African American Golfers During the Jim Crow Era

African American professional golfers began to appear by the turn of the century, having learned the game as caddies in the early 1890s.

Author: Marvin P. Dawkins

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0275959406

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

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African American professional golfers began to appear by the turn of the century, having learned the game as caddies in the early 1890s. However, despite early successes, in the era of Jim Crow legally supported segregation, African Americans were soon seen as suited only to a caddie role in support of white professional players. The Professional Golfers Association, unaffected by the 1954 Brown decision since it was a private organization, maintained a "Caucasian only" membership clause until 1961. All-white private clubs maintained racial exclusion until the PGA Championship Shoal Creek Country Club Affair in 1990.
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The World of Jim Crow America A Daily Life Encyclopedia 2 volumes

The UGA national tournament, known as the Negro National Open, was played throughout the Jim Crow era, from 1926 to 1962 (except during World War II between 1942 and 1945), ... African American Golfers during the Jim Crow Era.

Author: Steven A. Reich

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440850813

Category: History

Page: 805

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This two-volume set is a thematically-arranged encyclopedia covering the social, political, and material culture of America during the Jim Crow Era. • Gives readers hard to find but important details about the daily lives of African Americans during the Jim Crow era • Offers insights based on social history into the daily experiences of the average person, engaging students' curiosity rather than focusing on the events, dates, and names of "traditional history" • Presents information within a thematic organization that encourages a more in-depth study of specific aspects of daily life under Jim Crow • Includes related primary documents that enable students to view history more directly and reach their own conclusions about past events • Examines a wide range of topics such as work, family life, clothing and fashion, food and drink, housing and community, politics, social customs, and spirituality • Provides a general introduction to each volume, individual topic introductions, numerous images and illustrations, a timeline of events, and a bibliography identifying print and non-print resources
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Before Jackie Robinson

Marvin P. Dawkins and Graham C. Kinloch, African American Golfers during the Jim Crow Era (Westport ct: Praeger, 2000), ... Marvin P. Dawkins, “African American Golfers in the Age of Jim Crow,” Western Journal of Black Studies 20, no.

Author: Gerald R. Gems

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803266797

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 324

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Vietnam and the Colonial Condition of French Literature explores an aspect of modern French literature that has been consistently overlooked in literary histories: the relationship between the colonies—their cultures, languages, and people—and formal shifts in French literary production. Starting from the premise that neither cultural identity nor cultural production can be pure or homogenous, Leslie Barnes initiates a new discourse on the French literary canon by examining the work of three iconic French writers with personal connections to Vietnam: André Malraux, Marguerite Duras, and Linda Lê. In a thorough investigation of the authors’ linguistic, metaphysical, and textual experiences of colonialism, Barnes articulates a new way of reading French literature: not as an inward-looking, homogenous, monolingual tradition, but rather as a tradition of intersecting and interdependent peoples, cultures, and experiences. One of the few books to focus on Vietnam’s position within francophone literary scholarship, Barnes challenges traditional concepts of French cultural identity and offers a new perspective on canonicity and the division between “French” and “francophone” literature.
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Fair Ways

Discrimination against black golfers is discussed in Marvin P. Dawkins and Graham C. Kinloch, African American Golfers during the Jim Crow Era (Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2000), 3—10. 8. The development of black golf clubs is ...

Author: Robert J. Robertson

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 9781603446105

Category: LAW

Page: 261

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The case of these six golfers who fought for the right to play their city's golf course set a nationwide precedent for desegregation of public facilities. Robertson chronicles the stories of the golfers, their lawyers, and the conservative judge just appointed by President Eisenhower, providing a vivid picture of racial segregation and the forces that brought about its end.
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African Americans and Popular Culture 3 volumes

However, the popular belief that interest in golf among African Americans is fairly recent should be discarded. ... Marvin P. Dawkins and Graham C. Kinloch, African American Golfers During the Jim Crow Era (Westport, ...

Author: Todd Boyd

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780313064081

Category: Social Science

Page: 836

View: 519

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The African American influence on popular culture is among the most sweeping and lasting this country has seen. Despite a history of institutionalized racism, black artists, entertainers, and entrepreneurs have had enormous impact on American popular culture. Pioneers such as Oscar Michaeux, Paul Robeson, Satchel Paige, Josh Gibson, Langston Hughes, Bill Bojangles Robinson, and Bessie Smith paved the way for Jackie Robinson, Nina Simone, James Baldwin, Bill Russell, Muhammad Ali, Sidney Poitier, and Bill Cosby, who in turn opened the door for Spike Lee, Dave Chappelle, Dr. Dre, Jay-Z, Tiger Woods, and Michael Jordan. Today, hip hop is the most powerful element of youth culture; white teenagers outnumber blacks as purchasers of rap music; black-themed movies are regularly successful at the box office, and black writers have been anthologized and canonized right alongside white ones. Though there are still many more miles to travel and much to overcome, this three-volume set considers the multifaceted influence of African Americans on popular culture, and sheds new light on the ways in which African American culture has come to be a fundamental and lasting part of America itself. To articulate the momentous impact African American popular culture has had upon the fabric of American society, these three volumes provide analyses from academics and experts across the country. They provide the most reliable, accurate, up-to-date, and comprehensive treatment of key topics, works, and themes in African American popular culture for a new generation of readers. The scope of the project is vast, including: popular historical movements like the Harlem Renaissance; the legacy of African American comedy; African Americans and the Olympics; African Americans and rock 'n roll; more contemporary articulations such as hip hop culture and black urban cinema; and much more. One goal of the project is to recuperate histories that have been perhaps forgotten or obscured to mainstream audiences and to demonstrate how African Americans are not only integral to American culture, but how they have always been purveyors of popular culture.
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A Companion to American Sport History

information on the history of African American engagement in both golf and tennis. ... Four years later he collaborated with African-born sociologist Graham Kinloch to write African American Golfers during the Jim Crow Era (Dawkins and ...

Author: Steven A. Riess

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118609408

Category: History

Page: 704

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A Companion to American Sport History presents acollection of original essays that represent the firstcomprehensive analysis of scholarship relating to the growing fieldof American sport history. Presents the first complete analysis of the scholarshiprelating to the academic history of American sport Features contributions from many of the finest scholars workingin the field of American sport history Includes coverage of the chronology of sports from colonialtimes to the present day, including major sports such as baseball,football, basketball, boxing, golf, motor racing, tennis, and trackand field Addresses the relationship of sports to urbanization,technology, gender, race, social class, and genres such as sportsbiography Awarded 2015 Best Anthology from the North American Society for Sport History (NASSH)
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The African American Woman Golfer

Forbidden Fairways: African Americans and the Game of Golf (Sinnette, 1998) Not only does this author review the history ... Walter Speedy Bill Spiller Bobby Stroble Jim Thorpe Howard Wheeler Chapter 7, The Struggle Within A Struggle, ...

Author: M. Mikell Johnson

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313349041

Category: Social Science

Page: 199

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The African American Woman Golfer: Her Legacy gives a brief historical overview of African American women in golf and examines the sport to uncover all African American women who have been involved in golf over the past 75 years. M. Mikell Johnson shows how these women-who were seemingly far removed from the white, male, privileged world of the country club-broke both color and gender barriers to become golfers. This book traces the history of how African American women got involved in golf. Title VI and Title IX alleviated some of the racial and financial burdens for some young women in high school and college athletics, allowing them to participate in all sports regardless of race, creed, or gender. Women's clubs also provided a stable foundation for female athletes in male-dominated sports. The misinformation, social apathy, financial encumbrances, and, finally, the role of the media in both promoting and preventing black women's opportunities in golf are discussed. The African American Woman Golfer: Her Legacy identifies over 300 women and their lives in golf. The author also profiles prominent golfers such as Althea Gibson, who crossed the LPGA color line; Helen Webb Harris, who created the first club for black women golfers; and Ann Gregory, who broke the USGA whites only clause in women's golf.
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Golf in America

“The U.S. Open Championship,” American Golfer 10 (October 1913): 573–89; “Mr. Jerome D. Travers,” American Golfer 15 (March ... African Americans: Marvin P. Dawkins and Graham C. Kinloch, African American Golfers During the Jim Crow Era ...

Author: George B. Kirsch

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252032929

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 266

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An inclusive narrative of golf's history and popularity in the United States
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African Americans in Sports

It combined, like so many country clubs of the era, a myriad of social activities along with golf, horseback riding, tennis courts, croquet, skeet shooting, restaurant, and clubhouse ... African American Golfers During the Jim Crow Era.

Author: David K. Wiggins

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317477440

Category: History

Page: 488

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This two-volume set features 400 articles on African-Americans in sports, including biographical entries as well as entries on events, tournaments, leagues, clubs, films, and associations. The entries cover all professional, amateur, and college sports such as baseball, tennis, and golf.
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Sports in America from Colonial Times to the Twenty First Century An Encyclopedia

African American Golfers During the Jim Crow Era. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2000. Glenn, Rhonda. The Illustrated History of Women's Golf. Dallas, TX: Taylor, 1991. Gordon, John. The Grand Old Game: A Century of Golf in Canada.

Author: Steven A. Riess

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317459477

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1200

View: 664

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Provides practical help for the day-to-day concerns that keep managers awake at night. This book aims to fill the gap between the legal and policy issues that are the mainstay of human resources and supervision courses and the real-world needs of managers as they attempt to cope with the human side of their jobs.
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