This book assesses the laissez-faire strategy for economic development, based on Lebanon’s unique experience during 1948-2002. It also analyzes the country’s industrialization performance, its monetary crisis in the mid-1980s, and the dynamics of the system from a Post-Keynesian perspective.
This book assesses the laissez-faire strategy for economic development, based on Lebanon’s unique experience during 1948-2002.
Author: Toufic Gaspard
Category: Social Science
This book is about the laissez-faire strategy for economic development, a strategy inspired by neoclassical/mainstream economics, advocated by the Washington Consensus , and implemented by the Bretton Woods institutions.Mainstream economics has taken legitimacy from the historical failure of command economies. But this view has not been balanced by an examination of the performance of laissez-faire economies, the closest to the pure market model. Lebanon provides a unique test case in this regard.The book assesses Lebanon s development during 1948-2002, including its industrial and financial performance. The dynamics of the laissez-faire system is separately studied from a Post-Keynesian perspective, highlighting institutional behavior. It is found that laissez-faire is not a sufficient condition for economic development, and can even be counterproductive.
This book is about the laissez-faire strategy for economic development, a strategy inspired by neoclassical/mainstream economics, advocated by the Washington Consensus , and implemented by the Bretton Woods institutions.Mainstream economics ...
Author: Toufic K. Gaspard
Publisher: Social, Economic and Political
This book offers the first critical engagement with the political economy of the Middle East and North Africa. Challenging conventional wisdom on the origins and contemporary dynamics of capitalism in the region, these cutting-edge essays demonstrate how critical political economy can illuminate both historical and contemporary dynamics of the region and contribute to wider political economy debates from the vantage point of the Middle East. Leading scholars, representing several disciplines, contribute both thematic and country-specific analyses. Their writings critically examine major issues in political economy—notably, the mutual constitution of states, markets, and classes; the co-constitution of class, race, gender, and other forms of identity; varying modes of capital accumulation and the legal, political, and cultural forms of their regulation; relations among local, national, and global forms of capital, class, and culture; technopolitics; the role of war in the constitution of states and classes; and practices and cultures of domination and resistance. Visit politicaleconomyproject.org for additional media and learning resources.
A Political Economy of Lebanon , 1948–2002 : The Limits of Laissez Faire . New York : Brill , 2004 . Gates , Carolyn . The Merchant Republic of Lebanon : Rise of an Open Economy . London : 1. B. Tauris , 1998 . Gendzier , Irene L. Notes ...
Author: Joel Beinin
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Explaining state-building failures in Lebanon during the 20th century, this book looks at the relationship between legitimacy and stability in the country since the creation of the state in 1920. The presence of legitimacy is considered necessary to any successful state-building endeavour. This book argues that the Lebanese state failed to achieve any meaningful form of legitimacy from its inception in 1920 to its near-collapse during the civil war. However, by analysing different eras of Lebanese history, throughout the different presidential terms, the author challenges the general understanding of stability and governance to show that the absence of legitimacy and society support actually contributed to the persistence of the Lebanese state. More than this, the evidence shows that Lebanese state was at its most stable when it was regarded as illegitimate. The wider, implicit question thus asked in the book revolves around a case where illegitimacy within the state is what ensures its stability and survival. Based on primary sources including national archives and collections, institutional documents, personal memoirs, newspapers and journals, this book provides a rich survey on the development and functioning of Lebanese political institutions.
See Gaspard, A Political Economy of Lebanon, 1948– 2002: The Limits of Laissez-Faire, 262–3. b See Hudson, 'Democracy and Social Mobilization in Lebanese Politics', 254. c See Gaspard, A Political Economy of Lebanon, 1948–2002: The ...
Author: Tarek Abou Jaoude
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Category: Political Science
Focusing on the transition from political economy to economics, this volume seeks to restore social content to economic abstractions through readings of nineteenth-century British and American literature. The essays gathered here, by new as well as established scholars of literature and economics, link important nineteenth-century texts and histories with present-day issues such as exploitation, income inequality, globalization, energy consumption, property ownership and rent, human capital, corporate power, and environmental degradation. Organized according to key concepts for future research, the collection has a clear interdisciplinary, humanities approach and international reach. These diverse essays will interest students and scholars in literature, history, political science, economics, sociology, law, and cultural studies, in addition to readers generally interested in the Victorian period.
A Political Economy of Lebanon 1948–2002: The Limits of Laissez-faire. Boston: Brill. Hunter, W. 1873. Famine Aspects of Bengal Districts. Simla: Government Press. Mahmood, Saba. 2001. Feminist Theory, Embodiment, and the Docile Agent: ...
Author: Elaine Hadley
Publisher: Springer Nature
Category: Literary Criticism
The latest edition of this renowned textbook explores the states and regimes of the Middle East and North Africa. Presenting heavily revised, fully updated chapters contributed by the world’s leading experts, it analyzes the historical trajectory, political institutions, economic development, and foreign policies of the region’s nearly two dozen countries. The volume can be used in conjunction with its sister volume, The Societies of the Middle East and North Africa, for a comprehensive overview of the region. Chapters are organized and structured identically, giving insightful windows into the nuances of each country’s domestic politics and foreign relations. Data tables and extensive annotated bibliographies orient readers towards further research. Whether used in conjunction with its sister volume or on its own, this book provides the most comprehensive and detailed overview of the region’s varied politics. Five new experts cover the critical country cases of Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Iran. All chapters cover the latest events, including trends that have remarkably changed in just a few years like the gradual end of the Syrian civil war. As such, this textbook is invaluable to students of Middle Eastern politics.. The ninth edition brings substantial changes. All chapters also have a uniform, streamlined structure that explores the historical context, social and economic environment, political institutions, regime dynamics, and foreign policy of each country. Fact boxes and political maps are now far more extensive, and photographs and images also help illustrate key points. Annotated bibliographies are vastly expanded, providing nothing short of the best list of research references for each country.
A sweeping study comparing many decades is Toufic Gaspard's A Political Economy of Lebanon, 1948–2002: A Political Economy of Lebanon (Brill, 2003). Lebanon's post-war development is problematized in Reinoud Leenders' Spoils of Truce: ...
Author: Sean Yom
Category: Social Science
A third edition of a popular text includes new material reflecting the earth-shaking events at the end of the Cold War and the continuation of violence and terrorism and examines the foreign policies of nine Arab states--including Iraq, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and more--in the context of globalization. Original.
21 See Toufic K. Gaspard , A Political Economy of Lebanon , 1948–2002 : The Limits of Laissez - faire ( Leiden : Brill , 2004 ) , Table 5.3 , 149 . 22 See Joseph Abu - Khalil , Lubnan wa Suriya : mashaqat al - ukhuwwa ( Beirut ...
Author: ʻAlī al-Dīn Hilāl
Publisher: American Univ in Cairo Press
Category: Political Science
What is the future of the oil and gas sector in Lebanon? Following the recent discovery of these valuable resources in the southern Mediterranean, including in the Cypriot and Israeli offshore reserves, the possibility of Lebanon also becoming a petroleum-producing country has been raised. This collection of essays addresses the major challenges and opportunities that accompany the country's hope to join the petroleum club. Covering the key policy issues - from Lebanon's susceptibility to the oil curse, to the environmental risks of production - this book brings together expert analysis to offer answers at the institutional level. Of central importance, the contributors argue, is that for Lebanon to benefit from the discovery of petroleum, it must first reform its institutions with the full support of the voting public and civil society. Combining rigorous quantitative and qualitative research, the Lebanese Center for Policy Studies has produced here an essential book that puts petroleum in Lebanon, and the important questions that come with it, within a global perspective.
A Political Economy of Lebanon, 1948–2002: The Limits of Laissez Faire. Brill. Gillies, A. 2010. “Giving Money Away? The Politics of Direct Distribution in Resource Rich States.” Center for Global Development, November.
Author: Sami Atallah
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
In October 2019, hundreds of thousands took to the streets of Lebanon to protest austerity measures in what became known as the “thawra.” These were the largest mass protests seen in the country's modern history. The Lebanon Uprising of 2019 puts the revolution in its historical and regional context and also follows the huge transformations that have been unraveling in Lebanon ever since. The book is a unique source of testimonies that brings to the fore the voices of those scholars, activists, researchers, and journalists who took part in the protests or were closely involved in the unfolding events. These accounts include stories about specific events and struggles, views of the uprising from various regions of the country, and reflections on topics such as the labor struggle, disability, the student movement, foreign interventions, the struggle for preserving environmental spaces, the role of refugees and non-Lebanese within the movement, and women and queer participation. The book situates the protests within the historical, political, economic, social, and environmental foundations of the Lebanese polity, as well as in the broader context of a "second wave” of Arab uprisings and a global wave of upheavals in 2019, making this book a testament to the rich history of protests and activism in the country. It features some primary documents, including photos and other materials that were disseminated in the streets and over social media platforms, making this book an important resource of first-hand knowledge.
... https://merip.org/2016/03/garbage-politics/; Reinoud Leenders, Spoils of Truce: Corruption and State Building in Postwar Lebanon (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2012), Toufic Gaspard, A Political Economy of Lebanon, 1948–2002: ...
Author: Jeffrey G. Karam
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
In this impressive synthesis, William Harris narrates the history of the sectarian communities of Mount Lebanon and its vicinity. He offers a fresh perspective on the antecedents of modern multi-communal Lebanon, tracing the consolidation of Lebanon's Christian, Muslim, and Islamic derived sects from their origins between the sixth and eleventh centuries. Harris knits together the interplay of the elite under the Sunni Muslim Shihab relatives of the Ma'ns after 1697 with demographic instability as Maronites overtook Shia as the largest community and expanded into Druze districts. Modern Lebanon arose out of European and Ottoman intervention in the 1860s to secure sectarian peace in a special province. In 1920, after the Ottoman collapse, France and the Maronites enlarged the province into the modern country, with a pluralism of communal minorities headed by Maronite Christians and Sunni Muslims. Harris contends that Lebanon has not found a new equilibrium and has not transcended its sects. This book offers readers a clear understanding of how modern Lebanon acquired its precarious social intricacy and its singular political character.
Gaspard, Toufic, A Political Economy of Lebanon, 1948–2002. Leiden: Brill, 2004. Gates, Carolyn. Papers on Lebanon 10: The Historical Role of Political Economy in the Development of Modern Lebanon. Oxford: Centre for Lebanese Studies, ...
Author: William Harris
Publisher: Oxford University Press