Writing in the Sciences

Exploring Conventions of Scientific Discourse
Author: Ann M. Penrose,Steven B. Katz
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780205616718
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 425
View: 8374

Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 A rhetorical, multi-disciplinary guide, Writing in the Sciences discusses the major genres of science writing including research reports, grant proposals, conference presentations, and a variety of forms of public communication. Multiple samples from real research cases illustrate a range of scientific disciplines and audiences for scientific research along with the corresponding differences in focus, arrangement, style, and other rhetorical dimensions. Comparisons among disciplines provide the opportunity for students to identify common conventions in science and investigate variation across fields.

Writing in the Sciences

Exploring Conventions of Scientific Discourse
Author: Ann M. Penrose,Steven B. Katz
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780321112040
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 448
View: 8394

This rhetorical, multi-disciplinary guide discusses the major genres of science writing including research reports, grant proposals, conference presentations, and a variety of forms of public communication.Writing in the Sciencescombines a descriptive approach—helping students to recognize distinctive features of common genres in their fields—with a rhetorical focus—helping them to analyze how, why, and for whom texts are created by scientists. Multiple samples from real research cases illustrate a range of scientific disciplines and audiences for scientific research along with the corresponding differences in focus, arrangement, style, and other rhetorical dimensions. Comparisons among disciplines provide the opportunity for students to identify common conventions in science and investigate variation across fields.

Writing in the Sciences

Exploring the Conventions of Scientific Discourse
Author: Ann M. Penrose,Steven B. Katz
Publisher: Bedford/st Martins
ISBN: 9780312119713
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 321
View: 8070



Writing for Science


Author: Robert Goldbort
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300117936
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 330
View: 2217

This book encompasses the entire range of writing skills that today's experimental scientist may need to employ. Chapters cover routine forms, such as laboratory notes, abstracts, and memoranda; dissertations; journal articles; and grant proposals. Robert Goldbort discusses how best to approach various writing tasks as well as how to deal with the everyday complexities that may get in the way of ideal practice--difficult collaborators, experiments gone wrong, funding rejections. He underscores the importance of an ethical approach to science and scientific communication and insists on the necessity of full disclosure.

Writing Papers in the Biological Sciences


Author: Victoria E. McMillan,Vicky McMillan
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 0312649711
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 241
View: 5709

Written by a professional biologist who is also an experienced writing teacher, this comprehensive guide for students writing in biology, zoology, and botany provides detailed instruction on researching, drafting, revising, and documenting papers, reviews, poster presentations, and other forms of writing.

Writing in Science

How to Scaffold Instruction to Support Learning
Author: Betsy Rupp Fulwiler
Publisher: Heinemann Educational Books
ISBN: 9780325010700
Category: Education
Page: 202
View: 9901

The author and the Seattle Science Notebook Program have outlined the strategies of using science notebooks with a diverse population of students and documented their effectiveness. The thoughtful approach, well explained in the book, keeps the goals of inquiry-based science and writing clearly focused and mutually supportive. - Harold Pratt Former President, National Science Teachers Association This book does more than make a case for science notebooks. It provides specific teaching guidelines, strategies, activities, and rich examples of student work that teachers can use to craft their own notebook program. - Karen Worth Author of Worms, Shadows, and Whirlpools In the science classroom writing is much more than an exercise for students to document their steps during an investigation. It's an important vehicle for describing their thought processes and the evidence that supports their reasoning. Writing in Science shows you how to encourage students to grow as scientists and writers by moving beyond recounting how they completed their work and toward explaining what they learned. Writing in Science shares proven methods for supporting improvement in how students write and think about science. It provides practical guidelines for using science notebooks in grades K - 5 to teach and assess science writing in a way that develops students' conceptual knowledge and expository writing abilities as well as their thinking and scientific skills. Betsy Rupp Fulwiler shares strategies for scaffolding and modeling higher-level forms of scientific writing such as: observations cause and effect comparisons data analysis conclusions. Fulwiler packs Writing in Science with numerous illustrations and tools to get you started, including: more than 50 entries from science notebooks, annotated with remarks about instruction and formative assessment scientific writing from English language learners and special-needs students examples and focus questions that apply to 18 popular units from the widely used STC, FOSS, and Insights kits 17 blackline masters of graphic organizers and writing frameworks specific assessment protocols and guidelines to help you analyze notebook entries and provide constructive, formative feedback to students planning guidelines that explain how to develop writing curricula for science units. Best of all, Fulwiler's methods are not only backed by research but have also been successfully implemented in the Seattle Public Schools. Help students develop their scientific thinking in an incredibly effective way: by writing. Push them away from detailing procedures and into writing that helps them grow as writers, scientific thinkers, and learners. And do it all while meeting inquiry-based science goals and supporting writing instruction across the content areas. Read Writing in Science - you'll discover that pencil and paper are among the most important materials in any scientific experiment.

Ignorance

How It Drives Science
Author: Stuart Firestein
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199939330
Category: Science
Page: 208
View: 2731

Knowledge is a big subject, says Stuart Firestein, but ignorance is a bigger one. And it is ignorance--not knowledge--that is the true engine of science. Most of us have a false impression of science as a surefire, deliberate, step-by-step method for finding things out and getting things done. In fact, says Firestein, more often than not, science is like looking for a black cat in a dark room, and there may not be a cat in the room. The process is more hit-or-miss than you might imagine, with much stumbling and groping after phantoms. But it is exactly this "not knowing," this puzzling over thorny questions or inexplicable data, that gets researchers into the lab early and keeps them there late, the thing that propels them, the very driving force of science. Firestein shows how scientists use ignorance to program their work, to identify what should be done, what the next steps are, and where they should concentrate their energies. And he includes a catalog of how scientists use ignorance, consciously or unconsciously--a remarkable range of approaches that includes looking for connections to other research, revisiting apparently settled questions, using small questions to get at big ones, and tackling a problem simply out of curiosity. The book concludes with four case histories--in cognitive psychology, theoretical physics, astronomy, and neuroscience--that provide a feel for the nuts and bolts of ignorance, the day-to-day battle that goes on in scientific laboratories and in scientific minds with questions that range from the quotidian to the profound. Turning the conventional idea about science on its head, Ignorance opens a new window on the true nature of research. It is a must-read for anyone curious about science.

Communicating Risks and Benefits

An Evidence Based User's Guide
Author: Baruch Fischhoff
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 9780160901799
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 240
View: 4413

Effective risk communication is essential to the well-being of any organization and those people who depend on it. Ineffective communication can cost lives, money and reputations. Communicating Risks and Benefits: An Evidence-Based User’s Guide provides the scientific foundations for effective communications. The book authoritatively summarizes the relevant research, draws out its implications for communication design, and provides practical ways to evaluate and improve communications for any decision involving risks and benefits. Topics include the communication of quantitative information and warnings, the roles of emotion and the news media, the effects of age and literacy, and tests of how well communications meet the organization’s goals. The guide will help users in any organization, with any budget, to make the science of their communications as sound as the science that they are communicating.

Observations and Predictions of Eclipse Times by Early Astronomers


Author: J.M. Steele
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401595283
Category: History
Page: 324
View: 9031

Eclipses have long been seen as important celestial phenomena, whether as omens affecting the future of kingdoms, or as useful astronomical events to help in deriving essential parameters for theories of the motion of the moon and sun. This is the first book to collect together all presently known records of timed eclipse observations and predictions from antiquity to the time of the invention of the telescope. In addition to cataloguing and assessing the accuracy of the various records, which come from regions as diverse as Ancient Mesopotamia, China, and Europe, the sources in which they are found are described in detail. Related questions such as what type of clocks were used to time the observations, how the eclipse predictions were made, and how these prediction schemes were derived from the available observations are also considered. The results of this investigation have important consequences for how we understand the relationship between observation and theory in early science and the role of astronomy in early cultures, and will be of interest to historians of science, astronomers, and ancient and medieval historians.

Handbook of Public Communication of Science and Technology


Author: Massimiano Bucchi,Brian Trench
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134170130
Category: Science
Page: 14
View: 6542

Comprehensive yet accessible, this key Handbook provides an up-to-date overview of the fast growing and increasingly important area of ‘public communication of science and technology’, from both research and practical perspectives. As well as introducing the main issues, arenas and professional perspectives involved, it presents the findings of earlier research and the conclusions previously drawn. Unlike most existing books on this topic, this unique volume couples an overview of the practical problems faced by practitioners with a thorough review of relevant literature and research. The practical Handbook format ensures it is a student-friendly resource, but its breadth of scope and impressive contributors means that it is also ideal for practitioners and professionals working in the field. Combining the contributions of different disciplines (media and journalism studies, sociology and history of science), the perspectives of different geographical and cultural contexts, and by selecting key contributions from appropriate and well-respected authors, this original text provides an interdisciplinary as well as a global approach to public communication of science and technology.

Grant Seeking in an Electronic Age


Author: Victoria M. Mikelonis,Signe T. Nielsen Betsinger,Constance Kampf
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780321160072
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 490
View: 2610

This guide teaches students and professionals a systematic process for researching, designing, writing, and submitting successful grant-seeking proposals. Focusing on proposals submitted for government, foundation, and corporation funding, Grant Seeking in an Electronic Age leads the reader through a six-step grant-seeking process, from researching potential funders, to designing, writing and submitting a proposal that follows the funder's guidelines. Grounded in theory, but rooted in successful practice, it teaches students what really works–a third of students who submit proposals based on this text's approach get funded within a year. The text's guided discovery process provides a useful framework for novice writers while its thinking-planning exercises offer useful ways of organizing information and discovering what still need to be researched.

Han Unbound

The Political Economy of South Korea
Author: John Lie
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804740159
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 276
View: 3017

Because the author sees South Korean development as contingent on a variety of particular circumstances, he ranges widely to include not only the information typically gathered by sociologists and political economists, but also insights gained from examining popular tastes and values, poetry, fiction, and ethnography, showing how all of these aspects of South Korean life help elucidate his main themes.

The SAGE Handbook of Rhetorical Studies


Author: Andrea A. Lunsford,Kirt H. Wilson,Rosa A. Eberly
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 148334343X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 712
View: 3615

The SAGE Handbook of Rhetorical Studies surveys the latest advances in rhetorical scholarship, synthesizing theories and practices across major areas of study in the field and pointing the way for future studies. Edited by Andrea A. Lunsford and Associate Editors Kirt H. Wilson and Rosa A. Eberly, the Handbook aims to introduce a new generation of students to rhetorical study and provide a deeply informed and ready resource for scholars currently working in the field.

The Concise Encyclopedia of Communication


Author: Wolfgang Donsbach
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118789326
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 704
View: 5352

This concise volume presents key concepts and entries from the twelve-volume ICA International Encyclopedia of Communication (2008), condensing leading scholarship into a practical and valuable single volume. Based on the definitive twelve-volume IEC, this new concise edition presents key concepts and the most relevant headwords of communication science in an A-Z format in an up-to-date manner Jointly published with the International Communication Association (ICA), the leading academic association of the discipline in the world Represents the best and most up-to-date international research in this dynamic and interdisciplinary field Contributions come from hundreds of authors who represent excellence in their respective fields An affordable volume available in print or online

Through the Models of Writing

With Commentaries by Ronald T. Kellogg & John R. Hayes
Author: Denis Alamargot,L. Chanquoy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792371595
Category: Education
Page: 267
View: 4047

This book provides both young and senior scientists with a comparative view of current theoretical models of text production. To conclude the book two prominent researchers in this field, John R. Hayes and Ronald T. Kellogg, have been invited to react to analyses developed in the book and to complete the presentation of their own model.

Scientific Representation

Paradoxes of Perspective
Author: Bas C. van Fraassen
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191613746
Category: Philosophy
Page: 422
View: 6497

Bas C. van Fraassen presents an original exploration of how we represent the world. Science represents natural phenomena by means of theories, as well as in many concrete ways by such means as pictures, graphs, table-top models, and computer simulations. Scientific Representation begins with an inquiry into the nature of representation in general, drawing on such diverse sources as Plato's dialogues, the development of perspectival drawing in the Renaissance, and the geometric styles of modelling in modern physics. Starting with Mach's and Poincaré's analyses of measurement and the 'problem of coordination', van Fraassen then presents a view of measurement outcomes as representations. With respect to the theories of contemporary science he defends an empiricist structuralist version of the 'picture theory' of science, through an inquiry into the paradoxes that came to light in twentieth-century philosophies of science. Van Fraassen concludes with an analysis of the complex relationship between appearance and reality in the scientific world-picture.

Facilitating students' collaborative writing


Author: Bruce W. Speck,ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education,Association for the Study of Higher Education,George Washington University. Graduate School of Education and Human Development
Publisher: Jossey-Bass Inc Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Education
Page: 150
View: 4348

Collaboration is interwoven in the writing process in both obvious and subtle ways--from a writer using the language that he or she inherited, to referring to the works of other writers both explicitly and implicitly, to writing together with a colleague. In this book, the author explains that collaborative writing can be a useful pedagogical tool professors can use to help students actively learn about the subject matter and about themselves.

What is Qualitative Interviewing?


Author: Rosalind Edwards,Janet Holland
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1849668019
Category: Social Science
Page: 128
View: 1857

What is Qualitative Interviewing? is an accessible and comprehensive 'what is' and 'how to' methods book. It is distinctive in emphasising the importance of good practice in understanding and undertaking qualitative interviews within the framework of a clear philosophical position. Rosalind Edwards and Janet Holland provide clear and succinct explanations of a range of philosophies and theories of how to know about the social world, and a thorough discussion of how to go about researching it using interviews. A series of short chapters explain and illustrate a range of interview types and practices. Drawing on their own and colleagues' experiences Holland and Edwards provide real research examples as informative illustrations of qualitative interviewing in practice, and the use of a range of creative interview tools. They discuss the use of new technologies as well as tackling enduring issues around asking and listening and power dynamics in research. Written in a clear and accessible style the book concludes with a useful annotated bibliography of key texts and journals in the field. What is Qualitative Interviewing? provides a vital resource for both new and experienced social science researchers across a range of disciplines.

Designing Groupwork

Strategies for the Heterogeneous Classroom Third Edition
Author: Elisabeth G. Cohen,Rachel A. Lotan
Publisher: Teachers College Press
ISBN: 0807755664
Category: Education
Page: 240
View: 573

As teachers today work in ever more challenging contexts, groupwork remains a particularly effective pedagogical strategy. Based on years of research and teaching experience, the new edition of this popular book features significant updates on the successful use of cooperative learning to build equitable classrooms. Designing Groupwork, Third Edition incorporates current research findings with new material on what makes for a groupworthy task, and shows how groupwork contributes to growth and development in the language of instruction. Responding to new curriculum standards and assessments across all grade levels and subject areas, this edition shows teachers how to organize their classroom so that all students participate actively. This valuable and sensible resource is essential reading for educators at both the elementary and secondary levels, for teachers in training, and for anyone working in the field of education.

Cultures of Inquiry

From Epistemology to Discourse in Sociohistorical Research
Author: John R. Hall
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521659888
Category: Philosophy
Page: 316
View: 3985

A 1999 overview of research methodologies in social science, historical and cultural studies which proposes transdisciplinary approach.