The Climate Modelling Primer

This book's audience includes all those who wish to understand twenty-first century climate modelling.

Author: Kendal McGuffie

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119943372

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 349

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As a consequence of recent increased awareness of the social and political dimensions of climate, many non-specialists discover a need for information about the variety of available climate models. A Climate Modelling Primer, Fourth Edition is designed to explain the basis and mechanisms of all types of current physically-based climate models. A thoroughly revised and updated edition, this book will assist the reader in understanding the complexities and applicabilities of today’s wide range of climate models. Topics covered include the latest techniques for modelling the coupled biosphere-ocean-atmosphere system, information on current practical aspects of climate modelling and ways to evaluate and exploit the results, discussion of Earth System Models of Intermediate Complexity (EMICs), and interactive exercises based on Energy Balance Model (EBM) and the Daisyworld model. Source codes and results from a range of model types allows readers to make their own climate simulations and to view the results of the latest high resolution models. Now in full colour throughout and with the addition of cartoons to enhance student understanding the new edition of this successful textbook enables the student to tackle the difficult subject of climate modeling.
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A Climate Modelling Primer

A thoroughly revised and updated edition, this book assists the reader in understanding the complexities and applicabilities of today’s wide range of climate models.

Author: Kendal McGuffie

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047085751X

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 897

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As a consequence of recent increased awareness of the social and political dimensions of climate, many non-specialists discover a need for information about the variety of available climate models. A Climate Modelling Primer, Third Edition explains the basis and mechanisms of all types of current physically-based climate models. A thoroughly revised and updated edition, this book assists the reader in understanding the complexities and applicabilities of today’s wide range of climate models. Topics covered include the latest techniques for modelling the coupled biosphere-ocean-atmosphere system, information on current practical aspects of climate modelling and ways to evaluate and exploit the results, discussion of Earth System Models of Intermediate Complexity (EMICs), and interactive exercises based on Energy Balance Model (EBM) and the Daisyworld model. Source codes and results from a range of model types allows readers to make their own climate simulations and to view the results of the latest high resolution models. The accompanying CD contains: A suite of resources for those wishing to learn more about climate modelling. A range of model visualisations. Data from climate models for use in the classroom. Windows and Macintosh programs for an Energy Balance Model. Selected figures from the book for inclusion in presentations and lectures. Suitable for 3rd/4th year undergraduates taking courses in climate modelling, economic forecasting, computer science, environmental science, geography and oceanography. Also of relevance to researchers and professionals working in related disciplines with climate models or who need accessible technical background to climate modelling predictions.
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A Climate Modelling Primer

This is the first self-contained introduction to climate modelling.

Author: Ann Henderson-Sellers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: UOM:39015012761055

Category: Science

Page: 217

View: 669

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This is the first self-contained introduction to climate modelling. Assuming only a basic algebra background, this text provides a history and introduction to climate models and describes such model types as energy balance, radiative-convective, two-dimensional, and general circulation. Stresses the importance of simple models of the climate and their value in testing and extending the concepts upon which much more complex models are founded. Written for an interdisciplinary audience rather than for specialists in atmosphere science, this treatment shows how to judge the credibility of different model types and when and how to apply the results of modelling exercises.
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Climate Change

Secondly, the climate models are not accurate because there is no complete
understanding of the complex climate system. ... REFERENCES [1] K. McGuffie, A
. Henderson-Seller, A Climate Modelling Primer, third ed., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
, ...

Author: Trevor M. Letcher

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444635358

Category: Science

Page: 632

View: 341

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Earth's climate is always changing. As the debate over the Earth's climate has grown, the term "climate change" has come to refer primarily to changes we've seen over recent years and those that are predicted to be coming, mainly as a result of human behavior. Climate Change: Observed Impacts on Planet Earth, Second Edition, serves as a broad, accessible guide to the science behind this often political and heated debate by providing scientific detail and evidence in language that is clear to both the climatologist and the non-specialist. The book contains 35 chapters on all scientific aspects of climate change, written by the world's authority of each particular subject. It collects the latest information on all of these topics in one volume. In this way, readers can make connections between the various topics covered in the book, leading to new ways of solving problems and looking at related issues. The book also contains major references and details for further research and understanding on all issues related to climate change, giving a clear indication of a looming crisis in global warming and climate change. Provides an up-to-date account of the current understanding of climate change and global warming Includes 23 updated chapters and 12 new chapters Includes coverage on modeling climate change, geological history of climate change, and on engineering aspects of climate change Written by the world’s leading experts on the issues related to climate change
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The Impact of Climate Change on Ecosystems and Species

Simulation of regional climate using a limited area model nested in a general
circulation model . Journal of Climate 3 ... Short and medium range forecast
differences between a spectral and a grid - point model . ... A Climate Modelling
Primer .

Author: John Pernetta

Publisher: IUCN

ISBN: 2831701708

Category: Science

Page: 98

View: 536

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The Future of the World s Climate

Ann Henderson-Sellers is an ISI 'most highly cited' author of over 500
publications on climate and climatic change. ... Among his other publications is
the now classic 'A Climate Modelling Primer': a guide to the rules and riddles of
climate ...

Author: Ann Henderson-Sellers

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780123869173

Category: Science

Page: 650

View: 215

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The study of climate today seems to be dominated by global warming, but these predictions of climatic models must be placed in their geological, paleo-climatic, and astronomical context to create a complete picture of the Earth's future climate. The Future of the World's Climate presents that perspective with data and projections that have emerged from more technologically advanced and accurate climate modeling. The book is comprised of 18 new and revised chapters that feature reviews of current climate science. The authors are drawn from all over the world and from the highest regarded peer-reviewed groups. Each chapter has undergone major revisions and new content has been added throughout. Authored by the world's leading climate scientists, most of whom are also contributing authors to the IPCC Assessment Reports. More than 200 tables, diagrams, illustrations, and photographs Climate modeling technology is more advanced and precise than it was 15 years ago-a major implication featured in this new edition.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Macroeconomics of Global Warming

Model predictive control, the economy, and the issue of global warming. Annals
... Economic impact of climate change: Simulations with a regionalized
climateeconomy model. ... A Climate Modelling Primer, Chichester, UK: John
Wiley & Sons.

Author: Lucas Bernard

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190204198

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 560

View: 277

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The first World Climate Conference, which was sponsored by the World Meteorological Organization in Genève in 1979, triggered an international dialogue on global warming. From the 1997 United Nations-sponsored conference-during which the Kyoto Protocol was signed-through meetings in Copenhagen, Cancún, Durban, and most recently Doha (2012) and Warsaw (2013), worldwide attention to the issue of global warming and its impact on the world's economy has rapidly increased in intensity. The consensus of these debates and discussions, however, is less than clear. Optimistically, many geoscience researchers and members of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have supported CO2 emission reduction pledges while maintaining that a 2°C limit in increased temperature by the year 2100 is achievable through international coordination. Other observers postulate that established CO2 reduction commitments such as those agreed to at the Copenhagen United Nations Climate Change Conference (2009) are insufficient and cannot hold the global warming increase below 2°C. As experts theorize on precisely what impact global warming will have, developing nations have become particularly alarmed. The developed world will use energy to mitigate global warming effects, but developing countries are more exposed by geography and poverty to the most dangerous consequences of a global temperature rise and lack the economic means to adapt. The complex dynamics that result from this confluence of science and geopolitics gives rise to even more complicated issues for economists, financial planners, business leaders, and policy-makers. The Oxford Handbook of the Macroeconomics of Global Warming analyzes the economic impact of issues related to and resulting from global warming, specifically the implications of possible preventative measures, various policy changes, and adaptation efforts as well as the different consequences climate change will have on both developing and developed nations. This multi-disciplinary approach, which touches on issues of growth, employment, and development, elucidates for readers state-of-the-art research on the complex and far-reaching problem of global warming.
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The Atmosphere and Ocean

Dyke, P.P., 1996, Modelling Marine Processes (Prentice-Hall), 152 pp. McGuffie,
K. and Henderson-Sellers, A., 2005, A Climate Modelling Primer, 3rd edition (
John Wiley & Sons), 280 pp. Trenberth, K.E., 1992, Climate System Modelling ...

Author: Neil C. Wells

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119979845

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 674

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The Atmosphere and Ocean is a fully revised and updated student friendly physical introduction to the atmosphere and ocean. Now in its Third Edition, the book continues to provide students with an accessible description of the atmosphere and ocean with emphasis on their physical properties and inter-dependence. Clearly structured throughout, the book demonstrates that the atmosphere and ocean are both subject to the influence of the earth's rotation and therefore they have a common dynamical basis. The author clearly demonstrates the fundamental differences between the two environments and provides the reader with a much better understanding of the atmosphere and the ocean and an appreciation of their closest interactive relationship. There have been many developments in the field over the past ten years and this latest edition of a highly successful textbook brings together new material on the ocean-atmosphere system and climate, the observed circulation of the atmosphere and ocean and radiation in the atmosphere and ocean. Fully revised and updated 3rd Edition of student friendly physical introduction to the atmosphere and ocean. Now includes new chapters on observed circulation of the atmosphere and ocean, energy flows in the ocean atmosphere system, modeling the ocean and atmosphere, the ocean atmosphere system and climate. Well structured and written in an authoritative yet accessible style suitable for 2nd and 3rd year students taking courses in meteorology, oceanography and related Earth Sciences or as an introduction for graduate students. Emphasis placed on physical properties and inter-dependence of the ocean and climate. Part of the RMetS (Royal Meteorological Society) book series, Advancing Weather and Climate Science
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Environmental Modelling

(1999) Interactions between vegetation and climate: radiative and physiological
effects of doubled atmospheric CO2 . Journal of Climate, 12, 309–24. Del Genio
... McGuffie, K. and Henderson-Sellers, A. (2005) A Climate Modelling Primer, 3rd
 ...

Author: John Wainwright

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118351482

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 720

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Simulation models are an established method used to investigate processes and solve practical problems in a wide variety of disciplines. Central to the concept of this second edition is the idea that environmental systems are complex, open systems. The authors present the diversity of approaches to dealing with environmental complexity and then encourage readers to make comparisons between these approaches and between different disciplines. Environmental Modelling: Finding Simplicity in Complexity 2nd edition is divided into four main sections: An overview of methods and approaches to modelling. State of the art for modelling environmental processes Tools used and models for management Current and future developments. The second edition evolves from the first by providing additional emphasis and material for those students wishing to specialize in environmental modelling. This edition: Focuses on simplifying complex environmental systems. Reviews current software, tools and techniques for modelling. Gives practical examples from a wide variety of disciplines, e.g. climatology, ecology, hydrology, geomorphology and engineering. Has an associated website containing colour images, links to WWW resources and chapter support pages, including data sets relating to case studies, exercises and model animations. This book is suitable for final year undergraduates and postgraduates in environmental modelling, environmental science, civil engineering and biology who will already be familiar with the subject and are moving on to specialize in the field. It is also designed to appeal to professionals interested in the environmental sciences, including environmental consultants, government employees, civil engineers, geographers, ecologists, meteorologists, and geochemists.
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The Concept of Literary Application

338–41 (flight simulation) andKendal McGuffie andAnn HendersonSellers,A
Climate Modelling Primer, 3rdedn(Chichester: JohnWileyand Sons, 2005) (
climate modelling). Alvin I.Goldman suggests succinct definitions of key varieties
of ...

Author: Anders Pettersson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137035424

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 250

View: 398

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Application is the process in which readers of literature focus on elements in a text and compare them with the outside world as they know it – an operation with cognitive and emotional consequences. This book demonstrates how and why this simple yet neglected mechanism is of profound importance for the understanding of literary art and experience.
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Primer on Climate Change and Sustainable Development

10.1 Costing models of greenhouse gas abatement Evaluation of abatement
strategies usually implies the usage of models. The modelling of climate
mitigation strategies is complex, and a number of techniques have been applied
including ...

Author: Mohan Munasinghe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521008883

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 445

View: 813

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Condensed, accessible review of latest state-of-the-art assessments of IPCC, within context of sustainable development.
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Primer on Greeenhouse Gases

2 The Greenhouse Gases and Climate Change The past record of climate
indicates that global temperatures have varied ... Numerical representations of
climate processes , referred to as climate models , suggest that such a radiative
forcing ...

Author: Donald J. Wuebbles

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0873712226

Category: Nature

Page: 320

View: 139

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Primer on Greeenhouse Gases provides an excellent reference resource that brings together the most current information available on greenhouse gases. Each of the gases featured is recognized as important to the future state of global atmospheric chemistry and climate. The direct radiative importance of each gas to climate, its role as a radiative precursor, and how it functions as an intermediate constituent because of its chemical activities are provided. Knowns, unknowns, and uncertainties for each gas are described. This new book reveals information critical to developing an understanding of the role of energy and atmospheric chemical and radiative processes in determining atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases.
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Land Surface Processes in Atmospheric General Circulation Models

Author: P. S. Eagleson

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B4532946

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 817

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This 1982 book consists of papers presented at the World Climate Research Programme study conference on land surface processes held in Greenbelt, Maryland from 5 to 10 January 1981. The papers cover the following: the state of knowledge of the sensitivity of atmospheric general circulation models on hydrology and other land surface processes: assessment of the state of knowledge of numerical modelling of hydrology and other land surface processes at the scale of atmospheric general circulation models; recommendations for research activities; establishment of data requirements for initialization, validation, and parameter evaluation. This book will continue to be of interest to atmospheric scientists, soil physicists, hydrologists and climatologists.
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Demystifying Climate Models

This book demystifies the models we use to simulate present and future climates, allowing readers to better understand how to use climate model results.

Author: Andrew Gettelman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783662489598

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 274

View: 412

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This book demystifies the models we use to simulate present and future climates, allowing readers to better understand how to use climate model results. In order to predict the future trajectory of the Earth’s climate, climate-system simulation models are necessary. When and how do we trust climate model predictions? The book offers a framework for answering this question. It provides readers with a basic primer on climate and climate change, and offers non-technical explanations for how climate models are constructed, why they are uncertain, and what level of confidence we should place in them. It presents current results and the key uncertainties concerning them. Uncertainty is not a weakness but understanding uncertainty is a strength and a key part of using any model, including climate models. Case studies of how climate model output has been used and how it might be used in the future are provided. The ultimate goal of this book is to promote a better understanding of the structure and uncertainties of climate models among users, including scientists, engineers and policymakers.
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Rainfall Runoff Modelling

Rainfall-runoff modeling is an important predictor of that impact. This book introduces rainfall-runoff models that have been developed over the past 24-30 years, giving examples of their practical applications.

Author: Keith J. Beven

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470866713

Category: Nature

Page: 372

View: 572

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Amid climatic changes linked to global warming, ongoing changes in land-use patterns, and growing international concern with the environment it is increasingly important to understand the potential impact of these changes on the environment. Rainfall-runoff modeling is an important predictor of that impact. This book introduces rainfall-runoff models that have been developed over the past 24-30 years, giving examples of their practical applications. It provides a summary of available techniques for rainfall modeling based upon the most recent research, but in a way that serves as a primer for the subject. Provides an overview of how catchment rainfall-runoff systems work A history of rainfall-runoff models Examples of models can be downloaded over the Internet Looks at uncertainty in model prediction
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Climate Change and Water Resources

The purpose of this project was to produce a succinct, educational report (Primer) for use by the drinking water utility industry outlining the current state of scientific understanding regarding the potential impacts of global climate ...

Author: Kathleen A. Miller

Publisher: American Water Works Association

ISBN: 9781583214664

Category: Science

Page: 83

View: 523

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The purpose of this project was to produce a succinct, educational report (Primer) for use by the drinking water utility industry outlining the current state of scientific understanding regarding the potential impacts of global climate change on water utilities, water supply, demand, and relevant water quality. Utilizing input from industry and science participants, the report includes a summary of the relevant science that explains the linkages between climate change and the hydrologic cycle and outlines what is known and unknown about future changes in regional hydrologic conditions. The report also discusses planning and response strategies. Contains CD with the full searchable Primer, with extensive links to additional reference materials; color pages throughout.
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The Arctic Climate System

Simulations of twenty - first century Arctic climate change are largely reserved for
Chapter 11. ... McGuffie and Henderson - Sellers ( 2005 ) have assembled a
valuable primer that outlines a number of the model types examined here .

Author: Mark C. Serreze

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521814189

Category: Science

Page: 385

View: 110

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A comprehensive, up-to-date assessment of the Arctic climate system for researchers and advanced students.
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A Primer on Environmental Decision Making

Since a major source of the emissions is burning of fossil fuels, we include
information on energy use. Models that may be used to calculate climate effects
are described in the separate chapters on the particular environments. “But I, that
was ...

Author: Knut Lehre Seip

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402040733

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 617

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This book integrates decision-making and environmental science. For ecologists it will bridge the gap to economics. For practitioners in environmental economics and management it will be a major reference book. It probably contains the largest collection available of expressions and basic equations that are used in environmental sciences. The book is organized in disciplines, but it also includes 13 applications that draw on all subjects in the book, and where cross-references are extensively used. The applications show how a range of topics in economics, social sciences and ecology are interrelated when decisions have to be made.
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Trace Gas Emissions and Plants

Theory of energy balance climate models. J. Atmos. Sci. 32, 3-15. Oreskes, N.,
Shrader-Frechette, K. and Belitz, K. (1994). Verification, validation, and
confirmation of numerical models in the earth sciences. ... Primer on Greenhouse
Gases.

Author: S.N. Singh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401735711

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 799

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Atmospheric abudance of trace gases since the pre-industrial time has forced the earth's climate to change, threatening food security. Exchange of biogenic trace gases between the atmosphere and the biosphere is directly or indirectly influenced by the plants. This volume contains the latest findings on the correlation between the climate change and biogenic gas emission, plant response to elevated levels of carbon dioxide, temperature, ozone and UV-B in combination and alone, regulatory mechanism of methane, nitrous oxide and ammonia emission and their mitigating options. Ecologists, atmospheric scientists, plant physiologists, research scholars, teachers and post-graduate students will benefit from this book.
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