforce skills is changing in Vietnam’s dynamic economy. In addition to job-specific skills, Vietnamese employers value cognitive skills, like problem solving, and behavioral skills, like team work. This book presents an agenda of change for Vietnam’s education system to prepare workers to succeed in Vietnam’s modernizing economy.

Tradition, Revolution, and Market Economy in a North Vietnamese Village, 1925-2006


Author: Hy V. Luong
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
ISBN: 0824833708
Category: Social Science
Page: 333
View: 9397
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Tradition, Revolution, and Market Economy in a North Vietnamese Village examines both continuity and change over eight decades in a small rural village deep in the North Vietnamese countryside. Son-Duong, a community near the Red River, experienced firsthand the ravages of French colonialism and the American war, as well as the socialist revolution and Vietnam s recent reintegration into the global market economy. In this revised and expanded edition of his 1992 book, Revolution in the Village, Hy V. Luong draws on newly available archival documents in Hanoi, narratives by villagers, and three field seasons from the late 1980s to 2006. He situates his finely drawn village portrait within the historical framework of the Vietnamese revolution and the recent reforms in Vietnam. The richness of the oral testimony of surviving villagers enables the author to follow them throughout political and economic upheavals, compiling a wealth of original data as they actively restructure their daily lives. In his analysis of the implications of these data for theoretical models of agrarian transformation, Luong argues that local traditions have played a major role in shaping villagers responses to colonialism, socialist policies, and the global market economy. His work, spanning eight decades of sociocultural change, will interest students and scholars of the Vietnamese revolution, agrarian politics, peasant societies, French colonialism, and socialist transformation. "

The Penguin History of Modern Vietnam

A History
Author: Christopher Goscha
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141946652
Category: History
Page: 400
View: 8018
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The Vietnamese are in the unusual situation of being both colonizers themselves and the victims of colonization by others. Their country expanded, shrunk, split and sometimes disappeared, often under circumstances way beyond their control. Despite these often overwhelming pressures Vietnam has survived and is universally recognized as forming one of Asia's most striking and complex cultures. As more and more visitors come to this extraordinary country, there has been for some years a need for a major history - a book which allows the outsider to understand the many complex layers left by earlier emperors, rebels, priests and colonizers. Vietnam's role in one of the Cold War's longest conflicts has meant that its past has been endlessly abused for propaganda purposes and it is perhaps only now that the events which created the modern state can be seen through a truly historical perspective. Christopher Goscha is a leading expert on Vietnam, and this book draws on the latest research and discoveries in Vietnamese, French and English. It is a major achievement, describing both the grand narrative of Vietnam's story but also many of the remarkable byways and what ifs, and is particularly strong on the countless minority groups who have done so much over the centuries to define the many versions of Vietnam.

Vietnam Rising

Culture and Change in Asia's Tiger Cub
Author: William E. Ratliff
Publisher: Independent Inst
ISBN: 9781598130263
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 125
View: 432
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Ratliff, one of the leading experts on the economics of Southeast Asian countries, examines the remarkable, pro-market, pro-entrepreneurial changes underway in Vietnam. Ratliff then reviews the cultural and historical experiences that provide the foundation for current pro-enterprise reforms, discusses the changes that followed "reunification" at the end of the Vietnam War, and the reforms that began twenty years ago. In the process, Vietnam Rising illuminates the hows and whys of entrepreneurial opportunities and the changes necessary to address the remaining traditional and institutional challenges for creating a truly open, market-based, entrepreneurial climate.

Land in Transition

Reform and Poverty in Rural Vietnam
Author: Martin Ravallion,Dominique van de Walle
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821372760
Category: Political Science
Page: 216
View: 2127
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This book is a case study of Vietnam's efforts to fight poverty using market-oriented land reforms. In the 1980s and 1990s, the country undertook major institutional reforms, and an impressive reduction in poverty followed. But what role did the reforms play? Did the efficiency gains from reform come at a cost to equity? Were there both winners and losers? Was rising rural landlessness in the wake of reforms a sign of success or failure? 'Land in Transition' investigates the impacts on living standards of the two stages of land law reform: in 1988, when land was allocated to households administratively and output markets were liberalized; and in 1993, when official land titles were introduced and land transactions were permitted for the first time since communist rule began. To fully assess the poverty impacts of these changes, the authors' analysis of household surveys is guided by both economic theory and knowledge of the historical and social contexts. The book delineates lessons from Vietnam's experience and their implications for current policy debates in China and elsewhere.

Community-driven Regulation

Balancing Development and the Environment in Vietnam
Author: Dara O'Rourke
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262650649
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 300
View: 8998
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Case studies of community action in Vietnam form the basis for a new policy model for pollution control in developing countries.