“Masterful...An indispensable warning for our own time.” —Samuel Moyn “Magisterial...Covers this dark history with insight and skill...A major intervention into our understanding of 20th-century Europe and the lessons we ought to take away from its history.” —The Nation For much of the last century, Europe was haunted by a threat of its own imagining: Judeo-Bolshevism. The belief that Communism was a Jewish plot to destroy the nations of Europe took hold during the Russian Revolution and quickly spread. During World War II, fears of a Judeo-Bolshevik conspiracy were fanned by the fascists and sparked a genocide. But the myth did not die with the end of Nazi Germany. A Specter Haunting Europe shows that this paranoid fantasy persists today in the toxic politics of revitalized right-wing nationalism. “It is both salutary and depressing to be reminded of how enduring the trope of an exploitative global Jewish conspiracy against pure, humble, and selfless nationalists really is...A century after the end of the first world war, we have, it seems, learned very little.” —Mark Mazower, Financial Times “From the start, the fantasy held that an alien element—the Jews—aimed to subvert the cultural values and national identities of Western societies...The writers, politicians, and shills whose poisonous ideas he exhumes have many contemporary admirers.” —Robert Legvold, Foreign Affairs
When the Tharauds went to Budapest in 1920, Europe's governments were obsessed with the threat of Communist revolution. ... faith but transformed its messianic ideals into a new and destructive ideology, which 276 A SPECTER HAUNTING EUROPE.
Author: Paul Hanebrink
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Category: Social Science
Departing from established structuralist or psychological approaches to the fantastic, Jos Monlecn offers an ideological reading of this literary product of mass culture. In an exploration of the origins and development of the fantastic, Monlecn traces the relation of reason to unreason in light of three distinct events that influenced capitalist thinking: the French Revolution, the uprisings of 1848, and the Bolshevik Revolution. The fantastic, Monlecn argues, reflected social tensions and produced a cultural space in which to appropriate fears brought on by the revolutions--to tame the "specter" mentioned by Marx and Engels in The Communist Manifesto. At the same time the fantastic helped carve in Europe a defense of order through the introduction of unreason as a viable discourse. Monlecn pays particular attention to the development of the fantastic in Spain, whose unique economic and cultural conditions form a distinct background against which to test his paradigm for the development of the genre in the rest of Europe. This study touches upon a wide range of works, including those by Bcquer, BazNBn, Galdcs, Alarccn, Maupassant, Shelley, Poe, and James, as well as etchings by Goya. Originally published in 1990. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions.
Author: José B. Monleón
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels (Edited by). Work that requires a footprint of historical events after the middle of the XIX century began: "A specter is haunting Europe - this is the specter of communism!" On February 21, 1848 appeared the first edition of the "Communist Manifesto," printed in London. The world is no longer how to be the same after his release because of the ideas that underpin it. In the middle of the XIX century in Europe boiling Industrial Revolution. But to increase productivity and help people in their work, the new machines have a catalyst of purely human processes, so it is not surprising that at this moment is reborn and the ideology of communism, seeking solution to the acute problem of segregation in society . Marx and Engels are just philosophers and economists professing communist ideals that we call communists bad habit. Their work has been reprinted several times, is translated into all the languages in the world and is essentially a treatise on the status of economic and social relations in bourgeois societies, in addition, offers an alternative to imposing - just social existence. Manifesto comparisons between utopian socialism and communism, consider and criticize the conservative bourgeois socialism, it also outlines the ways in which the proletariat should take power, as in the steps that would have to pass such a social revolution, formulated exactly. From the standpoint of Marx and Engels, as ideologues of communism, the Socialists in the opposing camp. This means the pages on the manifesto. "Communist Manifesto" is considered one of the most - significant political philosophical works. Countries that follow Marxist ideology Significant repression against its population and foreign, giving rise to the use of the term "Communism" in a negative sense. Today many scholars and analysts recognize the correctness of Marx's future socio - economic relations.
Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels (Edited by). Work that requires a footprint of historical events after the middle of the XIX century began:"A specter is haunting Europe - this is the specter of communism!
Author: Karl Marx
Category: Political Science
A specter is haunting Europe: The book about wealth, work, and society that revolutionized economic and political thought. In 1848, as revolutionary uprisings were spreading across Europe, a document was drawn up that viewed history in a new way—through the lens of class struggle. Arguing that power and wealth had always been concentrated in the hands of the few, who exploited the labor of the many, The Communist Manifesto examined the relationships between owners and workers, the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, and argued that capitalism contained the seeds of its own eventual destruction. The manifesto would go on to become one of the most influential works in modern history—its core ideas still discussed and debated today as governments rise and fall, and individuals and organizations continue to strive for solutions to the problem of the haves versus the have-nots.
A specter is haunting Europe: The book about wealth, work, and society that revolutionized economic and political thought.
Author: Karl Marx
Publisher: Open Road Media
Category: Political Science
In 1848, Karl Marx declared that a communist specter was haunting Europe. In 1994, Jacques Derrida considered how the specter of Marx would haunt the post-Cold War world. In Specters of Revolt Gilman-Opalsky argues that the world is haunted by revolt, by the possibility of events that interrupt and disrupt the world, that throw its reality and justice into question. But recent revolt is neither decisively communist nor decisively Marxist. Gilman-Opalsky develops a theory of revolt that accounts for its diverse critical content about autonomy, everyday life, anxiety, experience, knowledge, and possibility. The 1994 uprising of the Mexican Zapatistas set the stage for new forms of revolt against a newly expanded power of capital. In the 20 years since, on up through the recent phase of global uprisings that began in 2008 with the Greek revolts, insurrection has spoken in the "Arab Spring", in Spain, Turkey, Brazil, and in the U.S. in Occupy Wall Street, Ferguson, and Baltimore, among other places. In light of recent global uprisings, Gilman-Opalsky aims to move beyond the critical theory of revolt to an understanding of revolt as theory itself. Making use of diverse sources from Raoul Vaneigem and Felix Guattari to Julia Kristeva and Raya Dunayevskaya, Specters of Revolt explores upheaval as thinking, the intellect of insurrection, and philosophy from below.
In Specters of Revolt Gilman-Opalsky argues that the world is haunted by revolt, by the possibility of events that interrupt and disrupt the world, that throw its reality and justice into question.
Author: Richard Gilman-Opalsky
Publisher: Duncan Baird Publishers
If you love world history especially the history of the working class, you won't be able to miss this manifesto. This book brings a compelling look at the historical heart of the movement today. The Manifesto opens with the dramatic words: "A specter is haunting Europe-the specter of communism" and ends by declaring: "The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win. Workers of the world, unite!"
If you love world history especially the history of the working class, you won't be able to miss this manifesto. This book brings a compelling look at the historical heart of the movement today.
Author: Rosita Grigorov
The history of all previous societies has been the history of class struggles.The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it.The last capitalist we hang shall be the one who sold us the rope.History repeats itself, first as tragedy, second as farce.There is a specter haunting Europe, the specter of Communism.Men make their own history, but they do not make it as they please.Last words are for fools who haven't said enough.Revolutions are the locomotives of history.The production of too many useful things results in too many useless people.Workers of the world unite; you have nothing to lose but your chains.
The history of all previous societies has been the history of class struggles.The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways.
Author: Lilith Regan
FINALIST FOR THE NATIONAL JEWISH BOOK AWARD * SHORTLISTED FOR THE LIONEL GELBER PRIZE “The mass killings of Jews from 1918 to 1921 are a bridge between local pogroms and the extermination of the Holocaust. No history of that Jewish catastrophe comes close to the virtuosity of research, clarity of prose, and power of analysis of this extraordinary book. As the horror of events yields to empathetic understanding, the reader is grateful to Veidlinger for reminding us what history can do.” —Timothy Snyder, author of Bloodlands Between 1918 and 1921, over a hundred thousand Jews were murdered in Ukraine by peasants, townsmen, and soldiers who blamed the Jews for the turmoil of the Russian Revolution. In hundreds of separate incidents, ordinary people robbed their Jewish neighbors with impunity, burned down their houses, ripped apart their Torah scrolls, sexually assaulted them, and killed them. Largely forgotten today, these pogroms—ethnic riots—dominated headlines and international affairs in their time. Aid workers warned that six million Jews were in danger of complete extermination. Twenty years later, these dire predictions would come true. Drawing upon long-neglected archival materials, including thousands of newly discovered witness testimonies, trial records, and official orders, acclaimed historian Jeffrey Veidlinger shows for the first time how this wave of genocidal violence created the conditions for the Holocaust. Through stories of survivors, perpetrators, aid workers, and governmental officials, he explains how so many different groups of people came to the same conclusion: that killing Jews was an acceptable response to their various problems. In riveting prose, In the Midst of Civilized Europe repositions the pogroms as a defining moment of the twentieth century.
See also Hanebrink, A Specter Haunting Europe. 72. See Pravda, January 5, 1919, for instance. 73. Cited in Robert Gerwarth, The Vanquished: Why the First World War Failed to End, 1917–1923 (London: Allen Lane, 2016), 129.
Author: Jeffrey Veidlinger
Publisher: Metropolitan Books
Quotes... Vol.2 This book provides a selected collection of 200 quotes by Karl Marx. "The oppressed are allowed once every few years to decide which particular representatives of the oppressing class are to represent and repress them." "There is a specter haunting Europe, the specter of Communism." "It is not the consciousness of men that determines their beeing, but on the contrary, it is their social being that determines their consciousness." By The Secret Libraries
Quotes... Vol.2 This book provides a selected collection of 200 quotes by Karl Marx. "The oppressed are allowed once every few years to decide which particular representatives of the oppressing class are to represent and repress them.
Author: Karl Marx
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
"Red Seminars is a collection of essays about the crisis of capitalism and democracy and its impact on education. A steadfast proponent of collective scholarship, renowned critical educator Peter McLaren is partnered in this volume with a new generation of radical scholars. The result is a timely study that moves critical pedagogy into new and urgent directions."--BOOK JACKET.
HAUNTING AND TALKING TO SPECTERS In The Communist Manifesto (1848), Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels write that "the specter" of communism is haunting Europe: 148 years later, Jacques Derrida (1996) defines the term "specter" as the ...
Author: Peter McLaren
Publisher: Hampton Press (NJ)
Category: Communism and education