A Social History of Truth

A Social History of Truth is a bold theoretical and historical exploration of the social conditions that make knowledge possible in any period and in any endeavor.

Author: Steven Shapin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226750194

Category: History

Page: 483

View: 709

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A Social History of Truth is a bold theoretical and historical exploration of the social conditions that make knowledge possible in any period and in any endeavor.
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A Social History of Truth

As ordinary social actors, truthliberals know no less than their ... of a social-historical engagement with truth is the particular nature of the knowledge ...

Author: Steven Shapin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226148847

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 445

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How do we come to trust our knowledge of the world? What are the means by which we distinguish true from false accounts? Why do we credit one observational statement over another? In A Social History of Truth, Shapin engages these universal questions through an elegant recreation of a crucial period in the history of early modern science: the social world of gentlemen-philosophers in seventeenth-century England. Steven Shapin paints a vivid picture of the relations between gentlemanly culture and scientific practice. He argues that problems of credibility in science were practically solved through the codes and conventions of genteel conduct: trust, civility, honor, and integrity. These codes formed, and arguably still form, an important basis for securing reliable knowledge about the natural world. Shapin uses detailed historical narrative to argue about the establishment of factual knowledge both in science and in everyday practice. Accounts of the mores and manners of gentlemen-philosophers are used to illustrate Shapin's broad claim that trust is imperative for constituting every kind of knowledge. Knowledge-making is always a collective enterprise: people have to know whom to trust in order to know something about the natural world.
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The Truth Machine

In this eye-opening book, Geoffrey C Bunn unpacks the history of this device and explores the interesting and often surprising connection between technology and popular culture.

Author: Geoffrey C. Bunn

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421405308

Category: History

Page: 246

View: 752

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For centuries, all manner of truth-seekers have used the lie detector. In this eye-opening book, Geoffrey C Bunn unpacks the history of this device and explores the interesting and often surprising connection between technology and popular culture.
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History and Truth

Comprised of eight chapters, this book begins with an overview of historians' conflicting interpretations regarding the causes of the French Revolution to highlight the tendency of historians to differ in their visions of the historical ...

Author: Adam Schaff

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483279749

Category: History

Page: 278

View: 290

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History and Truth deals with the epistemological premises and the objectivity of historical truth as well as the social conditioning of historical cognition. Both the problem of the model of cognitive relationship and the problem of truth are discussed in the context of true cognition. Comprised of eight chapters, this book begins with an overview of historians' conflicting interpretations regarding the causes of the French Revolution to highlight the tendency of historians to differ in their visions of the historical process, resulting in different and sometimes even contradictory representations of one and the same fact. The discussion then turns to three models of the process of cognition (the cognitive subject, the object of cognition, and knowledge as the product of the process of cognition), as well as the concept of truth as a philosophical problem. Subsequent chapters focus on two concepts of history, namely, positivism and presentism; The class character of historical cognition; historicism and relativism; and the selection of historical facts. The book also considers why history is continuously written anew before concluding with an assessment of the objectivity of historical truth. This monograph will be of interest to students, practitioners, and researchers in the fields of history, philosophy, and the social sciences.
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The Scientific Revolution

“There was no such thing as the Scientific Revolution, and this is a book about it.” With this provocative and apparently paradoxical claim, Steven Shapin begins his bold, vibrant exploration of the origins of the modern scientific ...

Author: Steven Shapin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226398488

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 342

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“There was no such thing as the Scientific Revolution, and this is a book about it.” With this provocative and apparently paradoxical claim, Steven Shapin begins his bold, vibrant exploration of the origins of the modern scientific worldview, now updated with a new bibliographic essay featuring the latest scholarship. “An excellent book.”—Anthony Gottlieb, New York Times Book Review “Timely and highly readable. . . . A book which every scientist curious about our predecessors should read.”—Trevor Pinch, New Scientist “Shapin's account is informed, nuanced, and articulated with clarity. . . . This is not to attack or devalue science but to reveal its richness as the human endeavor that it most surely is. . . . Shapin's book is an impressive achievement.”—David C. Lindberg, Science “It's hard to believe that there could be a more accessible, informed or concise account. . . . The Scientific Revolution should be a set text in all the disciplines. And in all the indisciplines, too.”—Adam Phillips, London Review of Books
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Never Pure

This wide-ranging and intensely interdisciplinary collection by one of the most distinguished historians and sociologists of science represents some of the leading edges of change in the scholarly understanding of science over the past ...

Author: Steven Shapin

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801898617

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 335

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This wide-ranging and intensely interdisciplinary collection by one of the most distinguished historians and sociologists of science represents some of the leading edges of change in the scholarly understanding of science over the past several decades.
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The Scientific Life

But are they morally different from other people? The Scientific Life is historian Steven Shapin’s story about who scientists are, who we think they are, and why our sensibilities about such things matter.

Author: Steven Shapin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226750170

Category: Science

Page: 486

View: 508

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Who are scientists? What kind of people are they? What capacities and virtues are thought to stand behind their considerable authority? They are experts—indeed, highly respected experts—authorized to describe and interpret the natural world and widely trusted to help transform knowledge into power and profit. But are they morally different from other people? The Scientific Life is historian Steven Shapin’s story about who scientists are, who we think they are, and why our sensibilities about such things matter. Conventional wisdom has long held that scientists are neither better nor worse than anyone else, that personal virtue does not necessarily accompany technical expertise, and that scientific practice is profoundly impersonal. Shapin, however, here shows how the uncertainties attending scientific research make the virtues of individual researchers intrinsic to scientific work. From the early twentieth-century origins of corporate research laboratories to the high-flying scientific entrepreneurship of the present, Shapin argues that the radical uncertainties of much contemporary science have made personal virtues more central to its practice than ever before, and he also reveals how radically novel aspects of late modern science have unexpectedly deep historical roots. His elegantly conceived history of the scientific career and character ultimately encourages us to reconsider the very nature of the technical and moral worlds in which we now live. Building on the insights of Shapin’s last three influential books, featuring an utterly fascinating cast of characters, and brimming with bold and original claims, The Scientific Life is essential reading for anyone wanting to reflect on late modern American culture and how it has been shaped.
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Truth in History

This is a work in both the social history of professional historians, and a sociology of knowledge study of how and why a discipline surrenders the search for truth in favor of assertions of ideological purity.

Author:

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412840503

Category: History

Page: 437

View: 168

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This is a work in both the social history of professional historians, and a sociology of knowledge study of how and why a discipline surrenders the search for truth in favor of assertions of ideological purity. In a frenzied effort to cope with exaggerated claims that the study of history is the high road to statesmanship, citizenship, and good neighbors, historians struggled to innovate. Some became radicalized and threatened to tear the world apart, but the more common response was the assertion that the subject would equip citizens to solve current and future policy problems.
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Social History and Literature

This book contains the seventh annual lecture of the National Book League, delivered in 1949 by economic historian and social critic R. H. Tawney.

Author: R. H. Tawney

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107492271

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 42

View: 284

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This book contains the seventh annual lecture of the National Book League, delivered in 1949 by economic historian and social critic R. H. Tawney. Tawney concerns himself with no less a topic than the significance of great literature for the student of social history, and connects the social, historical and literary aspects of European civilization.
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History and Truth

This volume and the other new editions of Ricoeur's texts published by Northwestern University Press have joined the canon of contemporary continental philosophy and continue to contribute to emergent discussions in the twenty-first century ...

Author: Paul Ricoeur

Publisher: Northwestern University Press

ISBN: 0810105985

Category: Philosophy

Page: 333

View: 537

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Incredible originality of thought in areas as vast as phenomenology, religion, hermeneutics, psychoanalysis, intersubjectivity, language, Marxism, and structuralism has made Paul Ricoeur one of the philosophical giants of the twentieth century. The way in which Ricoeur approaches these themes makes his works relevant to the reader today: he writes with honesty and depth of insight into the core of a problem, and his ability to mark for future thought the very path of philosophical inquiry is nearly unmatched. In History and Truth, Ricoeur investigates the antinomy between history and truth, or between historicity and meaning. He argues that history has meaning insofar as it approaches universality and system but no meaning insofar as this universality violates the singularity of individuals' lives. Imposing unity upon truth, or unifying the diversity of knowledge and opinion, creates a singular and universal history but destroys historicity and subjectivity. Allowing for singularities in history promotes a multiplicity of truths over a single, unique truth and thereby annihilates system. This volume and the other new editions of Ricoeur's texts published by Northwestern University Press have joined the canon of contemporary continental philosophy and continue to contribute to emergent discussions in the twenty-first century. Book jacket.
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Pr

Traces the history of public relations as a tool born during the Industrial Revolution to counter the attacks by muckrakers, and examines how it has been used throughout American history by large corporations to manipulate public opinion

Author: Stuart Ewen

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105018387683

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 604

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Traces the history of public relations as a tool born during the Industrial Revolution to counter the attacks by muckrakers, and examines how it has been used throughout American history by large corporations to manipulate public opinion
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Shadows of War

Silence lies between forgetting and remembering. This book explores how different societies have constructed silences to enable men and women to survive and make sense of the catastrophic consequences of armed conflict.

Author: Efrat Ben-Ze’ev

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139484343

Category: History

Page:

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Silence lies between forgetting and remembering. This book explores how different societies have constructed silences to enable men and women to survive and make sense of the catastrophic consequences of armed conflict. Using a range of disciplinary approaches, it examines the silences that have followed violence in twentieth-century Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. These essays show that silence is a powerful language of remembrance and commemoration and a cultural practice with its own rules. This broad-ranging book discloses the universality of silence in the ways we think about war through examples ranging from the Spanish Civil War and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to the Armenian Genocide and South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Bringing together scholarship on varied practices in different cultures, this book breaks new ground in the vast literature on memory, and opens up new avenues of reflection and research on the lingering aftermath of war.
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A Social History of the Shona Novel

In the latter part of the book, he adopts Manichean and Fanonian psychoanalytic approaches to African fictional characters suffering inferiority and collective paranoia, and discusses how this relates to the aesthetic qualities of the ...

Author: Emmanuel Chiwome

Publisher: African Books Collective

ISBN: UOM:39015058210017

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 261

View: 982

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Shona literature now comprises 85% of literature published for schools in Zimbabwe, an indication of its significance for the understanding of the philosophical and historical base of (the understanding of) a language, people and nation. Chiwome's book argues that the productivity of Shona fiction is inseparable from the dialects of history; first colonialism, then development, and exposes colonialist notions about Shona cultural values and the implications for reading and writing the literature. He analyses Shona writers' predilections for certain genres of fiction asking why colonialism did not produce historical/committed literature, and why moralistic and fantastical modes prevail. In the latter part of the book, he adopts Manichean and Fanonian psychoanalytic approaches to African fictional characters suffering inferiority and collective paranoia, and discusses how this relates to the aesthetic qualities of the literatures of decolonisation.
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Courting Science Binding Truth

Third, it follows the case and Marston's science into the local courts where several crises in racial politics ignited simultaneously: the Red Summer of 1919; the enforcement of Jim Crow; restrictive covenants; and issues of racial identity ...

Author: Seán Tath O'Donnell

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:263686933

Category: Evidence, Expert

Page: 430

View: 100

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Third, it follows the case and Marston's science into the local courts where several crises in racial politics ignited simultaneously: the Red Summer of 1919; the enforcement of Jim Crow; restrictive covenants; and issues of racial identity in physical anthropology. Concurrently, the thesis tracks the triangulation of law-science-race, as Marston challenged the law's legitimacy by confronting the truth-telling technologies of the law: the judge; jury; cross-examination; and evidence law. Simultaneously, the thesis traces the instantiation of fear (racial/social/political) through multiple sites: the psychological body and mind; laboratory; courtroom and state. The thesis concludes by comparing the disparate treatment of scientific evidence in a case decided on the same day as Frye, Laney v. U.S. (1923). Accordingly, the thesis asserts that Frye was a "tradeoff" in the racial politics of the court and, in turn, notes the ease with which the court constructed scientific standards to meet its own social and political needs.
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Sacrificing Truth

Post - Modernism and the Social Sciences : Insights , Inroads , and Intuitions .
Princeton , N . J ... The Regime Changes and with It the Historical Interpretation .
... A Social History of Truth : Civility and Science in Seventeenth - Century
England .

Author: Nachman Ben-Yehuda

Publisher: Humanities Press International

ISBN: STANFORD:36105111761941

Category: History

Page: 275

View: 470

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History Truth in Hegel s Phenomenology

PHILOSOPHY HISTORY TRUTH IN HEGEL'S PHENOMENOLOGY THIRD EDITION MEROLD WESTPHAL ... discovery that transcendental subjectivity has a social history and that ...

Author: Merold Westphal

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253212219

Category: Philosophy

Page: 233

View: 464

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"This fairly small book must take its place as the best introductory study of Hegel's ÂPhenomenology available." —Philosophy and Phenomenological Research "Westphal's book is a comprehensive guide to the argument of the entire phenomenology.... will repay close study by serious undergraduate and graduate students of philosophy." —Choice This detailed interpretation of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit seeks to show that the unity of this classic work may be found in the integration of its transcendental and sociological-historical themes.
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Scottish Economic Social History

General Economic and Social History ; Methodology and Historiography ABBOT ,
A. and FORREST , J. ' Optimal ... BECKER , H.S. Writing for Social Scientists ,
Chicago , University of Chicago Press . ... McNEIL , W.H. ' Mythistory or Truth .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3660840

Category: Scotland

Page:

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Telling the Truth about History

Criticizes popular approaches to history, argues that it is worthwhile to pursue historical fact, and shows how to incorporate the overlooked roles of women and minorities when recreating the past

Author: Joyce Oldham Appleby

Publisher: W W Norton & Company Incorporated

ISBN: 0393036154

Category: History

Page: 322

View: 486

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Criticizes popular approaches to history, argues that it is worthwhile to pursue historical fact, and shows how to incorporate the overlooked roles of women and minorities when recreating the past
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Objectivity in the Making

cault commits himself to the examination of the “ infinitesimal mechanisms ” of
power ( 99 ) and “ discourses of truth ” ( 93 ) ... Press , 1994 ) ; and Stephen
Shapin , A Social History of Truth : Civility and Science in Seventeenth Century
England ...

Author: Julie Robin Solomon

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015040143953

Category: Philosophy

Page: 321

View: 694

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In Objectivity in the Making Julie Robin Solomon describes how disinterestedness became a dominant principle of intellectual modernity by examining Bacon's notion of scientific self-distancing against the background of early modern political ideology, socioeconomic behavior, and traditions of learning. Solomon places Bacon between two cultures - Jacobean monarchical mercantilism and the self-distancing strategies of early-seventeenth-century traders and travelers. She shows that - by virtue of his prominent political position within the Jacobean court, familiarity with prevailing commercial practices, and humanistic learning - he made signal contributions to natural philosophy. While arguing how much the rise of scientific objectivity owed to sociohistorical circumstances, Solomon nonetheless challenges the single-minded reliance upon the explanatory power of social-construction theory within the context of literary and cultural studies of science.
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