Which People's War?

National Identity and Citizenship in Wartime Britain 1939-1945
Author: Sonya O. Rose
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199273170
Category: History
Page: 328
View: 5179
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Which People's War? examines how national belonging, or British national identity, was envisaged in the public culture of the World War II home front. Using materials from newspapers, magazines, films, novels, diaries, letters, and all sorts of public documents, it explores such questions as: who was included as 'British' and what did it mean to be British? How did the British describe themselves as a singular people, and what were the consequences of those depictions? It also examines the several meanings of citizenship elaborated in various discussions concerning the British nation at war. This investigation of the powerful constructions of national identity and understandings of citizenship circulating in Britain during the Second World War exposes their multiple and contradictory consequences at the time. It reveals the fragility of any singular conception of 'Britishness' even during a war that involved the total mobilization of the country's citizenry and cost 400,000 British civilian lives.

Der Bombenkrieg

Europa 1939 bis 1945
Author: Richard Overy
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644117519
Category: History
Page: 1056
View: 4422
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Nichts hat die Zerstörungskraft des Zweiten Weltkriegs so sehr ins kollektive Gedächtnis eingebrannt wie der Bombenkrieg: Mit nie da gewesener Gewalt vernichtete er Dutzende Städte in ganz Europa, 600000 Menschen starben, Millionen verloren alles; die Ruinen von Coventry oder Dresden wurden zu Symbolen einer technischen, menschengemachten Apokalypse. In der ersten umfassenden Darstellung erzählt Richard Overy die Geschichte dieses Krieges. Er schildert die Anfänge der neuen Strategie des «Moral Bombing», ihre Entwicklung wie schließlich ihr Scheitern, und er deckt zahlreiche Mythen und Irrtümer auf, die bis heute kursieren. Erstmals entsteht ein internationales Gesamtbild, von der Offensive gegen das Ruhrgebiet bis zu den «Baedeker-Angriffen», die unschätzbares historisches Erbe auslöschten, von den deutschen Bomben auf Stalingrad bis zu wenig bekannten Schauplätzen wie Rom oder Bulgarien. Overy zeigt, warum der Luftkrieg trotz Ineffektivität und mörderischer Kosten ausgeweitet wurde, welche Rolle Hermann Göring oder General Harris dabei spielten. Aber auch die kulturellen und menschlichen Verheerungen treten vor Augen, die Not und Hoffnung in den Luftschutzkellern wie bei den Piloten. Richard Overy zeichnet ein monumentales Panorama Europas in dunkler Zeit – das Standardwerk über den Bombenkrieg.

The Shock of War

Civilian Experiences, 1937-1945
Author: Sean Kennedy
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442694696
Category: History
Page: 160
View: 1009
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In The Shock of War: Civilian Experiences, 1937-1945, Sean Kennedy shifts the reader's focus from the battlefields of the Second World War to the civilian experience. This short yet comprehensive history complements existing studies of the war that document diplomatic and military operations. While many of these studies acknowledge the significance of the conflict for civilians, The Shock of War places civilians at the centre of events, drawing attention to the many different regions of the world affected by the conflict, and comparing various facets of the civilian experience. Kennedy's fresh approach emphasizes the diverse and complex impact of the war, which was profoundly destructive, yet, in some societies, provided opportunities and the potential for positive change.

Broadcasting Empire

The BBC and the British World, 1922-1970
Author: Simon J. Potter
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199568960
Category: History
Page: 261
View: 2445
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Examines how, for much of the twentieth century, the BBC supported the British empire, and how it sought to link listeners in Britain, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa. Considers the impact of the end of empire on British broadcasting.

Britain's War Machine

Weapons, Resources, and Experts in the Second World War
Author: David Edgerton
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199832684
Category: History
Page: 464
View: 437
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The familiar image of the British in the Second World War is that of the plucky underdog taking on German might. David Edgerton's bold, compelling new history shows the conflict in a new light, with Britain as a very wealthy country, formidable in arms, ruthless in pursuit of its interests, and in command of a global production system. Rather than belittled by a Nazi behemoth, Britain arguably had the world's most advanced mechanized forces. It had not only a great empire, but allies large and small. Edgerton shows that Britain fought on many fronts and its many home fronts kept it exceptionally well supplied with weapons, food and oil, allowing it to mobilize to an extraordinary extent. It created and deployed a vast empire of machines, from the humble tramp steamer to the battleship, from the rifle to the tank, made in colossal factories the world over. Scientists and engineers invented new weapons, encouraged by a government and prime minister enthusiastic about the latest technologies. The British, indeed Churchillian, vision of war and modernity was challenged by repeated defeat at the hands of less well-equipped enemies. Yet the end result was a vindication of this vision. Like the United States, a powerful Britain won a cheap victory, while others paid a great price. Putting resources, machines and experts at the heart of a global rather than merely imperial story, Britain's War Machine demolishes timeworn myths about wartime Britain and gives us a groundbreaking and often unsettling picture of a great power in action.

Women’s Writing, Englishness and National and Cultural Identity

The Mobile Woman and the Migrant Voice, 1938-62
Author: M. Joannou
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137265299
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 228
View: 4597
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An original mapping of women's writing in the 1940s and 1950s, this book looks at Englishness and national identity in women's writing and includes writing from Scotland, Wales, Ireland the Indian subcontinent and Africa. The authors discussed include Virginia Woolf, Daphne Du Maurier, Doris Lessing and Muriel Spark.

The History of British Women's Writing, 1920-1945

Volume Eight
Author: M. Joannou
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137292172
Category: Social Science
Page: 316
View: 8242
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Featuring sixteen contributions from recognized authorities in their respective fields, this superb new mapping of women's writing ranges from feminine middlebrow novels to Virginia Woolf's modernist aesthetics, from women's literary journalism to crime fiction, and from West End drama to the literature of Scotland, Ireland and Wales.

At Home and under Fire

Air Raids and Culture in Britain from the Great War to the Blitz
Author: Susan R. Grayzel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139502506
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 8782
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Although the Blitz has come to symbolize the experience of civilians under attack, Germany first launched air raids on Britain at the end of 1914 and continued them during the First World War. With the advent of air warfare, civilians far removed from traditional battle zones became a direct target of war rather than a group shielded from its impact. This is a study of how British civilians experienced and came to terms with aerial warfare during the First and Second World Wars. Memories of the World War I bombings shaped British responses to the various real and imagined war threats of the 1920s and 1930s, including the bombing of civilians during the Spanish Civil War and, ultimately, the Blitz itself. The processes by which different constituent bodies of the British nation responded to the arrival of air power reveal the particular role that gender played in defining civilian participation in modern war.

The Lost Wave

Women and Democracy in Postwar Italy
Author: Molly Tambor
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199392579
Category: History
Page: 240
View: 6640
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As Italy emerged from World War II, the first women entered the national government. The 45 women who became parliamentarians when Italian women were first entitled to vote in 1946 represented a "lost wave" of feminist action, argues Molly Tambor. In this work, Tambor reconstructs the role that these female politicians played in Italy's new democratic Republic. They proved critical in ensuring that the new Constitution formally guaranteed the equality of all citizens regardless of sex, translating the general constitutional guarantees into direct legislative rights and protections. They used a specific electoral and legislative strategy, "constitutional rights feminism," to construct an image of the female citizen as a bulwark of democracy. Mining existing tropes of femininity such as the Resistance heroine, the working mother, the sacrificial Catholic, and the "mamma Italiana," they searched for social consensus for women's equality that could reach across religious, ideological, and gender divides. The political biographies of woman politicians are intertwined with the history of the laws they created and helped pass, including paid maternity leave, the closing of state-run brothels, and women's right to become judges. Women politicians navigated gendered political identity as they picked and chose among competing models of femininity in Cold War Italy. In so doing, The Lost Wave shows, they forged a political legacy that affected the rights and opportunities of all Italian citizens.

One World, Big Screen

Hollywood, the Allies, and World War II
Author: M. Todd Bennett
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 0807837466
Category: History
Page: 384
View: 374
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World War II coincided with cinema's golden age. Movies now considered classics were created at a time when all sides in the war were coming to realize the great power of popular films to motivate the masses. Through multinational research, One World, Big Screen reveals how the Grand Alliance--Britain, China, the Soviet Union, and the United States--tapped Hollywood's impressive power to shrink the distance and bridge the differences that separated them. The Allies, M. Todd Bennett shows, strategically manipulated cinema in an effort to promote the idea that the United Nations was a family of nations joined by blood and affection. Bennett revisits Casablanca, Mrs. Miniver, Flying Tigers, and other familiar movies that, he argues, helped win the war and the peace by improving Allied solidarity and transforming the American worldview. Closely analyzing film, diplomatic correspondence, propagandists' logs, and movie studio records found in the United States, the United Kingdom, and the former Soviet Union, Bennett rethinks traditional scholarship on World War II diplomacy by examining the ways that Hollywood and the Allies worked together to prepare for and enact the war effort.

Whatever Happened to Tory Scotland?


Author: David Torrance
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748670440
Category: Political Science
Page: 160
View: 5673
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Explores the history and ideas of the Scottish Conservative Party since its creation in 1912

Faschismus

Eine Warnung
Author: Madeleine Albright
Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag
ISBN: 3832184104
Category: Political Science
Page: 320
View: 2526
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»Manche mögen dieses Buch und besonders seinen Titel alarmierend finden. Gut!« MADELEINE ALBRIGHT Weltweit kommt es zu einem Wiedererstarken anti-demokratischer, repressiver und zerstörerischer Kräfte. Die ehemalige amerikanische Außenministerin Madeleine Albright zeigt, welche großen Ähnlichkeiten diese mit dem Faschismus des 20. Jahrhunderts haben. Die faschistischen Tendenzen treten wieder in Erscheinung und greifen in Europa, Teilen Asiens und den Vereinigten Staaten um sich. Albrights Familie stammt aus Prag und floh zweimal: zuerst vor den Nationalsozialisten, später vor dem kommunistischen Regime. Auf Grundlage dieser Erlebnisse und der Erfahrungen, die sie im Laufe ihrer diplomatischen Karriere sammelte, zeichnet sie die Gründe für die Rückkehr des Faschismus nach. Sie identifiziert die Faktoren, die zu seinem Aufstieg beitragen und warnt eindringlich vor den Folgen. Doch Madeleine Albright bietet auch klare Lösungsansätze an, etwa die Veränderung der Arbeitsbedingungen und das Verständnis für die Bedürfnisse der Menschen nach Kontinuität und moralischer Beständigkeit. Sie zeigt, dass allein die Demokratie politische und gesellschaftliche Konflikte mit Rationalität und offenen Diskussionen lösen kann.

Mitteilungsblatt des Instituts für soziale Bewegungen


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social movements
Page: N.A
View: 9943
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Bellizismus und Nation

Kriegsdeutung und Nationsbestimmung in Europa und den Vereinigten Staaten 1750 - 1914
Author: Jörn Leonhard
Publisher: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 1019
View: 3673
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Alle politischen Begriffe und Vorstellungen beziehen sich nach Carl Schmitt auf die politische Unterscheidung von Freund und Feind, deren letzte Konsequenz sich in Krieg oder Revolution aussere. Aber was erlaubte es dem Staat, unter Ruckgriff auf die Legitimationsformel der Nation Millionen seiner Burger in den Krieg zu schicken? Vor dem Hintergrund dieser Frage untersucht Jorn Leonhard Ursprung, Wandel und Vielfalt der aus der Erfahrung kriegerischer Gewalt hervorgegangenen nationalen Legitimationsmuster. Auf synchroner Ebene stellt er Frankreich, Deutschland, Grossbritannien und die Vereinigten Staaten in der longue duree vom Siebenjahrigen Krieg bis zum Ersten Weltkrieg systematisch-vergleichend gegenuber. Das Werk wurde 2006 mit dem Werner-Hahlweg-Preis ausgezeichnet."

Die Verdammten dieser Erde


Author: Frantz Fanon,Jean-Paul Sartre
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518371688
Category: Afrika - Entkolonialisierung
Page: 266
View: 8123
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Volksgemeinschaft

neue Forschungen zur Gesellschaft des Nationalsozialismus
Author: Frank Bajohr,Michael Wildt
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Deutschland - Volksgemeinschaft - Rassismus - Geschichte 1933-1945 - Aufsatzsammlung
Page: 236
View: 8114
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Tod aus der Luft

Kriegsgesellschaft und Luftkrieg in Deutschland und England
Author: Dietmar Süß
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: World War, 1939-1945
Page: 717
View: 9379
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Bombing Civilians

A Twentieth-Century History
Author: Yuki Tanaka,Marilyn Young
Publisher: The New Press
ISBN: 1595586318
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 5216
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Bombing Civilians examines a crucial question: why did military planning in the early twentieth century shift its focus from bombing military targets to bombing civilians? From the British bombing of Iraq in the early 1920s to the most recent policies in Kosovo, Afghanistan, Iraq, and Lebanon, Bombing Civilians analyzes in detail the history of indiscriminate bombing, examining the fundamental questions of how this theory justifying mass killing originated and why it was employed as a compelling military strategy for decades, both before and since the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.