Advanced Materials from Bio based Feedstocks

This book presents recent developments in the research, manufacture and application of advanced materials from bio-based feedstocks.

Author: Andrew. J Hunt

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 1119655722

Category: Science

Page: 400

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This book presents recent developments in the research, manufacture and application of advanced materials from bio-based feedstocks. Focusing not only on bio-based polymers, but also on inorganic components of biomass and conversion of biomass to advanced materials, the wealth of potential offered by such systems is illuminated. The structural properties of materials are correlated with various real life applications such as use in medicine (as tissue scaffolds or drug delivery), in construction (for greener pavements or buildings), in synthesis (as catalysts or solvents), in energy storage (for batteries or supercapacitors), in agriculture (for slow release fertilizers or remediation), and in food (packaging materials and nutrient delivery). This book targets many such applications and presents deep insights into the materials production, properties and performance. Topics covered include: • Advanced materials for chemistry: • Biomass to medical devices • Advanced bio-based inorganic materials • Advanced bio-based materials for energy storage applications • From farm to advanced materials
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Green and Sustainable Manufacturing of Advanced Material

For example, many traditional polymers are now being made fully or in part using bio-based raw material feedstocks; these include polyurethane, polyolefins, polyethylene terephthalate, nylon, and polylactic acid.

Author: Mrityunjay Singh

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780124115262

Category: Medical

Page: 688

View: 628

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Sustainable development is a globally recognized mandate and it includes green or environment-friendly manufacturing practices. Such practices orchestrate with the self-healing and self-replenishing capability of natural ecosystems. Green manufacturing encompasses synthesis, processing, fabrication, and process optimization, but also testing, performance evaluation and reliability. The book shall serve as a comprehensive and authoritative resource on sustainable manufacturing of ceramics, metals and their composites. It is designed to capture the diversity and unity of methods and approaches to materials processing, manufacturing, testing and evaluation across disciplines and length scales. Each chapter incorporates in-depth technical information without compromising the delicate link between factual data and fundamental concepts or between theory and practice. Green and sustainable materials processing and manufacturing is designed as a key enabler of sustainable development. A one-stop compendium of new research and technology of green manufacturing of metals, ceramics and their composites In-depth cutting-edge treatment of synthesis, processing, fabrication, process optimization, testing, performance evaluation and reliability which are of critical importance to green manufacturing Stimulates fresh thinking and exchange of ideas and information on approaches to green materials processing across disciplines
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Green and Sustainable Advanced Materials

M. Hariram1, P. Vishnukumar1, 2 and S. Vivekanandhan1* 1Sustainable Materials and Nanotechnology Lab (SMNL), ... led to the global exploration of new materials and processes by employing biobased materials as the feedstock/precursor.

Author: Shakeel Ahmed

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119407379

Category: Science

Page: 378

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Sustainable development is a very prevalent concept of modern society. This concept has appeared as a critical force in combining a special focus on development and growth by maintaining a balance of using human resources and the ecosystem in which we are living. The development of new and advanced materials is one of the powerful examples in establishing this concept. Green and sustainable advanced materials are the newly synthesized material or existing modified material having superior and special properties. These fulfil today’s growing demand for equipment, machines and devices with better quality for an extensive range of applications in various sectors such as paper, biomedical, textile, and much more. Volume 1 gives overviews on a variety of topics of characterization of green and sustainable advanced materials including biopolymers, biocomposites, nanomaterials, polymeric materials, green functional textiles materials and hybrid materials, as well as processing chapters on the design and process aspects of nanofabrication.
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Biobased Industrial Products

Research and Commercialization Priorities Committee on Biobased Industrial Products, Commission on Life Sciences, ... Many new products in this market will be high-value materials that cannot be produced from petroleum feedstocks. and ...

Author: Committee on Biobased Industrial Products

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309521857

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 134

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Petroleum-based industrial products have gradually replaced products derived from biological materials. However, biologically based products are making a comeback--because of a threefold increase in farm productivity and new technologies. Biobased Industrial Products envisions a biobased industrial future, where starch will be used to make biopolymers and vegetable oils will become a routine component in lubricants and detergents. Biobased Industrial Products overviews the U.S. land resources available for agricultural production, summarizes plant materials currently produced, and describes prospects for increasing varieties and yields. The committee discusses the concept of the biorefinery and outlines proven and potential thermal, mechanical, and chemical technologies for conversion of natural resources to industrial applications. The committee also illustrates the developmental dynamics of biobased products through existing examples, as well as products still on the drawing board, and it identifies priorities for research and development.
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Lignocellulosic Biomass in Biotechnology

Production. of. biobased. materials. from. lignocellulosic. biomass. Chapter outline 168 168 10.1 Chemicals from lignocellulosic biomass 10.2 From carbohydrates 10.3 From lignin 10.4 Advanced materials References .

Author: Pratima Bajpai

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128219065

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 248

View: 151

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Lignocellulosic Biomass in Biotechnology highlights significant aspects of lignocellulose biotechnology, demonstrating its potential value from an application perspective. Sections cover the physico-chemical characteristics of lignocellulosic biomass, the physical and structural properties of hemicelluloses, celluloses and lignin, sources of lignocellulosic biomass , microorganisms and their lignocellulytic enzymes, enzymatic degradation of lignocellulosic biomass, regulation of cell-wall degrading enzymes, barriers to lignocellulose biodegradation, biotechnological importance of lignocellulosic biomass, lignocellulosic pretreatment techniques, bioprocessing of lignocellulosic biomass, lignocellulosic biomass pretreatment methods, valuable chemicals and products, techno-economic evaluation and future perspectives. This book answers questions surrounding the biotechnology of lignocelluloses. It is ideal for both students and professionals in the industry supply chain. It also provides a reference for researchers and administrators engaged in the utilization and industrial development of agricultural resources. Presents recent advances in the processing of lignocellulosic biomass Highlights significant aspects of lignocelluloses biotechnology, with an emphasis on its potential value from an application perspective Looks at the cost of enzymes and the potential of modern approaches that could be employed to reduce the cost Summarizes the new achievements that have emerged in the biotechnology of lignocelluloses in recent years Discusses a wide range of topics related to the fundamental and applied aspects of lignocellulose utilization, processing and biotechnological applications
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Biobased Products and Industries

05/ 2017e11/ 2020 09/ 2017e 02/ 2021 05/ 2017eTABLE 1.3 Projects funded through the Bio-Based Industries Joint ... Wood- and cereal-based feedstocks Research & Innovation Action Innovative structured polysaccharidesbased materials for ...

Author: Charis M. Galanakis

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128201534

Category: Science

Page: 434

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Biobased Products and Industries fills the gap between academia and industry by covering all the important aspects of biobased products and their relevant industries in one single reference. Highlighting different perspectives of the bioeconomy, EU relevant projects, as well as the environmental impact of biobased materials and sustainability, the book covers biobased polymers, plastics, nanocomposites, packaging materials, electric devices, biofuels, textiles, consumer goods, and biocatalysis for the decarboxylation and decarboxylation of biobased molecules, including biobased products from alternative sources (algae) and the biobased production of chemicals through metabolic engineering. Focusing on the most recent advances in the field, the book also analyzes the potentiality of already commercialized processes and products. Highlights the important aspects of biobased products as well as their relevant industries in one single reference Focuses on the most recent advances in the field, analyzing the potentiality of already commercialized processes and products Provides an ideal resource for anyone dealing with bioresource technology, biomass valorization and new products development
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Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations for 1995

Continue to recycling of thermosets and transfer to develop btobased materials for improved other programs for pilot plant properties and improved utilization of demonstration . Continue biobased renewable feed stocks .

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Department of the Interior and Related Agencies

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000088193010

Category: United States

Page:

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Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations for 1995 Justification of the budget estimates Office of the Secretary

( TBD ) ( 50 ) INVESTMENT / EPACT : Advanced Materials INVESTMENT / EPACT : Advanced Materials Initiative : Begin ... Continue to recycling of thermosets and transfer to develop biobased materials for improved other programs for pilot ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Department of the Interior and Related Agencies

Publisher:

ISBN: 0160440114

Category: Government publications

Page:

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Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials Structure and Chemistry

The Handbook comprises 169 chapters from world renowned experts covering a multitude of natural polymers/ reinforcement/ fillers and biodegradable materials. Volume 1 is solely focused on the Structure and Chemistry of renewable materials.

Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119224259

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 570

View: 778

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The Handbook of Composites From Renewable Materials comprises a set of 8 individual volumes that brings an interdisciplinary perspective to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between the synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications and performance of these advanced materials. The handbook covers a multitude of natural polymers/ reinforcement/ fillers and biodegradable materials. Together, the 8 volumes total at least 5000 pages and offers a unique publication. Volume 1 is solely focused on the Structure and Chemistry of renewable materials. Some of the important topics include but not limited to: carbon fibers from sustainable resources; polylactic acid composites and composite foams based on natural fibres; composites materials from other than cellulosic resources; microcrystalline cellulose and related polymer composites; tannin-based foam; renewable feedstock vanillin derived polymer and composites; silk biocomposites; bio-derived adhesives and matrix polymers; biomass based formaldehyde-free bio-resin ; isolation and characterization of water soluble polysaccharide; bio-based fillers; keratin based materials in biotechnology; structure of proteins adsorbed onto bioactive glasses for sustainable composite; effect of filler properties on the antioxidant response of starch composites; composite of chitosan and its derivate; magnetic biochar from discarded agricultural biomass; biodegradable polymers for protein and peptide conjugation; polyurethanes and polyurethane composites from bio-based / recycled components.
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Countdown to Kyoto Parts I III

Technologies such as catalysts , membranes for separations , and bio - derived materials are already in the marketplace ... intensive distillation separations or new process introduction using bio - based feedstocks ) or enhancements in ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Energy and Environment

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000032145410

Category: Air

Page:

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Biomass Biopolymer Based Materials and Bioenergy

By introducing these topics, the book highlights a totally new research theme in biopolymer-based composite materials and bioenergy.

Author: Deepak Verma

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 9780081024270

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 558

View: 738

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Biomass, Biopolymer-Based Materials and Bioenergy: Construction, Biomedical and Other Industrial Applications covers a broad range of material types, including natural fiber reinforced polymer composites, particulate composites, fiberboard, wood fiber composites, and plywood composite that utilize natural, renewable and biodegradable agricultural biomass. In terms of bioenergy, the authors explore not only the well-known processing methods of biofuels, but also the kinetics of biofuels production pathways, a techno-economic analysis on biomass gasification, and biomass gasification with further upgrading into diesel additives and hybrid renewable energy systems for power generation. Further chapters discuss advanced techniques for the development of biomass-based composites, biopolymer-based composites, biomass gasification, thermal kinetic design and techno-economic analysis of biomass gasification. By introducing these topics, the book highlights a totally new research theme in biopolymer-based composite materials and bioenergy. Covers a broad range of different research fields, including biopolymer and natural fiber reinforcement used in the development of composites Demonstrates key research themes in materials science and engineering, including materials processing, polymer science, biofuel processing, and thermal and kinetic studies Presents valuable information for those working in research and development departments, and for graduate students (Masters and PhDs)
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H R 2819 Biomass Research and Development Act of 1999 and H R 2827 National Sustainable Fuels and Chemicals Act of 1999

88 BIOBASED INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS A VISION FOR THE FUTURE The Committee has described circumstances that it believes ... Many new products in this market will be high - value materials that cannot be produced from petroleum feedstocks .

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Energy and Environment

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000047023352

Category: Biomass energy

Page: 954

View: 559

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Policies for a Carbon Neutral Industry in the Netherlands

The Top consortium for Knowledge and Innovation Biobased Economy (TKI-BBE) is strengthening research and ... invest in renewable separation technology and new techniques for biotic raw materials (bio-based feedstock) (Ministry of ...

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264722385

Category:

Page: 360

View: 975

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This report presents a comprehensive assessment of the policy instruments adopted by the Netherlands to reach carbon neutrality in its manufacturing sector by 2050. The analysis illustrates the strength of combining a strong commitment to raising carbon prices with ambitious technology support, uncovers the pervasiveness of competitiveness provisions, and highlights the trade-off between short-term emissions cuts and longer-term technology shift.
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Processing Technology for Bio Based Polymers

[113] Hong J, Radojčić D, Ionescu M, Petrović ZS, Eastwood E. Advanced materials from corn: isosorbide-based epoxy ... [116] Qin J, Liu H, Zhang P, Wolcott M, Zhang J. Use of eugenol and rosin as feedstocks for biobased epoxy resins and ...

Author: Khalid Mahmood Zia

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323858199

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 142

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Processing Technology for Bio-Based Polymers: Advanced Strategies and Practical Aspects brings together the latest advances and novel technologies surrounding the synthesis and manufacture of biopolymers, ranging from bio-based polymers to synthetic polymers from bio-derived monomers. Sections examine bio-based polymer chemistry, discuss polymerization process and emerging design technologies, cover manufacturing and processing approaches, explain cutting-edge approaches and innovative applications, and focus on biomedicals and other key application areas. Final chapters provide detailed discussion and an analysis of economic and environmental concerns, practical considerations, challenges, opportunities and future trends. This is a valuable resource for researchers, scientists and advanced students in polymer science, bio-based materials, nanomaterials, plastics engineering, biomaterials, chemistry, biotechnology, and materials science and engineering, as well as R&D professionals, engineers and industrialists interested in the development of biopolymers for advanced products and applications. Focuses on the processing of bio-based polymers, covering both traditional methods and innovative new approaches Offers novel opportunities and ideas for developing or improving technologies for biopolymer research, preparation and application Examines other key considerations, including reliability and end product, economic concerns, and environmental and lifecycle aspects
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Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations for 1996

I !! Materials and Metals Processing ( Cont'd ) Program Activity FY 1994 FY 1995 FY 1996 Advanced Materials ( Cont d ) ... biobased materials for improved utilization of renewable feed stocks ( NREL ) ( $ 700 ) LIGHWEIGHT AND BIOBASED ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Department of the Interior and Related Agencies

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000088139542

Category: United States

Page:

View: 620

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Twenty Second Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals

In addition to the scientific challenge in expanding the use of biobased feedstocks, we must ensure a solid economic base for the new materials and/or new technologies. These dual challenges will require considerable research and much ...

Author: Brian H. Davison

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461202172

Category: Science

Page: 797

View: 484

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Lysts using enzyme, microbial, and plantbiochemistriesand genetic engi neeringand "ProcessingResearch" describedtheconversionofplantcom ponentsviaintegrationofmicrobiology,biochemistry,andchemistrywith engineering, separations, and hybrid systems. The "Enzymatic Processes and Enzyme Production" session focused on the manufacture and use of enzymes. The"IndustrialChemicals"sessionemphasizedrecentdevelop mentsintheintegratedproductionandscale-upofchemicalsfrombiologi cal rather than petrochemical routes. Special interest was on separation methods and their integrationintonew fermentation orhybrid processes. 35 oral presentations, a roundtable The technical program consisted of forum, two special topic discussions, and a poster session of 135 posters. Wecontinuedasuccessfulinformalroundtableserieswith"Bioenergy and Bioproducts: Forum on Recent Government Initiatives," which dis cussedthePresident'sExecutiveOrder, the BioenergyInitiative, the Tech nology Roadmap for Renewables Vision 2020, and other thrusts. These eventscontinuethe strongindustrial focus and activeindustrialparticipa tionintheorganizingcommittee. Thishasbecomeverypopularbecauseit allows industrialand government participants to speakmore openly. AspecialTopicsDiscussionGroupwasheldon"C0 Sequestration," 2 ledby James W. Lee. Another onwas held on "Commercializationof Bio mass-to-Ethanol" where chairs Jack N. Saddler and David J. Gregg made thegoal ofthisworkshop to showparticipantsthatweare close to demon stratingthe technicalviability ofanintegratedbiomass-to-ethanolprocess and that progressive technical advances and policy decisions will likely greatly enhance the economic attractiveness of the process.
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The Handbook of Global Agricultural Markets

1.6 Bio-based economy19 Agriculture is playing an increasingly important role in the bio-based economy, providing feedstocks for the production of liquid fuels, chemicals, and advanced materials, such as natural fiber composites for ...

Author: L. Nijs

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137302342

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 585

View: 324

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This book is a one-stop reference for practitioners and academics in finance, business and economics, providing a holistic reference to the international agriculture business. It takes a multidisciplinary approach, looking at the issues, opportunities and investable themes in the global agricultural space, combining research and practical tools.
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Handbook on Synthesis Strategies for Advanced Materials

Lately, 'greener' approaches viz. use of renewable feedstocks, solvent engineering, etc. have also become an integral part of materials advancement. As a result, several bio-based 'green' materials, bio-fuel, materials for drug-delivery ...

Author: A. K. Tyagi

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811618079

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 682

View: 108

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This book presents state-of-the-art coverage of synthesis of advanced functional materials. Unconventional synthetic routes play an important role in the synthesis of advanced materials as many new materials are metastable and cannot be synthesized by conventional methods. This book presents various synthesis methods such as conventional solid-state method, combustion method, a range of soft chemical methods, template synthesis, molecular precursor method, microwave synthesis, sono-chemical method and high-pressure synthesis. It provides a comprehensive overview of synthesis methods and covers a variety of materials, including ceramics, films, glass, carbon-based, and metallic materials. Many techniques for processing and surface functionalization are also discussed. Several engineering aspects of materials synthesis are also included. The contents of this book are useful for researchers and professionals working in the areas of materials and chemistry.
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Advanced Green Composites

Biobased alternatives with the potential for imparting FR characteristics are classified and described based on their ... Finally, the limitations of natural materials including consistency of feedstock as well as thermo-oxidative ...

Author: Anil N. Netravali

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119323709

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 983

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Most composites, particularly those made using thermoset resins, cannot be recycled or reused. As a result, most of them end up in landfills at the end of their useful life which is neither sustainable nor environment-friendly. Various laws enacted by Governments around the world and heightened global awareness about sustainability and global warming is changing this situation. Significant research is being conducted in developing and utilizing sustainable fibers and resins, mostly derived from plant, to fabricate ‘Green’ composites. The significant progress in the past 20 or so years in this field has led to the development of green composites with high strength or so called Advanced Green Composites. More interestingly, green composites have also acquired various different properties such as fire resistance, transparency, barrier to gases and others. The term ‘advanced’ which only included high strength and stiffness now includes all these special properties. The world is on the cusp of a major change, and once fully developed, such composites could be used in applications ranging from automobiles to sporting goods, from circuit boards to housing and from furniture to packaging. This book, by presenting the state-of-the-art developments in many aspects of advanced green composites adds significantly to the knowledge base that is critical for their success of expanding their use in applications never seen before. The chapters are written by world’s leading researchers and present in-depth information in a simple way. This provides readers and researchers the latest developments in the field of ‘Green’ resins (with ways of strengthening them), High Strength Green Fibers (including micro and nano-cellulose fibrils/fibers) and Green Composites in the first few chapters. The introductory chapter summarizes the consequences of using conventional, petroleum-based materials and the need for green composites as well as the progress being made in this field. After that the book delves in to Advanced Green Composites in a broader sense and includes chapters on High Strength Green Composites, Self-healing Green Composites, Transparent Green Composites, All-cellulose composites, Toughened Green Composites, Green Biofoams, Bioinspired Shape Memory Composites, etc. The chapters are written by the experts who are highly respected in their fields.
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