What is Historical Sociology?

Author: Richard Lachmann
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745672043
Category: Social Science
Page: 176
View: 9426
Sociology began as a historical discipline, created by Marx, Weber and others, to explain the emergence and consequences of rational, capitalist society. Today, the best historical sociology combines precision in theory-construction with the careful selection of appropriate methodologies to address ongoing debates across a range of subfields. This innovative book explores what sociologists gain by treating temporality seriously, what we learn from placing social relations and events in historical context. In a series of chapters, readers will see how historical sociologists have addressed the origins of capitalism, revolutions and social movements, empires and states, inequality, gender and culture. The goal is not to present a comprehensive history of historical sociology; rather, readers will encounter analyses of exemplary works and see how authors engaged past debates and their contemporaries in sociology, history and other disciplines to advance our understanding of how societies are created and remade across time. This illuminating book is designed for use in graduate and advanced undergraduate courses as an introduction to historical sociology and as a guide to employing historical analysis across the discipline.

Soziologische Phantasie

Author: C. Wright Mills
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 365810015X
Category: Social Science
Page: 325
View: 9220
Soziologische Phantasie, die erstmals 1963 erschienene deutsche Übersetzung von C. Wright Mills‘ The Sociological Imagination, darf zurecht als Meilenstein wissenschaftlich-politischer Debatten in den Vereinigten Staaten betrachtet werden und zählt auch heute noch zu einer der wichtigsten Selbstkritiken der Soziologie. Mills schlägt hier einen dritten Weg zwischen bloßem Empirismus und abgehobener Theorie ein: Er plädiert für eine kritische Sozialwissenschaft, die sich weder bürokratisch instrumentalisieren lässt noch selbstverliebt vor sich hin prozessiert, sondern gesellschaftliche Bedeutung erlangt, indem sie den Zusammenhang von persönlichen Schwierigkeiten und öffentlichen Problemen erhellt. Eben dies sei Aufgabe und Verheißung einer Soziologie, die sich viel zu häufig „einer merkwürdigen Lust an der Attitüde des Unbeteiligten“ hingebe.

Handbook of Historical Sociology

Author: Gerard Delanty,Engin F Isin
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761971733
Category: Social Science
Page: 417
View: 5592
This Handbook consists of 26 chapters on historical sociology. Part One is devoted to Foundations, Part Two moves on to consider major approaches and Part Three is devoted to the major themes in historical sociology. Systematic and informative it offers readers the most complete and authoritative guide to historical sociology.

The Perspective of Historical Sociology

The Individual as Homo-Sociologicus Through Society and History
Author: Jirí Subrt
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1787433641
Page: 248
View: 8624
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the range of themes which make up the field of Historical Sociology. Jiř� Subrt systematically discusses the main problems of societal development, long term process and changes in the key areas of social life. These include not only temporalized sociology, evolutionary theory, civilizational analysis, societal systems, structures and functions, but also modernization and revolution, risk, crisis, catastrophe and collapse, wars, conflicts and violence, nations, nationalism and collective memory. This study does not ignore the fundamental dichotomy underlying the discipline, which is between individualism and holism. At the heart of this book lies the human individual as related to social and historical development. The key question is who or what is responsible for the process of human history: society or the individual? The author concludes by offering an approach which may help in resolving this dilemma.

Historical Sociology of International Relations

Author: Stephen Hobden,John M. Hobson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521004763
Category: History
Page: 315
View: 686
Insight from historical sociology promotes a re-thinking of international relations theory in this 2001 collection.

Fremd in ihrem Land

Eine Reise ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten
Author: Arlie Russell Hochschild
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593507668
Category: Political Science
Page: 429
View: 7563
In vielen westlichen Ländern sind rechte, nationalistische Bewegungen auf dem Vormarsch. Wie ist es dazu gekommen? Arlie Russell Hochschild reiste ins Herz der amerikanischen Rechten, nach Louisiana, und suchte fünf Jahre lang das Gespräch mit ihren Landsleuten. Sie traf auf frustrierte Menschen, deren "Amerikanischer Traum" geplatzt ist; Menschen, die sich abgehängt fühlen, den Staat hassen und sich der rechtspopulistischen Tea-Party-Bewegung angeschlossen haben. Hochschild zeigt eine beunruhigende Entwicklung auf, die auch in Europa längst begonnen hat. Hochschilds Reportage ist nicht nur eine erhellende Deutung einer gespaltenen Gesellschaft, sondern auch ein bewegendes Stück Literatur. "Jeder, der das moderne Amerika verstehen möchte, sollte dieses faszinierende Buch lesen." Robert Reich "Ein kluges, respektvolles und fesselndes Buch." New York Times Book Review "Eine anrührende, warmherzige und souverän geschriebene, ungemein gut lesbare teilnehmende Beobachtung. ... Wer ihr Buch liest, versteht die Wähler Trumps, weil sie auf Augenhöhe mit ihnen und nicht über sie spricht." FAZ

What is Sociology?

Author: Norbert Elias
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231045513
Category: Social Science
Page: 187
View: 4450
What is Sociology? presents in concise and provocative form the major ideas of a seminal thinker whose work--spanning more than four decades--is only now gaining the recognition here it has long had in Germany and France. Unlike other post-war sociologists, Norbert Elias has always held the concept of historical development among his central concerns; his dynamic theories of the evolution of modern man have remedied the historical and epistemological shortcomings of structualism and ethno-methodology. What is Sociology? refines the arguments that were first found in Elias' massive work on the civilizing process, in which he formulated his major assertions about the interdependence of the making of modern man and modern society. It is Elias' contention that changes in personality structure--embodied in phenomena ranging from table manners and hygiene habits to rites of punishment and courtly love--inevitably reflect and mould patterns of control generated by new political and social instututions. Elias' rejection of a dichotomy between individual and society, and his use of psychoanalysis, political theory, and social history, help restore a fullness of resource to sociology.

What is Genocide

Author: Martin Shaw
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745657516
Category: Political Science
Page: 232
View: 3291

What Is a Case?

Exploring the Foundations of Social Inquiry
Author: Charles C. Ragin,Howard Saul Becker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521421881
Category: Social Science
Page: 242
View: 388
The concept of the case is a basic feature of social science research and yet many questions about how a case should be defined, selected, and judged are far from settled. The contributors to this volume probe the nature of the case and the ways in which different understandings of the concept affect the conduct and the results of research. The contributions demonstrate that the work of any given researcher is often characterised by some hybrid of these basic approaches, and it is important to understand that most research involves multiple definitions and uses of cases, as both specific empirical phenomena and as general theoretical categories.

Twenty Years of the Journal of Historical Sociology

Volume 2: Challenging the Field
Author: Yoke-Sum Wong,Derek Sayer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444309730
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 1293
Over the last twenty years the Journal of HistoricalSociology has redefined what historical sociology can be. Theseessays by internationally distinguished historians, sociologists,anthropologists and geographers bring together the very best of theJHS. Volume 1 focuses on the British state, Volume 2 on thejournal’s wider interdisciplinary challenges. The second in a two-volume anthology representing the bestarticles published in The Journal of Historical Sociologyover the last twenty years. Includes essays, debates and responses written byinternationally distinguished historians, sociologists,anthropologists and geographers as well as by pioneering newerscholars have been influential in challenging and redefining thefield of historical sociology. Spans a range of issues and topics that combine rich empiricalscholarship with sophisticated theoretical engagement, bringingtogether the very best of the JHS. Challenges the nature of undertaking interdisciplinary workwithin history and the social sciences. A wide exploration of the historiographical, taking us beyondEurope and often highlighting unconventional approaches to thedisciplines.

Zivilisationstheorie in der Bilanz

Beiträge zum 100. Geburtstag von Norbert Elias
Author: Annette Treibel,Reinhard Blomert,Helmut Kuzmics
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3663119106
Category: Social Science
Page: 331
View: 573
Der Band ist anläßlich des 100. Geburtstag des Soziologen Norbert Elias entstanden. Er enthält Beiträge, die sich ergänzend, kritisch oder vergleichend mit Leben und Werk von Elias beschäftigen. Aufgrund der späten "Entdeckung" von Norbert Elias Ende der 60er Jahre mußte zunächst sein Werk gesichtet und gesichert werden. Diese erste Phase der Rezeption dauert an, wie die Neuausgabe des Zivilisationsbuches dokumentiert. Mittlerweile hat jedoch die zweite Phase der Rezeption eingesetzt. Sie ist durch Bilanzierungen, kritische Aufarbeitungen und Weiterentwicklungen gekennzeichnet. Das Buch umfaßt neue Aspekte der Eliasschen Biographie, grundsätzliche Probleme der "Architektur" seiner Theorie, Vergleiche mit anderen Theoretikern, und es gibt den Forschungsstand zu klassischen wie aktuellen Anwendungsbereichen der Zivilisationstheorie wieder.

The Oxford Handbook of Analytical Sociology

Author: Peter Hedström,Peter Bearman
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191615234
Category: Social Science
Page: 800
View: 6218
Analytical sociology is a strategy for understanding the social world. It is concerned with explaining important social facts such as network structures, patterns of residential segregation, typical beliefs, cultural tastes, and common ways of acting. It explains such facts by detailing in clear and precise ways the mechanisms through which the social facts were brought about. Making sense of the relationship between micro and macro thus is one of the central concerns of analytical sociology. The approach is a contemporary incarnation of Robert K. Merton's notion of middle-range theory and presents a vision of sociological theory as a tool-box of semi-general theories each of which is adequate for explaining certain types of phenomena. The Handbook brings together some of the most prominent sociologists in the world. Some of the chapters focus on action and interaction as the cogs and wheels of social processes, while others consider the dynamic social processes that these actions and interactions bring about.

On Law and Justice

Author: Alf Ross
Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
ISBN: 1584774886
Category: Law
Page: 383
View: 6994
Ross, Alf. On Law and Justice. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1959. xi, 383 pp. Reprint available December 2004 by the Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN 1-58477-488-6. Cloth. $90. * In this influential and oft-cited study Ross discounted the theories of natural law, positivism and legal realism. In their stead, he proposed the abandonment of "ought-propositions" for the "is-propositions" employed by other empirical sciences, thereby envisioning lawyers that serve merely as "rational technologists." Less bound by tradition, and traditional notions of justice, jurisprudence then becomes "not only a beautiful mental activity per se, but also an instrument which may benefit any lawyer who wants to understand what he is doing and why" (Preface).

Foucault and Heidegger

Critical Encounters
Author: Alan Milchman,Alan Rosenberg
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
ISBN: 9780816633791
Category: Philosophy
Page: 368
View: 9027
An essential consideration of these two closely related and influential figures. Michel Foucault and Martin Heidegger are two of the most important intellectual figures of the twentieth century, and yet there are significant, largely unexplored questions about the relationship between their projects. Foucault and Heidegger stages a crucial critical encounter between these two thinkers; in doing so, it clarifies not only the complexities of the Heidegger-Foucault relationship, but also their relevance to questions about truth and nihilism, acquiescence and resistance, and technology and agency that are central to debates in contemporary thought. These essays examine topics ranging from Heidegger's and Foucault's intellectual forebears to their respective understanding of the Enlightenment, modernity, and technology, to their conceptions of power and the political.

International Relations and Historical Sociology

Breaking Down Boundaries
Author: Stephen Hobden
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134666799
Category: Political Science
Page: 228
View: 3426
This book provides an original analysis of recent work by key historical sociologists through the prism of International Relations. Stephen Hobden investigates the number of issues which overlap between the two disciplines by focusing on three main themes: * the ways in which historical sociologists approach international relations in general and the concept of an international system in particular * recent advances on the concept of the state as developed by Historical Sociology and their implications for International Relations * the potential for productive dialogue between the two schools of thought.

Emile Durkheim, His Life and Work

A Historical and Critical Study
Author: Steven Lukes
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804712835
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 676
View: 9748
This study of Durkheim seeks to help the reader to achieve a historical understanding of his ideas and to form critical judgments about their value. To some extent these tow aims are contradictory. On the one hand, one seeks to understand: what did Durkheim really mean, how did he see the world, how did his ideas related to one another and how did they develop, how did they related to their biographical and historical context, how were they received, what influence did they have and to what criticism were they subjected, what was it like not to make certain distinctions, not to see certain errors, of fact or of logic, not to know what has subsequently become known? On the other hand, one seeks to assess: how valuable and how valid are the ideas, to what fruitful insights and explanations do they lead, how do they stand up to analysis and to the evidence, what is their present value? Yet it seems that it is only by inducing oneself not to see and only by seeing them that one can make a critical assessment. The only solution is to pursue both aims--seeing and not seeing--simultaneously. More particularly, this book has the primary object of achieving that sympathetic understanding without which no adequate critical assessment is possible. It is a study in intellectual history which is also intended as a contribution to sociological theory.

Historical Sociology

Author: Philip Abrams
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801492433
Category: History
Page: 353
View: 509
This book argues that history and sociology share the same vital preoccupation: the desire to unravel the puzzle of human agency. How do large-scale social transformations occur, and what is the role of the individual in them? Phil Abrams devotes three chapters to the development of industrialism and scrutinizes, in that connection, the theories of Marx, Weber, and Durkheim. Subsequent chapters consider Talcott Parsons and the debate on "convergence"; the formation of "states"; the idea of the "event" as a legitimate concern of history and sociology; individuals and sociological generations; deviancy and revolution; and a final chapter on the limits of historical sociology.

Theorien sozialer Strukturen

Ansätze und Probleme
Author: Peter Michael Blau
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322839648
Category: Social Science
Page: 255
View: 2590

The Sociological Imagination

Author: C. Wright Mills
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199756346
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 4108
C. Wright Mills is best remembered for his highly acclaimed work The Sociological Imagination, in which he set forth his views on how social science should be pursued. Hailed upon publication as a cogent and hard-hitting critique, The Sociological Imagination took issue with the ascendant schools of sociology in the United States, calling for a humanist sociology connecting the social, personal, and historical dimensions of our lives. The sociological imagination Mills calls for is a sociological vision, a way of looking at the world that can see links between the apparently private problems of the individual and important social issues.