A Grammar of Nuosu

This is the first modern grammar of Nuosu written in English.

Author: Matthias Gerner

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110308679

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 573

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This is the first modern grammar of Nuosu written in English. Nuosu belongs to a little known section of Tibeto-Burman. The 2.5 Million ethnic Nuosu are part of the Yi nationality and live in Sichuan (China). This grammar informs Tibeto-Burman linguists, typologists, scholars of language contact and foreign learners of Nuosu.
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Nominalization in Asian Languages

On the structural particle su33 in Nuosu Yi. Zhongguo Yuy- anxue deXin Tuozhan (Recent ... Remarks on the grammatical category of topics: A morphological analysis of topics in Jingpo. In Modern Linguistic Theories and Studies on ...

Author: Foong Ha Yap

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027206770

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 796

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Research on nominalization, a process that gives rise to referring expressions, has always played a central role in linguistic investigations. Over the years there has also been growing evidence that nominalization constructions often extend to non-referential domains. They participate in noun-modifying expressions (e.g. genitive and relative clauses), subordinate clauses and topic constructions, finite structures with the nominalizers reanalyzed as TAM markers, and stance constructions with evaluative, attitudinal, evidential and epistemic overtones. This volume brings together historical and crosslinguistic evidence from more than 20 different languages representing six different language families spanning the Asian continent and the Pacific and Indian oceans to elucidate the strategies and grammaticalization pathways that give rise to both referential and non-referential uses of nominalization constructions. This collection highlights the diversity of strategies and at the same time the robust cyclical nature of change within and across languages. The combined diachronic and typological analyses in this volume are particularly valuable for linguistic research on diachronic morphosyntax and linguistic 'universals', and are also an important supplementary cross-referencing tool for linguistic investigations of versatile and ubiquitous morphemes in under-documented languages.
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Act Based Conceptions of Propositional Content

Blackfoot Grammar. Toronto: Toronto University Press. Gerner, M. 2013. Grammar of Nuosu. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Hagman, R. S. 1973. “Nama Hottentot Grammar.” PhD diss., Colombia University. Haspelmath, M. 1993. A Grammar of Lezgian.

Author: Friederike Moltmann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190666620

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

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The notion of a propositional content plays a central role in contemporary philosophy of language. Propositional content makes up both the meaning of sentences and the content of propositional attitudes such as belief. One particular view about propositional content has been dominant in analytic philosophy, namely the Fregean conception of propositions as abstract mind-independent objects that come with truth conditions. But propositions in this sense raise a range of issues, which have become a center of debate in current philosophy of language. In particular, how should propositions as abstract objects be understood and how can they represent things and be true or false? A number of philosophers in contemporary analytic philosophy as well as in early analytic philosophy and phenomenology have approached the notion of a propositional content in a different way, not by starting out with an abstract truth berarer, but by focusing on cognitive acts of agents, such as acts of judging. It is in terms of such acts that the notion of a propositional content, on their view, should be understood. The act-based perspective historically goes back to the work of Central European philosophers, in particular that of Husserl, Twardowski, Meinong, and Reinach. However, their work has been unduly neglected and is in fact largely inaccessible to contemporary analytic philosophers. The volume presents a central selection of work of these philosophers that bear on an act-based conception of philosophical content, some of which in new translations (one paper by Reinach), some of which published in English for the very first time (two papers by Twardowski). In addition, the volume presents new work by leading contemporary philosophers of language pursuing or discussing an act-based conception of propositional content. Moreover, the book contains a crosslinguistic study of nominalizations for actions and products, a distinction that plays a central role in the philosophy of language of Twardowski.
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Highly complex syllable structure A typological and diachronic study

A grammar of Nuosu. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter Mouton. Ghazali, Salem, Rym Hamdi & Melissa Barkat. 2002. Speech rhythm variation in Arabic dialects. In Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Speech Prosody, Aix-en-Provence ...

Author: Shelece Easterday

Publisher: Language Science Press

ISBN: 9783961101948

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 616

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The syllable is a natural unit of organization in spoken language whose strongest cross-linguistic patterns are often explained in terms of a universal preference for the CV structure. Syllable patterns involving long sequences of consonants are both typologically rare and theoretically marginalized, with few approaches treating these as natural or unproblematic structures. This book is an investigation of the properties of languages with highly complex syllable patterns. The two aims are (i) to establish whether these languages share other linguistic features in common such that they constitute a distinct linguistic type, and (ii) to identify possible diachronic paths and natural mechanisms by which these patterns come about in the history of a language. These issues are investigated in a diversified sample of 100 languages, 25 of which have highly complex syllable patterns. Languages with highly complex syllable structure are characterized by a number of phonetic, phonological, and morphological features which serve to set them apart from languages with simpler syllable patterns. These include specific segmental and suprasegmental properties, a higher prevalence of vowel reduction processes with extreme outcomes, and higher average morpheme/word ratios. The results suggest that highly complex syllable structure is a linguistic type distinct from but sharing some characteristics with other proposed holistic phonological types, including stress-timed and consonantal languages. The results point to word stress and specific patterns of gestural organization as playing important roles in the diachronic development of these patterns out of simpler syllable structures.
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New Trends in Grammaticalization and Language Change

A Grammar of Nuosu. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/97831103O8679 Goddard, Cliff. 2005. The Languages of East and Southeast Asia. Oxford: OUP Haspelmath, Martin. 1998. How young is standard average European?

Author: Sylvie Hancil

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027263438

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 433

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The chapters in this volume present a state of the art of grammaticalization research in the 2010s. They are concerned with the application of new models, such as constructionalization, the ongoing debate about the status and modelling of the development of discourse markers, and reveal a renewed interest in the typological application of grammaticalization and in the cognitive motivations for unidirectionality. The contributors consider data from a wide range of languages, including several that have not or marginally been looked at in terms of grammaticalization: Chinese, Dutch, (varieties of) English, French, German, Japanese, Maltese, Old Saxon, Spanish, and languages of the South Caucasian and Zhuang Tai-Kadai families. The chapters range from theoretical discussions to fine-grained analyses of new historical and comparative language data. This volume will be of interest to linguists studying morphosyntactic changes in a range of languages, and in particular to those interested in models for grammatical change.
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Everything Nuosu

Don't get lost on a mountain path or miss out on the roasted potato, hot from the fire. Come meet the Nuosu of southwest China. This book is a must-have phrasebook for anyone interested in the Nuosu.

Author: Susan Walters

Publisher:

ISBN: 1505462827

Category:

Page: 294

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Don't get lost on a mountain path or miss out on the roasted potato, hot from the fire. Come meet the Nuosu of southwest China. This book is a must-have phrasebook for anyone interested in the Nuosu. It includes tips on traveling, etiquette when visiting, cultural notes, sentence patterns, simple grammar explanations, illustrations, maps and a 2,000+ word dictionary categorized for easy look-up.
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The Languages and Linguistics of Mainland Southeast Asia

A grammar of Nuosu. Berlin & Boston: Mouton de Gruyter. DOI: https://doi. org/10.1515/9783110308679. Gerner, Matthias. 2016. Yí 彜 Languages. In Rint Sybesma, Wolfgang Behr, Yueguo Gu, Zev Handel, C.-T. Huang & James Myers (eds.) ...

Author: Paul Sidwell

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110558142

Category: History

Page: 983

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The handbook will offer a survey of the field of linguistics in the early 21st century for the Southeast Asian Linguistic Area. The last half century has seen a great increase in work on language contact, work in genetic, theoretical, and descriptive linguistics, and since the 1990s especially documentation of endangered languages. The book will provide an account of work in these areas, focusing on the achievements of SEAsian linguistics, as well as the challenges and unresolved issues, and provide a survey of the relevant major publications and other available resources. We will address: Survey of the languages of the area, organized along genetic lines, with discussion of relevant political and cultural background issues Theoretical/descriptive and typological issues Genetic classification and historical linguistics Areal and contact linguistics Other areas of interest such as sociolinguistics, semantics, writing systems, etc. Resources (major monographs and monograph series, dictionaries, journals, electronic data bases, etc.) Grammar sketches of languages representative of the genetic and structural diversity of the region.
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Tone in Yongning Na

A grammar of Nuosu. Berlin: De Gruyter. Gerner, Matthias & Walter Bisang. 2009. Inflectional classifiers in Weining Ahmao: Mirror of the history of a people. Folia Linguistica Historica 30(1). 183– 218. Gimbutas, Marija. 1977.

Author: Alexis Michaud

Publisher: Language Science Press

ISBN: 9783946234869

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 613

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Yongning Na, also known as Mosuo, is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken in Southwest China. This book provides a description and analysis of its tone system, progressing from lexical tones towards morphotonology. Tonal changes permeate numerous aspects of the morphosyntax of Yongning Na; they are not the product of a small set of phonological rules, but of a host of rules that are restricted to specific morphosyntactic contexts. Rich morphotonological systems have been reported in this area of Sino-Tibetan, but book-length descriptions remain few. This study of an endangered language contributes to a better understanding of the diversity of prosodic systems in East Asia. The analysis is based on original fieldwork data (made available online), collected over the course of ten years, commencing in 2006.
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An Introduction to Linguistic Typology

Grammatical borrowing in Rapanui. In Matras 8: Sakel (eds), 387-402. ... Functional Syntax and Universal Grammar. Cambridge: CUP. ... On a partial, strictly word-order based definition of grammatical relations in Liangshan Nuosu.

Author: Viveka Velupillai

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027211989

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 517

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Offers an introduction to linguistic typology that covers various linguistic domains from phonology and morphology over parts-of-speech, the NP and the VP, to simple and complex clauses, pragmatics and language change. This title also includes a discussion on methodological issues in typology.
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Clusivity

Yiyu yufa (Nuosu hua) (Yi grammar (Nuosu dialect)). Beijing: Central University of Nationalities Press. Chen Shilin, Bian Shiming 81 Li Xiuqing (eds). 1985. Yiyujianzhi (A briefdescription Ofthe Yi language).

Author: Elena Filimonova

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027293886

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 436

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This book presents a collection of papers on clusivity, a newly coined term for the inclusive–exclusive distinction. Clusivity is a widespread feature familiar from descriptive grammars and frequently figuring in typological schemes and diachronic scenarios. However, no comprehensive exploration of it has been available so far. This book is intended to make the first step towards a better understanding of the inclusive–exclusive opposition, by documenting the current linguistic knowledge on the topic. The issues discussed include the categorial and paradigmatic status of the opposition, its geographical distribution, realization in free vs bound pronouns, inclusive imperatives, clusivity in the 2nd person, honorific uses of the distinction, etc. These case studies are complemented by the analysis of the opposition in American Sign Language as opposed to spoken languages. In-depth areal and family surveys of clusivity consider this opposition in Austronesian, Tibeto-Burman, central-western South American, Turkic languages, and in Mosetenan and Shuswap.
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Toward a Typological Grammar of the Yi Group

Chapter 6 presents a study of the EXPERIENTIAL, PERIODICAL and HABITUAL aspects in the Yi group. The main point here is the development of an occurrence typology of situations which accounts for the three aspects.

Author: Matthias Gerner

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:277163396

Category: Yi language

Page: 326

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This thesis presents the most intriguing linguistic peculiarities of eleven Yi languages which were studied over several years of field research by the author. The data cover an array of topics and are presented with the purpose of giving an impetus to the theories of general linguistics. Most chapters contain typologies where the eleven Yi languages are classified with regard to the features developed in that chapter. Seven chapters make up the body of this dissertation. Chapter 1 covers the introduction, background, and methodologies used. In chapter 2, the author develops an integrated model of the noun phrase as a multi-parametric configuration and provides an explanation for the life cycle of definite articles in Weining Neasu. In Neasu there is the following cline: demonstratives > definite articles > topic marker. Chapter 3 and 4 present studies of the syntactical type of two Yi languages. Liangshan Nuosu (chapter 3) constitutes a unique case in syntactic typology with regard to the treatment of coreferential NPs at the level of clause combining. Nuosu is a language where the coreferential NPs must be in the initial position of their respective VP for the second NP to allow deletion. This strictly syntax-based system allows the definition of partial grammatical relations. In chapter 4, it is demonstrated within the framework of Optimality Theory that Yongren Lolo is a language that balances the three conflicting syntax constraints CLARITY, ECONOMY and FLEXIBILITY better than other languages. Exhaustion particles (chapter 5) are A-quantifiers with a puzzling wealth of scope possibilities. With gradable states they convey the meaning of superlative ('extremely'), in non-punctual events they mean 'completely', and in non-gradable states or punctual events they function as a universal argument quantifier ('all'). The author works out an object-state-event structure (based on Krifka's event semantics) and provides a logical characterization of the aspectual classes generated by the exhaustion particles. Chapter 6 presents a study of the EXPERIENTIAL, PERIODICAL and HABITUAL aspects in the Yi group. The main point here is the development of an occurrence typology of situations which accounts for the three aspects. In chapter 7 the author presents a study of perfect particles. Several Yi languages display two types of perfect: the English type and the Mandarin type. It appears that both perfects have in common their relating the utterance situation to the discourse topic (in Klein's terminology: TU !"" TT).
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Grammar of Duhumbi Chugpa

Gerner, Matthias. 2005. Expressives in Kam (Dong): a study of sign typology (part II). CahiersdeLinguistiqued'AsieOrientale 34(1): 25–67. Gerner,Matthias. 2013. Agrammarof Nuosu.MoutonGrammarLibraryVol.

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004409484

Category: Reference

Page: 790

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The volume Grammar of Duhumbi (Chugpa) is a comprehensive description of Duhumbi, the language spoken by the Duhumbi (Chugpa, Chug Monpa) people of Dirang circle West Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh, India.
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Passage to Manhood

Muga spoke the Han language with a very strong accent that mixed Nuosu grammar, Sichuanese, and Mandarin he had picked up on his urban journeys. He had never been to school. Very quickly, Muga became an indispensable friend and ...

Author: Shao-hua Liu

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804770255

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 854

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Passage to Manhood is a groundbreaking and beautifully written ethnography that addresses the intersection of modernity, heroin use, and AIDS as they intersect in a new "rite-of-passage" among young ethnic-minority males in contemporary China.
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Plurality and Classifiers across Languages in China

Based on this argumentation, in Section 4, we offer a unified account for the three different ways of expressing a frequentative macro-event in Nuosu Yi, arguing that there is an implicit pluractional operator, and this operator can be ...

Author: Dan Xu

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110293982

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 295

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Plural marking, numeral classifiers and reduplication constitute the main means of quantification marking in the domain of grammar. The contributions in this book focus on the typological correlation between the three different strategies for quantification, as well as on some general issues. A better understanding of the quantification strategies in the languages of China will enrich our comprehension of human language and thought. The book is expected to have an impact on the study of linguistic typology, language contact, and patterns of the evolution.
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Semantic Role Universals and Argument Linking

If Gemer's (2002, 2004) analysis is correct, Liangshan Nuosu does not fit into the postulate of Role & Reference Grammar that “grammatical relations exist only where there is a restricted neutralization of semantic or pragmatic ...

Author: Ina Bornkessel

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110219272

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 371

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The concept of semantic roles has been central to linguistic theory for many decades. More specifically, the assumption of such representations as mediators in the correspondence between a linguistic form and its associated meaning has helped to address a number of critical issues related to grammatical phenomena. Furthermore, in addition to featuring in all major theories of grammar, semantic (or 'thematic') roles have been referred to extensively within a wide range of other linguistic subdisciplines, including language typology and psycho-/neurolinguistics. This volume brings together insights from these different perspectives and thereby, for the first time, seeks to build upon the obvious potential for cross-fertilisation between hitherto autonomous approaches to a common theme. To this end, a view on semantic roles is adopted that goes beyond the mere assumption of generalised roles, but also focuses on their hierarchical organisation. The book is thus centred around the interdisciplinary examination of how these hierarchical dependencies subserve argument linking - both in terms of linguistic theory and with respect to real-time language processing - and how they interact with other information types in this process. Furthermore, the contributions examine the interaction between the role hierarchy and the conceptual content of (generalised) semantic roles and investigate their cross-linguistic applicability and psychological reality, as well as their explanatory potential in accounting for phenomena in the domain of language disorders. In bridging the gap between different disciplines, the book provides a valuable overview of current thought on semantic roles and argument linking, and may further serve as a point of departure for future interdisciplinary research in this area. As such, it will be of interest to scientists and advanced students in all domains of linguistics and cognitive science.
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Trilingualism in Education in China Models and Challenges

Nuosu, spoken in Liangshan, is one of the group, which belongs to the Burmese-Lolo language group of the Tibeto-Burman language family. Matisoff (2003) proposes a three-way subdivision of the Burmese-Lolo languages: Northern, Central, ...

Author: Anwei Feng

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789401793520

Category: Education

Page: 258

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This book examines language policies and practices in schools in regions of China populated by indigenous minority groups. It focuses on models of trilingual education, i.e. education in the home language, Putonghua (Mandarin Chinese, the national language), and English (the main foreign language). Special attention is given to the study of the vitality of the minority home language in each region and issues relating to and the effects of the teaching and learning of the minority home language on minority students’ acquisition of Mandarin Chinese and English and on their school performance in general. The book also examines the case of Cantonese in Guangdong, where the local Chinese ‘dialect’ is strong but distant from the mainstream language, Putonghua. It takes a new approach to researching sociolinguistic phenomena, and presents a new methodology that emerged from studies of bi/trilingualism in European societies and was then tailored to the trilingual context in China. The methodology encompasses policy analysis and community language profiles, as well as school-based fieldwork, and provides rich data that facilitate multilevel analysis of policy-in-context.
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The Oxford Handbook of Grammatical Number

A Modern English Grammar on Historical Principles . London : Allen & Unwin , pt . II . Jiang , Li Julie ( 2018 ) . Definiteness in Nuosu Yi and the theory of argument formation . Linguistics and Philosophy 41 : 1-39 .

Author: Patricia Cabredo Hofherr

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192515377

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 752

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This volume offers detailed accounts of current research in grammatical number in language. Following a detailed introduction, the chapters in the first three parts of the book explore the multiple research questions in the field and the complex problems surrounding the analysis of grammatical number: Part I presents the background and foundational notions, Part II the morphological, semantic, and syntactic aspects, and Part III the different means of expressing plurality in the event domain. The final part offers fifteen case studies that include in-depth discussion of grammatical number phenomena in a range of typologically diverse languages, written by - or in collaboration with - native speakers linguists or based on extensive fieldwork. The volume draws on work from a range of subdisciplines - including morphology, syntax, semantics, and psycholinguistics - and will be a valuable resource for students and scholars in all areas of theoretical, descriptive, and experimental linguistics.
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Linguistics

A grammar of Lalo . ... In Grammar Inside and Outside the Clause : Some Approaches to Theory from the Field , J. Nichols and A. Woodbury ( eds . ) , 192–226 . ... guage 56 , 251-299 . Grammatical relations in Liangshan Nuosu 153.

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Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106015842112

Category: Linguistics

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Linguistics of the Tibeto Burman Area

“ A Descriptive Grammar of Lolo . ” LTBA 20.1 : 1-227 . ( Ph.D. thesis August 1950. Cambridge University . ) GERNER , Matthias . 2004. “ On a partial , strictly word - order based definition of grammatical relations in Liangshan Nuosu .

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ISBN: IND:30000124950100

Category: Linguistic geography

Page:

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Grammatical Roles and Relations

A typological survey of Subject, Object and related grammatical concepts in the languages of the world.

Author: Frank Robert Palmer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521458366

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 259

View: 816

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A typological survey of Subject, Object and related grammatical concepts in the languages of the world.
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