Advances in Geosciences and the Built Environment

The collection of topics in this book aims to reflect the diversity of recent advances in geosciences and built environment with a broad perspective which may be useful for scientists as well as for graduate students and engineers.

Author: A. K. Haghi

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: CHI:092316633

Category: Science

Page: 194

View: 623

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The collection of topics in this book aims to reflect the diversity of recent advances in geosciences and built environment with a broad perspective which may be useful for scientists as well as for graduate students and engineers. This book presents leading-edge research from around the world in this dynamic field which is relevant and valuable to the whole the geoscience and built environment community and serve to both define and advance state of geocomputing. Diverse topics on geosciences and built environment published in this book are the original works of some of the brightest and well-known scientists from: University of Sheffield (UK), University of Aberdeen (UK) , Heriot-Watt University (UK), University of Padua (Italy), Manchester Metropolitan University (UK), University of Guilan (Iran), University of Bradford (UK), Northwest Hydraulic Consultants Inc., West Sacramento, California (USA), University of Glasgow(UK).
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Advances in Geosciences

YALI E. WOYESSA School of Civil Engineering and Built Environment Central University of Technology, Free State Private Bag X20539 Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa WORKU A. WELDERUFAEL School of Civil Engineering and Built Environment ...

Author: Kenji Satake

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814405706

Category: Science

Page: 156

View: 335

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This invaluable volume set of Advances in Geosciences continues the excellent tradition of the Asia-Oceania scientific community in providing the most up-to-date research results on a wide range of geosciences and environmental science. The information is vital to the understanding of the effects of climate change and extreme weather on the most populated regions and fastest moving economies in the world. Besides, these volumes also highlight original papers from many prestigious research institutions which are conducting cutting edge studies in atmospheric physics, hydrogical science and water resource, ocean science and coastal study, planetary exploration and solar system science, seismology, tsunamis, upper atmospheric physics and space science.
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Advances in Geosciences

YALI E. WOYESSA School of Civil Engineering and Built Environment Central University of Technology, Free State Private Bag X20539 Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa WORKU A. WELDERUFAEL School of Civil Engineering and Built Environment ...

Author: Kenji Satake

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814405720

Category:

Page: 172

View: 542

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This invaluable volume set of "Advances in Geosciences" continues the excellent tradition of the Asia-Oceania scientific community in providing the most up-to-date research results on a wide range of geosciences and environmental science. The information is vital to the understanding of the effects of climate change and extreme weather on the most populated regions and fastest moving economies in the world. Besides, these volumes also highlight original papers from many prestigious research institutions which are conducting cutting edge studies in atmospheric physics, hydrogical science and water resource, ocean science and coastal study, planetary exploration and solar system science, seismology, tsunamis, upper atmospheric physics and space science.Contents: Support Vector Machine-Based Model for Daily Evaporation Estimation "(Gwo-Fong Lin and Hsuan-Yu Lin)" Rainfall Forecast with Ensemble Performance of Translation Model and Numerical Weather Prediction "(Ngoc Son Nguyen, Shan He, Srivatsan V Raghavan, Chi Dung Doan and Shie-Yui Liong)" Impact of Climate Variability and Change on Crop Water Consumption "(Chavalit Chaleeraktrakoon and Surasit Punyawansiri)" Climate Change and Socio-Hydrological Dynamics: Adaptations and Feedbacks "(Yali E Woyessa and Worku A Welderufael)" Towards River Rehabilitation as an Integrated Approach to Flood Management in Asian Cities "(David L Higgitt)" Flow Structure and Erosion Supress by Vegetation in Overflow on Levees "(Motoyasu Sato, Takeshi Note, Akira Mano and Keiko Udo)" Auto-Calibration by Evolutionary Algorithm in Decision Support System for Flood Warning "(Jongkon Chongwilaikasem, Suwatana Chittaladakorn and Sompop Sucharit)" Decision Support for Periodical Optimum of Water Delivery from Reservoir by Decision Tree "(Eakawit Jornpradit and Suwatana Chittaladakorn)" Decision Support System for Coastal Protection Layout Design (DSS4CPD) Using Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Multicriteria Analysis (MCA) "(Phinai Jinchai and Suwatana Chittaladakorn)" Decision Support System for Water Supply Planning "(Chatree Ruangthanunrak and Suwatana Chittaladakorn)" Three-Source Dynamical Model for Estimating Parameters for Irregularly Spouting Geysers Induced by Gas Inflow "(Hiroyuki Kagami)" Readership: Atmospheric scientists, meteorologists, climatologists, atmospheric chemists and physical oceanographers, astronomers, planetary scientists, geophysicists, and geologists.
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Advances in Geosciences

18: Ocean Science (2008) Eds. Jianping Gan et al. c World Scientific Publishing Company DYNAMIC TSUNAMI GENERATION PROCESS OBSERVED IN THE 2003 TOKACHI-OKI, JAPAN, EARTHQUAKE TATSUO OHMACHI Department of Built Environment, ...

Author: Jianping Gan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812838131

Category: Science

Page: 231

View: 802

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This invaluable volume set of Advances in Geosciences continues the excellent tradition of the Asia-Oceania scientific community in providing the most up-to-date research results on a wide range of geosciences and environmental science. This information will be vital to the understanding the effects of climate change, extreme weathers on the most populated region and fastest moving economies in the world. Besides reviews, these volumes contain original papers from many prestigious research institutions which are doing cutting edge study in atmospheric physics, hydrological science and water resource, ocean science and coastal study, planetary exploration and solar system science, seismology, tsunamis, upper atmospheric physics and space science.
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Advances in Geosciences

Because specially treated plywood was on the market and accepted by state building codes, even foundations could be ... to consider the entire built environment — the block, the neighborhood, and the community as a whole; the streets, ...

Author: Wing-Huen Ip

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814479608

Category:

Page: 272

View: 631

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Advances in Geosciences is the result of a concerted effort in bringing the latest results and planning activities related to earth and space science in Asia and the international arena. The volume editors are all leading scientists in their research fields covering five sections: Solid Earth (SE), Solar Terrestrial (ST), Planetary Science (PS), Hydrological Science (HS), and Oceans and Atmospheres (OA). The main purpose is to highlight the scientific issues essential to the study of earthquakes, tsunamis, climate change, drought, flood, typhoons, space weathers, and planetary exploration. This volume is abstracted in NASA's Astrophysics Data System: http://ads.harvard.edu Contents:Volume 1: Solid Earth (SE) Source Process of the 2004 Sumatra–Andaman Earthquake (L S XU & Y T Chen)Fuzzy Logic Model for Multi-Reservoir Operation (S Mohan & M A Prasad)Test of Inner Core Super Rotation Using Gravity Variation (W Shen & J Ning)The Earth-Mantle Model Using a Seismogram Analysis on Halmahera Earthquake C112597C with the PMG Observation Station (B J Santosa)GPS Estimate of the Tectonic Activity and Deformation in North China (C Xu & Z Li)Large-Scale Silicic Volcanism — The Result of Thermal Maturation of the Crust (S de Silva et al.)and other papersVolume 2: Solar Terrestrial (ST)Solar Coronal Plumes: Theoretical Concepts and Results (M Cuntz)Observational Study of Solar Magnetic Active Phenomena by Huairou Vector Magnetograph (H Zhang)Sector Boundary Crossings and Geomagnetic Activities (S Watari & T Watanabe)Aurora-Associated Phenomena and the ePOP Mission (L M Kagan)Ultra Long Range Aircraft Operations and Space Weather (I L Getley & M L Duldig)Link Between Cosmic Rays and Clouds on Different Time Scales (I G Usoskin & G A Kovaltsov)Effects of Typhoon on the Ionosphere (Y-M Liu et al.)A Mission Called SAPPORO (W-H Ip et al.)and other papersVolume 3: Planetary Science (PS)Review of Mariner 10 Observations: Mercury Surface Impact Processes (C R Chapman)On the Dynamics of Charged Particles in the Magnetosphere of Mercury (D C Delcourt & K Seki)Neutral Atom Emission from Mercury (A Mura et al.)Diagnosing the Mercury Plasma Environment Using Low-Frequency Electric Field Measurements (L G Blomberg & J A Cumnock)Low Energy Ion Observation by Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter: MMO (Y Saito et al.)Ice on the Moon and Mercury (D H Crider et al.)The Bulk Density of Cometary Nuclei (B J R Davidsson)A Mission Called SAPPORO (W-H Ip et al.)and other papersVolume 4: Hydrological Science (HS)Simulation Korea Summer Monsoon Rainfall with NCAR Regional Climate Model (F P Singh et al.)Urban Flood Analysis with Underground Space (K Toda et al.)Climate Variability and Drought in Rajasthan (A Goel & R B Singh)Modeling of Floodplain Inundation Process in Low-Lying Areas (P T Hai et al.)Oxygen Transfer by Flow Characteristics at Stepped Drop Structure (J-H Kim)Inter and Intra Neuronal Systems for Reservoir Operation (R B Varadharajan)Sensitivity Analysis for Optimization Model for Coastal Groundwater (S-H Hong & N Park)and other papersVolume 5: Oceans and Atmospheres (OA)Sabah Shoreline Management Plan (F Jakobsen et al.)Potential for Sulfide Mineral Deposits in Australian Waters (T F McConachy)Local to Long-Range Dust Transport over Central Eastern Australia (M S Speer & L M Leslie)Interannual Variations in Pacific SST Deviations through AVHRR (J Yu & P Gloersen)An Investigation of Winter Rainfall and Snowfall in the Mountain and Coast (H Choi)Impact of Regional Circulation and Heat Budget to Tropical Night (H Choi & D S Choi)and other papers Readership: Academics, researchers and postgraduate students in geosciences.Keywords:Planetary Science;Atmosphere;Ionosphere;Magnetosphere
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Advances in Geosciences

To-date Yangon has annual increase in population and expanding urban development. ... the geological understanding of built environment, which involves potential earthquake source areas related to rupture mechanism and surface geology.

Author: Ching-Hua Lo

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814458597

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 216

View: 692

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This invaluable volume set of Advances in Geosciences continues the excellent tradition of the Asia-Oceania scientific community in providing the most up-to-date research results on a wide range of geosciences and environmental science. The information is vital to the understanding of the effects of climate change, extreme weathers on the most populated regions and fastest moving economies in the world. Besides, these volumes also highlight original papers from many prestigious research institutions which are conducting cutting edge studies in atmospheric physics, hydrological science and water resource, ocean science and coastal study, planetary exploration and solar system science, seismology, tsunamis, upper atmospheric physics and space science. Sample Chapter(s) Chapter 1: Determination of Platinum Group Elements in Geological Samples by Isotope Dilution Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry Using Hydrogen in Collision Reaction Interface (3371k)
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Recent Advances in Smart Materials for the Built Environment

Dessi A. Koleva Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Department 3MD, Materials and Environment, Delft University of Technology, Stevinweg 1,2628 CN, Delft, The Netherlands; ...

Author: Cesare Sangiorgi

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783038973522

Category:

Page: 212

View: 282

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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Recent Advances in Smart Materials for the Built Environment" that was published in Materials
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Collapsing Gracefully Making a Built Environment that is Fit for the Future

Floating structures come with their own problems, not least being that they are more expensive than building on land (Louisiana Resiliency Assistance ... In L. Ching-Hua (Ed.), Advances in geosciences, solid earth science (SE) (Vol.

Author: Emilio Garcia

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030777838

Category: Architecture

Page: 310

View: 244

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This innovative book investigates the concept of collapse in terms of our built environment, exploring the future transition of modern cities towards scenarios very different from the current promises of progress and development. This is not a book about the end of the world and hopeless apocalyptic scenarios. It is about understanding change in how and where we live. Collapse is inevitable, but in the built environment collapse could imply a manageable situation, an opportunity for change or a devastating reality. Collapsing gracefully means that there might be better ways to coexist with collapse if we learn more about it and commit to rebuild our civilisations in ways that avoid its worst effects. This book uses a wide range of practical examples to study critical changes in the built environment, to contextualise and visualise what collapse looks like, to see if it is possible to buffer its effects in places already collapsing and to propose ways to develop greater resilience. The book challenges all agents and institutions in modern cities, their designers and planners as well as their residents and users to think differently about built environment so as to ease our coexistence with collapse and not contribute to its causes. .
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Advanced Numerical Methods for Complex Environmental Models Needs and Availability

9, 5155-5236, 2009, www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/5155/2009/ Ebel, A., Builtjes, ... TNO report 2007-A-R0233/B, TNO Built Environment and Geosciences, 2007. Shao, Y., Wyrwoll, K.-H., Chappell, A., Huang, J., Lin, Z., McTainsh, G. H., ...

Author: István Faragó

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 9781608057788

Category: Nature

Page: 426

View: 465

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High air pollution levels pose a significant threat to plants, animals and human beings. Efforts by researchers are directed towards keeping air pollution levels below well defined ‘critical‘ levels in order to maintain a sustainable atmosphere and environmental system. The application of advanced mathematical models is important for researchers to achieve this goal as efficiently as possible. Mathematical models can be used to predict answers to many important questions about the environment. This application comes with several complex theoretical and practical obstacles which need to be resolved. A successfully applicable mathematical model needs to enable researchers to • Mathematically describe all important physical and chemical processes. • Apply fast and sufficiently accurate numerical methods. • Ensure that the model runs efficiently on modern high speed computers. • Use high quality input data, both meteorological data and emission inventories, in the runs. • Verify the model results by comparing them with reliable measurements taken in different parts of the spatial domain of the model. • Carry out long series of sensitivity experiments to check the response of the model to changes of different key parameters. • Visualize and animate the output results in order to make them easily understandable even to non-specialists. This monograph thoroughly describes mathematical methods useful for various situations in environmental modeling - including finite difference methods, splitting methods, parallel computation, etc. - and provides a framework for resolving problems posed in relation to the points listed above. Chapters are written by well-known specialists making this book a handy reference for researchers, university teachers and students working and studying in the areas of air pollution, meteorology, applied mathematics and computer science.
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Human Mobility Spatiotemporal Context and Environmental Health Recent Advances in Approaches and Methods

Built. Environment. in. Guangzhou. Pengxiang Zhao1, Mei-Po Kwan 2,3 and Suhong Zhou 4,5,* 1 Department of Land ... Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80125, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands School of Geography and ...

Author: Mei-Po Kwan

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783039211838

Category: Medical

Page: 382

View: 799

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Environmental health researchers have long used concepts like the neighborhood effect to assessing people’s exposure to environmental influences and the associated health impact. However, these are static notions that ignore people’s daily mobility at various spatial and temporal scales (e.g., daily travel, migratory movements, and movements over the life course) and the influence of neighborhood contexts outside their residential neighborhoods. Recent studies have started to incorporate human mobility, non-residential neighborhoods, and the temporality of exposures through collecting and using data from GPS, accelerometers, mobile phones, various types of sensors, and social media. Innovative approaches and methods have been developed. This Special Issue aims to showcase studies that use new approaches, methods, and data to examine the role of human mobility and non-residential contexts on human health behaviors and outcomes. It includes 21 articles that cover a wide range of topics, including individual exposure to air pollution, exposure and access to green spaces, spatial access to healthcare services, environmental influences on physical activity, food environmental and diet behavior, exposure to noise and its impact on mental health, and broader methodological issues such as the uncertain geographic context problem (UGCoP) and the neighborhood effect averaging problem (NEAP). This collection will be a valuable reference for scholars and students interested in recent advances in the concepts and methods in environmental health and health geography.
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