100 Years of Virology

Comprises papers of Dr Ursula Hoff, including correspondence and photographs, relating to her study of Charles Conder.

Author: Charles H. Calisher

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3211833846

Category: Medical

Page: 220

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Comprises papers of Dr Ursula Hoff, including correspondence and photographs, relating to her study of Charles Conder.
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100 Years of Virology

In taking the freedom to express my own personal view on the contributions of German virologists on an ... It also shows how the past 100 years of virology have forged new concepts and provided new insights into the history of life.

Author: Charles H. Calisher

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783709164259

Category: Medical

Page: 224

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One hundred years ago, when Martinus W. Beijerinck in Delft and Friedrich Loeffler on Riems Island discovered a new class of infectious agents in plants and animals, a new discipline was born. This book, a compilation of papers written by well-recognized scientists, gives an impression of the early days, the pioneer period and the current state of virology. Recent developments and future perspectives of this discipline are sketched against a historic background. With contributions by A. Alcami, D. Baulcombe, F. Brown, L. W. Enquist, H. Feldmann, A. Garcia-Sastre, D. Griffiths, M. C. Horzinek, A. van Kammen, H.-D. Klenk, F. A. Murphy, T. Muster, R. O'Neill, P. Palese, C. Patience, R. Rott, H.- P. Schmiedebach, S. Schneider-Schaulies, G. L. Smith, J. A. Symons, Y. Takeuchi, V. ter Meulen, P. J. W. Venables, V. E. Volchkov, V. A. Volchkova, R. A. Weiss, W. Wittmann, H. Zheng.
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A Century of Plant Virology in India

The book will be a resourceful reference to the students, scientists, agricultural professionals and policy makers. The book is a compilation of research work carried out on plant viruses during past 100 years in India.

Author: Bikash Mandal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811056727

Category: Science

Page: 805

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The book is a compilation of research work carried out on plant viruses during past 100 years in India. Plant viruses are important constraints in Indian agriculture. Tropical and sub-tropical environments and intensive crop cultivation practices ideally favours perpetuation of numerous plant viruses and their vectors in India, which often cause wide spread crop losses. Of all the plant pathogens, studies of plant viruses have received a special attention as they are difficult to manage. A large body of literature has been published on the plant virus research from India during past 100 years; however the information is so far not available in one place. This book provides comprehensive information on the biology, molecular biology, epidemics, crop losses, diagnosis and management of viruses and viroids occurring in India. Description of properties of the viruses are provided in the chapters comprising of different genera such as Allexivirus, Begomovirus, Babuvirus, Badnavirus, Carlavirus, Carmovirus, Cucumovirus, Closterovirus, Ilavirus, Mandrivirus, Potyvirus, Tospovirus, Tungrovirus and Sobemovirus. Virus-vector research related to aphid, thrips and whitefly is discussed. The work on the management aspects of plant viral diseases has been described with reference to the conventional, antiviral and transgenic approaches. Further, the quarantine mechanism developed in India for the exclusion of viruses and vectors has also been included. The book also provides useful information about the capacity building on the research and education on Plant Virology in India. Overall, the book covers a wide range of accounts of research findings and innovations in Plant Virology in India during past 100 years. The book will be a resourceful reference to the students, scientists, agricultural professionals and policy makers.
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Immunity to and Prevention of Herpes Zoster

100 Years of Virology The Birth and Growth of a Discipline 1999. VII, 220 pages. 75 figures. Hardcover DM 248,-, 6S 1736,- (recommended retail price) (Special edition of "Archives of Virology, Supplement 15") (Softcover edition of Suppl ...

Author: A.A. Gershon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783709162590

Category: Medical

Page: 184

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Under sponsorship of the National Institutes of Health of Japan, an international conference entitled "Immunity and Prevention of Herpes Zoster" was held in 1 Osaka, Japan, March 8-10, 1999. Attendees included basic and clinical investi gators from Asia, Europe, and North America. The meeting was organized to explore progress made in basic virology and molecular understanding of varicella zoster (VZV), and to provide information on current knowledge of latency of VZV in humans. Updates on the immunology responses of humans to VZV, and a description of the current status of varicella vaccine worldwide were also included. In addition, the possibility of prevent ing zoster in people latently infected with wild-type VZV by immunizing them with varicella vaccine was presented. The papers in this volume include written summaries of most of the presentations given at that conference. Coincidentally but appropriately, the conference marked the twenty-fifth or "silver anniversary" of the first publication of the development and use of live varicella vaccine to prevent varicella, by Takahashi and his colleagues. Because varicella vaccine is the first herpesvirus vaccine licensed in use for humans, it is of special interest to all individuals who studied these pathogens. In view of the interest in developing vaccines against other herpes viruses, there was also a presentation on the current status of vaccines against cytomegaloviruses (CMV) at the conference.
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In Loeffler s Footsteps Viral Genomics in the Era of High Throughput Sequencing

The embryonic beginnings of virology: unbiased thinking and dogmatic stagnation. Arch. Virol. 140, 613–619. Calisher, C., Horzinek, M., 1999. 100 Years of virology—the birth and growth of a discipline. Arch. Virol. Suppl. 15.

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128125991

Category: Medical

Page: 270

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In Loeffler’s Footsteps – Viral Genomics in the Era of High-Throughput Sequencing, Volume 99, the latest in the Advances in Virus Research series, contains new information on the topic, with chapters covering Loeffler 4.0 – diagnostic metagenomics, Detection of a novel orthobunyavirus by metagenomic analysis – the situation after five years, New Squirrel and Rodent Viruses Detected by NGS, Astroviridae – A Growing Family, New Leaves in the Growing Pestivirus Tree, New BTV Serotypes and no End?, and The recently discovered Bokeloh Bat Lyssavirus - Evidence for its continued transmission in Europe. First published in 1953, this series covers a diverse range of in-depth reviews, providing a valuable overview of the current field of virology. The series is a valuable resource for information on all topics of virus research, from bacteriophages to human viruses, with this volume focusing on genomics. Contains contributions from leading authorities Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field Features a diverse range of virology topics
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Leeuwenhoek s Legatees and Beijerinck s Beneficiaries

A History of Medical Virology in The Netherlands Neeraja Sankaran, Gerard van Doornum, Ton van Helvoort. Lesterhuis J, Houwaart ES. 2000. ... 100 Years of organized cancer research/100 Jahre organisierte Krebsforschung.

Author: Gerard van Doornum

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9789048544066

Category: History

Page:

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This book offers a tour of the history of medical virology in the Netherlands from the nineteenth century to the new millennium. Beginning with the discovery of the first virus by Martinus Beijerinck in 1898, the authors investigate the reception and redefinition of his concept in medical circles and its implications for medical practice, particularly in the diagnosis and prevention of viral infections. The relatively slow progress of these areas in the first half of the twentieth century and their explosive growth in the wake of molecular techniques are examined. The surveillance and control of virus diseases in the field of public health is treated in depth, as are tumour virus research and the important Dutch contributions to technical developments instrumental in advancing virology worldwide. Particular attention is paid to oft forgotten virus research in the former Dutch colonies in the East and West Indies and Africa.
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Neurovirology

... 100 years of virology. The birth and growth of a discipline. Springer-Verlag, Vienna, pp. 1–8. Vilensky JA (2011). Encephalitis lethargica. During and after the epidemic. Oxford University Press, New York, NY. Virchow R (1860).

Author: Alex C. Tselis

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 9780702045394

Category: Medical

Page: 808

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This volume in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series provides a complete review of the history, science and current state of neurovirology. It covers the science and clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of viruses of the brain and central nervous system, and is a trusted resource for scholars, scientists, neuroscientists, neurologists, virologists, and pharmacologists working on neurovirology. Neurovirology has been significantly bolstered by modern technologies such as PCR and MRI with direct impact on isolating viruses and advancing therapeutics based on molecular medicine. These advances are particularly important today with the introduction of emerging and re-emerging diseases such as HIV/AIDS, Nipah encephalitis and the appearance of West Nile encephalitis in the western hemisphere. Detailed coverage of neurovirology from the basic science to clinical presentation Covers advances in neurovirology via polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and MRI technology Covers emerging and re-emerging diseases including HIV/AIDS, Nipah encephalitis, and the appearance of West Nile encephalitis in the western hemisphere
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Demographic Transition Theory

100 Years of Virology. Supplement 15 of Archives of Virology. New York: Springer Wien, pp. 9–23. Schofield, Roger. 1977. Review of The Modern Rise of Population by Thomas McKeown. Population Studies 31(1): 179–181.

Author: John C. Caldwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402044984

Category: Social Science

Page: 404

View: 814

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This book has a strong theoretical focus and is unique in addressing both mortality and fertility over the full span of human history. It examines the demographic transition in the change in the human condition from high mortality and high fertility to low mortality and low fertility. It asks if fluctuating populations is a new phenomenon, or if there has long been an inherent tendency in Man to maximize survival and to control family size.
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Cancer Associated Viruses

This volume is dedicated to Baruch Blumberg, an outstanding scientist and recipient of the Nobel Prize for the discovery of the hepatitis B virus, who was also the author of one of the chapters.

Author: Erle S. Robertson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461400165

Category: Medical

Page: 866

View: 206

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The acknowledgment that viruses are potent biological factors in driving many cancers have seen a dramatic upsurge in recent years in large part to the success of the human papilloma virus vaccine against invasive cervical carcinomas and followed by the awarding of the noble prize in medicine in 2008 to Dr. Harald zurHausen who identified the link between papilloma virus and cervical cancers. Over the last few years there have been some volumes addressing different aspects of viruses and cancers and to some extent focusing on the DNA viruses, more specifically the human DNA viruses. This proposed volume will attempt to review and address the major gaps in current knowledge in DNA viruses as well as RNA viruses bringing a historical perspective of where studies began to a more recent molecular approach and vaccine successes in tumor viruses. We will also cover other known oncogenic viruses associated cancers in other mammals in addition to humans.
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Drug Delivery Technology Development in Canada

Brown, J.C. Virology. In eLS; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2001. [CrossRef] 3. Bos, L. 100 years of virology: From vitalism via molecular biology to genetic engineering. Trends Microbiol. 2000, 8,82–87. [CrossRef] 4.

Author: Kishor M.Wasan

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783039280049

Category: Science

Page: 352

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Canada continues to have a rich history of ground-breaking research in drug delivery within academic institutions, pharmaceutical industry and the biotechnology community. Over the past 30 years, numerous Canadian-based biotechnology companies have been formed from the inventions conceived and developed within academic institutions that have led to the development of important drug delivery products that have enhanced the landscape of drug therapy in the treatment of cancer to infectious diseases. This Special Issue serves to highlight and capture the contemporary progress of drug delivery within the prevailing Canadian context. We invite articles on all aspects of drug delivery sciences from pre-clinical formulation development to human clinical trials that bring to light the world-class research currently undertaken in Canada for this Special Issue.
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Applied Plant Virology

Summary Plant virology as a discipline is only a little over 100 years old. In that time the plant virology pioneers have developed our understanding of what viruses are and how they interact with plants to induce disease.

Author: Calum Rae Wilson

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781780644257

Category: Science

Page: 192

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Written for advanced undergraduate students, this book is a practical, in-depth guide to plant virology. Beginning with an introduction to viruses and their classification, the text describes virus pathology, including how viruses enter and move through plant cells and induce disease. Subsequent chapters discuss how viruses spread in the field and how to measure this. Throughout, the book remains reader-friendly, using focus boxes for clear, easy to obtain information, enabling students to quickly access relevant information but supply sufficient detail for advanced studies. In addition to basic information on virus biology there is an additional focus on applied virology, ideal for students undertaking agricultural studies for whom study of disease and its control is essential.
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Influenza Molecular Virology

Added to this is the annual death toll of 250,000 to 500,000 people worldwide with a further 3 to 4 million people suffering severe illness. These statistics make influenza an extremely important pathogen.

Author: Qinghua Wang

Publisher: Caister Academic Press

ISBN: 191253021X

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 475

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In the last 100 years there have been three major influenza pandemics: Spanish Flu in 1918, Asian Flu in 1957 and Hong Kong Flu in 1968. These claimed the lives of approximately 50 million, 2 million and 1 million people respectively. Added to this is the annual death toll of 250,000 to 500,000 people worldwide with a further 3 to 4 million people suffering severe illness. These statistics make influenza an extremely important pathogen. In 1997 the alarming emergence of a new, highly pathogenic subtype, H5N1, which has a 50% mortality rate, provided a major impetus for renewed influenza research. However the battle against influenza is going to be difficult. Recently another subtype, H1N1, has emerged. This subtype causes a relatively mild infection in humans, however is highly transmittable between people and a new influenza pandemic was declared by the World Health Organization. If this virus were to acquire some of the lethal capabilities of H5N1, then the ensuing pandemic could be devastating. In this timely book, internationally renowned scientists critically review the current research and the most important discoveries in this highly topical field. Subjects covered include the NS1 protein of influenza A virus, the structure of influenza NS1, influenza B hemagglutinin, influenza A nucleoprotein, influenza A hemagglutinin glycoproteins, the M2 channel, virulence genes of the 1918 pandemic influenza, influenza virus polymerase, gene diagnostic microarrays, and computer-assisted vaccine design. Highly informative and well referenced, this book is essential reading for all influenza specialists and is recommended reading for all virologists, immunologists, molecular biologists, public health scientists and research scientists in pharmaceutical companies.
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On the Origin of the Deadliest Pandemic in 100 Years

The Wuhan Institute of Virology where Shi has worked since 1990 publishes a peer-reviewed journal called Virologica Sinica. It wasn't much of a journal until it stopped publishing in Mandarin in 1998 and switched to English, ...

Author: Elaine Dewar

Publisher: Biblioasis

ISBN: 9781771964265

Category: Science

Page:

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In this compulsive whodunnit, Elaine Dewar reads the science, follows the money, and connects the geopolitical interests to the spin. When the first TV newscast described a SARS-like flu affecting a distant Chinese metropolis, investigative journalist Elaine Dewar started asking questions: Was SARS-CoV-2 something that came from nature, as leading scientists insisted, or did it come from a lab, and what role might controversial experiments have played in its development? Why was Wuhan the pandemic's ground zero—and why, on the other side of the Atlantic, had two researchers been marched out of a lab in Winnipeg by the RCMP? Why were governments so slow to respond to the emerging pandemic, and why, now, is the government of China refusing to cooperate with the World Health Organization? And who, or what, is DRASTIC? Locked down in Toronto with the world at a standstill, Dewar pored over newspapers and magazines, preprints and peer-reviewed journals, email chains and blacked-out responses to access to information requests; she conducted Zoom interviews and called telephone numbers until someone answered as she hunted down the truth of the virus’s origin. In this compulsive whodunnit, she reads the science, follows the money, connects the geopolitical interests to the spin—and shows how leading science journals got it wrong, leaving it to interested citizens and junior scientists to pull out the truth.
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The Life of a Virus

“ The Embryonic Beginning of Virology : Unbiased Thinking and Dogmatic Stagnation . ” Archives of Virology 140 ( 1995 ) : 613–19 . “ 100 Years of Virology : From Vitalism via Molecular Biology to Genetic Engineering .

Author: Angela N. H. Creager

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226120252

Category: Nature

Page: 398

View: 636

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We normally think of viruses in terms of the devastating diseases they cause, from smallpox to AIDS. But in The Life of a Virus, Angela N. H. Creager introduces us to a plant virus that has taught us much of what we know about all viruses, including the lethal ones, and that also played a crucial role in the development of molecular biology. Focusing on the tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) research conducted in Nobel laureate Wendell Stanley's lab, Creager argues that TMV served as a model system for virology and molecular biology, much as the fruit fly and laboratory mouse have for genetics and cancer research. She examines how the experimental techniques and instruments Stanley and his colleagues developed for studying TMV were generalized not just to other labs working on TMV, but also to research on other diseases such as poliomyelitis and influenza and to studies of genes and cell organelles. The great success of research on TMV also helped justify increased spending on biomedical research in the postwar years (partly through the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis's March of Dimes)—a funding priority that has continued to this day.
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Principles and Practice of Clinical Virology

years, which suggests that the next pandemic will occur before the year 2017. ... of 10–40 years by pandemics: nothing has been introduced over the last 100 years to suggest that this situation will not continue into the future (Potter, ...

Author: Arie J. Zuckerman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470020968

Category: Medical

Page: 912

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The knowledge and practice of clinical virology continues to expand. This new fifth edition has thirty-six comprehensive chapters, each of which has been extensively revised or rewritten, with the addition of new colour plates. This updated version takes into account knowledge accumulated in molecular biology with its applications for laboratory diagnosis, immunisation and antiviral chemotherapy. Each chapter highlights the clinical features and epidemiological patterns of infection. Similarly, in response to the global concern of the threat posed by new viruses, a new chapter on Emerging Infections is included. There is also new material on Hospital Acquired Infections, including some advice relating to SARS, that will be of benefit to those dealing with the day-to-day management of patients in hospital.
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Advances in Virus Research

In the past and present, virologists have focused attention on agents that have failed to solve this problem because they display destructive ... It is the study of such viruses that has dominated the first 100 years of virology.

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080583365

Category: Medical

Page: 468

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Among the topics covered are: Poliovirus assembly and incapsidation of genomic RNA HIV type 1 reverse transcriptase Mechanisms of persistence and associated disease Genome rearrangements of rotaviruses Luteoviruses Hepadnaviruses Iridoviruses
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Scientific Concepts and Investigative Practice

Bos, L. (2000), “100 Years of Virology: From Vitalism via Molecular Biology to Genetic Engineering.” In: Trends in Microbiology 8 (2), 82–87. Burnet, F. M. (1936), “Immunological Studies with the Virus of Infectious Laryngotracheitis of ...

Author: Uljana Feest

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110253610

Category: Philosophy

Page: 308

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Recent philosophy and history of science have seen a surge of interest in the role of concepts in scientific research. Combining philosophical and historical scholarship, the articles in this volume investigate the ways in which scientists form and use concepts, rather than in what the concepts themselves represent. The fields treated range from mathematics to virology and genetics, from nuclear physics to psychology, from technology to present-day neural engineering.
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Epitope Recognition Since Landsteiner s Discovery

Karl Landsteiner is best known for his discovery of the human blood groups. His demonstration that poliomyelitis is transmissible helped develop modern virology.

Author: M. Eibl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540426515

Category: Medical

Page: 117

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Karl Landsteiner is best known for his discovery of the human blood groups. His demonstration that poliomyelitis is transmissible helped develop modern virology. His studies opened the field for epitope recognition, and laid the foundation for research ongoing today.
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