Who Owns the Arctic?

Understanding Sovereignty Disputes in the North
Author: Michael Byers
Publisher: D & M Publishers
ISBN: 9781926706962
Category: Political Science
Page: 192
View: 9771
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Who actually controls the Northwest Passage? Who owns the trillions of dollars of oil and gas beneath the Arctic Ocean? Which territorial claims will prevail, and why — those of the United States, Russia, Canada, or the Nordic nations? And, in an age of rapid climate change, how do we protect the fragile Arctic environment while seizing the economic opportunities presented by the rapidly melting sea-ice? Michael Byers, a leading Arctic expert and international lawyer clearly and concisely explains the sometimes contradictory rules governing the division and protection of the Arctic and the disputes over the region that still need to be resolved. What emerges is a vision for the Arctic in which cooperation, not conflict, prevails and where the sovereignty of individual nations is exercised for the benefit of all. This insightful little book is an informed primer for today's most pressing territorial issue.

Who Owns the Arctic?

Understanding Sovereignty Disputes in the North
Author: Michael Byers
Publisher: Douglas & McIntyre
ISBN: 1553654994
Category: Law
Page: 179
View: 8137
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Who actually controls the Northwest Passage? Who owns the trillions of dollars of oil and gas beneath the Arctic Ocean? Which territorial claims will prevail, and why -- those of the United States, Russia, Canada, or the Nordic nations? And, in an age of rapid climate change, how do we protect the fragile Arctic environment while seizing the economic opportunities presented by the rapidly melting sea-ice? Michael Byers, a leading Arctic expert and international lawyer clearly and concisely explains the sometimes contradictory rules governing the division and protection of the Arctic and the disputes over the region that still need to be resolved. What emerges is a vision for the Arctic in which cooperation, not conflict, prevails and where the sovereignty of individual nations is exercised for the benefit of all. This insightful little book is an informed primer for today's most pressing territorial issue.

International Law and the Arctic


Author: Michael Byers,James Baker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107042755
Category: Law
Page: 337
View: 9749
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Sets out the international law relevant to the Arctic, from indigenous peoples to environmental protection to oil and gas exploration.

The Future History of the Arctic


Author: Charles Emmerson
Publisher: Public Affairs
ISBN: 1586486365
Category: History
Page: 405
View: 6997
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"[The author] leads readers ... through the landscape, history, literature and politics of the North, from the wrongheaded theories of the ancients to diplomatic intrigues on the Arctic's borderlands, the brutality of the Soviet gulag archipelago, and the region's emergence as a strategically important source of energy."--Jacket p. [2].

Polar Imperative

A History of Arctic Sovereignty in North America
Author: Shelagh D. Grant
Publisher: D & M Publishers
ISBN: 9781553656180
Category: History
Page: 560
View: 9934
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Based on Shelagh Grant’s groundbreaking archival research and drawing on her reputation as a leading historian in the field, Polar Imperative is a compelling overview of the historical claims of sovereignty over this continent’s polar regions. This engaging, timely history examines: the unfolding implications of major climate changes the impact of resource exploitation on the indigenous peoples the current high-stakes game for control over the adjacent waters of Alaska, Arctic Canada and Greenland the events, issues and strategies that have influenced claims to authority over the lands and waters of the North American Arctic, from the arrival of the first inhabitants around 3,000 BCE to the present sovereignty from a comparative point of view within North America and parallel situations in the European and Asian Arctic This book will become a standard reference on Arctic history and will redefine North Americans’ understanding of the sovereign rights and responsibilities of Canada’s northernmost region.

Arctic Front

Defending Canada in the Far North
Author: Ken S. Coates,P. Whitney Lackenbauer,William R. Morrion,Greg Poelzer
Publisher: Dundurn.com
ISBN: 0887628400
Category: History
Page: 280
View: 4288
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An energetic and engaging collaboration by four of Canada's leading Northern specialists, Arctic Front is a clarion call to all Canadians about our endangered Arctic region.

Protecting the Arctic

Indigenous Peoples and Cultural Survival
Author: Mark Nuttall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135297371
Category: Social Science
Page: 204
View: 1821
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Protecting the Arctic explores some of the ways in which indigenous peoples have taken political action regarding Arctic environmental and sustainable development issues, and investigates the involvement of indigenous peoples in international environmental policy- making. Nuttall illustrates how indigenous peoples make claims that their own forms of resource management not only have relevance in an Arctic regional context, but provide models for the inclusion of indigenous values and environmental knowledge in the design, negotiation and implementation of global environmental policy.

Arctic Security in an Age of Climate Change


Author: James Kraska
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139499335
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 1743
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This book examines Arctic defense policy and military security from the perspective of all eight Arctic states. In light of climate change and melting ice in the Arctic Ocean, Canada, Russia, Denmark (Greenland), Norway and the United States, as well as Iceland, Sweden and Finland, are grappling with an emerging Arctic security paradigm. This volume brings together the world's most seasoned Arctic political-military experts from Europe and North America to analyze how Arctic nations are adapting their security postures to accommodate increased shipping, expanding naval presence, and energy and mineral development in the polar region. The book analyzes the ascent of Russia as the first 'Arctic superpower', the growing importance of polar security for NATO and the Nordic states, and the increasing role of Canada and the United States in the region.

Russia in the Arctic

Hard or Soft Power?
Author: Alexander Sergunin
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 3838267834
Category: Political Science
Page: 160
View: 3667
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In this timely book, the authors provide a detailed analysis of Russia's national interests in the Arctic region. They assess Russia's domestic discourse on the High North's role in the system of national priorities as well as of Moscow's bi- and multilateral relations with major regional players, energy, environmental, socio-cultural, and military policies in the Arctic. In contrast to the internationally wide-spread stereotype of Russia as a revisionist power in the High North, this book argues that Moscow tries to pursue a double-sided strategy in the region. On the one hand, Russia aims at defending her legitimate economic interests in the region. On the other hand, Moscow is open to co-operation with foreign partners that are willing to partake in exploiting the Arctic natural resources. The general conclusion is that in the foreseeable future Moscow's strategy in the region will be predictable and pragmatic rather than aggressive or spontaneous. The authors argue that in order to consolidate the soft power pattern of Russia's behavior a proper international environment in the Arctic should be created by common efforts. Other regional players should demonstrate their responsibility and willingness to solve existing and potential problems on the basis of international law.

Ice and Water

Politics Peoples And The Artic Council
Author: John English
Publisher: Penguin Canada
ISBN: 0143190261
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 4189
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As the Far North assumes an increasingly important role in international politics, so too does Canada’s role in its governance. In 1991, eight countries signed the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy: Canada, the United States, Russia, Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Iceland, and Finland. This was the first step in the formation of the Arctic Council, which was formally established in 1996 to act as a high-level intergovernmental body to address social, political, and environmental issues in the Arctic. Indigenous peoples, who form a significant population in seven of the eight countries’ Arctic regions, are involved in the council as permanent participants if they represent a single indigenous people across borders. Acclaimed biographer John English explores the history and growing relevancy of the council as Canada becomes the chair of that body in 2013. English chronicles a remarkable shift in Canada’s stance. The Canadian embrace of co-operative multilateralism in the nineties and the jealous protection of sovereignty in 2010 reveal a difference in approach, interest, and values. Both approaches had antecedents in Canada’s past—there has been Liberal unilateralism and nationalist rhetoric too—but there are fundamental differences between Canadian policies in the 1990s and those adopted in the following decade. Ice and Water explores the origins, creation, and development of the Arctic Council as a means of understanding those differences.

The Northern Sea Route

A Comprehensive Analysis
Author: Marcus Matthias Keupp
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3658040815
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 134
View: 7648
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The topic, "Northern Sea Route" has become a highly relevant point on the strategic radar screen of many business and military leaders, since global climate change now opens up a hitherto impassable sea route and positions it as a strategic alternative to the Suez route. Add to this the discovery of many easily extractable commodities and metals in the arctic area. For entrepreneurs, this setting offers new opportunities and risks; for academics, a new research context emerges. The book discusses the strategic, economic, logistic, judicial and military challenges of the future great game in the arctic sea.

From Far and Wide

A Complete History of Canada's Arctic Sovereignty
Author: Peter Pigott
Publisher: Dundurn
ISBN: 1554889871
Category: History
Page: 312
View: 5663
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Is the Canadian North a state of mind or simply the lands and waters above the 60th parallel? From Far and Wide recounts exclusively the historic activities of the Canadian military in Canada's Arctic.

Demon Fish


Author: Juliet Eilperin
Publisher: Gerald Duckworth & Co
ISBN: 0715643525
Category: Nature
Page: 320
View: 9920
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From the Bahamas and South Africa to Shanghai, sharks are the object of an obsession: film stars go big-game fishing for them and shark's fin soup is a coveted status symbol in China. Elsewhere, people and sharks exist alongside each other: surfers tolerate their presence and eco-tourists swim with them. Yet, after millions of years of the shark s evolution and survival, the human fascination with these animals may eventually lead to their extinction. In this eye-opening adventure, which criss-crosses the globe, Juliet Eilperin examines why sharks remain nature's most awe-inspiring creatures. She also explores the fascinating ways in which humans relate to the ocean's top predator.

Boundless

Tracing Land and Dream in a New Northwest Passage
Author: Kathleen Winter
Publisher: Catapult
ISBN: 1619026627
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 277
View: 3079
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In 2010, bestselling author Kathleen Winter (Annabel) embarked on a journey across the storied Northwest Passage, among marine scientists, historians, archaeologists, anthropologists, and curious passengers. From Greenland to Baffin Island and all along the passage, Winter bears witness to the new math of the North—where polar bears mates with grizzlies, creating a new hybrid species; where the earth is on the cusp of yielding so much buried treasure that five nations stand poised to claim sovereignty of the land; and where the local Inuit population struggles to navigate the tension between taking part in the new global economy and defending their traditional way of life. Throughout Winters journey, she learns from fellow passengers such as Aaju Peter and Bernadette Dean, who teach her about Inuit society (both past and present). She bonds with Nathan Rogers, son of the late Canadian icon Stan Rogers, who died in a plane crash when Nathan was just a young boy. Nathans quest is to take the route his father never traveled, expect in his beloved song “The Northwest Passage, which he performs both as anthem and lament at sea. And she guides readers through her own personal odyssey, emigrating from England to Canada as a child and discovering both what was lot and what was gained as a result of that journey. In breathtaking prose charged with vivid descriptions of the land and its people, Kathleen Winter's Boundless is a haunting and powerful homage to the ever-evolving and magnetic power of the North.

Russia and the Arctic

Environment, Identity and Foreign Policy
Author: Geir Hønneland
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857729497
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 224
View: 9312
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The world is currently witnessing an ‘Arctic Scramble’ – as the major powers compete to demarcate and occupy Arctic territory. The region is known to be home to large gas and oil reserves, and its position at the top of the globe holds significant trading and military advantages. Yet the territorial boundaries of the region remain ill-defined and Russia, under the increasingly bold foreign policy of Vladimir Putin, has emerged as a forceful power in the region. Geir Hønneland investigates the political contexts and international tensions surrounding Russia’s actions, focusing especially on the disputes which have emerged in the Barents Sea – where European and Russian interests compete directly. Skillfully delineating Russian policy in the region, and analyzing the mineral and environmental consequences of the recent treaty agreements, Russia and the Arctic is a crucial addition to our understanding of contemporary International Relations concerning the Polar North

Contesting the Arctic

Rethinking Politics in the Circumpolar North
Author: Philip E. Steinberg,Jeremy Tasch,Hannes Gerhardt
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1780761481
Category: Political Science
Page: 356
View: 6338
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As climate change makes the Arctic a region of key political interest, so questions of sovereignty are once more drawing international attention. The promise of new sources of mineral wealth and energy, and of new transportation routes, has seen countries expand their sovereignty claims. Increasingly, interested parties from both within and beyond the region, including states, indigenous groups, corporate organizations, and NGOs and are pursuing their visions for the Arctic. What form of political organization should prevail? Contesting the Arctic provides a map of potential governance options for the Arctic and addresses and evaluates the ways in which Arctic stakeholders throughout the region are seeking to pursue them.

International Relations and the Arctic: Understanding Policy and Governance


Author: Robert W. Murray,Anita Dey Nuttall
Publisher: Cambria Press
ISBN: 1604978767
Category: Political Science
Page: 742
View: 2866
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Increased global interest in the Arctic poses challenges to contemporary international relations and many questions surround exactly why and how Arctic countries are asserting their influence and claims over their northern reaches and why and how non-Arctic states are turning their attention to the region. Despite the inescapable reality in the growth of interest in the Arctic, relatively little analysis on the international relations aspects of such interest has been done. Traditionally, international relations studies are focused on particular aspects of Arctic relations, but to date there has been no comprehensive effort to explain the region as a whole. Literature on Arctic politics is mostly dedicated to issues such as development, the environment and climate change, or indigenous populations. International relations, traditionally interested in national and international security, has been mostly silent in its engagement with Arctic politics. Essential concepts such as security, sovereignty, institutions, and norms are all key aspects of what is transpiring in the Arctic, and deserve to be explained in order to better comprehend exactly why the Arctic is of such interest. The sheer number of states and organizations currently involved in Arctic international relations make the region a prime case study for scholars, policymakers and interested observers. In this first systematic study of Arctic international relations, Robert W. Murray and Anita Dey Nuttall have brought together a group of the world's leading experts in Arctic affairs to demonstrate the multifaceted and essential nature of circumpolar politics. This book is core reading for political scientists, historians, anthropologists, geographers and any other observer interested in the politics of the Arctic region.

Polar Imperative

A History of Arctic Sovereignty in North America
Author: Shelagh D. Grant
Publisher: D & M Publishers
ISBN: 9781553656180
Category: History
Page: 560
View: 8863
DOWNLOAD NOW »
Based on Shelagh Grant’s groundbreaking archival research and drawing on her reputation as a leading historian in the field, Polar Imperative is a compelling overview of the historical claims of sovereignty over this continent’s polar regions. This engaging, timely history examines: the unfolding implications of major climate changes the impact of resource exploitation on the indigenous peoples the current high-stakes game for control over the adjacent waters of Alaska, Arctic Canada and Greenland the events, issues and strategies that have influenced claims to authority over the lands and waters of the North American Arctic, from the arrival of the first inhabitants around 3,000 BCE to the present sovereignty from a comparative point of view within North America and parallel situations in the European and Asian Arctic This book will become a standard reference on Arctic history and will redefine North Americans’ understanding of the sovereign rights and responsibilities of Canada’s northernmost region.

Arctic Opening

Insecurity and Opportunity
Author: Christian Lemiere,Christian Le Mière,Jeffrey Mazo
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781138776692
Category: History
Page: 179
View: 3791
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The Arctic is opening. Global warming is leading to seasonal sea-ice retreat, which in turn opens hitherto impassable shipping routes and new areas for resource exploitation. Such changes are elevating the Arctic's geostrategic value and stoking inter-state competition. The admission of five Asian states as Arctic Council observers in 2013 underlines the increased importance of the High North in global politics. And as the sea ice retreats, so military forces are redeployed northwards, raising the prospect of conflict. Christian Le Mière and Jeffrey Mazo bring much-needed sobriety to the discussion of change in the Arctic, outlining the possibilities of and limits to economic opportunities in the High North while providing a detailed examination of the political and military changes this might bring. Their analysis provides an invaluable guide as the region transforms from a parochial concern to a global interest. .

The Role of Law in International Politics

Essays in International Relations and International Law
Author: Michael Byers
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199244027
Category: Law
Page: 354
View: 3527
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This interdisciplinary volume examines the highly topical issue of the role international law plays in international politics today.