A Concise Grammar for English Language Teachers

Author: Tony Penston
Publisher: TP Publications
ISBN: 0953132315
Category: English language
Page: 124
View: 5631

A Concise Grammar for English Language Teachers, Tony Penston, 2005

A Concise Grammar for English Language Teachers,
Author: TP Publications
Publisher: Bukupedia
Category: Study Aids
Page: 131
View: 5365
This book is in fact the new edition of A Grammar Course for TEFL Certificate. The change of title is to reflect a completely revamped work and serve a wider readership. The commendations for the first edition have justified my main main objectives: to present the essentials of tesol grammar in a concise and user-friendly way, making them comprehensible in a short period and easily locatable during lesson planning. Like the first edition, this book has been written mainly for participants on a teacher training course, but with the increase in content it should also serve well as a reference for practising teachers. It presupposes a native-speaker or near native-speaker level of competence in English, but takes nothing for granted regarding the reader's knowledge of grammar. It gets straight to the point, knowing what the teacher needs and not wasting space with what they don't. I am cognizant of the value of coursebooks and recommend their use to varying degrees, hence the many extracts from coursebooks in this publication. But besides the coursebook there is a growing popularity of the use of authentic materials, games, instant lessons, etc, so the teacher now has to operate with more unpredictable language in the classroom. Today's language learner is sophisticated and demands both communicative activities and competent grammar explanation. Where the matching tasks in this book are used in tutorials the tutor should cut out and mount/laminate the sections for group/pair work where possible. The tutor may also project the task/answer. Copyright is waived for such tutor activities but I would stress that no further copying is allowed under copyright legislation and it is strongly recommended that each course participant should have a copy of this book. It must be stressed that the activities in this book are designed for teachers, not for language learners. The extracts from ELT coursebooks and the Teaching Notes are intended to show the difference between what the teacher should know and what and how they should teach. I would here like to include a few points on what I believe an English language teacher should know about grammar and its teaching: 1. The teacher should know the terminology, because it is very difficult to explain a grammar rule without knowing the names of the items affected by that rule. 2. The teacher should know the structure rules, simply because most learners are comparing those of English with their own while they learn, and clear explanation should be available to the student on request. 3. The teacher should know how to fit the semantic (meaning) with the grammatical, i.e. we don't just explain the what of the structure, but also the why, the use/function of the structure. The good teacher knows how to teach the 'feeling' for the language besides the structure of it. 4. The teacher should know when to teach grammar, better said, exploit grammar to aid the learning of the language. This involves knowing whether their students are the type who use grammar as a 'mental framework' for language acquisition (this sounds abstract but this type is evidenced by constant questioning about grammatical points, often consequently drawing accusations of testing the teacher). It also involves waiting till learners become curious about a grammar point and being able to present a grammar lesson on that. 5. The teacher should know when not to teach grammar, that is, not to present grammar for grammar's sake. Primarily the teacher is a teacher of English communication, not of English grammar, and these in effect are two different subjects. Native speakers never had to learn (consciously) the grammar of their own language in order to communicate. 6. The teacher should know how much grammar to teach at each level. Most experienced teachers know when to tell a white lie in order to keep information simple and not overwhelm slow learners or learners at lower levels. This book should go some way towards providing the skills outlined in the points above. Remarks and suggestions from users of this book would be greatly appreciated.

English Linguistics

An Introduction
Author: Christian Mair
Publisher: Narr Francke Attempto Verlag
ISBN: 3823379569
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 262
View: 5539
"English Linguistics" is a compact and easy-to-use introduction to English linguistics which - is tailored to the needs of students of English at German, Austrian and Swiss universities, - contains graded exercises to motivate students to carry out independent research, and - bridges the gap between linguistics and the literary and cultural-studies components of the typical BA in English Studies. Bachelor-wissen "English Linguistics" goes beyond the usual introduction in offering accompanying web resources which provide additional material and multi-media illustration.

Gemeinsamer europäischer Referenzrahmen für Sprachen: lernen, lehren, beurteilen

Author: John Trim,Brian North,Daniel Coste
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783126065207
Page: 244
View: 8431
Der Referenzrahmen richtet sich an Lehrer, Fortbilder, Autoren und Curriculumplaner in der Schule und der Erwachsenenbildung. Der Gemeinsame europäische Referenzrahmen für Sprachen stellt die gemeinsamen Referenzniveaus zur Erfassung des Lernfortschritts vor, befasst sich mit der Entwicklung von Curricula und diskutiert verschiedene Prüfungsformen.

Innovation in English Language Teaching

A Reader
Author: David Hall,General Editor David Hall,Ann Hewings
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136370412
Category: Education
Page: 304
View: 5454
This reader provides both theoretical perspectives and practical tools for analysing and understanding how ELT classroom curricula can be analysed, developed and evaluated. The commissioned and classic texts place curriculum change in a philosophical framework and also explore the political and institutional considerations. A series of case studies are provided to highlight both the role of the teacher in curriculum innovation and various processes of planning and implementation. The final section deals with evaluating curriculum and syllabus change.

The Cambridge Handbook of English Corpus Linguistics

Author: Douglas Biber,Randi Reppen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316298701
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: N.A
View: 1846
The Cambridge Handbook of English Corpus Linguistics (CHECL) surveys the breadth of corpus-based linguistic research on English, including chapters on collocations, phraseology, grammatical variation, historical change, and the description of registers and dialects. The most innovative aspects of the CHECL are its emphasis on critical discussion, its explicit evaluation of the state of the art in each sub-discipline, and the inclusion of empirical case studies. While each chapter includes a broad survey of previous research, the primary focus is on a detailed description of the most important corpus-based studies in this area, with discussion of what those studies found, and why they are important. Each chapter also includes a critical discussion of the corpus-based methods employed for research in this area, as well as an explicit summary of new findings and discoveries.

A History of English Language Teaching

Author: Anthony Philip Reid Howatt
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 394
View: 5342
This book traces the history of English language teaching right up to the origins of the communicative approach, ending with a discussion of the impact of applied linguistics on language teaching in both America and Britain.

Schreiben wie ein Schriftsteller

Fach- und Sachbuch, Biografie, Reisebericht, Kritik, Business, Wissenschaft und Technik
Author: William Zinsser
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783932909726
Page: 236
View: 9930

The Teacher's Grammar of English with Answers

A Course Book and Reference Guide
Author: Ron Cowan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521809733
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 709
View: 3733
The Teacher's Grammar of English is a comprehensive resource text designed to help ESL/EFL teachers understand and teach American English grammar. The Teacher's Grammar of English is a comprehensive resource text designed to help ESL/EFL teachers and teachers-in-training understand and teach American English grammar. In addition to complete, up-to-date coverage on form, meaning, and usage, each chapter includes practical suggestions for teaching, as well as a unique section that analyzes common errors made by learners from different first-language backgrounds, based on current research in second-language acquisition. Review exercises throughout each chapter make the book an ideal text for a course on English grammar. An answer key is included.

Leistungsmessung und -bewertung in der Schule

Author: Marco Niehaus
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638427617
Category: Education
Page: 8
View: 1570
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2003 im Fachbereich Pädagogik - Schulpädagogik, Note: 1.3, Universität zu Köln (Institut für Pädagogik), 3 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Das Kind erfährt durch eine schlechte Bewertung seiner Leistung in der Schule Konsequenzen, die von Nichtversetzung über Versetzung in Sonderschulen bis hin zu Rückstufung in die Vorschule reichen. Durch gute Noten bekommt das Kind Anerkennung und Ermunterung, was oft auch durch Geldgeschenke durch Eltern und Bekannte noch verstärkt wird. Das Kind wird durch die Notengebung folglich extrinsisch motiviert, also durch äußere Anreize zum Lernen gebracht, nicht aber, wie es optimalerweise sein sollte, durch den Spaß am Lernen und am Lernstoff selber. Die Auslese- und Berechtigungsfunktion meint, dass über das Zeugnis eine Auswahl innerhalb einer Klasse getroffen wird. Es wird über die Noten selektiert, welches Kind in der Klasse bleiben darf, welches eventuell eine Klasse überspringt oder wiederholen muss. Auch wird anhand der Zensur ermittelt, ob ein Kind auf eine Sonderschule überwiesen wird, oder welche Schulform es nach der dritten Klasse besuchen kann. Die weiterführenden Schulen haben anhand der ihnen vorliegenden Zeugnisse festzulegen, welcher Schüler zu ihnen passt und welcher nicht. Dabei müssen sie Zeugnisse und Noten von Schülern unterschiedlicher Klassen und Schulen miteinander vergleichen. Das setzt voraus, dass Noten im gleichen Fach, aber von verschiedenen Schulen und Lehrern, vergleichbar sein müssen. Die schulische Leistung, von der KMK als „Erfüllung von Anforderungen“ definiert“ muss also einheitlich gemessen und nach allgemeingültigen Maßstäben bewertet werden. Bei wissenschaftlichen Erhebungen gibt es Maßstäbe für Messungen, die sogenannten Gütekriterien. Diese gelten auch bei der Leistungsmessung, die als die „Messung der Erfüllung von Anforderungen durch Anlegen eines Maßes“ definiert ist. Sie umfassen Validität, Reliabilität und Objektivität.

The Grammar Book

An ESL/EFL Teacher's Course
Author: Marianne Celce-Murcia,Diane Larsen-Freeman,Howard Alan Williams
Publisher: Newbury House
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 854
View: 5053
In this highly acclaimed revision, grammatical descriptions and teaching suggestions are organized into sections dealing with Form, Meaning, and Use. THE GRAMMAR BOOK, Second Edition helps teachers and future teachers grasp the linguistic system and details of English grammar, providing more information on how structures are used at the discourse level.

Cambridge Grammar for CAE and Proficiency

Author: Martin Hewings
Publisher: Ernst Klett Sprachen
ISBN: 9783125394995
Page: 296
View: 2323

What is the Matter with Communicative Competence?

An Analysis to Encourage Teachers of English to Assess the Very Basis of Their Teaching
Author: Reinhold Peterwagner
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 9783825884871
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 343
View: 2191
This book integrates recent findings of linguistic research into ELT. Its aim is - to introduce (future) teachers to the complex concept of communicative competence - to critically analyse learners' teaching/learning deficiencies in the light of the requirements they are expected to meet at the school-leaving exams or at university-entry - to offer suggestions about how to remedy these shortcomings and also to provide teaching and testing materials.

Applied Linguistics

Author: Guy Cook
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780194375986
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 134
View: 1656
This is a series of brief surveys intended for readers new to thé format study of language. Each book contains four parts : survey, an up-to-date overview of the area concerned ; readings, short readings with study questions ; References, a selection of annotated references glossary, explanations of terms, cross referenced to the Survey This structure is designed to allow different groups of readers to focus on different parts of the book according to their interest and need. Applied linguistics addresses the most pressing and controversial areas of contemporary language use, including intercultural communication, political and commercial persuasion, the impact of new technologies, the growth of English, language in education, and foreign language teaching and learning. This clearty written introduction provides a concise but comprehensive overview of the main concerns of applied linguistics today.

Bulletin of the Foreign Language Center, Tokai University

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Language and languages
Page: N.A
View: 4146

Unterdrückung und Befreiung

Herausgegeben von Peter Schreiner, Norbert Mette, Dirk Oesselmann, Dieter Kinkelbur in Kooperation mit Armin Bernhard
Author: Paulo Freire
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 9783830968030
Category: Education
Page: 140
View: 9201
Diese Sammlung von Schriften aus der Zeit von 1970 bis 1990 des brasilianischen Pädagogen Paulo Freire (1921-1997) gibt einen Einblick in die Grundlagen und Prinzipien seiner Bildungsarbeit auf der Basis der Pädagogik der Befreiung. In den ausgewählten Texten werden nicht nur pädagogische Probleme und inhaltlich-methodische Fragen der Bildungsarbeit thematisiert. Sie enthalten ebenso Analysen und Bewertungen von Politik, Kultur, Religion, Ethik und Veränderungsmöglichkeiten von Gesellschaft - eine Erweiterung, die sich gegen eine Vorstellung wendet, Pädagogik sei von Gesellschaft und Politik losgelöst zu behandeln. Scharfsinnig hat Freire u.a. die verheerenden Folgen des Neoliberalismus für Individuum und Gesellschaft analysiert und zum widerständigen Denken und Handeln ermuntert. Eine Auswahl repräsentativer alter und neuer Texte von Paulo Freire: Wer sie zur Hand nimmt, entdeckt rasch, dass uns dieser brasilianische Pädagoge nicht nur für die Theorie und Praxis unserer Erziehungsarbeit, sondern für unser Überleben Entscheidendes zu sagen hat. Prof. Dr. Ulrich Becker, Universität Hannover

Die Natur der Sprache

Evolution, Paradigmen und Schaltkreise
Author: Dieter Hillert
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658201134
Category: Psychology
Page: 264
View: 8518
Dieter Hillert untersucht, wie Bausteine der sprachlichen Evolution diskutiert werden können und wie sich diese in Bezug auf den modernen Menschen entwickelt haben. Insbesondere die hier vorgestellten neuronalen Kartierungsmethoden ermöglichen, wichtige Ergebnisse über die neuronalen Schaltkreise zu gewinnen, die an der Sprachverarbeitung beteiligt sind. Der Autor verdeutlich zudem kortikale Kartierungen sowohl bei typischem und als auch bei atypischem Sprachverhalten. Entsprechend wird aus diesen angesprochenen Perspektiven besprochen, wie sich unser Sprachvermögen evolutionär entwickelten hat, um beispielsweise Ideen, Gefühle, Ziele und Humor lautsprachlich vermitteln zu können. Das vorgestellte evolutionäre Sprachmodell beruht auf den kognitiven Fähigkeiten unserer biologischen Vorahnen.

Languages in prehistoric Europe

Author: Alfred Bammesberger,Theo Vennemann
Publisher: Universitaetsverlag Winter
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 364
View: 7117

A TESOL professional anthology

grammar and composition
Author: Carol Cargill
Publisher: Natl Textbook Co
Category: Education
Page: 120
View: 4486